|• Mayor||Rafet Vergili (MHP)|
|• District||759.63 km2 (293.29 sq mi)|
|• District density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
Karabük is a town and the capital district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2009 census, population of the city is 108 167. 760 km2 (293 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 354 m (1,161 ft).The district covers an area of
Karabük Province is a landlocked province in the northern part of Anatolia, located about 200 km (124 mi) north of Ankara, 115 km (71 mi) away from Zonguldak and 113 km (70 mi) away from Kastamonu. In 2010 it had a population of 227,610. The main city is Karabük which is located about 100 km (62 mi) south of the Black Sea coast.
The Black Sea Region is a geographical region of Turkey.
Karabük was built in the 1930s as the seat of the iron and steel industry of Turkey. Karabük lies in a location near Filyos River formed by the merge of Araç and Soğanlı rivers.
The Filyos River is a river in northern Turkey.
There are no known records of the origin of its name; in Turkish kara means "black" or "land" and bük means "bush" or "blackberry bush" ("bramble"). So Karabük means "blackbush".
Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.
Karabük is situated on an important trade route between Amasra on the coast and central Anatolia. The history of the city goes back to the early years of the Turkish Republic, when it was a small sub-village formed by 13 houses in the Öğlebeli village of Safranbolu. There was also a small train station on the Ankara–Zonguldak route. The town started to develop with the industrialization of the country. One of the first steel factories of the Republic was built here in 1939, after which it grew rapidly and incorporated Öğlebeli village as a quarter. Karabük became a municipality and then a township in the Safranbolu district in 1941. It became a district center in 1953 and a provincial center in 1995.
Amasra is a small Black Sea port town in the Bartın Province, Turkey, formerly known as Amastris.
Safranbolu is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is about 9 km north of the city of Karabük, 200 kilometres (120 mi) north of Ankara and about 100 km south of the Black Sea coast. The town's historic names in Greek were Theodoroupolis and later Saframpolis (Σαφράμπολις). Its former names in Turkish were Zalifre and Taraklıborlu. It was part of Kastamonu Province until 1923 and Zonguldak Province between 1923 and 1995.
Ankara, historically known as Ancyra and Angora, is the capital of Turkey. With a population of 4,587,558 in the urban center (2014) and 5,150,072 in its province (2015), it is Turkey's second largest city after Istanbul, having outranked İzmir in the 20th century.
Hadrianapolis (now Eskipazar), is an ancient city from the Roman Empire of the 4th century, located about 3 km from Karabük. There are many fountains, churches, and Roman baths. Although most of it is recently excavated, illegal excavations which have been going on for many years have damaged Eskipazar's chances of becoming a major tourist attraction.
Hadrianopolis in Paphlagonia was a city in southwestern Paphlagonia, Asia Minor, about 3km west of modern Eskipazar. It was inhabited at least from the 1st century BC to the 8th century AD. It was named after the Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD.
Eskipazar is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2000 census, the population of the district was 16,365, of whom 8,457 lived in the town of Eskipazar. The district covers an area of 740 km2 (286 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 902 m (2,959 ft). It separated from Çerkeş district to become a district in its own right in 1945. It was a district in Çankırı Province until 1995. The Ankara-Zonguldak railway passes through the district.
Karabük has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa) with hot and humid summers and cool and wet winters.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 40° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates. While many subtropical climates tend to be located at or near coastal locations, in some cases they extend inland, most notably in China and the United States, where they exhibit more pronounced seasonal variations and sharper contrasts between summer and winter, as part of a gradient between the more tropical climates of the southern coasts of these countries and the more continental climates of China and the United States’ northern and central regions.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.
|Climate data for Karabük|
|Record high °C (°F)||22.1|
|Average high °C (°F)||7.4|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.9|
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.5|
|Record low °C (°F)||−15.1|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||51.9|
|Average rainy days||12.1||10.7||11.6||11.8||11.7||8.9||5.3||4.7||5.8||8.2||9.4||11.7||111.9|
|Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service|
Karabük has its own resources of dolomite and limestone, while coal and manganese is brought from Zonguldak and iron ore from Divriği. This allows a varied, yet basic industry in Karabük, including a coking plant, blast furnaces, a foundry and tube works. There are also chemical plants that produce sulfuric acid and phosphates. Nearby are the Zonguldak coal fields.
One of the major steel producers in Turkey, namely Kardemir (Karabük Iron and Steel Works), is located in Karabük.
Zonguldak Province is a province along the western Black Sea coast region of Turkey. The province is 3.481 km2 in size and has a population of 619,703. Its adjacent provinces are Düzce to the southwest, Bolu to the south, Karabük to the southeast, and Bartın to the east. The capital is Zonguldak.
Zonguldak is a city and the capital of Zonguldak Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It was established in 1849 as a port town for the nearby coal mines in Ereğli and the coal trade remains its main economic activity. According to the 2009 census, Zonguldak has a population of 108,792. The current mayor is Ömer Selim Alan, representing the AKP. Zonguldak is one of the highest income economies among Turkish cities.
Karadeniz Ereğli is a city and district in Zonguldak Province of Turkey, on the Black Sea shore at the mouth of the Kılıçsu River. Population is 102,828 as of 2012. The mayor is Hüseyin Uysal.
Alaplı is a town and district of Zonguldak Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is the westernmost town in Zonguldak Province and is located about 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Karadeniz Ereğli. It has 2 municipalities, one is the centre and the other is named as "Gümeli". The mayor is Nuri Tekin (CHP).
Eflani is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Eflani is located at 100 km south of the Black Sea. 46 km away from, and to the east of Karabük, it is settled on a plateau divided by small rivers among the high mountains and valleys. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 12,270 of which 3,897 live in the town of Eflani. The district covers an area of 587 km2 (227 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 897 m (2,943 ft).
Kardemir Demir Çelik Karabükspor or simply known as Kardemir Karabükspor or Karabükspor is a Turkish sports club based in Karabük, Turkey. The team was founded in 1969 after a merger between "Karabük Gençlikspor" and "Demir Çelik Spor". The club has in branches in football, wheelchair basketball and volleyball. The nickname of the club is Mavi Ateş; Blue Flame. The nickname comes from unfading blue flame coming out of one of the chimneys of Kardemir iron-steel works which is located in the entrance of the city. As the factory gives its name to the club, the team is cited as a worker's team.
Kırıkkale is the capital of the Kırıkkale Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. It is located 80 km east of Ankara. According to the 2000 census, the population of the province is 280,834, of which 192,705 live in the city of Kırıkkale. The name of the city means broken castle.
Bartın is a city in northern Turkey and the central district of the province of Bartın.
Akören is a town and district of Konya Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2011 census, population of the district is 7,042 of which 3,296 live in the town of Akören.
Gökçebey is a forested district of Zonguldak Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Former name of her was Tefen until 1963. She had a township in Devrek district until 1990 and has a municipality since 1972. Ankara-Zonguldak railway passes from her. The mayor is Vedat Öztürk (AKP).
Ovacık is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 5,455 of which 1,728 live in the town of Ovacık. She is the smallest district in Karabük Province. The district covers an area of 402 km2 (155 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,198 m (3,930 ft). She was a township in Çerkeş district between 1923-1957 and was the district in Çankırı Province between 1957-1995.
Yenice, also Çeltik, is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 26,951 of which 11,228 live in the town of Yenice. The district covers an area of 620 km2 (239 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 444 m (1,457 ft).
The Turkish State Railways operate freight trains on all of their lines. TCDD has a big fleet of covered goods wagons, flat wagons, tank wagons, open wagons and hoppers. TCDD also has a few schnabel cars and crane cars. TCDD carries freight such as bulk, shipping containers, liquids and goods.
Karabük University is a public university in Karabük, Turkey. It was founded in 2007 as one of the 17 new universities of that time in Turkey.
Ovacuma is a belde (town) in Safranbolu district of Karabük Province, Turkey. The town is situated in the mountainous area along a valley of a creek with the same name. Atthe distance to Safranbolu is 28 kilometres (17 mi) and the distance to Karabük is 35 kilometres (22 mi). The population of the town is 2006 as of 2010. The town was formed by merging seven neighbouring villages in 1998 and it is quite dispersed. The main economic activity of the town depends on forestry.
Kılavuzlar is a village in the central district (Karabük) of Karabük Province, Turkey. The village is situated between Karabük and Safranbolu at. The Araç creek is to the south of the village. The distance to Karabük is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi). The population of Cumayanı is 1682 as of 2011. The village economy depends on vegetable and fruit gardening.
Sadeyaka, is a village in Eskipazar, Karabük, Turkey. It is the administrative name for four nearby villages; Saraycık, Şeyhler (Şıhlar), Kısaç and Sadeyaka (Yakaköy).
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