Kathleen Freeman

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Kathleen Freeman
Kathleen Freeman in Three on a Couch.jpg
Freeman in Three on a Couch (1966)
Born(1923-02-17)February 17, 1923 [1] [2]
DiedAugust 23, 2001(2001-08-23) (aged 78)
Resting place Hollywood Forever Cemetery
  • Actress
  • voice artist
Years active19482001
PartnerHelen Ramsey (19??–2001)

Kathleen Freeman (February 17, 1923 August 23, 2001) was an American actress. In a career that spanned more than 50 years, she portrayed acerbic maids, secretaries, teachers, busybodies, nurses, and battle-axe neighbors and relatives, almost invariably to comic effect. [3] In film, she is perhaps best remembered for appearing in 11 Jerry Lewis comedies in the 1950s and 1960s, The Blues Brothers (1980) and its sequel, and Naked Gun 33+13: The Final Insult (1994).


Early life

Freeman was born on February 17, 1923, in Chicago, Illinois. [4] She began her career as a child, dancing in her parents' vaudeville act. [5] Freeman was a Democrat who supported Adlai Stevenson during the 1952 presidential election. [6]


Cary Grant and Freeman (in uncredited role) as a laundromat gossip in Houseboat (1958) Cary Grant-Kathleen Freeman in Houseboat trailer.jpg
Cary Grant and Freeman (in uncredited role) as a laundromat gossip in Houseboat (1958)


Freeman made her film debut in Wild Harvest (1947). [7] For a short time in the early 1950s, Freeman was a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract player, appearing mostly in small and uncredited bit parts. Her most notable early role was an uncredited part in the 1952 MGM musical Singin' in the Rain as Jean Hagen's diction coach Phoebe Dinsmore. [8]

Beginning with the 1954 film 3 Ring Circus , Freeman became a favorite foil of Jerry Lewis, playing opposite him in 11 films. [9] These included most of Lewis's better-known comedies, including The Disorderly Orderly as Nurse Higgins, The Errand Boy as the studio boss's wife, and The Nutty Professor as Millie Lemon. Over 30 years later, she made a brief appearance in Nutty Professor II: The Klumps .

Her other film roles included appearances in The Missouri Traveler (1958), the horror film The Fly (1958), the Western spoofs Support Your Local Sheriff! (1969) and Support Your Local Gunfighter (1971), and appearances in a spate of comedies in the 1980s and 1990s. Freeman played Sister Mary Stigmata (referred to as the Penguin) in John Landis' The Blues Brothers (1980) and Blues Brothers 2000 , had cameos in Joe Dante's Innerspace and Gremlins 2: The New Batch (as tipsy cooking host Microwave Marge), as a foul-mouthed apartment building manager in Dragnet, and a gangster mother in Naked Gun 33+13: The Final Insult.


In addition to teaching acting classes in Los Angeles, Freeman was a familiar presence on television. In 1958–59, she appeared three times on Buckskin , a children's program set in a hotel in a fictitious Montana town. She appeared from the 1950s until her death in regular or recurring roles on many sitcoms, including six episodes of The Bob Cummings Show (as Bertha Krause), Topper (as Katie the maid), and The Donna Reed Show (as Mrs. Celia Wilgus, the Stones' busybody next door neighbor). In 1964, she appeared in five episodes of The Lucy Show . Later, she was cast on Hogan's Heroes as Frau Gertrude Linkmeyer, General Burkhalter's sister, who longed to wed Colonel Klink. In 1973, she had a co-starring role with Dom DeLuise in the sitcom Lotsa Luck (based on the British sitcom On the Buses ).

She appeared in several episodes of Wagon Train , Funny Face (as Mrs. Kate Harwell), I Dream of Jeannie (as a grouchy supervisor in a fantasy preview of Major Nelson's future, and later as a hillbilly), the short-lived prehistoric sitcom It's About Time (as Mrs. Boss), and as the voice of Peg Bundy's mom, an unseen character on Married... with Children . She played a female arm wrestler on Mama's Family . She appeared as a nurse in the television series Love American Style.

Freeman played Sgt Carter's mother in a 1969 episode of Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. , as well as appearing as a different character in a 1968 episode of the same series. She also starred with Phil Silvers in The Beverly Hillbillies in episodes 25 and 26 of season eight and episodes two and three in season nine. She also made a first season appearance playing the wife of a couple who take the Clampetts to court, falsely accusing them of reckless driving and causing injuries to the couple (Season 1, Episode 32).

She remained active in her last two years with a regular voice role on As Told by Ginger , a voice bit in the animated feature film Shrek , and a guest appearance on the sitcom Becker. She received a Tony Award nomination and a Theatre World Award for her role as Jeannette Burmeister in the musical version of The Full Monty . [10] In her final episode of As Told by Ginger, season two's "No Hope for Courtney", Freeman's character retires from her teaching job, although Carl and Hoodsey try convincing her to return to work. The script originally was written to have Mrs. Gordon return to Lucky Elementary School, but Freeman died before the episode was finished. The script was then rewritten, and Mrs. Gordon died, as well. The episode was dedicated in Freeman's memory. The dedication came at the end of the episode after the announcement that Elaine Gordon had died and Carl was crying. The screen faded to black and a title card said "In Memory of Kathleen Freeman".


Weakened by illness, Freeman was forced to leave the Full Monty cast. Five days later, she died of lung cancer [1] at age 78 at Lenox Hill Hospital. [11] She was cremated and her ashes interred in a niche at Hollywood Forever Cemetery. [12] She never married and she had no children. British reports of her death mentioned her long-time companion Helen Ramsey, but American obituaries did not. [8]



1948 The Naked City Stout Girl on Elevated TrainUncredited
1948 Casbah American WomanUncredited
1948 The Saxon Charm NurseUncredited
1948 Behind Locked Doors NurseUncredited
1949 Mr. Belvedere Goes to College GwendolynUncredited
1949Annie Was a WonderAnnie SwensonShort film
1949 The Story of Molly X Seamstress ConUncredited
1950 No Man of Her Own Clara Larrimore (uncredited)Uncredited
1950 The Secret Fury Jury MemberUncredited
1950 House by the River Effie Ferguson - Party Guest
1950 The Reformer and the Redhead Lily Rayton Parker
1950 Once a Thief Phoebe
1950 Lonely Heart Bandits Bertha Martin
1950 A Life of Her Own Switchboard Operator, Betsy Ross HotelUncredited
1950 The Second Face ShirleyUncredited
1951 The Company She Keeps Jessie - Parolee with ChildUncredited
1951 Cry Danger Second Cigarette Clerk (uncredited)Uncredited
1951 Cause for Alarm! WomanUncredited
1951 A Place in the Sun Factory Worker - Prosecution WitnessUncredited
1951 Appointment with Danger NunUncredited
1951 Strictly Dishonorable Silent Movie OrganistUncredited
1951 Behave Yourself! Pet Shop Proprietor's WifeUncredited
1951 Come Fill the Cup Lil - Newspaper Switchboard OperatorUncredited
1951 Let's Make It Legal ReporterUncredited
1951 The Wild Blue Yonder Nurse BaxterUncredited
1952 The Greatest Show on Earth SpectatorUncredited
1952 Love Is Better Than Ever Mrs. Kahrney
1952 Singin' in the Rain Phoebe DinsmoreUncredited
1952 Talk About a Stranger Rosa, Grocery ClerkUncredited
1952 Kid Monk Baroni Maria Baroni
1952 Skirts Ahoy! Sarcastic SeamstressUncredited
1952 Wait 'til the Sun Shines, Nellie The Burdges' MaidUncredited
1952 O. Henry's Full House Mrs. DorsetUncredited
Segment: "The Ransom of Red Chief"
1952 Monkey Business Mrs. Brannigan, NeighborUncredited
1952 The Prisoner of Zenda Gertrud HolfUncredited
1952 The Bad and the Beautiful Miss MarchUncredited
1953 The Magnetic Monster Nelly
1953 She's Back on Broadway AnnieUncredited
1953 Confidentially Connie Mother of TwinsUncredited
1953 The Glass Wall Zelda - Fat Woman
1953 A Perilous Journey Leah
1953 Dream Wife ChambermaidUncredited
1953 The Affairs of Dobie Gillis 'Happy Stella' Kowalski
1953 Half a Hero Welcomer
1953 The Glass Web Mrs. O'HalloranUncredited
1954 Battle of Rogue River Sis PringleUncredited
1954 The Far Country Grits
1954 Athena Miss Seely
1954 3 Ring Circus Custard-Pie Gag VictimUncredited
1955 The Seven Year Itch Woman at Vegetarian RestaurantUncredited
1955 Artists and Models Mrs. MuldoonUncredited
1957 The Midnight Story Rosa Cuneo
1957 Pawnee Mrs. Carter
1957 Kiss Them for Me Nurse WilinskiUncredited
1958 The Missouri Traveller Serena Poole
1958 Too Much, Too Soon Miss MagruderUncredited
1958 The Fly Emma
1958 Houseboat Laundromat Gossip (uncredited)Uncredited
1958 The Buccaneer Tina
1960 North to Alaska Lena Nordquist
1961 Madison Avenue Miss Thelma Haley
1961 The Ladies Man Katie
1961 The Errand Boy Mrs. Helen Paramutual / Mrs. T.P.
1962Wild HarvestGoldie
1963 The Nutty Professor Millie Lemmon
1963 Who's Minding the Store? Mrs. Glucksman
1964 Mail Order Bride Sister Sue
1964 The Patsy KatieUncredited
1964 The Disorderly Orderly Nurse Maggie Higgins
1965 The Rounders Agatha Moore
1965 That Funny Feeling Woman at Phone Booth
1965 Marriage on the Rocks Miss Blight
1966 Three on a Couch Murphy
1967 The Big Mouth Little Old LadyUncredited
1967 Point Blank First Citizen
1968 The Helicopter Spies Mom
1969 Support Your Local Sheriff! Mrs. Danvers
1969 Hook, Line & Sinker Mrs. Hardtack - Baby Sitter
1969 Death of a Gunfighter Mary Elizabeth
1969 The Good Guys and the Bad Guys Mrs. Stone - Mother
1969 Love American Style Nurse
1970 The Ballad of Cable Hogue Mrs. Jensen
1970 Myra Breckinridge Bobby Dean Loner
1970 Which Way to the Front? Bland's Mother
1971 Support Your Local Gunfighter! Mrs. Perkins
1971Head OnNadine
1972 Stand Up and Be Counted Sarah
1972 Where Does It Hurt? Mrs. Mazzini
1972 The Unholy Rollers Karen's Mother
1973Your Three Minutes Are UpMrs. Wilk
1974 So Evil, My Sister Hilda
1975 The Strongest Man in the World Officer Hurley
1978 The Norseman Old Indian Woman
1980 The Blues Brothers Sister Mary Stigmata, a.k.a. The Penguin
1981 Heartbeeps Helicopter Pilot
1986 The Best of Times Rosie
1986 Inside Out Mother (voice)
1986The Malibu Bikini ShopLoraine Bender
1987 In the Mood Beulah Marver
1987 Dragnet Enid Borden
1987 Innerspace Dream Lady
1987 Teen Wolf Too Admissions Lady
1988 The Wrong Guys Grunskis' Mom
1989 Chances Are Mrs. Handy
1989 Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland Dance Teacher (voice)
1989The Princess and the Dwarf
1989 Hollywood Chaos
1990 Gremlins 2: The New Batch Microwave Marge
1990 The Willies Miss Titmarsh
1991Joey Takes a CabLola
1991 Dutch Gritzi
1992 FernGully: The Last Rainforest Elder #1 (voice)
1993 Reckless Kelly Mrs. Delance
1993 Hocus Pocus Miss Olin
1994 Naked Gun 33+13: The Final Insult Muriel
1996Two Guys Talkin' About GirlsRhonda's Grandma
1996CandysackElderly Marilyn Monroe Impersonator (voice)Direct-to-video
1996 Carpool Franklin's Mom (voice)
1997 Hercules Heavyset Woman (voice)
1998 Blues Brothers 2000 Mother Mary Stigmata
1998 Richie Rich's Christmas Wish Miss PeabodyDirect-to-video
1998 I'll Be Home for Christmas Tom Tom Girl Gloria
1999 Baby Geniuses Lenny's Noisy NeighborUncredited
1999 Seven Girlfriends Ms. Hargrove
2000 Ready to Rumble Jane King
2000 Nutty Professor II: The Klumps Denise's Nosy NeighborUncredited
2001 Joe Dirt Joe Dirt's Foster MotherUncredited
2001 Shrek Old Woman (voice)Last film role before death


1950–1954 Fireside Theatre Mrs. Chernowitz8 episodes
1952 Dragnet Episode: "The Big Death"
1952 Big Town Episode: "Marry My Past"
1952 I Married Joan Customer in Dress ShopEpisode: "Birthday"
1952 Our Miss Brooks Miss AtterberryEpisode: "The Embezzled Dress"
1952 Schlitz Playhouse Ripplehissian GangEpisode: "The Pussyfootin' Rocks"
1953 Cavalcade of America Episode: "The Indomitable Blacksmith"
1953 I Married Joan BettyEpisodes: "Uncle Edgar" and "Moosehead"
1953–1954 Topper Katie19 episodes
1953 The Loretta Young Show Freida FossEpisode: "Girl on a Flagpole"
1954 Mr. & Mrs. North Mary FarrellEpisode: "The Girl in Cell 13"
1954–1956 The Loretta Young Show Jessie3 episodes
1954–1955 Mayor of the Town Marilyn "Marilly" the Housekeeper39 episodes
1955 Lux Video Theatre ConnieEpisode: "Not All Your Tears"
1955 The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show HelgaEpisode: "Harry Morton's Cocktail Party"
1955–1956 Matinee Theatre Village Shopkeeper3 episodes
1955–1958 The Bob Cummings Show Bertha Krause6 episodes
1956 Father Knows Best Fussy WomanUncredited
Episode: "The Bus to Nowhere"
1956 It's Always Jan Mrs. JohnsonEpisodes: "Love Rings Bells" and "Stock Deal"
1956 Warner Bros. Presents Episode: "Strange World"
1956 The Loretta Young Show Cousin PhemieEpisode: "His Inheritance"
1958 December Bride MarieEpisode: "The Fred MacMurray Show"
1958 Tombstone Territory Hannah WoolseyEpisode: "The Outcasts"
1958 Lassie Mrs. GraffEpisode: "The Raffle"
1959 Wagon Train Sairy HoggEpisode: "The Kitty Angel Story"
1959–1962 General Electric Theatre Girdle WomanEpisodes: "Night Club" and "The Free Wheelers"
1959–1963 77 Sunset Strip Hannah Wells / Mrs. Ryan / WAF Secretary / Mrs. Holmes4 episodes
1959–1964 The Donna Reed Show Mrs. Celia Wilgus4 episodes
1959 Lux Playhouse EmmaEpisode: "The Miss and Missiles"
1960 Hawaiian Eye Opal JensenEpisode: "Then There Were Three"
1960 Bourbon Street Beat ElsieEpisode: "Wagon Show"
1960–1961 Bachelor Father HildaEpisodes: "Hilda the Jewel" and "Hilda Rides Again"
1960 The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis Mrs. MetzgerEpisode: "Rock-A-Bye Dobie"
1960 The Case of the Dangerous Robin Episode: "The Nightmare"
1961 Guestward Ho! Mrs. Laughing WaterEpisode: "The Hootons Versus Hawkeye"
1962–1971 The Beverly Hillbillies Mabel Johnson / Agnes / Flo Shaffer6 episodes
1962 Margie Mrs. BottsEpisode: "Flaming Youth"
1962 The Detectives BettyEpisode: "Pandora's Box"
1962 Rawhide Mrs. BeamishEpisode: "The Greedy Town"
1962 Laramie Edna HoltzhoffEpisode: "Justice in a Hurry"
1962 The Dick Powell Theatre Episode: "Pericles on 31st Street"
1962 87th Precinct Miss WilsonEpisode: "Girl in the Case"
1963 Arrest and Trial Mrs. HinchEpisode: "The Quality of Justice"
1964–1965 The Dick Van Dyke Show Mrs. Campbell / Hotel MaidEpisodes: "Honeymoons Are For The Lucky" and "Never Bathe On Saturday"
1965 Alfred Hitchcock Hour Angela Morrow / WifeEpisode: "World's Oldest Motive"
1966–1971 Hogan's Heroes Gertrude Linkmeyer4 episodes
1967–1970 Bonanza Miss Hibbs / Ma BrinkerEpisodes: "Maestro Hoss" and "Long Way to Ogden"
1968–1969 Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. Alice Whipple / MomEpisodes: "Hit and Write" and "I'm Always Chasing Gomers"
1969 The Bill Cosby Show Eloise ParkerEpisode: "A Word from Our Sponsor"
1973 The Mod Squad MarthaEpisode: "Cry Uncle"
1973–1974 Lotsa Luck Iris Belmont22 episodes
1975The Daughters of Joshua Cabe ReturnEssieTelevision movie
1975 Kolchak: The Night Stalker Bella SarkofEpisode: "The Youth Killer"
1976Father O FatherHousekeeperTelevision movie
1977 Kojak Ma WonderlyEpisode: "Case Without a File"
1977 ABC Weekend Special Mrs. StetsonEpisode: "Soup and Me"
1978 Police Woman LandladyEpisode: "Sons"
1980 CHiPs Outraged LadyEpisode: "To Your Health"
1983Sutter's BayTelevision movie
1985 AfterMASH Mrs. PoulosEpisode: "Saturday's Heroes"
1985 Snorks Additional Voices (voice)Episode: "Snorkitis Is Nothing to Sneeze At/The Whole Toot and Nothing But..."
1985 Simon & Simon Felix's CustomerEpisode: "Facets"
1986 My Sister Sam Mrs. PinkEpisode: "Patti's Party"
1987 Hunter Ann RidleyEpisode: "Requiem for Sergeant McCall"
1987 Mama's Family Big Joan McCallEpisode: "Mama with the Golden Arm"
1987 She's the Sheriff BessieEpisode: "Hildy Gets Shot"
1988Bring Me the Head of Dobie GillisMarieTelevision movie
1988–1990 Growing Pains Madge, Marge, Estelle, Sophie5 episodes
1988–1990 The Hogan Family Mother PooleEpisodes: "Mother Poole's Visit" and "Used Car"
1988 The Facts of Life Noreen GrisbeeEpisodes: "The Beginning of the End" and "The Beginning of the Beginning"
1988The Canterbury GhostMrs. Umney (voice)Television movie
1988GlitzMrs. MagykTelevision movie
1988 Simon & Simon Stella BrunanskyEpisode: "The Merry Adventures of Robert Hood"
1988 Murphy Brown Mrs. CaldwellEpisode: "Respect"
1988 ALF Betty SuslaEpisode: "Alone Again, Naturally"
1989 L.A. Law Joan AckermanEpisode: "Izzy Ackerman or Is He Not"
1989–1990 DuckTales Mrs. Crackshell, Nurse Hatchet (voices)10 episodes
1989 TV 101 LandladyEpisodes: "First Love: Part 3"
1989 The Magical World of Disney Mrs. Crackshell (voice)Episode: "Super DuckTales"
1989–1990 Head of the Class NurseEpisodes: "Arvid Nose Best" and "The Joker Is Wild"
1989 Generations Mrs. Brezinski7 episodes
1989 Mr. Belvedere WomanEpisode: "Fear of Flying"
1989 Christine Cromwell KathrynEpisode: "Things That Go Bump in the Night"
1990 Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers Ma (voice)Episode: "Short Order Crooks"
1990 A Family for Joe Mrs. LeeEpisode: "Law and Order"
1990 Sydney LouisaEpisode: "36-24-36"
1990 The Golden Girls Mother SuperiorEpisode: "How Do You Solve a Problem Like Sophia?"
1991 The Munsters Today GrandmaEpisode: "A House Divided"
1991 Sons and Daughters DebbieEpisode: "Deep Throat"
1991 Out of This World Miss OgilvyEpisode: "Educating Kyle"
1991 Tales from the Crypt Mrs. ParkerEpisode: "Loved to Death"
1991 Beverly Hills, 90210 Pawn Shop ClerkEpisode: "Anaconda"
1991 Matlock Lucy LewisEpisodes: "The Witness Killings" and "The Witness Killings: Part 2"
1991 MacGyver Rose MagrutaEpisode: "Off the Wall"
1992 Major Dad EdnaEpisode: "Close Encounters"
1992 Martin SalesladyEpisode: "The Gift Rapper"
1992 Doogie Howser, M.D. Mrs. MicklingEpisode: "The Patient in Spite of Himself"
1993Chairman's ChoiceTelevision movie
1993–1994 Phenom Maureen De La RosaEpisodes: "A Very Doolen Christmas" and "It's a Wonderful Mid-Life Crisis"
1993 Nurses Sister Mary AlmaEpisode: "Smokin' in the Boys' Room"
1994 Herman's Head Mrs. DebusherEpisode: "Bedtime for Hermo"
1994 Party of Five MonaEpisode: "Kiss Me Kate"
1995 The Mommies RonaEpisode: "Enter Ken"
1995 Renegade Felipe's MotherEpisode: "Most Wanted"
1995 Bless This Mess Jimmy's Mother (voice)Episode: "The Postman Always Moves Twice"
1995 Married... with Children Peg's Mom (voice)5 episodes
1996 Dave's World WaitressEpisode: "Loves Me Like a Rock"
1996 Melrose Place MadgeEpisode: "The Circle of Strife"
1996 The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest Mrs. Evans (voice)Episode: "Return of the Anasazi"
1996 Common Law Danish LadyEpisode: "In the Matter of: Luis in Love"
1996–1997 Duckman: Private Dick/Family Man Nurse (voice)Episodes: "They Craved Duckman's Brain!" and "Bev Takes a Holiday"
1996 Roseanne Seaweed Attendant / EdnaEpisodes: "Pampered to a Pulp" and "Satan, Darling"
1996 ER Rhonda's PatientEpisode: "No Brain, No Gain"
1997 Coach MagdaEpisode: "The Stench of Death"
1998 Cow and Chicken Greta (voice)Episode: "Sumo Cow/Comet!"
1998 Night Man FernEpisode: "Bad to the Bone"
1998 Home Improvement GwenEpisode: "The Son Also Mooches"
1998 Love Boat: The Next Wave Maw-Maw CranstonEpisode: "How Long Has This Been Going On?"
1998 Clueless PearlEpisode: "Cashless"
1999 Caroline in the City Grandma DuffyEpisodes: "Caroline and the Ancestral Home" and "Caroline and the Sudsy Guy"
1999 Rugrats Margaret (voice)Episode: "Wrestling Grandpa/Chuckie Collects"
1999 Arli$$ Helen KruppEpisode: "The Changing of the Guard"
1999–2000 Detention Eugenia P. Kisskillya (voice)13 episodes
1999 Providence Miss Van GundyEpisode: "The Third Thing"
1999 Grown Ups MonaEpisode: "Online Romance"
2000 Becker Edith / EvelynEpisode: "The Hypocratic Oath"
2000 Honey, I Shrunk the Kids: The TV Show Community Center CookEpisode: "Honey, I'm the Wrong Arm of the Law"
2000–2002 As Told by Ginger Mrs. Gordon (voice)13 episodes
2000 Batman Beyond Ma Mayhem (voice)Episode: "The Eggbaby"

Video games

1997 The Curse of Monkey Island Madame Xima (voice)

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  2. "SAG-AFTRA - Summer 2010". digital.copcomm.com. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  3. McKinley, Jesse (August 24, 2001). "Kathleen Freeman, 78, Actress Playing Comic Character Roles". The New York Times . Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  4. Vallance, Tom (March 5, 2014). "Kathleen Freeman". The Independent . Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  5. "Actress Kathleen Freeman Dies at 82". Backstage . Associated Press. August 24, 2001. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  6. Motion Picture and Television Magazine, November 1952, page 33, Ideal Publishers
  7. "Freeman, Kathleen (1919–2001)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. Ed. Anne Commire and Deborah Klezmer. Vol. 1. Detroit: Thompson Gale, 2007, p. 692. March 18, 2014, ISBN   978-0787675851
  8. 1 2 Bergan, Ronald (August 27, 2001). "Kathleen Freeman". The Guardian . Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  9. Clark, Mike (August 30, 2002). "Jerry Lewis tells it like it is — and was". USA Today . Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  10. Kathleen Freeman at the Internet Broadway Database
  11. McKinley, Jesse (August 24, 2001). "Kathleen Freeman, 78, Actress Playing Comic Character Roles". The New York Times . Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  12. Bahn, Paul (April 14, 2014). The Archaeology of Hollywood: Traces of the Golden Age. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 116. ISBN   978-0759123793.