Karasjok

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Karasjok kommune
Kárašjoga gielda
Kaarasjoki
Kaarasjoki.jpg
June 2007 view of Karasjok
Karasjok flag.png
Norway Counties Troms og Finnmark Position.svg
NO 5437 Karasjok.svg
Karasjok within Troms og Finnmark
Coordinates: 69°28′55″N25°06′18″E / 69.48194°N 25.10500°E / 69.48194; 25.10500 Coordinates: 69°28′55″N25°06′18″E / 69.48194°N 25.10500°E / 69.48194; 25.10500
Country Norway
County Troms og Finnmark
Established1 Jan 1866
  Preceded by Kistrand Municipality
Administrative centre Karasjok
Government
  Mayor (2015)Svein Atle Somby (Ap)
Area
  Total5,452.95 km2 (2,105.40 sq mi)
  Land5,209.46 km2 (2,011.38 sq mi)
  Water243.49 km2 (94.01 sq mi)  4.5%
  Rank#2 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
  Total2,628
  Rank#245 in Norway
  Density0.5/km2 (1/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
Decrease2.svg −5.8%
Demonym(s) Karasjoking [1]
Official languages
[2]
   Norwegian form Bokmål
   Sámi form Northern Sami
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-5437
Website Official website

Loudspeaker.svg Karasjok (Northern Sami : Kárášjohka [ˈkʰaːraːʃˌjohka] ; [3] Kven : Kaarasjoki) is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Karasjok. Other villages include Dorvonjárga, Šuoššjávri, and Váljohka.

Contents

The 5,453-square-kilometre (2,105 sq mi) municipality is the second largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Karasjok is the 245th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,628. The municipality's population density is 0.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (1.3/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 5.8% over the last decade. [4] [5]

Twenty bears were observed in the municipality during 2020. [6]

General information

The municipality of Karasjok was established on 1 January 1866 when it was separated from the old Kistrand municipality. Initially, the population of Karasjok was 515. The municipal borders have not changed since that time. [7]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the newly formed Troms og Finnmark county. Previously, it had been part of the old Finnmark county. [8]

Name

Karasjok is a Norwegianized form of the Northern Sami language name Kárášjohka. The meaning of the first element could be káráš from Northern Sami which could mean "food plate of wood", or from Finnish, kara, "something that sticks". The last element is johka which means "river", [9] whose equivalent in Finnish is joki.

The name of the municipality was Karasjok until 1990 when it was changed to Kárášjohka-Karasjok. [10] It was the third municipality in Norway to get a Sami name. In 2005, the name was again changed, such that either Kárášjohka or Karasjok can be used. [11]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 27 June 1986. The three gold-colored flames on a red background. The flames were chosen as a symbol for the importance of fire to the local (nomadic) Sami people. The fire brings both heat and thus survival during the harsh winters, but it is also a major threat, both in the tents as well as in the large pine forests. The fire is also the point around which people gather and it is a guard against dangers. The flag contains three flames also because Kárásjoga-Karasjok is a place where three peoples live: the Sami, Norwegians, and Kvens. [12]

History

In 2015 the second edition of Sapmi Pride, the LGBT pride festival, was held in Karasjok. [13] To protest homosexuals attending the Karasjok Church, and to protest that a female priest held the services, Norges Samemisjon cancelled one of their radio broadcasts. [14]

Churches

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Karasjok. It is part of the Indre Finnmark prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Karasjok
Parish (Sokn)Church NameLocation of the ChurchYear Built
Karasjok Karasjok Church Karasjok 1974
Old Karasjok Church Karasjok 1807
Suosjavrre Chapel Šuoššjávri 1968
Valjok Church Váljohka 1932

Transportation

From the centre of Karasjok, July 2005 Karasjok01.JPG
From the centre of Karasjok, July 2005

There is an official border crossing between Dorvonjárga (Norway) and Karigasniemi (Finland), over the Anarjohka river. The European route E6 highway passes through the municipality from Lakselv to Tana bru and Kirkenes in the east. The nearest airport is Lakselv Airport, about 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Karasjok village.

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Karasjok, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. [15] The municipality falls under the Indre Finnmark District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Karasjok is made up of 19 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Karasjok Kommunestyre 20202023 [16]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  Conservative Party (Høyre)1
  Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
  Karasjok List (Karasjok lista)2
  Johttiidsámiid List (Johttiidsámiid listu)1
Total number of members:19
Karasjok Kommunestyre 20162019 [17]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  Conservative Party (Høyre)1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
  Karasjok List (Karasjok lista)2
  Johttiidsámiid List (Johttiidsámiid listu)1
Total number of members:19
Karasjok Kommunestyre 20122015 [18]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
  Conservative Party (Høyre)1
  Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
  Liberal Party (Venstre)2
  Árja (Árja)1
  Karasjok List (Karasjok lista)3
  Johttiidsámiid List (Johttiidsámiid listu)1
Total number of members:19
Karasjok Kommunestyre 20082011 [17]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)4
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
  Socialist Group
(Sosialisttalas joavku/Sosialistisk gruppe)
1
  Karasjok Travelling Sámi List
(Karasjok flyttsamelagets liste)
2
Total number of members:19
Kárášjohka-Karasjok Kommunestyre 20042007 [17]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)4
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
  Socialist Group
(Sosialisttalas joavku/Sosialistisk gruppe)
1
  Karasjok Travelling Sámi List
(Karasjok flyttsamelagets liste)
2
Total number of members:19
Kárášjohka-Karasjok Kommunestyre 20002003 [17]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
  Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)6
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
  Socialist Group (Sosialistisk gruppe)1
Total number of members:19
Kárášjohka-Karasjok Kommunestyre 19961999 [19]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
  Conservative Party (Høyre)1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
  Sámi List (Sámeálbmot lista/Samefolkets list)4
Total number of members:19
Kárášjohka-Karasjok Kommunestyre 19921995 [20]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  Conservative Party (Høyre)1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
  Sámi List (Sámeálbmot lista/Samefolkets list)3
  Women's List in Karasjok
(Kárásjoga nissonolbmuid lista/Kvinnelista i Karasjok)
2
  People's List in Karasjok
(Kárásjoga albmotlista/Folkelista i Karasjok)
1
Total number of members:19
Karasjok Kommunestyre 19881991 [21]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
  Conservative Party (Høyre)1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
  Sámi List (Sámeálbmot lista/Samefolkets list)6
  Karasjok Travelling Sámi List
(Karasjok Flyttsameliste)
1
Total number of members:19
Karasjok Kommunestyre 19841987 [22]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Local Sámi List (Dalu-ja jåhttisamiid lista)6
Total number of members:19
Karasjok Kommunestyre 19801983 [23]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Conservative Party (Høyre)3
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
  Local Sámi List (Dalu-ja jåhttisamiid lista)6
Total number of members:19
Karasjok Kommunestyre 19761979 [24]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
  Local Sámi List (Dalu-ja jåhttisamiid lista)5
  Sámi List (Samefolkets liste)1
Total number of members:19
Karasjok Kommunestyre 19721975 [25]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
  Liberal Party (Venstre)1
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)8
Total number of members:19
Karasjok Kommunestyre 19681971 [26]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
  Liberal Party (Venstre)2
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:15
Karasjok Kommunestyre 19641967 [27]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  Conservative Party (Høyre)2
  List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
3
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:15
Karasjok Herredsstyre 19601963 [28]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  Conservative Party (Høyre)1
  List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:15
Karasjok Herredsstyre 19561959 [29]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
4
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:15
Karasjok Herredsstyre 19521955 [30]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  Liberal Party (Venstre)2
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)1
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:12
Karasjok Herredsstyre 19481951 [31]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:12
Karasjok Herredsstyre 19451947 [32]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
  List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
Total number of members:12
Karasjok Herredsstyre 19381941* [33]   
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:12
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Geography

Entering Karasjok Entering Karasjohka.jpg
Entering Karasjok

The municipality is situated along the upper river basin of the Deatnu / Tana river and its tributaries: Anárjohka and Kárášjohka. It includes large tracts of the high Finnmarksvidda plateau. Lakes in the region include Čorotjávri, Gásadatjávri, Iešjávri, and Idjajávri. The river valley, unlike the plateau, is covered with pine and birch forests. The southern part of the municipality is part of the Øvre Anárjohka National Park.

Climate

Karasjok has a typical subarctic climate with cold, long and dry winters, and short summers that can see warm periods. In this far northeastern part of Norway, the climate is much more continental and dry compared to the typical coastal climate in Norway.

Situated in a river valley on this plateau, Karasjok has recorded the coldest official temperature ever in Norway: −51.4 °C (−60.5 °F) on 1 January 1886. The warmest temperature ever recorded is 32.4 °C (90.3 °F) recorded July 1914 at an earlier weather station. [34] The warmest month on record was July 2014 with mean 18.4 °C (65.1 °F) and average daily high 24.8 °C (76.6 °F). The coldest month on record was February 1966 with a mean of −27.1 °C (−16.8 °F). The coldest month in more recent decades is February 2007 with mean −20.9 °C (−5.6 °F) and average daily low −26.9 °C (−16.4 °F).

Climate data for Karasjok (2002–2020 averages; extremes since 1951)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)7.2
(45.0)
7.0
(44.6)
8.9
(48.0)
15.1
(59.2)
30.5
(86.9)
31.0
(87.8)
31.7
(89.1)
29.9
(85.8)
23.0
(73.4)
14.8
(58.6)
8.4
(47.1)
7.8
(46.0)
31.7
(89.1)
Mean maximum °C (°F)2.2
(36.0)
2.9
(37.2)
4.7
(40.5)
10.2
(50.4)
20.4
(68.7)
24.8
(76.6)
26.5
(79.7)
24.9
(76.8)
18.5
(65.3)
10.7
(51.3)
4.0
(39.2)
3.3
(37.9)
27.9
(82.2)
Average high °C (°F)−9.8
(14.4)
−8.4
(16.9)
−2.2
(28.0)
3.6
(38.5)
9.8
(49.6)
15.1
(59.2)
19.3
(66.7)
16.6
(61.9)
11.2
(52.2)
2.7
(36.9)
−3.7
(25.3)
−6.4
(20.5)
4.0
(39.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−15.4
(4.3)
−13.9
(7.0)
−8.3
(17.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
5.2
(41.4)
10.4
(50.7)
14.2
(57.6)
11.7
(53.1)
6.8
(44.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
−7.9
(17.8)
−11.8
(10.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
Average low °C (°F)−20.9
(−5.6)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−14.3
(6.3)
−5.8
(21.6)
0.5
(32.9)
5.6
(42.1)
9.0
(48.2)
6.7
(44.1)
2.3
(36.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
−12.0
(10.4)
−17.1
(1.2)
−5.8
(21.6)
Mean minimum °C (°F)−37.4
(−35.3)
−35.8
(−32.4)
−30.1
(−22.2)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.9
(30.4)
−5.2
(22.6)
−17.0
(1.4)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−32.9
(−27.2)
−39.4
(−38.9)
Record low °C (°F)−51.2
(−60.2)
−50.0
(−58.0)
−43.2
(−45.8)
−32.8
(−27.0)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−3.8
(25.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
−5.4
(22.3)
−14.2
(6.4)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−40.9
(−41.6)
−46.4
(−51.5)
−51.2
(−60.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)26.1
(1.03)
22.3
(0.88)
19.7
(0.78)
19.7
(0.78)
34.4
(1.35)
51.1
(2.01)
72.8
(2.87)
54.7
(2.15)
38.4
(1.51)
31.4
(1.24)
26.9
(1.06)
32.3
(1.27)
429.8
(16.93)
Average extreme snow depth cm (inches)45
(18)
53
(21)
56
(22)
53
(21)
13
(5.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
trace8
(3.1)
22
(8.7)
35
(14)
58
(23)
Source: Norsk Klimaservicesenter [35]

Birdlife

The birdlife to be found in this municipality is characteristic for the region. The inland habitats of Finnmarksvidda are known for their rich bird life with species like Bluethroat preferring areas with scrub. The Tana river also flows through Karasjok and many of the species found in higher areas use it as a migration route.

Economy

Inside the Samediggi (the Sami parliament) Samediggi01.jpg
Inside the Samediggi (the Sami parliament)

Most people live in the village of Karasjok (Kárášjohka). The village is the seat of the Sámediggi, the Sami Parliament of Norway, as well as of the Sami broadcasting, and several Sami institutions (public and private) are found here, including Davvi Girji, the largest Sámi publisher. About 80% of the population is Sami speaking, and Sami and Norwegian have equal status in the municipality.

Tourism

The attractions include the Sami parliament, Samediggi, the Sami museum, and the Old Karasjok Church, dating from 1807. The Sami parliament was opened in 1989, by King Olav V, the first Sami parliament president was Ole Henrik Magga, from Kautokeino. He was the president for more than eight years. The Old Karasjok Church is the oldest Lutheran church in Finnmark county. The church is today too small, so a new, larger, wooden Karasjok Church, inspired by Sami architecture, has been built. Karasjok is also the place to look for duodji, Sami handicraft.

Notable people

Inga Ravna Eira, 2018 Inga Ravna Eira.jpg
Inga Ravna Eira, 2018

Sport

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Kåfjord is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Olderdalen. Other villages include Løkvollen, Manndalen, Birtavarre, Trollvik, Samuelsberg, Nordmannvik, and Djupvik.

Nordreisa Municipality in Troms og Finnmark, Norway

Nordreisa is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Storslett. Other villages include Oksfjordhamn, Sørkjosen, and Rotsund.

Kvænangen Municipality in Troms og Finnmark, Norway

Kvænangen is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Burfjord. The European route E6 highway goes through the municipality and over the Sørstraumen Bridge, and many people stop at the Kvænangsfjellet pass to view the scenery of the Kvænangen fjord.

References

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