Karataş

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Karataş
City
Karatas, Adana 02.jpg
Adana location Karatas.svg
Location of Karataş within Turkey.
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Karataş
Location of Karataş within Turkey.
Coordinates: 36°33′45″N35°22′49″E / 36.56250°N 35.38028°E / 36.56250; 35.38028 Coordinates: 36°33′45″N35°22′49″E / 36.56250°N 35.38028°E / 36.56250; 35.38028
Country Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Region Mediterranean
Province Adana
Government
  MayorBoğaçhan Ünal (CHP)
Area
[1]
  District907.03 km2 (350.21 sq mi)
Population
 (2012) [2]
   Urban
8,592
  District
20,896
  District density23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
01x xx
Licence plate 01
Website www.karatas.gov.tr

Karataş (Greek : Μέγαρσος, Mègarsos) is a small city and a district in Adana Province, on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, 47 km from the city of Adana, between the rivers of Seyhan and Ceyhan, the Pyramos of Antiquity. The city of Karataş has a population of 8,483 (in 2010), with another 13,000 living in surrounding villages.

Contents

History

The area has been inhabited from at least Hittite times and probably earlier. It was later part of the Assyrian province of Quwê (Que). By the time of the Greeks, who knew the city as Megarsos/Magarso, there was a port here at the mouth of the navigable Pyramos, supplying an important military and trading route into the plain of Cilicia, and also providing access to the sea for the river towns, like Mallus. In 333 BCE, just before the battle of Issus, Alexander the Great sacrificed here at a temple that, by interpretatio graeca , he took to be of Athena; the "Athena of Magarsos" who appears on Hellenistic coins has been diagnosed, from her pose and the attributes that surround her, to have Mesopotamian connections. [3] Robin Lane Fox [4] recognizes the origin of the cult site in the victories of Sennacherib, who instituted the shrine in 696 BCE following a sea battle with Greeks off the mouth of the river; [5] he dedicated it to his martial goddess, Anat, or Ishtar.

The Romans rendered Magarsos as Megarsus. The port was later conquered by the Arab armies during the growth of Islam and then by the Ottomans in 1517.

Karataş was occupied by French troops during World War I.

Places of interest

Karataş today

Today Karataş is known for its fishing industry and as a place that Adana's inhabitants can easily access to relax on the beach. There are also rich farmlands behind the coast where cotton, watermelons, melons and other crops are grown.

The well-known footballer Hasan Şaş is from Karataş and has a street named after him in memory of his excellent performance for Turkey national football team during the 2002 World Cup.

Brussels-based painter Nazife Can is also from Karataş.

Related Research Articles

Cilicia Geographical region in Adana, Turkey

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Priene ancient Greek city of Ionia

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Adana Province Province of Turkey

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Antiochia ad Pyramum was an ancient coastal city of Cilicia, on the Pyramus river, in Anatolia. It was the successor settlement to Magarsa. The location of the city is on the Karataş Peninsula, Adana Province, Turkey, a few km from the city of Karataş. The course of the Pyramus has changed markedly since ancient times and the location of the ruins is no longer adjacent to the river, but decidedly west of its present course. The formerly important ancient site of Mallus lies a few km inland from Antiochia ad Pyranum along the former course of the Pyramus.

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Mallus was an ancient city of Cilicia Campestris lying near the mouth of the Pyramus river, in Anatolia. In ancient times, the city was situated at the mouth of the Pyramus, on a hill opposite Magarsa which served as its port. The district was called from it, Mallotis. The location of the site is currently inland a few km from the Mediterranean coast on an elevation in the Karataş Peninsula, Adana Province, Turkey, a few km from the city of Karataş.

Çukurova, Cilicia Pedias in antiquity, is a large fertile plain in the Cilicia region at southern Turkey. The plain forms the easternmost Mersin Province, southern and central Adana Province, western Osmaniye Province and northwestern Hatay Province. Çukurova in Turkish means roughly "Low Plain", çukur for "hollow, depression", ova for "plains".

Ceyhan River river in Turkey

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Jebel Aqra mountain on the Syria–Turkey border

Jebel Aqra, properly Jebel al-ʾAqraʿ, also known as Mount Casius, is a limestone mountain located on the Syrian–Turkish border near the mouth of the Orontes River on the Mediterranean Sea. Its Turkish side is also known as Mount Kel. Rising from a narrow coastal plain, Jebel Aqra is a mariners' landmark which gathers thunderstorms.

Akyatan Lagoon

Akyatan Lagoon is a 14700-hectare wetland ecosystem that is designated as Wetland of International Importance by Ramsar Convention. A major stop over for migrating birds, Akyatan is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. It is the single largest green turtle rookery at the Mediterranean, holding 43% of the Mediterranean nesting population.

Gümüşyazı is a village in the District of Karataş, Adana Province, Turkey.

Karataş is a village in the District of Karataş, Adana Province, Turkey.

Sirkenli, Karataş Village in Adana Province, Turkey

Sirkenli is a village in the District of Karataş, Adana Province, Turkey.

Lake Tuzla

Lake Tuzla is a lake in Karataş ilçe (district) of Adana Province. It is to the west of Akyatan Lagoon and to the east of Seyhan River. The mid point of the lake is at 36°42′N35°02′E It is a typical lagoon separated from the Mediterranean Sea by a narrow strip. There are channels through the strip and the lake is used as a fish pond. Annual fish production is about 40 tonnes. The salinity of the lake fluctuates depending on the season.

Magarsa, or Magarsus or Magarsos (Μάγαρσος), or Megarsus or Megarsos (Μέγαρσος), was a town in the eastern part of ancient Cilicia, situated on a height close to the mouth of the river Pyramus. Alexander the Great, previous to the Battle of Issus, marched from Soli to Megarsus, and there offered sacrifices to Athena Megarsis, and to Amphilochus, the son of Amphiaraus, the reputed founder of the place. It seems to have formed the port of Mallus. It was later re-founded and renamed in Hellenistic times as Antiochia ad Pyramum.

References

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. Arthur Houghton, "The Seleucid mint of Mallus and the cult figure of Athena Magarsia", inA, Houghton, S. Hester et al. (eds.) Festschrift für /Studies in Honour of Leo Miildenburg1984 :99-110. 1984:99-110, noted by Fox 2008.
  4. Fox, Travelling Heroes in the Epic Age of Homer, 2008:82f.
  5. The monument to his land victory, Robin Lane Fox observes, was at Anchiale,