Karkkila

Last updated
Karkkila

Högfors
Town
Karkkilan kaupunki
Högfors stad
Karkkila - Helsingintie C IMG 4276.JPG
Road Helsingintie in town centre
Karkkila.vaakuna.svg
Coat of arms
Karkkila.sijainti.suomi.2008.svg
Location of Karkkila in Finland
Coordinates: 60°32′N024°13′E / 60.533°N 24.217°E / 60.533; 24.217 Coordinates: 60°32′N024°13′E / 60.533°N 24.217°E / 60.533; 24.217
CountryFlag of Finland.svg  Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Helsinki sub-region (formerly Lohja sub-region)
Charter1932
Town1977
Government
  City managerMinna Karhunen
Area
 (2018-01-01) [1]
  Total255.32 km2 (98.58 sq mi)
  Land242.36 km2 (93.58 sq mi)
  Water12.95 km2 (5.00 sq mi)
Area rank 248th largest in Finland
Population
 (2020-12-31) [2]
  Total8,696
  Rank 114th largest in Finland
  Density35.88/km2 (92.9/sq mi)
Population by native language
[3]
   Finnish 96.1% (official)
   Swedish 0.7%
  Others3.2%
Population by age
[4]
  0 to 1416.8%
  15 to 6465.3%
  65 or older17.9%
Time zone UTC+02:00 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate [5] 21.25%
Climate Dfb
Website www.karkkila.fi

Karkkila (Finnish pronunciation:  [ˈkɑrkːilɑ] ; Swedish : Högfors) is a town and a municipality of Finland.

Contents

Neighbour municipalities are Lohja, Loppi, Tammela and Vihti.

Geography

Karkkila is located in the Uusimaa region. The municipality has a population of 8,696 (31 December 2020) [2] and covers an area of 255.32 square kilometres (98.58 sq mi) of which 12.95 square kilometres (5.00 sq mi) is inland water (2018-01-01). [1] The population density is 36 inhabitants per square kilometre (93/sq mi) (31 December 2020).

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

History

Originally, Karkkila was a village in the municipality of Pyhäjärvi. In the 14th century, the Pyhäjärvi area belonged to the border area of the parishes of Janakkala and Lohja. In 1507, the Pyhäjärvi area became part of the Vihti parish, which was separated from the Lohja parish. [6] Pyhäjärvi became the chapel congregation of the Vihti parish in 1654. [6] The place was originally known as Pahajärvi. The name became established as Pyhäjärvi in the late 17th or 18th century. It was decided to form Pyhäjärvi as an independent parish by a decision of the Imperial Senate in 1861, but the separation did not happen until 1869. [6] Based on the municipal decree of 1865, Pyhäjärvi began its activities as a municipality in 1868. [7]

The borough of Karkkila was formed from the center of Pyhäjärvi by separating it from Pyhäjärvi in 1932. [7] The borough area consisted mainly of the villages of Nyhkälä and Karkkila. The growth and industrialization of Karkkila has been affected by the now closed narrow-gauge Hyvinkää–Karkkila railway. [8] Later, the municipality of Pyhäjärvi was merged with the Karkkila borough in 1969. [7] Until now, the municipality and the borough had belonged to the Pyhäjärvi parish, whose name was changed to the Karkkila parish in connection with the municipal association. [6] [9] Officially, the Karkkila borough became a town in 1977. [7]

Politics

Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Karkkila:

Personalities

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Karkkila was a member of the Douzelage, a unique town twinning association of 24 towns across the European Union. This active town twinning began in 1991 and there are regular events, such as a produce market from each of the other countries and festivals. [10] [11] Karkkila was replaced by Asikkala as the Finnish town in the association in 2016.

Flag of Spain.svg Altea, Spain - 1991
Flag of Germany.svg Bad Kötzting, Germany - 1991
Flag of Italy.svg Bellagio, Italy - 1991
Flag of Ireland.svg Bundoran, Ireland - 1991
Flag of France.svg Granville, France - 1991
Flag of Denmark.svg Holstebro, Denmark - 1991
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Houffalize, Belgium - 1991
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Meerssen, the Netherlands - 1991
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Niederanven, Luxembourg - 1991
Flag of Greece.svg Preveza, Greece - 1991
Flag of Portugal.svg Sesimbra, Portugal - 1991
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sherborne, United Kingdom - 1991
Flag of Finland.svg Karkkila, Finland - 1997–2016
Flag of Sweden.svg Oxelösund, Sweden - 1998
Flag of Austria.svg Judenburg, Austria - 1999
Flag of Poland.svg Chojna, Poland - 2004
Flag of Hungary.svg Kőszeg, Hungary - 2004
Flag of Latvia.svg Sigulda, Latvia - 2004
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Sušice, Czech Republic - 2004
Flag of Estonia.svg Türi, Estonia - 2004
Flag of Slovakia.svg Zvolen, Slovakia - 2007
Flag of Lithuania.svg Prienai, Lithuania - 2008
Flag of Malta.svg Marsaskala, Malta - 2009
Flag of Romania.svg Siret, Romania - 2010

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References

  1. 1 2 "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Joulukuu 2020" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland . Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Seurakunnan historia lyhyesti" (in Finnish). Karkkilan seurakunta. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  7. 1 2 3 4 Kuutsa, Tommi. "Lukuja Karkkilan historiasta" (in Finnish). Karkkilan kaupunki. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  8. Joutsi, Jukka. "Karkkila" (in Finnish). Svala & Joutsi. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  9. Hannu Tarmio, Pentti Papunen& Kalevi Korpela: Suomenmaa 6: maantieteellis-yhteiskunnallinen tieto- ja hakuteos, pp. 319–321. Porvoo-Helsinki: WSOY, 1976. ISBN   951-0-06465-3. (in Finnish)
  10. "Douzelage.org: Home". www.douzelage.org. Archived from the original on 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
  11. "Douzelage.org: Member Towns". www.douzelage.org. Archived from the original on 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2009-10-21.