Karl August, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont

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Karl August
Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Furst Carl von Waldeck und Pyrmont.jpg
Reign1 January 1728 – 29 August 1763
Predecessor Friedrich Anton Ulrich
Successor Friedrich Karl August
Born(1704-09-24)24 September 1704
Hanau, Waldeck
Died29 August 1763(1763-08-29) (aged 58)
Arolsen, Waldeck and Pyrmont
Spouse Countess Palatine Christiane Henriette of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
IssuePrince Charles
Friedrich Karl August, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Prince Christian
George I, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Princess Caroline
Princess Louise
Prince Louis
House House of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Father Friedrich Anton Ulrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont
MotherCountess Palatine Louise of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

Karl August Friedrich of Waldeck and Pyrmont (24 September 1704 – 29 August 1763) was Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and Commander of the Dutch forces in the War of Austrian Succession.

Contents

Royal life and military career

Karl was the second son of Friedrich Anton Ulrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and Countess Palatine Louise of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, youngest child of Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. In 1728 his father and his elder brother Christian Philip died, and so he became Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont.

Friedrich Anton Ulrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont Count and later Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Friedrich Anton Ulrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont was the first reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont from 1712 to 1728.

Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld Duke of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler from 1654 until 1717, Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1671 until 1717, and Count of Rappoltstein from 1673 until 1699

Christian II was the Duke of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler from 1654 until 1717, the Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1671 until 1717, and the Count of Rappoltstein from 1673 until 1699.

The Waldecks had a tradition of military service in the Dutch Army.
Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck had already led the Dutch army in the War of the Grand Alliance. In the War of Austrian Succession, Karl was appointed as commander of the Dutch Army by the States-General of the Netherlands, as counterbalance to William IV, Prince of Orange, who relied completely on his brother-in-law the Duke of Cumberland. The Dutch army under Waldeck's command was defeated in the Battle of Fontenoy, the Battle of Rocoux and the Battle of Lauffeld. In 1746, Karl became Fieldmarshal of the Holy Roman Empire.

Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck Dutch General and German Field Marshal

Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck was a German and Dutch Field Marshal and, for the last three years of his life, Grand Master of the Order of Saint John.

William IV, Prince of Orange hereditary stadtholder of the Netherlands

William IV was Prince of Orange from birth and the first hereditary Stadtholder of all the United Provinces of the Netherlands from 1747 till his death in 1751. During his whole life he was furthermore ruler of the Principality of Orange-Nassau within the Holy Roman Empire.

Prince William, Duke of Cumberland British Army general

Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland,, was the third and youngest son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland and his wife, Caroline of Ansbach. He was Duke of Cumberland from 1726. He is best remembered for his role in putting down the Jacobite Rising at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, which made him immensely popular throughout Britain. He is often referred to by the nickname given to him by his Tory opponents: 'Butcher' Cumberland. Despite his triumph at Culloden, he had a largely unsuccessful military career. Between 1748 and 1755 he attempted to enact a series of army reforms that were resisted by the opposition and by the army itself. Following the Convention of Klosterzeven in 1757, he never again held active military command and switched his attentions to politics and horse racing.

Marriage and children

In Zweibrücken, on 19 August 1741, Karl August married his first cousin Countess Palatine Christiane Henriette of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1725–1816), daughter of Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken.

Zweibrücken Place in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Zweibrücken is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the Schwarzbach river.

Countess Palatine Christiane Henriette of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld Princess of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Christiane Henriette of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld was a Countess of Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld by birth and by marriage a Princess of Waldeck-Pyrmont.

Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken Count Palatine of Zweibrücken from 1731 to 1735

Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld was a German nobleman. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach. He was the son of Christian II of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Katharina Agathe, Countess of Rappoltstein. He was Duke and Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1717 to 1731. In 1731, he inherited the sovereign duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken and thus became Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. He was also Count of Rappoltstein from 1699 until his death.

The couple had seven children:

Friedrich Karl August, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, then Prince of Waldeck

Friedrich Karl August, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont was Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont from 1763 to 1812.

Christian August, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont Austrian and Portuguese General

Christian August, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont was a general in the Austrian service, and last commander and Field Marshal of the Portuguese land army.

George I, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont

George I, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont was Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont from 1812 to 1813.

Ancestry

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References

Karl August, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Cadet branch of the House of Waldeck
Born: 24 September 1704 Died: 29 August 1763
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Friedrich Anton Ulrich
Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont
1 January 1728 – 29 August 1763
Succeeded by
Friedrich Karl August