|• Total||156.03 km2 (60.24 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Tree||Magnolia kobus|
|• Flower||Sakurasō ( Primula sieboldii )|
|• Bird||Brown-headed thrush|
|Address||2381-1 Nagakura, Karuizawa-machi, Kitasaku-gun, Nagano-ken 389-0192|
Karuizawa (軽井沢町, Karuizawa-machi) is a refreshing town located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2016 [update] , the town had an estimated population of 20,323 in 9897 households, and a population density of 130 persons per km². The total area of the town is 156.03 square kilometres (60.24 sq mi). Karuizawa is a popular summer resort area for the residents of Tokyo.[ citation needed ]
Karuizawa is located in eastern Nagano Prefecture, bordered by Gunma Prefecture to the north, east and south. The town is located on an elevated plain at the foot of Mount Asama, one of Japan's most active volcanoes. The mountain is classed as a Category A active volcano. A small eruption was detected in June 2015, a more significant eruption spewing hot rocks and a plume of ash occurred in February 2015. Mt. Asama's most destructive eruption in recent recorded history took place in 1783, when over 1,000 were killed. The volcano is actively monitored by scientists and climbing close to the summit is prohibited.
Per Japanese census data,the population of Karuizawa has been increasing over the past 50 years.
The area of present-day Karuizawa was part of ancient Shinano Province, and developed as Karuisawa-shuku, a post station on the Nakasendō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto during the Edo period.
Hoshino Resorts is headquartered in Karuizawa.
Karuizawa has three public elementary school and one public middle school operated by the town government, and one public high school is operated by the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education. The UWC ISAK Japan international school is also located in the town.
with its comparatively cool summer weather, its cold refreshing nights, its heavy air-clearing showers, its southern aspect, and its position close to some of the most picturesque mountain scenery of Japan, Karuizawa leaves little to be desired as a summer retreat.— Cargill Gilston Knott, "Notes on the Summer Climate of Karuizawa", 1891
And now I am writing in the most lovely study in the world. Over my head the pine branches meet in arches of kindly green ; […] underfoot a lundred layers of pine needles have been weaving a carpet so elastic that the weariest foot must press it lightly ; and, lest I should want for music, a stream, deep-running between hedges of wild clematis and white hydrangea and crowding wistaria tangle, sings a cool tune near by, while the hum of happy insects in the air sounds the high note of noon, the hot Eastern noon, when every bird is still.— Mary Crawford Fraser, "A Diplomatist's Wife in Japan: Letters from Home to Home", 1899
while quite recently even Japanese gentlemen of high degree have begun to build houses and introduce their families. As in so many other cases, the world followed the lead of the missionaries. Foreigners are now the raison d’étre of Karuizawa, and no echo of Feudalism haunts the hills.
the most popular summer resort in the whole of the Far East […] .— Arthur Lloyd, "Every-day Japan", 1909
Summers in Karuizawa were not just a break in the year but seemed a whole lifetime in themselves. I have far more memories of the minutiae of life there than I do of the much longer periods of time spent in Tokyo.— Edwin O. Reischauer, "My Life Between Japan and America", 1986
At an elevation of 1,000 m (3,281 ft) and a temperate summer climate, Karuizawa is a popular year round resort offering many outdoor sport, hot spring and recreational activities. Convenient road and rail access from central Tokyo, has ensured Karuizawa's popularity as a location for second homes and resort hotels since the Meiji era. The town is known for its historic shopping street known as "Ginza dōri" or "Kyū-dō" (Ginza Street, or the Old Road) and association with both Japanese royalty and visitors such as John Lennon and Yoko Ono. Karuizawa hosted equestrian events in the 1964 Summer Olympics as well as curling in the 1998 Winter Olympics.
Since 1997, Karuizawa has been accessible via the JR East Nagano Shinkansen. New high speed rail links has resulted in modest population growth and the development of large outlet style shopping malls.
Karuizawa has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with warm summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Karuizawa is 8.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1352 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 20.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around -4.2 °C. Precipitation is much heavier in the summer than in the winter.
|Climate data for Karuizawa|
|Average high °C (°F)||1.9|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−3.9|
|Average low °C (°F)||−9.5|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||29.9|
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||29|
|Average relative humidity (%)||74||75||73||72||74||84||87||86||88||83||77||74||79|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||169.6||156.3||183.0||175.1||191.4||126.4||126.5||158.0||107.7||134.9||149.6||165.2||1,843.7|
|Source: NOAA (1961–1990)|
Nagano Prefecture is a landlocked prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. Nagano Prefecture has a population of 2,052,493 and has a geographic area of 13,561 square kilometres (5,236 sq mi). Nagano Prefecture borders Niigata Prefecture to the north, Gunma Prefecture to the northeast, Saitama Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the southeast, Shizuoka Prefecture and Aichi Prefecture to the south, and Gifu Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture to the west.
Komoro is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, the city had an estimated population of 42,489 in 18776 households, and a population density of 430 persons per km². Its total area is 98.55 square kilometres (38.05 sq mi).
Saku is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, the city had an estimated population of 99,131 in 41,522 households, and a population density of 230 persons per km². The total area of the city is 423.51 square kilometres (163.52 sq mi).
The Asama (あさま) is a high-speed Shinkansen train service operated by East Japan Railway Company on the Hokuriku Shinkansen in Japan. The shinkansen service was introduced in October 1997, but the name was first used for a semi-express service operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in 1961. "Asama" is the name of an active volcano near Karuizawa, on the boundary between Gunma and Nagano Prefecture.
Miyota is a town located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the town had an estimated population of 15,562 in 6897 households, and a population density of 260 persons per km². The total area of the town is 58.79 square kilometres (22.70 sq mi).
Tateshina is a town located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the town had an estimated population of 7,147 in 2834 households, and a population density of 110 persons per km². The total area of the town is 66.87 square kilometres (25.82 sq mi). Tateshina is famous for its apple orchards.
Kitasaku is a district located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.
Tsumagoi is a village located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 September 2020, the village had an estimated population of 9,546 in 3999 households, and a population density of 28 persons per km². The total area of the village is 337.51 square kilometres (130.31 sq mi).
Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park is a national park in the Chūbu region of the main island of Honshū, Japan formed around several active and dormant volcanoes. It spans the mountainous areas of Gunma, Nagano, and Niigata prefectures. The name refers to the two mountain ranges that make up the park. It was divided into two separate areas: the Southern Niigata/North Nagano Area and the East Nagano Area.
Ueda is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the city had an estimated population of 157,480 in 67,783 households, and a population density of 290 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 552.04 square kilometres (213.14 sq mi), which makes it the fifth largest city in Nagano Prefecture in terms of area.
The 69 Stations of the Nakasendō are the rest areas along the Nakasendō, which ran from Nihonbashi in Edo to Sanjō Ōhashi in Kyoto. The route stretched approximately 534 km (332 mi) and was an alternate trade route to the Tōkaidō.
Otai-shuku was the twenty-first of the sixty-nine stations of the Nakasendō. It is located in the present-day town of Miyota, in the Kitasaku District of Nagano Prefecture, Japan.
Oiwake-shuku was the twentieth of the sixty-nine stations of the Nakasendō. It is located in the present-day town of Karuizawa, in the Kitasaku District of Nagano Prefecture, Japan.
The Hokkoku Kaidō was a highway in Japan during the Edo period. It was a secondary route, ranked below the Edo Five Routes in importance. Because it was developed for travelers going to Zenkō-ji, it was also called Zenkō-ji Kaidō (善光寺街道). It stretched from the Nakasendō's Oiwake-juku to the Hokurikudō's Takada-shuku. Nowadays, the route is traced by Route 18, stretching between the town of Karuizawa and the city of Jōetsu.
Kutsukake-shuku was the nineteenth of the sixty-nine stations of the Nakasendō. It is located in the present-day town of Karuizawa, in the Kitasaku District of Nagano Prefecture, Japan.
The Shinano Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese third-sector railway operating company established in 1996 to operate passenger railway services on the section of the JR East Shinetsu Main Line within Nagano Prefecture when it is separated from the JR East network in October 1997, coinciding with the opening of the Nagano Shinkansen from Takasaki to Nagano. The company was founded on May 1, 1996, and has its headquarters in Ueda, Nagano.
Karuizawa Station is a railway station in the town of Karuizawa, Nagano, Japan, operated jointly by the JR Group company East Japan Railway Company and the third-sector railway operator Shinano Railway.
Naka-Karuizawa Station is a railway station on the Shinano Railway Line in Nagakura, in the town of Karuizawa, Nagano, Japan, operated by the third-sector railway operating company Shinano Railway.
The Soyokaze (そよかぜ) was a limited express train service in Japan introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in July 1968, and later operated by the East Japan Railway Company between Ueno in Tokyo and Naka-Karuizawa on the Shinetsu Main Line in Nagano Prefecture.
Karuizawa distillery was a Japanese whisky distillery. It was located at Miyota, a town on the southern slopes of an active complex volcano, Mount Asama, in Kitasaku District, Nagano Prefecture, Japan.