Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern

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Karl Anton
Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Prince of Hohenzollern
Karl Anton von Hohenzollern.jpg
Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Reign27 August 1848 7 December 1849
Predecessor Charles
Successornone
Head of the Princely House of Hohenzollern
Tenure3 September 1869 2 June 1885
Predecessornone
Successor Leopold
Born(1811-09-07)7 September 1811
Krauchenwies, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Died2 June 1885(1885-06-02) (aged 73)
Sigmaringen, German Empire
Spouse Princess Josephine of Baden
Issue Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern
Stephanie, Queen of Portugal
Carol I, King of Romania
Prince Anthony
Prince Frederick
Princess Marie, Countess of Flanders
Full name
German: Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad
House Hohenzollern
Father Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Mother Marie Antoinette Murat

Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen [1] [2] (German: Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad Fürst von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen [1] [2] ) (7 September 1811 [1] [2] 2 June 1885 [1] [2] ) was head of the Princely House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Hohenzollern from 1869 and Prime Minister of Prussia. He was the son [1] [2] of Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, who abdicated in favour of his son on 27 August 1848, and his first wife Marie Antoinette Murat, niece of Joachim Murat. [1] [2]

Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen historical principality in Germany

Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was a principality in southwestern Germany. Its rulers belonged to the senior Swabian branch of the House of Hohenzollern. The Swabian Hohenzollerns were elevated to princes in 1623. The small sovereign state with the capital city of Sigmaringen was annexed to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1850 following the abdication of its sovereign in the wake of the revolutions of 1848, then became part of the newly created Province of Hohenzollern.

Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was the reigning Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen from 1831 to 1848.

Marie Antoinette Murat German princess

Marie Antoinette Murat, French: Marie Antoinette Murat, Princesse Murat was a member of the House of Murat. Through her marriage to Charles, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Marie Antoinette was also a member of the House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Princess consort of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. Marie Antoinette was the niece of Joachim Murat, King of Naples from 1808 to 1815 and a brother-in-law of Napoleon Bonaparte, through marriage to Napoleon's youngest sister, Caroline Bonaparte.

Contents

Life

After only slightly over a year ruling his family's small principality, Karl Anton abdicated in December 1849 in favor of his distant cousin, the King of Prussia, and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, along with the neighboring principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, was annexed by Prussia. After his abdication, Karl Anton became a prominent figure in Prussian politics. After the fall of the reactionary Manteuffel ministry in 1858, and the accession of Prince William as regent for his incapacitated brother, King Frederick William IV, a new, moderately liberal ministry was appointed, with Karl Anton as Minister-President. The Prince continued in this role until 1862, when he resigned in the midst of a struggle with parliament over the military budget.

Frederick William IV of Prussia King of Prussia

Frederick William IV, the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. Also referred to as the "romanticist on the throne", he is best remembered for the many buildings he had constructed in Berlin and Potsdam, as well as for the completion of the Gothic Cologne Cathedral. In politics, he was a conservative, and in 1849 rejected the title of Emperor of the Germans offered by the Frankfurt Parliament as not the Parliament's to give. In 1857, he suffered a stroke and was left incapacitated until his death. His brother Wilhelm served as regent for the rest of his reign and then succeeded him as King.

Hohenzollern-Hechingen Historical german principality

Hohenzollern-Hechingen was a small principality in southwestern Germany. Its rulers belonged to the Swabian branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty.

After this, Karl Anton largely resigned from active politics and focused on his role as head of the Catholic branch of the Hohenzollern family, accentuated by the extinction of the Hohenzollern-Hechingen line in 1869. In 1866, his second son, Karl, was offered the throne of Romania, where he would rule for nearly forty years as Carol I. A few years later, in 1870, his eldest son, Leopold, was given a similar offer of the Spanish throne. This so-called "Hohenzollern candidacy" for the Spanish throne was one of the main factors in instigating the Franco-Prussian War.

Carol I of Romania King of Romania

Carol I, born Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, was the monarch of Romania from 1866 to 1914. He was elected Ruling Prince (Domnitor) of the Romanian United Principalities on 20 April 1866 after the overthrow of Alexandru Ioan Cuza by a palace coup d'état. In May 1877, he proclaimed Romania an independent and sovereign nation. The defeat of the Ottoman Empire (1878) in the Russo-Turkish War secured Romanian independence, and he was proclaimed King of Romania on 26 March [O.S. 14 March] 1881. He was the first ruler of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen dynasty, which ruled the country until the proclamation of a republic in 1947.

Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern German prince

Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern was the head of the Swabian branch of the House of Hohenzollern, and played a fleeting role in European power politics, in connection with the Franco-Prussian War.

Franco-Prussian War significant conflict pitting the Second French Empire against the Kingdom of Prussia and its allies

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the War of 1870, was a conflict between the Second French Empire and later the Third French Republic, and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia. Lasting from 19 July 1870 to 28 January 1871, the conflict was caused by Prussian ambitions to extend German unification and French fears of the shift in the European balance of power that would result if the Prussians succeeded. Some historians argue that the Prussian chancellor Otto von Bismarck deliberately provoked the French into declaring war on Prussia in order to draw the independent southern German states—Baden, Württemberg, Bavaria and Hesse-Darmstadt—into an alliance with the North German Confederation dominated by Prussia, while others contend that Bismarck did not plan anything and merely exploited the circumstances as they unfolded. None, however, dispute the fact that Bismarck must have recognized the potential for new German alliances, given the situation as a whole.

Marriage and issue

Prince Karl Anton was married [1] [2] to Josephine Friederike Luise, Princess of Baden (1813–1900), daughter of Grand Duke Charles of Baden. [1] [2]

Princess Josephine of Baden German princess

Princess Josephine Friederike Luise of Baden was born at Mannheim, the second daughter of Charles, Grand Duke of Baden and his wife, Stéphanie de Beauharnais. Through her eldest son, Leopold, she is the ancestress of the Romanian royal family and the Yugoslav Royal family. Through her younger daughter Marie, she is also the ancestress of the Belgian royal family and the Grand Ducal family of Luxembourg.

Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Portuguese queen consort

Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was the Queen consort of King Peter V of Portugal.

Prince Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen German royal and soldier

Prince Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was a German prince and soldier. He was a member of the Princely House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. During the Austro-Prussian War, while serving with the First Foot Guards, Prince Anton was mortally wounded at Königgrätz and died 33 days later of his wounds.

Prince Frederick of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen German prince

Prince Frederick of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was a member of the House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and a Prussian General of the Cavalry. Frederick was the fifth child and youngest son of Charles Anthony, Prince of Hohenzollern and his wife Princess Josephine of Baden.

Titles, styles and honours

Titles and styles

Honours

German decorations [3]
Foreign decorations [3]

Ancestry

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Darryl Lundy (7 January 2008). "Karl Anton Fürst von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Paul Theroff. "HOHENZOLLERN". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Archived from the original on 28 April 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  3. 1 2 Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Preußen (1884/85), Genealogy p.5
  4. "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. "Toison Autrichienne (Austrian Fleece) - 19th century" (in French), Chevaliers de la Toison D'or. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
  6. "Grand Crosses of the Order of the Tower and Sword". geneall.net. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern
Cadet branch of the House of Hohenzollern
Born: 7 September 1811 Died: 2 June 1885
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles
Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
27 August 1848 7 December 1849
Principality annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia
German nobility
Preceded by
Himself
Prince of Hohenzollern
7 December 1849 2 June 1885
Succeeded by
Leopold
Preceded by
Constantine
Prince of Hohenzollern(-Hechingen)
3 September 1869 2 June 1885
Political offices
Preceded by
Baron Otto Theodor von Manteuffel
Prime Minister of Prussia
6 November 1858 12 March 1862
Succeeded by
Prince Adolf of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen