Kashatagh Province

Last updated
Kashatagh

Քաշաթաղ
NKR locator Qashatagh.png
Capital Berdzor
Government
  GovernorStepan Sargsyan
Area
  Total3,377 km2 (1,304 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 1st
Population
(2013) [1]
  Total9,656
  Rank Ranked 6th
  Density2.9/km2 (7.4/sq mi)
Website official website
Map of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic with Kashatagh Region marked as 7. The other numbered provinces are: 1. Shahumyan; 2. Mardakert; 3. Askeran; 4. Martuni; 5. Hadrut; 6. Susha.
Stepankert not shown. BergachtigK123.jpg
Map of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic with Kashatagh Region marked as 7. The other numbered provinces are: 1. Shahumyan; 2. Mardakert; 3. Askeran; 4. Martuni; 5. Hadrut; 6. Susha.
Stepankert not shown.

Kashatagh Province (Armenian : Քաշաթաղի շրջանKashat'aghi shrjan) is a province of the de facto Republic of Artsakh. The Republic has limited international recognition. It is de jure part of the Republic of Azerbaijan. [1] It is the largest province by area (3,376.60 km2). The population as of 2013 was 9,656. Its capital is Lachin (Berdzor).

Armenian language Indo-European language

The Armenian language is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by Armenians. It is the official language of Armenia. Historically being spoken throughout the Armenian Highlands, today, Armenian is widely spoken throughout the Armenian diaspora. Armenian is written in its own writing system, the Armenian alphabet, introduced in 405 AD by Mesrop Mashtots.

Administrative divisions of the Republic of Artsakh

The Administrative divisions of the Republic of Artsakh are of two types; provinces and cities. There are seven provinces and one special administrative city - the capital of the Republic.

Republic of Artsakh Disputed territory in the South Caucasus

The Republic of Artsakh, or simply Artsakh, also known by its second official name, the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, is a de facto independent country in the South Caucasus that is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan. The region is currently populated mostly by Armenians and the primary spoken language is Armenian. Artsakh controls most of the territory of the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast and some of the surrounding area, giving it a border with Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. Its capital is Stepanakert.

Contents

Territorial entities

Kashatagh Region has 54 communities of which 3 are considered urban and 51 are rural.

Geography

Kashtagh borders Shahumyan Region in the north, Martakert Region in the north-east, Askeran Region, Shushi Region and Hadrut Region in the east. Iran in the south and Armenia to the west.

Iran Country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the capital, largest city, and leading economic and cultural center.

History

The territory on which Kashatag Region was subsequently formed was part of the Syunik Province of the Kingdom of Armenia. In the Middle Ages, there existed Armenian principality. In the valley of the river Akera was the most famous principality Kashatag. [2] The territory remained predominantly Armenian-up to Russian-Persian wars and the South Caucasus invasion of the Ottoman army in the 18th century. Russian forces managed to invade the Caspian provinces of Persia, and in 1723 while simultaneously fighting the Afghans in the east and Turks in the west, Persia was forced to cede the Caspian provinces to the Russian empire. Artsakh Armenian principalities, including Kashatag principality, supported Russia in the war.

Syunik was the ninth province (nahang) of the Kingdom of Armenia from 189 BC until 428 AD. From the 7th to 9th centuries, it fell under Arab control. In 821, it formed the Armenian principality of Khachen and around the year 1000 was proclaimed the Kingdom of Artsakh, which was one of the last medieval eastern Armenian kingdoms and principalities to maintain its autonomy following the Turkic invasions of the 11th to 14th centuries.

Middle Ages Period of European history from the 5th to the 15th century

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.

A principality can either be a monarchical feudatory or a sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of prince or by a monarch with another title considered to fall under the generic meaning of the term prince.

Kovsakan is the second largest city in Kashatagh Region after the city of Berdzor. [3] Mher Arakelyan from the ARF Dashnaktsutyun, Razmik Mirzoyan, non-partisan, and Hrach Manucharyan were competing in the mayoral election to be held in June 2008. [4]

Demographics

Kashatagh Region has the highest birth rate in the entire Caucasus region. The birth rate was measured at 29.3 per 1,000 in 2010. On the other hand, the Russian republic of Chechenya, which had a birth rate of 28.9 per 1,000 in 2011 could manage only the second spot. [5]

Birth rate total number of live births per 1,000 of a population in a certain period of time (usually a year)

The birth rate is the total number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or period. The rate of births in a population is calculated in several ways: live births from a universal registration system for births, deaths, and marriages; population counts from a census, and estimation through specialized demographic techniques. The birth rate are used to calculate population growth.

Resettlement of Syrian refugees

By June 2015, an estimated 17,000 of Syria's once 80,000-strong Armenian population had fled the civil war and sought refuge in Armenia. [6] David Babayan, spokesperson of the Karabakh Armenian leader Bako Sahakyan, confirmed that some of those refugees had been resettled in Nagorno-Karabakh. [7] In December 2014, Armenian media cited local municipal authorities in stating that "dozens of Syrian Armenian families" had been resettled in Nagorno-Karabakh's Kashtagh region, specifically the city of Berdzor and the village of Ishkhanadzor, also known as Khanlyk. [8]

Syria Country in Western Asia

Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans and Turkemens. Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Isma'ilis, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, Yazidis, and Jews. Sunnis make up the largest religious group in Syria.

Syrian Civil War Ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria

The Syrian Civil War is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with domestic and foreign allies, and various domestic and foreign forces opposing both the Syrian government and each other in varying combinations.

David Babayan

David Babayan, Head of the Central Information Department of the Office of the Artsakh Republic President - deputy head of the Artsakh Republic President's Office, Chairman and Founder of Artsakh Conservative Party.

Related Research Articles

Nagorno-Karabakh Disputed territory in Transcaucasia

Nagorno-Karabakh, also known as Artsakh, is a landlocked region in the South Caucasus, within the mountainous range of Karabakh, lying between Lower Karabakh and Zangezur, and covering the southeastern range of the Lesser Caucasus mountains. The region is mostly mountainous and forested.

Shusha Town in Shusha Raion

Shusha, or Shushi, is a city in the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh in the South Caucasus. It has been under the control of the self-proclaimed Artsakh Republic since its capture in 1992 during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. However, it is a de jure part of the Republic of Azerbaijan, with the status of an administrative division of the surrounding Shusha Rayon. According to the Resolution No.884 of the United Nations Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly by the Resolution No.62/243, the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan was partially recognized and they include a demand of withdrawal of the Armenian forces. Situated at an altitude of 1,400–1,800 metres (4,600–5,900 ft) in the Karabakh mountains, Shusha was a mountain recreation resort in the Soviet era.

Zəngilan Place in Azerbaijan

Zangilan is a town that is de jure located in the Zangilan Rayon of Azerbaijan. Since the Nagorno-Karabakh War it has been administered as part of Kashatagh Region by the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh.

Artsakh Defense Army

The Artsakh Republic Defense Army is the formal defense force of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh). Established in 1992, it united previously disorganized self-defense units which were formed in the early 1990s with the avowed goal of protecting the ethnic Armenian population of Artsakh from the attacks by the Soviet and Azerbaijani armed forces. The Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army is currently composed of around 20,000 well-trained and equipped officers and soldiers and maintains a "constant state of readiness, undergoing more serious combat training and operational exercises than any other former Soviet army." President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev has stated that 80% of the soldiers in Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army are actually Armenian citizens.

Artsakh is located in the southern part of the Lesser Caucasus range, at the eastern edge of the Armenian Highlands, encompassing the highland part of the wider geographical region known as Karabakh. Under Russian and Soviet rule, the region came to be known as Nagorno-Karabakh, meaning "Mountainous Karabakh" in Russian. The name Karabakh itself was first employed in Georgian and Persian sources from the 13th and 14th centuries to refer to an Armenian principality known by modern historians as the Kingdom of Artsakh or Khachen.

Foreign relations of Artsakh

The Republic of Artsakh is a republic with limited recognition in the South Caucasus region. Republic of Artsakh controls most of the territory of the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast and some of the surrounding area. It is recognized by only three other non-UN member states, Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria. The rest of the international community recognizes Artsakh as part of Azerbaijan. In November 2012, a member of Uruguay's foreign relations committee stated that his country could recognize Nagorno-Karabakh's independence. In 2012, Armenia and Tuvalu established diplomatic relations and it was perceived that Tuvalu may recognize Nagorno Karabakh’s independence. Also in 2012, the Parliament of New South Wales, an Australian state, called upon the Australian government to recognise Nagorno-Karabakh. In September 2014, the Basque Parliament in Spain adopted a motion supporting Nagorno-Karabakh's right to self-determination.

Lachin Place

Lachin or Berdzor, formerly Abdallyar, Datschin) is a town internationally recognized de jure as part of Azerbaijan, but currently de facto controlled by the unrecognized Artsakh. Since 1992 the area has been governed by Artsakh, which has renamed the town Berdzor, and acts as the capital of Kashatagh Region. The government of Azerbaijan considers it to be the regional center of its Lachin Rayon. The town and its surrounding region serve as the strategic Lachin corridor connecting the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic with Armenia.

Karabakh Region in Armenia and Azerbaijan

Karabakh is a geographic region in present-day eastern Armenia and southwestern Azerbaijan, extending from the highlands of the Lesser Caucasus down to the lowlands between the rivers Kura and Aras.

Economy of the Republic of Artsakh

The economy of Artsakh is small, but rapidly growing. The war torn economy of Karabakh shows a relatively quick and confident recovery. In 1999, the GDP figure was $59 million, 80 percent down on the figure in Soviet times. Yet, its GDP reached $114 million in 2005, double the figure in 2001, registering economic growth of 14% in 2005, and in 2009 it registered a GDP of $260 million, which increased to $320 million by 2010. Nagorno-Karabakh's GDP (PPP) for 2010 is estimated at $1.6 billion.

Çanaqçı, Khojaly Place

Chanakhchi or Avetarnots, is a village in Nagorno-Karabakh. Since the Nagorno-Karabakh war the town has been administered by the de facto Republic of Artsakh as part of Askeran Province. De jure is a village in the Khojali Rayon of Azerbaijan.

Tuğ Place in Khojavend, Azerbaijan

Tuğ is a village in the Khojavend Rayon of Azerbaijan and Hadrut Province of the Republic of Artsakh.

Melikli, Zangilan Place in Zangilan, Azerbaijan

Melikli, originally known as Mush, is a village in the Qashatagh Region of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, also known as Zangilan Rayon of Azerbaijan.

This page list topics related to Nagorno-Karabakh.

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Artsakh, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Armenian-controlled territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh

The Armenian-controlled territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh are areas formally part of Azerbaijan and situated outside the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, which are since the end of the Nagorno Karabakh War controlled by the military forces of the de facto Republic of Artsakh supported by Armenia.

Culture of Artsakh

Culture of Artsakh includes artifacts of tangible and intangible culture that has been historically associated with Artsakh and Nagorno-Karabakh—a historical province in the Southern Caucasus most of which is controlled by the Republic of Artsakh. These include monuments of religious and civil architecture, memorial and defense structures, and various forms of art.

Lachin corridor

The Lachin corridor is a mountain pass within the de jure borders of Azerbaijan, forming the shortest route between Armenia and the Republic of Artsakh. During the Nagorno-Karabakh war, it came under the control of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, although officially it is part of the Lachin rayon of Azerbaijan.

Askeran Province Province

Askeran Province is a province of the de facto Republic of Artsakh. The Republic has limited international recognition. It is de jure part of the Republic of Azerbaijan and is almost coterminous with Khojaly District. It is in the center of Artsakh, surrounding the capital, Stepanakert. It is notable for the ruins of Tigranakert.

References

  1. 1 2 2005 NKR Census Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine
  2. V in 1609 the Shah of Persia Abbas I defended its charter the right of the ruler of the principality melik Haykaza. The Persian documents, decrees, kept in Matenadaran (1601-1650s.), V. II, Er., 1957, pp.89-90.
  3. "Kashatagh: Retaking and rebuilding a "third" Armenia in old Lachin". www.armeniandiaspora.com.
  4. "Karabakh News".
  5. http://www.stat-nkr.am/files/yearbooks/2004_2010/5_bnakchut.pdf
  6. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
  7. Nana Martirosyan. Давид Бабаян: Армения и Арцах приняли сирийских беженцев, исходя из гуманитарных принципов. ArmInfo. 3 June 2015.
  8. ПОСЕЛИВШИЕСЯ В АРЦАХЕ СИРИЙСКИЕ АРМЯНЕ ГОВОРЯТ О СВОИХ ЧАЯНИЯХ. NKR News. 26 December 2014.

Coordinates: 39°38′27″N46°32′49″E / 39.6408°N 46.5469°E / 39.6408; 46.5469