Karlovy Vary Region

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Karlovy Vary Region

Karlovarský kraj

Carlsbad Region
Eger-Karlsbad-1.jpg
Flag of Karlovy Vary Region.svg
Flag
Karlovy Vary Region CoA CZ.svg
Coat of arms
Karlovarsky kraj in Czech Republic.svg
Coordinates: 50°13′42″N12°58′00″E / 50.22833°N 12.96667°E / 50.22833; 12.96667 Coordinates: 50°13′42″N12°58′00″E / 50.22833°N 12.96667°E / 50.22833; 12.96667
Country Czech Republic
Capital Karlovy Vary
Districts Karlovy Vary District, Sokolov District, Cheb District
Government
  GovernorPetr Kulhánek (KOA)
Area
  Total3,314.46 km2 (1,279.72 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,244 m (4,081 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01 [1] )
  Total294,896
  Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CZ-41
Vehicle registration K
Website www.kr-karlovarsky.cz

The Karlovy Vary Region or Carlsbad Region (Czech : Karlovarský kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech : kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the westernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. It is named after its capital Karlovy Vary. The region is world-famous for its spas, including Karlovy Vary and Mariánské Lázně.

Contents

Administrative divisions

The Karlovy Vary Region is divided into 3 districts:

Carlsbad districts.png
Districts of Karlovy Vary Region
   Cheb
   Karlovy Vary
   Sokolov

At a lower level, the region has 134 municipalities, comprising 56 in the Karlovy Vary District, 40 in the Cheb District and 38 in the Sokolov District. [2]

Population

Karlovy Vary Region is the smallest region in the Czech Republic with a population of less than 300,000. Only 11 municipalities have higher population than 5,000. The largest municipality of the region is Karlovy Vary with a population of around 50,000. The table below shows the municipalities in Karlovy Vary Region with the largest population (as of 1 January 2019): [2]

NamePopulationArea (km²) District
Karlovy Vary (CZE) - flag.gif Karlovy Vary 48,50159 Karlovy Vary District
Cheb flag.svg Cheb 31,98896 Cheb District
Sokolov prapor.svg Sokolov 23,24123 Sokolov District
Flag of Ostrov.svg Ostrov 16,73150 Karlovy Vary District
Flag of Chodov (Sokolov).svg Chodov 13,39414 Sokolov District
Flag of As, Cheb.svg 13,21056 Cheb District
Marianske Lazne CoA.png Mariánské Lázně 12,80052 Cheb District

Other significant towns in Karlovy Vary Region are Nejdek, Kraslice, Františkovy Lázně and Horní Slavkov.

Economy

Spas

The region is well known for its spas and is responsible over half of the county's spa industry. [3] Twelve spas can be found in the city of Karlovy Vary alone. [4] Other famous spa towns in the region include Františkovy Lázně, Mariánské Lázně, Lázně Kynžvart and Jáchymov. [5] The spas are visited not only by Czechs but by people from the rest of Europe, Russia, Israel and North America as well. [6] Karlovy Vary spa wafers, a food item from the region, was awarded protected designation of origin (PDO) status by the European Commission in 2011. [7]

The water from the region is used in locally produced beverages including Mattoni from Karlovy Vary and Aquila from the village of Kyselka. [8]

Black Triangle

The region is the home of two power stations, Vřesová and Tisová, both in the Sokolov District. The region is also part of the so-called Black Triangle, an area of heavy industrialization and environmental damage on the three-way border of Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. [9]

Transport

The Karlovy Region is served by Karlovy Vary Airport, which handled more than 100,000 passengers in 2012. [10] The region is also home to two other airports, neither of which are used for passenger flights. These are Cheb Airport, the oldest airport in the country, [11] and Mariánské Lázně Airport.

The region lacks any motorways. [12] The unfinished R6 expressway passes through the region, linking Cheb and Karlovy Vary to Prague. The length of operated railway lines in the region is 493 km (306 mi). [12]

Education

The Czech University of Life Sciences Prague opened a centre in the village of Dalovice in the Karlovy Vary District in 2007. [13] The private College of Karlovy Vary is also located in the region, in addition to regional centres of the Banking Institute / College of Banking in Karlovy Vary and the University of West Bohemia in Cheb and Sokolov. [13]

Related Research Articles

Cheb Town in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

Cheb is a town in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 32,000 inhabitants. It is on the river Ohře, at the foot of the Fichtel Mountains near the border with Germany. Before the 1945 expulsion of the German-speaking population, the town was the centre of the German-speaking region known as Egerland, part of the Northern Austro-Bavarian dialect area.

Karlovy Vary Statutory city in Czech Republic

Karlovy Vary is a spa city in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 48,000 inhabitants. It lies on the confluence of the rivers Ohře and Teplá, approximately 130 km (81 mi) west of Prague. It is named after Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and the King of Bohemia, who founded the city in 1370. It is the site of numerous hot springs, and is the most visited spa town in the Czech Republic. Until 1945, when the German-speaking inhabitants were expelled, the city was overwhelmingly German-speaking.

Liberec Region Region of the Czech Republic

Liberec Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the northernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. It is named after its capital Liberec. The region shares international borders with Germany and Poland. Domestically the region borders the Ústí nad Labem Region to the west, the Central Bohemian Region to the south and the Hradec Králové Region to the east.

Ústí nad Labem Region Region of the Czech Republic

Ústí nad Labem Region or Ústecký Region, is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western part of the historical land of Bohemia, and named after the capital, Ústí nad Labem. It covers the majority of the former North Bohemia province and is part of the broader area of North Bohemia.

Mariánské Lázně Town in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

Mariánské Lázně is a spa town in Cheb District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 13,000 inhabitants. The town, surrounded by green mountains, is a mosaic of parks and noble houses. Most of its buildings come from the town's Golden Era in the second half of the 19th century, when many celebrities and top European rulers came to enjoy the curative carbon dioxide springs.

Cheb District District in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

Cheb District is a district (okres) within Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. Its capital is the town of Cheb.

Františkovy Lázně Town in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

Františkovy Lázně is a spa town in Cheb District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,500 inhabitants. Together with neighbouring Karlovy Vary and Mariánské Lázně, it is part of the renowned West Bohemian Spa Triangle. The town centre is well preserved and historically significant and since 1992 is protected by law as urban monument reservation. It was nominated for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage roster.

Sokolov, Czech Republic Town in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

Sokolov, Falknov nad Ohří until 1948 is a town in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic, located to the northeast of Cheb. It has about 23,000 inhabitants.

Spa towns in the Czech Republic

There are number of spa towns in the Czech Republic. Between the oldest and most visited are the spas of Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně, Františkovy Lázně, Luhačovice and Poděbrady. In 2011 the Czech spas were visited by around 700,000 guests, of whom around half were foreigners, mainly from Germany, Russia and Austria.

Poděbrady Town in Central Bohemian, Czech Republic

Poděbrady is a spa town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 14,000 inhabitants. It lies on the river Elbe 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of Prague on the D11 motorway.

Lázně Kynžvart Town in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

Lázně Kynžvart is a spa town in Cheb District, Karlovy Vary Region, Czech Republic. It has a population of about 1,400. It is located near a château of the same name.

There are various communities of Germans in the Czech Republic. After the Czech Republic joined the European Union in the 2004 enlargement and was incorporated into the Schengen Area, migration between the two countries became relatively unrestricted. Both countries share a land border of 815 kilometers (506 mi).

This is a list of German language place names in Bohemia, now exonyms for towns and villages in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic.

Egerland

The Egerland is a historical region in the far north west of Bohemia in the Czech Republic at the border with Germany. It is named after the German name Eger for the city of Cheb and the main river Ohře.

The Plauen–Cheb Line is a mainline railway in Saxony, Germany and the Czech Republic, which was originally built and operated by the Kgl. Sächsischen Staatseisenbahnen. It runs from Plauen im Vogtland through Weischlitz, Adorf und Bad Brambach over the national border to Cheb.

Spa cup

Spa cup is a special shape of porcelain cup, with a spout leading from low down in the body, so that the vessel looks like a cross between a cup and a teapot. They are used to drink mineral or thermal water directly from the spring. According to the Czechs, spa cups were developed in north-west Bohemia in the spa region around the well known spas such as Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně and Jáchymov. Originally people drank spa water using glasses. The development of spa cups started in the 17th century and went through a variety of materials, shapes and decorations.

Starý Rybník (castle)

Starý Rybník castle is at the village of Starý Rybník, about 9 kilometres (6 mi) from Františkovy Lázně, in Cheb District of Karlovy Vary Region, western Bohemia, Czech Republic.

Mariánské Lázně Airport

Mariánské Lázně Airport is an airport serving Mariánské Lázně in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic.

Slavkovský les Mountain range in the Czech Republic

Slavkovský les,, also called the Emperor's Forest,, is a mountain range in the Czech Republic in the triangle formed by the towns of Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně and Františkovy Lázně.

Bernhard Adler

Bernhard Vinzenz Adler was a Bohemian doctor and founder of the resort town of Franzensbad in West Bohemia, now known as the town of Františkovy Lázně.

References

  1. "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. 1 2 "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  3. "Tourism drops but not for everyone". The Prague Post . 9 August 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  4. "Spas". Radio Prague . 5 December 2004. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  5. "Karlovy Vary Region - Basic Information". Tourist portal of Karlovy Vary Region. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  6. "Spa treatment becoming less affordable for Czechs". Radio Prague . 24 October 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  7. "Czechs win protection for Karlovy Vary spa wafers". Radio Prague . 26 May 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  8. "Balené vody na tuzemském trhu". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). 27 June 2001. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  9. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2014-04-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) page 9
  10. "Letiště Karlovy Vary loni mělo zisk na 8,7 milionu korun". Czech News Agency (in Czech). 23 June 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  11. "Mailbox". Radio Prague . 26 July 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  12. 1 2 "Doprava" [Transport](XLS). Czech Statistical Office . Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  13. 1 2 "V Karlovarském kraji otevře studium zemědělská univerzita". Czech News Agency (in Czech). Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2014.