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207 series EMU on a Local service
|Other name(s)||Gakkentoshi Line|
|Locale||Osaka Prefecture and Kyoto Prefecture|
|Rolling stock||207 series EMU|
321 series EMU
|Line length||55.4 km (34.4 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead line|
|Operating speed||110 km/h (68 mph)|
The Katamachi Line (片町線, Katamachi-sen), officially nicknamed the Gakkentoshi Line (学研都市線, Gakkentoshi-sen), is a commuter rail line and service in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area of Japan, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). The line connects Kizu Station in Kyoto Prefecture and Kyōbashi Station in Osaka.
The common name "Gakkentoshi Line", literally "Research City Line", comes from the Kansai Science City, which is located along the line around the border of Osaka and Nara prefectures.
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The line is connected via the JR Tōzai Line in downtown Osaka, at Amagasaki, to the Tōkaidō Main Line (JR Kobe Line) and Fukuchiyama Line (JR Takarazuka Line). This link enables trains operated from Nara to the west, as Kobe, Himeji, and Sanda.
Rapid services of several types of stops, with no surcharge, are also provided. Abbreviations are tentative for this article.
Some trains terminate at Matsuiyamate due to the single track to Kizu.
|Through service to/from Kansai Main Line (Yamatoji Line)|
|Hōsono||祝園||●||●||Kyoto Line (B21: Shin-Hōsono Station)||Seika, Sōraku|
|Kyōtanabe||京田辺||●||●||Kyoto Line (B16: Shin-Tanabe Station)|
|Kōnoikeshinden||鴻池新田||｜||｜||Osaka Monorail Main Line (proposed extension)||Higashiōsaka|
|Through service to/from JR Tōzai Line, further to/from Tōkaidō Main Line (JR Kobe Line) and Fukuchiyama Line (JR Takarazuka Line)|
All trains are based at Aboshi Depot.
The line was originally built and operated by the Naniwa Railway (浪速鉄道, Naniwa Tetsudō) between Katamachi and Shijōnawate in 1895. Two years later, the Kansai Railway bought the line in order to have its own trunk line to Osaka from Nagoya, combined with constructing the section between Shijōnawate and Kizu. Katamachi Station was unable to be expanded, thus Amijima terminus was constructed. However Kansai Railway bought the Osaka Railway (I, ja) line from Nara via Ōji to Minatomachi (present JR Namba) in downtown Osaka, and shifted its main line to the ex-Naniwa Railway line. Thereafter, the Katamachi Line became a branch of the railway network of Osaka.
The Shigino to Hanaten section was duplicated in 1927, with the Katamachi to Shigino section double-tracked in 1955, the Hanaten to Shijonawate section in 1969, extended to Nagao in 1979, to Matsuiyamate in 1989, and the balance of the section to Kyobashi double-tracked between 2007 and 2009.[ citation needed ]
The section between Katamachi and Shijōnawate became the first Japan Governmental Railways electrified line in Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto area in 1932, with electrification extended to Nagao in 1950.[ citation needed ] After privatization of the then Japanese National Railways (JNR), the line became part of the West Japan Railway Company (JR West) system, and the Kizu to Nagao section was electrified in 1989.[ citation needed ]
In 1997, the JR Tōzai Line was opened and connected to Katamachi Line at Kyōbashi, and Katamachi Station was closed (with Ōsakajō-kitazume Station becoming the replacement station). Most trains began operating through to the Fukuchiyama Line (JR Takarazuka Line).
Converted from a freight branch to a passenger route, the Osaka Higashi Line began service in 2008. Trains from Nara via Kansai Main (Yamatoji) Line began operation to Amagasaki Station. However, these through trains to Amagasaki have now ceased operation since March 2019, with the Osaka Higashi Line extension.
Three military/weapons-related facilities used during the early 20th century were serviced by spurs located between Fujisaka and Tsuda Stations (Kin-ya Ammunition Dump, where two explosions occurred in 1909 and 1939), between Kawachi-Iwafune and Hoshida Stations (Uji Weapon Kori Factory), and the Osaka Army Arsenal warehouse between Hanaten and Shigino Stations.[ citation needed ]
The West Japan Railway Company, also referred to as JR-West, is one of the Japan Railways Group companies and operates in western Honshu. It has its headquarters in Kita-ku, Osaka. It is listed in the Tokyo, Nagoya and Fukuoka stock exchanges, is a constituent of the TOPIX Large70 index, and is also one of the three only Japan Railways Group constituents of the Nikkei 225 index, the other being JR East and JR Central.
The Osaka Loop Line is a railway loop line in Japan operated by the West Japan Railway Company. It encircles central Osaka.
Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese private railway company of Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group that links Osaka and Kobe. It also owns the Hanshin Tigers baseball team.
The Yamatoji Line is the common name of the western portion of the Kansai Main Line. The line is owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company, and starts at Kamo Station in Kyoto Prefecture and ends at JR Namba Station in Naniwa-ku, Osaka.
The Hanwa Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The 61.3 km line runs between Osaka and Wakayama, Japan and has a 1.7 km branchline in a southern Osaka suburb. The name is taken from the second syllable of Osaka and the first syllable of Wakayama.
Kyobashi Station is a railway station in the Kyōbashi district of Jōtō-ku and Miyakojima-ku, Osaka, Japan, jointly operated by West Japan Railway Company, the private railway operator Keihan Railway, and the Osaka Metro.
The JR Kyoto Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The name applies to the section of the Tōkaidō Main Line between Kyōto Station and Ōsaka Station.
The Fukuchiyama Line is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company connecting Osaka and Fukuchiyama, Japan. Within JR West's "Urban Network" covering the Osaka–Kobe–Kyoto metropolitan region, the line from Osaka to Sasayamaguchi is also called the JR Takarazuka Line (JR宝塚線). The line traverses the cities of Kawanishi and Takarazuka in the northwestern corner of the Osaka metropolitan area.
The Kansai Main Line is a railway line in Japan, which connects Nagoya Station with JR Namba Station in Osaka. It is jointly run by the Central Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company, with the boundary between both companies being located at Kameyama Station in Kameyama, Mie.
Higashi-Umeda Station is a railway station on the Osaka Metro Tanimachi Line in Umeda, Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan. The station is located along Whity Umeda.
The Nara Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka–Kobe–Kyoto metropolitan area, operated by the West Japan Railway Company. Its official termini are Kizu Station in Kizugawa and Kyōto Station in Kyoto, within Kyoto Prefecture; however, all trains continue past Kizu on the Yamatoji Line to Nara Station in Nara, Nara Prefecture.
The JR Tōzai Line is one of several commuter rail lines and services in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, operated by West Japan Railway Company. The line, whose name literally means "east-west", runs underground through central Osaka and connects the Gakkentoshi Line at Kyobashi Station in Osaka and the JR Takarazuka Line and the JR Kobe Line at Amagasaki. All stations on this line are in the city of Osaka, except for the western terminus in Amagasaki, Hyōgo Prefecture.
Amagasaki Station is a railway station on the Tōkaidō Main Line, Fukuchiyama Line and JR Tōzai Line of West Japan Railway Company, located in Amagasaki, Hyōgo, Japan, opened in 1874. Until 1997, Amagasaki was only a local stop, but it has since become a major junction with the opening of the JR Tōzai Line. Today, all commuter trains and Fukuchiyama-bound limited express trains, stop here.
The JR Kobe Line is the nickname of portions of the Tokaido Main Line and the Sanyo Main Line, between Osaka Station in Osaka, Osaka Prefecture and Himeji Station in Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture. The line, along with the JR Kyoto Line and the Biwako Line, forms a contiguous service that is the main trunk of West Japan Railway Company's Urban Network commuter rail network in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area. The line also offers continuous service to the Gakkentoshi Line via the JR Tōzai Line.
Nara Station is a railway station located in Nara, Japan. Operated by West Japan Railway Company, it is the main stop in the city of Nara on the Kansai Main Line, the terminus for the Sakurai Line, and Nara Line trains for Kyoto begin here and run on the Kansai Line to Kizu before diverging. Also, a limited number of Gakkentoshi Line trains terminate here via Kizu during early mornings and late nights.
Kizu Station is a four-way junction station of West Japan Railway Company in Kizugawa, Kyoto, Japan. Although the station is on the junction of three lines: the Nara Line, the Katamachi Line, and Kansai Main Line as of rail infrastructure, it is served by the Nara Line, the Gakkentoshi Line, and the Yamatoji Line in terms of passenger train services. Most of the Gakkentoshi Line train service terminates here, while some of it extends through the Nara Line to Nara Station. It has the station numbers "JR-Q38", "JR-D19" and "JR-H18".
Shigino Station is a railway station on the Osaka Metro Imazatosuji Line and the West Japan Railway Company Katamachi Line and Osaka Higashi Line in Jōtō-ku, Osaka, Japan.
Hanaten Station is a railway station owned by West Japan Railway Company in Tsurumi-ku, Osaka, Japan.
The 207 series is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) in the Kansai Region of Japan since 1991.
The 321 series is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) in the Kansai Region of Japan.