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Kasom Khullen is a village located at the north-eastern state of Manipur in India. The village, about 64 km away from the capital Imphal, is also the headquarter of the Kasom Sub Division situated at the southern region of Ukhrul district. The village is inhabited by about 210 households.
India, also known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Imphal is the capital city of the Indian state of Manipur. Ruins of the Palace of Kangla, the royal seat of the erstwhile Kingdom of Manipur, are in the city metropolitan centre, surrounded by a moat.
Ukhrul is a district in the north eastern state of Manipur in India. It lies about 84 kilometres (52 mi) north east of Imphal.
Kasom Khullen, like majority of the villages in the district is inhabited by the Tangkhul Naga tribe. Although the village has a different and unique language of its own, the people interacts with other parts of the district by the local Tangkhul dialect
The Tangkhuls are a major Naga ethnic group living in the Indo-Burma border area occupying the Ukhrul district in Manipur, India and the Somra tract hills, Layshi township, Homalin township in Upper Burma and Tamu Township in Burma. Despite this international border, many Tangkhul have continued to regard themselves as "one nation".Tangkhuls living in Burma are also known as Hogo Naga or Eastern Tangkhul or Somra Tangkhul. Also Kokak Naga, Akyaung Ari Naga and Hogo Naga are included tribally within Tangkhul Naga tribe but their language are quite distinct. The Tangkhul (Somra/Hogo) language in Mayanmar is very different from Tangkhul (Ukhrul) spoken in India.
Tangkhul is a Sino-Tibetan language of the Tangkhulic branch. It is spoken in 168 villages of Ukhrul district, Manipur, India, with speakers scattered in Nagaland and Tripura as well.
Kasom Khullen boasts a history of culture and tradition, specially characterised by its folk dances.
The village officially adopted Christianity in 1947, but the cultural traditions of the village is still preserved through its folk music, dances, and festival.
Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, as described in the New Testament. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus Christ is the merciful Son of God and savior of all people, whose coming as the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. It is the worlds largest religion with over 2.4 billion followers or 31.5% of the world's population.
The main occupation of the village is agriculture, practising Jhum cultivation. The people are simple and has a great work ethic, even though majority of the population is literate. Fishing and hunting also plays an important role in the daily livelihood of the village. Almost every household in the village is equipped with necessary tools and weapons for it.
Throughout ages, the village has been taking an active part in preserving the unique culture of the Tangkhul Naga tribe. And apart from the various festivals of the Tangkhul Naga tribe, the village also has its own, notably the Ramtho Phanit and Reiko festival. Ramtho Phanit is the festival which marks the beginning of the agricultural year. Reiko is the festival which is observed whenever the village leads a successful expedition against the enemies in the past. It is observed till this day whenever the village brings laurels and are victorious in Sporting events.
Kasom Khullen is famous for its unique folk dances. The following is the list of events in which the village participated in folk dances:
|Dates and events||Venue|
|15 June- 8 Sept, 1973. International Folkloric Festival.(Participated as India's representative - 3rd Position)||Tunisia, Romania, Malta, Spain, Bulgaria|
|26 January 1960. Republic Day Celebration, India||Delhi|
|1976. All India Congress Committee Seminar||Guwahati|
|26 Jan 1977. Republic Day Celebration, India||Delhi|
|1990. Naga's Convention||Kohima|
|1994. State level Youth Festival, Manipur (3rd Position)||Khuman Lampak, Imphal|
|Oct. 1998. Gen Conference, All Naga Students' Association Manipur||Chandel District Headquarters|
|Nov.1999 National Games of India||Khuman Lampak Main Stadium Imphal|
|Oct. 2003. 20th Gen Conf. Of Naga Students' Federation||Ngalang, Dimapur|
|26 Jan.2010. Republic Day Celebration, India||Ukhrul|
The Naga people are an various individuals or ethnic groups associated to the North Eastern part of India and northwestern Myanmar. The tribes have similar cultures and traditions, and form the majority of population in the Indian state of Nagaland, with significant populations in Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India and the Sagaing Division of Myanmar.
Maram tribe is one of the tribes that form the Naga tribe of Northeast India. The Marams occupy a large portion of Senapati district of Manipur. They are the only tribe of Nagas who did not consume pork in the past; today, with the advent of Christianity, they have started changing their food habit and now almost 99% of the Marams consume pork. The Marams are known for their rich cultural heritage: traditional attire, folk songs, folktales, musical instruments, and so on. There are more than 30 Maram villages scattered in the geographical expanse generally known as the Maram Area. As per the 2001 census, the Maram Nagas numbered about 37,340 in total. According to UNESCO database on endangered languages, the Maram Language was among the list which amounts to only 37,000 number of speakers. These figures, however, need further corroboration.
Sihai is a general reference to a group of villages in the north of Ukhrul District headquarters in Manipur. Sihai Khullen, the nearest from Ukhrul is about 37 kilometers from Ukhrul, connected partially by National Highway 150.
Longpi is a general reference to two villages in the Ukhrul District of the Indian state of Manipur. Longpi is about 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Ukhrul, connected by National Highway 150. The two villages together have a population of over 8,000.
Phalee also called as Phadang is a village located west of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state in India. As per 2011 census,.. It lies in the Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hot Spot Region of the world wherein the flora and fauna diversity are very rich. It occupies total area of about 49 sq. km. It has Red Sandy Soils and annual rainfall of 2000-2400mm. It has subtropical pine forest climate with distinct four seasons. The average temperature is in the range of 23°C. It experienced reverse monsoon in winter and four distinct seasons.The village has a total of 794 households with 3742 persons of which 1934 are male while 1808 are female. Of the total population, 11.60% are in the age group of 0–6 years. The average sex ratio of the village is 904 female per 1000 male. The literacy rate of the village is 81.35%. Phalee is flanked by Ngaimu and Tolloi in the East, Somdal and Hoomi north, Tuinem and Lamlang in the south and Champhung and Tora in the west. The village is assumed to be more than 600 years (approximate) since the first settler settled in relation to the sixteen generation back. The village has a total of 794 households with 3742 persons of which 1934 are male while 1808 are female. The average sex ratio of the village is 904 females per 1000 male. The literacy rate of the village is 81.35%.
Chingjaroi, originally known Asinei or Asewnei alternatively called Zingchui/Zingjui by the tangkhul ,Swemi by the Poumai and khatsomi by the Chakhesang tribe is a large tangkhul Naga village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India and bordered mainly by villages like Peh, Phaibung ,Jessami, Laii ,Kharasom and Razai. The village is sub-divided into three parts, viz. Chingjaroi Khullen, Chingjaroi Khunou and Chingjaroi Christian Village. Chingjaroi Khullen the nearest from the National Highway 150 is approximately 84 kilometers from Ukhrul district headquarters.
Tusom is a generic reference to two villages located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The villages are Tusom Khullen or New Tusom and Tusom CV. The villages are partially connected by National Highway 150, Imphal-Kohima road via Jessami. Tusom is 120 kilometres away from Ukhrul and about 5 kilometres away from Indo-Myanmar border pillar number 130. Tusom is flanked by Kharasom in the west, Chingai in the south and Laivum village Myanmar in the east. The dialect spoken by the inhabitants of Tusom belongs to the Sorbung language family.
Huishu Village is situated on the northeast fringe of the District Headquarter, Ukhrul District, Manipur and is bordered by Myanmar in the northeast, Poi Village in the north, Chingai and Awang Kasom Ngahui in the Northwest, Kuirei village in the West and Khamasom village in the south. Huishu is called The green hills of the rising sun and also " North Indo-Myanmar border corridor" of Manipur. The village is about 64 km from the district headquarter, Ukhrul and about 6 km from the pillar 125. Indo-Myanmar border. The village is partially connected by the national highway 202, Imphal-Kohima road via Jessami. The inhabitants speak Huishu dialect originated from the family of Tibeto-Burman language as well as Tangkhul language, a lingua franca of Tangkhul Naga Tribe. The mainland of the Village basically comprises three mountain ranges, namely SALIVI mountain in the east, Zingshan mountain in the West and the Wanchai river confluence range in the south. The great Zingshan mountain comprises two parallel ranges interspersed with Wangchai river confluence in the south extending up to Larang range bordering Khamasom village in the south through which immediately connects to SALIVI mountain range in the east and Loli range in the north which directly connects Huishu-Poi boundary through a narrow stream NARUKHU extending up to SALIVI mountain. The land is endowed with rich water and forest resources and is fertile,extensive and of great scenic beauty. Rambu hill, Ouhao hill, Zingshan mountain and Thurekakacho hill located on the right bank of the Huishu river are the main tourists destinations. The climate of Huishu Village may be broadly described as Sub-tropical monsoon type. The year's coldest months are December and January, when temperatures average around 10-15C while the hottest months are April and May. The best season for the tourists to visit the place is summer however, every season has its own flavour of beauty due to rich natural vegetation type and exotic beautiful landscapes.
Nungshong is a generic reference to two villages viz. Nungshong Khullen and Nungshong Khunou located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 30 kilometers from Ukhrul via the state highway that connects Ukhrul-Kamjong via Shangshak. The shorter un-metalled road from Ukhrul to Nungshong is about 15 kilometers. Construction of a new road under PMGSY to connect the neighboring villages with Ukhrul is underway for which there were reports of irregularities on the part of the executing agencies. Nungshong is flanked by Hungpung in the west, Shangching in the south, Choithar and Khangkhui in the north. Locally, the residents speak Nungshong dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.
Tangkhul Hundung is a village south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur, India. The village is about 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Ukhrul and about 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Imphal and is partially connected by National Highway 150 that connects Imphal and Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami. Tangkhul Hundung is divided into two major parts, Tangkhul Hundung Khullen and Tangkhul Hundung Khunou. The village is flanked by Thoyee in the west, Shingkap in the north, Itham in the south and Alang in the east. Locally, the inhabitants speak Tangkhul Hundung tui, which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.
Bungpa is a generic reference to two villages, Bungpa Khullen and Bungpa Khunou located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village falls under Kamjong sub division. The villages are connected by Ukhrul-Kamjong state highway. Bungpa is flanked by Phungyar in the west, Grihang in the south, Lakhan in the east and Kamjong in the north. Locally, the inhabitants speak Bungpa dialect that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.
Kangpat is a generic reference to two villages, Kangpat Khullen and Kangpat Khunou located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village falls under Kamjong sub division. The two villages are connected by Ukhrul-Kamjong state highway. Kangpat is flanked by Sorbung in the west, Choro in the south, Skipe in the east and Nambisha in the north. Locally, the inhabitants speak Kangpat dialect that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family. Some researchers are of the view that the dialect spoken by the inhabitants has some affinity to that of the Koireng tribe.
Awang Kasom is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village falls under Chingai sub division. National Highway 150 that connect Imphal-Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami passes through the village. Awang Kasom is about 50 kilometers from Ukhrul; and is flanked by kuirei in the south, Peh in the west, Chingai in the north and poi in the east. Locally, the inhabitants speak Awang Kasom dialect that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.
Nungbi Khullen locally called as Loree is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village falls under Chingai sub division. National Highway 150 that connects Imphal-Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami passes through the village. Nungbi Khullen is about 35 kilometers from Ukhrul; and is flanked by Loree Kaju in the west, Lunghar in the south, Khamasom in the east and Kalhang in the north. Locally, the inhabitants speak Loree dialect that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.
Razai is a generic reference two villages, Razai Khullen and Razai Khunou Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village falls under Chingai sub division. National Highway 150 that connects Imphal-Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami passes through the village. Razai is about 50 kilometers from Ukhrul; and is flanked by Peh in the west, Awang Kasom in the south, Chingai in the east and Maremphung in the north. Locally, the inhabitants speak Razai dialect that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.
Kamjong District is a district in Manipur state, India created by splitting Ukhrul district.
Khamlang village is situated on the southern part of Ukhrul District, Manipur, India. It is inhabited by Khameon a Tangkhul Naga tribe. It is situated 2 km away from headquarter of Sub-Division, Kasom Khullen, 137 km away from district headquarter Ukhrul and 59 km from state capital Imphal, Manipur.
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