Kariya, Aichi

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Kariya

刈谷市
Kariya skyline04.jpg
Kariya Skyline
Flag of Kariya, Aichi.svg
Flag
Emblem of Kariya, Aichi.svg
Seal
Kariya in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Kariya in Aichi Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Kariya
 
Coordinates: 34°59′21.4″N137°0′7.7″E / 34.989278°N 137.002139°E / 34.989278; 137.002139 Coordinates: 34°59′21.4″N137°0′7.7″E / 34.989278°N 137.002139°E / 34.989278; 137.002139
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi
Government
Area
  Total50.39 km2 (19.46 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total153,162
  Density3,000/km2 (7,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Camphor Laurel
- Flower Iris laevigata
Phone number0566-23-1111
Address1-1 Tōyōchō, Kariya-shi, Aichi-ken 448-8501
Website Official website

Kariya (刈谷市, Kariya-shi) is a city in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 153,162 in 66,751 households, [1] and a population density of 3,040 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 50.39 square kilometres (19.46 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Kariya is situated in central Aichi Prefecture, on the Mikawa side of the border between former Owari Province and Mikawa Province. The area is flat and well-watered, with an average elevation of less than 10 meters above sea level.

Neighboring municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [2] the population of Kariya has grown steadily over the past 70 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 50,384    
1960 59,235+17.6%
1970 87,672+48.0%
1980 105,643+20.5%
1990 120,126+13.7%
2000 132,054+9.9%
2010 145,744+10.4%

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Aisai is 15.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1578 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.4 °C. [3]

History

Kariya was a castle town in the Sengoku period, in an area contested between the Imagawa clan, Oda clan and various local warlords, including the Mizuno clan and Matsudaira clan. Tokugawa Ieyasu’s maternal grandfather Mizuno Tadamasa rebuilt Kariya Castle in the mid-16th century. The Mizuno clan shifted allegiances adroitly between the Imagawa clan to Oda Nobunaga and to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who relocated the clan to Ise Province. However, Mizuno Katsunari, the grandson of Tadamasa was allowed to return to the clan's ancestral territories by Ieyasu after the Battle of Sekigahara as daimyō of Kariya Domain, a feudal han under the Tokugawa shogunate. The domain was reassigned to numerous clans during the Edo period, but was retained by the Doi clan from 1734 until the Meiji Restoration.

After the Meiji Restoration, Kariya Town was created within Hekikai District, Aichi Prefecture with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on October 1, 1889. The town prospered as a center for commerce, sake production, sericulture and ceramics due to its location on the main railway routes. The Yosami Transmitting Station, located in Kariya, was Japan's tallest structure when completed in 1929. Kariya achieved city status on April 1, 1950. The city expanded by annexation of neighboring Fujimatsu and most of Yosami villages on April 1, 1955. Control of the Yosami Transmitting Station was returned to Japan from the United States Navy in 1994, and the former facility is now a city park.

Government

Kariya City Hall Kariya City Hall 2020-10 ac (1).jpg
Kariya City Hall

Kariya has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 28 members. The city contributes two members to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 13 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

The economy of Kariya is dominated by companies related to the Toyota Group, including Toyota Industries Corporation, Aisin Seiki and Denso Corporation. Toyota Motor Corporation started as a division of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works (now called Toyota Industries Corporation). The Toyoda Automatic Loom Works was highly profitable and board members reinvested much of the profits into the growing automobile manufacturing business.

Education

Aichi University of Education Aichi University of Education main gate ac.JPG
Aichi University of Education
University and Colleges
Schools
International School

Transportation

Map of Meitetsu Mikawa Line Linemap of Mikawa Line.svg
Map of Meitetsu Mikawa Line

Railway

JR logo (central).svg Central Japan Railway Company - Tōkaidō Main Line

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg MeitetsuMeitetsu Nagoya Main Line

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg MeitetsuMikawa Line

Highways

Sports

SeaHorses Mikawa 15-16 NBL Aisin vs Levanga Hokkaido a.JPG
SeaHorses Mikawa

The city is home to the SeaHorses Mikawa, 5-time champion of Japan's top professional basketball league.

Men's
Women's

Sister cities

Local attractions

Notable people from Kariya

Related Research Articles

Tokugawa Ieyasu Founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan (1543–1616)

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Imagawa Yoshimoto

Imagawa Yoshimoto was a pre-eminent daimyō in the Sengoku period Japan. Based in Suruga Province, he was one of the three daimyōs that dominated the Tōkaidō region. He died in 1560 while marching to Kyoto to become Shōgun. He was killed in the village of Dengakuhazama in Okehazama by Oda Nobunaga.

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Anjō City in Chūbu, Japan

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Gamagōri City in Chūbu, Japan

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Chiryū City in Chūbu, Japan

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Mikawa Province Former province of Japan

Mikawa Province was an old province in the area that today forms the eastern half of Aichi Prefecture. Its abbreviated form name was Sanshū. Mikawa bordered on Owari, Mino, Shinano, and Tōtōmi Provinces.

Nagashino Castle

Nagashino Castle was a Sengoku period Japanese castle located in what is now Shinshiro, eastern Aichi Prefecture, Japan. It is noteworthy as the site of the crucial Battle of Nagashino between the combined forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu and Oda Nobunaga against Takeda Katsuyori in 1575. The site has been protected by the central government as a National Historic Site since 1929, the first time a former castle site had received such protection.

Aichi Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Aichi Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. Aichi Prefecture has a population of 7,552,873 and a geographic area of 5,172.92 square kilometres (1,997.28 sq mi) with a population density of 1,460 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,800/sq mi). Aichi Prefecture borders Mie Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east.

Higashiura Town in Japan

Higashiura is a town located in Chita District, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. On 1 October 2019, the town had an estimated population of 49,010 in 20,563 households, and a population density of 1,574 per square kilometre (4,080/sq mi). The total area was 31.14 square kilometres (12.02 sq mi).

Matsudaira Hirotada

Matsudaira Hirotada was the lord of Okazaki Castle in Mikawa province, Japan during the Sengoku Period of the 16th century. He is best known for being the father of Tokugawa Ieyasu, founder of the Tokugawa Shogunate.

Matsudaira Nobuyasu

Matsudaira Nobuyasu was the eldest son of Tokugawa Ieyasu. His tsūshō was Jirōsaburō (次郎三郎). He was called also "Okazaki Saburō", because he had become the lord of Okazaki Castle (岡崎城) in 1570. Because he was a son of Tokugawa Ieyasu, he is often referred to, retroactively, as Tokugawa Nobuyasu.

Matsudaira clan

The Matsudaira clan was a Japanese samurai clan that descended from the Minamoto clan. It originated in and took its name from Matsudaira village, in Mikawa Province. During the Sengoku period, the chieftain of the main line of the Matsudaira clan, Matsudaira Motoyasu became a powerful regional daimyo under Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi and changed his name to Tokugawa Ieyasu. He subsequently seized power as the first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate which ruled Japan during the Edo period until the Meiji restoration of 1868. Under the Tokugawa shogunate, many cadet branches of the clan retained the Matsudaira surname, and numerous new branches were formed in the decades after Ieyasu. Some of those branches were also of daimyō status.

Toyohashi Core city in Chūbu, Japan

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Okazaki Domain

Okazaki Domain was a feudal domain of the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo period, Japan located in eastern Mikawa Province, Japan. It was centered on Okazaki Castle in what is now the city of Okazaki, Aichi. It was ruled by a number of different fudai daimyō over the course of the Edo period. Due to its associations with Tokugawa Ieyasu, who was born in Okazaki Castle, the domain had a prestige greater than in its nominal valuation based on rice tax revenues.

Mount Komaki

Mount Komaki is an 86-metre-high (282 ft) mountain located in the city of Komaki, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. At one point, the mountain was topped with the original Komakiyama Castle, built by Oda Nobunaga. Its base stretches for nearly 600 m (1,969 ft) from east to west, and 400 m (1,312 ft) from north to south, covering an area of approximately 21 ha. The mountain is now a historical park, containing various castle ruins, including water wells and stone walls, in addition to artifacts dating further back. Though known for the sakura trees, the northern part of the mountain is home to many machilus thunbergii trees. This is the only spot in the surrounding area where these trees occur naturally. The reproduction of Komakiyama Castle was built in 1967 and houses the Komaki City Historical Museum.

Iwasaki Castle (Owari Province)

Iwasaki Castle is a hill castle located in the city of Nisshin, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. It was built during the Sengoku period in Owari Province and was a support castle to Shobata Castle.

Tahara Domain

Tahara Domain was a minor fudai Japanese domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in southern Mikawa Province, Japan. It was centered on Tahara Castle in what is now the city of Tahara.

Kariya Domain

Kariya Domain was a feudal domain of the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate located in Mikawa Province, Japan, what is now part of the modern-day cities of Kariya and Anjō. It was centered on Kariya Castle, which was located in what is now the city of Kariya.

Tahara Castle

Tahara Castle is a Japanese castle located in Tahara, southern Aichi Prefecture, Japan. At the end of the Edo period, Tahara Castle was home to the Miyake clan, daimyō of the 12,000 koku Tahara Domain.

References

  1. Kariya City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. Kariya population statistics
  3. Kariya climate data
  4. "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
  5. "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.