Kastamonu Province

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Kastamonu Province

Kastamonu ili
Kastamonu in Turkey.svg
Location of Kastamonu Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region West Black Sea
Subregion Kastamonu
Government
   Electoral district Kastamonu
  GovernorAvni Çakır
Area
  Total13,108 km2 (5,061 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total383,373
  Density29/km2 (76/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0366
Vehicle registration 37

Kastamonu Province (Turkish : Kastamonu ili) is one of the provinces of Turkey, in the Black Sea region to the north of the country. It is surrounded by Sinop to the east, Bartın, Karabük to the west, Çankırı to the south, Çorum to the southeast and the Black Sea to the north.

Contents

Statistics

The province has an area of 13,108 km2, and a population of 322,759 people (2006 est). The population was 361,222 people in 2010. The population density is 24.62 inhabitants per km2. The province center has a population of 64,606.

Districts

Kastamonu province is divided into 20 districts (capital district in bold):

History

It is not definitively known when Kastamonu was first founded. However, some sources[ which? ] dating back to the Early Middle Ages refer to the province. There are also some archeological findings that date to about 100,000[ citation needed ] years that suggest the region was inhabited at that time.

There are theories[ which? ] that the word Kastamonu derives from Castra Comnenus, the Latin name of the Byzantine castle built by the Comnenus dynasty.

With the weakening of the Macedon kings, the Paphlagonia and Bithynia regions were engulfed by the newly formed Pontus kingdom. After the fall of the Pontus kingdom in first century BC, the area was incorporated by the Roman Empire by joining Paphlagonia with Bithynia. The capital center of this new city-state was Pompeiopolis, of which the remains still stand near Tasköprü District in Kastamonu.

The region then fell under the hegemony of the Seljuq dynasty (11th century CE), followed by the Danishmends, the Byzantines during the crusades, Çobanoğlu and Jandarid beyliks. The Ottoman sultan Beyazid I conquered the province in 1392; however, following his capture and death in Battle of Ankara, the area was granted back to the Çandaroğlu by the Mongol warlord Timur Lenk. Ottoman sultan Mehmed II incorporated the region back into the empire in 1461.

During the Ottoman reign, the province boundaries were expanded up to reach Constantinople. The sultan's heirs were often sent to rule the province as governors to gain experience.

After the First World War, during the battles of the Turkish War of Independence, Kastamonu played an important role in the supply of ammunition and troops to the İneboluAnkara front, transporting the war machines that would arrive to İnebolu by sea from Istanbul (Constantinople) and the Soviets. When the Greeks noticed this activity, the İnebolu port was bombarded from the sea on 9 June 1921.

Highlights

Ilisu Waterfall, at Kure national Park, near Pinarbasi, Kastamonu, Turkey Ilisuwaterfall2.jpg
Ilısu Waterfall, at Küre national Park, near Pınarbaşı, Kastamonu, Turkey

The province is mostly covered with forests, thanks to the mild Black Sea climate. Ilgaz National Park, where a micro-climate dominates due to the mountainous terrain and numerous streams, is 63 km south of the province center of Kastamonu. There is also a ski center with accommodation facilities located near the park.

Ilgaz Mountain (highest peak 2587 m) dominates the south of the province where hiking and whitewater rafting is possible at the Ilgaz Stream. The Ilgarini cave at Cide, the Alinca cave at Küre and the International Equestrian Tourism Center of Daday are other notable attractions.

A 12th-century Byzantine castle, the 13th-century Atabey Mosque and the Ibni Neccar Mosque also located in the province. The Mahmut Bey Mosque, located in the village of Kasaba is known for its elegant wood carvings.

Gideros Bay, 13 km to Cide, is a holiday resort with pensions and fish restaurants.

Gideros bay, Cide Gideros Bay2.jpg
Gideros bay, Cide
Gideros bay, Cide Gideros Bay1.jpg
Gideros bay, Cide

The ruins of the Roman city-state Pompeiopolis are found near Taşköprü.

Kastamonu also has many mansions, which are traditionally built with an architectural style unique to this region. Many of these mansions have been restored following a 2000 declaration by the local government to preserve the historical texture.

Economy

According to the 2000 census, 77.5% of the labor force is occupied in agriculture. This ratio is higher than the country average. The second largest sector is public and private services (8.9%).

Almost all of the arable land has permanent crops. The agricultural products make up about of 0.01% of the total in Turkey. A large portion of the agricultural produce consists of cereals. Thanks to its widespread forest areas (a total of 57% of the surface area), forestry is also an important industry. Industries largely consist of manufacturing of forestry, agriculture and mining products.

Underground resources include copper, mercury, iron ore, chromium, manganese, asbestos, bauxite, graphite, phosphate, kaolinite, clay, limestone, quartz, marble, magnesite, fire clay, coal and nickel. There are also some natural thermal and mineral water springs, of which a few are suitable for economic investments.

Kastamonu shares about 0.4% of the GDP, the composition of the GDP is as follows (1998 est.):

Transportation is possible only through paved and unpaved highways; a railroad that will connect Çankırı, Kastamonu and İnebolu is under construction.[ when? ] Although the province has a 135 km long coastline to Black Sea, only İnebolu has a small port and transportation by the sea is almost non-existent.

There are around 112,000 telephone main lines in use, about 200,000 cellphone subscribers and 15,000 Internet users in the province.[ citation needed ]

Miscellaneous

Related Research Articles

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Pompeiopolis

Pompeiopolis was a Roman city in ancient Paphlagonia, identified in the early 19th century with the ruins of Zımbıllı Tepe, located near Taşköprü, Kastamonu Province in the Black Sea Region of Turkey. The exact location is 40 km north-east of Kastamonu and a short distance across the river from modern Taşköprü, in the valley of the Gökırmak or Gök River. The borders of Pompeiopolis reached the Küre mountains to the north, Ilgaz mountains to the south, Halys river to the east and Pınarbaşı valley to the west.

Azdavay District in Black Sea, Turkey

Azdavay, also Çarşamba, is a town and district of the Kastamonu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located about 74 km away to the northwest of the province center Kastamonu. It is bounded by Cide to the north, Daday to the south, Pınarbaşı to the west, Küre to the east and İnebolu to the northeast.

Isfendiyarids Beylik

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Ilgaz Town in Turkey

Ilgaz, formerly Koçhisar, is a town and district of Çankırı Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. Ilgaz is also the name of a mountain range that extends between Çankırı and Kastamonu provinces. The mountain is home to ski resorts.

İskilip District in Çorum, Turkey

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Taşköprü, Kastamonu District in Black Sea, Turkey

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İnebolu District in Black Sea, Turkey

İnebolu is a town and district of the Kastamonu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is 590 km (367 mi) from Istanbul by road and 89 km (55 mi) north of Kastamonu. It is a typical Black Sea port town with many fine examples of traditional domestic architecture. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 26,848 of which 9,486 live in the town of İnebolu. The district covers an area of 302 km2 (117 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 120 m (394 ft).

Daday District in Black Sea, Turkey

Daday is a town and district of the Kastamonu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located at 30 km west of Kastamonu. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 11,181 of which 4,625 live in the town of Daday. The district covers an area of 998 km2 (385 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 940 m (3,084 ft). The terrain is mainly mountainous and covered with pine trees. The town is located in a valley on a small river. The economy is based primarily on agriculture and forestry products. Daday is known for its famous etliekmek, the traditional food of the Kastamonu region.

Kastamonu University

Kastamonu University is a public university located in Kastamonu and some of its districts, Turkey. It was established in 2006 after some colleges and schools in Kastamonu, which were administered by Ankara University and Gazi University, were gathered under one institution.

Kastamonu Vilayet

The Vilayet of Kastamonu was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, established in 1867 and abolished in 1922. At the beginning of the 20th century, the vilayet reportedly had an area of 19,300 square miles (50,000 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 gave the population as 1,009,460. The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.

Ilgaz Mountains Mountain range in Turkey

Ilgaz Mountains is a mountain range in northwest Anatolia, Turkey. It belongs to the Pontic Mountains system.

Mount Ilgaz National Park

The Mount Ilgaz National Park is a protected area established on June 2, 1976 and located on the Ilgaz Mountains at the borderline between Kastamonu Province and Çankırı Province in the western Black Sea Region of Turkey. Natural resources and its potential for recreational activities are the main values of the national park, which stretches over an area of 742.38 ha.

References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

Coordinates: 41°31′10″N33°41′23″E / 41.51944°N 33.68972°E / 41.51944; 33.68972