Katsina State

Last updated
Katsina State
Flag of Katsina State.png
Flag
Nickname(s): 
Nigeria - Katsina.svg
Location of Katsina State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°15′N7°30′E / 12.250°N 7.500°E / 12.250; 7.500 Coordinates: 12°15′N7°30′E / 12.250°N 7.500°E / 12.250; 7.500
Country Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
Date created 23 September 1987
Capital Katsina
Government
   Governor
(List)
Aminu Bello Masari (APC)
  Deputy GovernorMannir Yakubu
   Senators
Area
  Total24,192 km2 (9,341 sq mi)
Area rank 17th of 36
Population
 (2006 census)
  Total5,801,584 [1]
  Rank 5th of 36
GDP (PPP)
  Year2007
  Total$6.02 billion [2]
  Per capita$1,017 [2]
Time zone UTC+01 (WAT)
ISO 3166 code NG-KT
HDI (2016)0.303 [3] · 35th of 36
Website Official website

Katsina, usually referred to as Katsina State to distinguish it from the city of Katsina, is a state in North West zone of Nigeria. Its capital is Katsina, and its Governor is Aminu Bello Masari, a member of the All Progressives Congress. Katsina State was carved out of old Kaduna State in 1987.

Katsina Place in Katsina State, Nigeria

Katsina is a city and a Local Government Area in northern Nigeria and is the capital of Katsina State. Katsina is located some 260 kilometres (160 mi) east of the city of Sokoto and 135 kilometres (84 mi) northwest of Kano, close to the border with Niger. In 2016, Katsina's estimated population was 429,000. The city is the centre of an agricultural region producing groundnuts, cotton, hides, millet and guinea corn and also has mills for producing peanut oil and steel. The city is largely Muslim, and the population of the city is mainly from the Fulani and Hausa ethnic groups.

Nigeria Federal republic in West Africa

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular state.

Aminu Bello Masari Nigerian politician

Aminu Bello Masari is a Nigerian politician and current Governor of Katsina State. He was the speaker of the Nigerian House of Representatives between 2003 and 2007. Masari hails from Katsina State.

Contents

Demography

The Hausa people (sometimes grouped with the Fulani as Hausa-Fulani) are the largest ethnic group. [4]

Hausa people Nationality and Ethnic Group in West Africa

The Hausa are the largest ethnic group in Africa and the second largest language after Arabic in the Afroasiatic family of languages. The Hausa are a diverse but culturally homogeneous people based primarily in the Sahelian and the sparse savanna areas of southern Niger and northern Nigeria respectively, numbering over 70 million people with significant indegenized populations in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Chad, Togo, Ghana, Sudan, Eritrea, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Senegal and the Gambia.

Fula people A large ethnic group in Sahel and West Africa

The Fula,Fulani or Fulɓe people are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region. Inhabiting many countries, they live mainly in West Africa and northern parts of Central Africa but also in South Sudan, Sudan, and regions near the Red Sea coast. There are an estimated 150 million people of Fulani descent in West Africa in total.

Religion

The state is predominantly Muslim, and Gobarau Minaret is an important building. Sharia is valid in the entire state. The Church of Nigeria has a Diocese of Katsina. [5] The Redeemed Christian Church of God and the Roman Catholic Church are fairly present in the state. [6] [7]

Gobarau Minaret

The Gobarau Minaret is a 15-metre (50 ft) minaret located in the center of the city of Katsina, Northern Nigeria. As an early example of Muslim architecture in a city known as a theological center, the tower has become a symbol of the city.

Sharia, Islamic law or Sharia law is a religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition. It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. In Arabic, the term sharīʿah refers to God's immutable divine law and is contrasted with fiqh, which refers to its human scholarly interpretations. The manner of its application in modern times has been a subject of dispute between Muslim fundamentalists and modernists.

Church of Nigeria

The Church of Nigeria is the Anglican church in Nigeria. It is the second-largest province in the Anglican Communion, as measured by baptized membership, after the Church of England. It gives its current membership as "over 18 million", out of a total Nigerian population of 190 million. Other statistics reveal that the Church of Nigeria has 2 million active attendees on a Sunday.

Local Government Areas

Katsina State consists of thirty-four (34) Local Government Areas. They are:

Local government areas of Nigeria administrative subdivision in Nigeria, above ward and below state

Nigeria has 774 local government areas (L.G.As). Each local government area is administered by a Local Government Council consisting of a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA, and other elected members who are referred to as Councillors. Each of the areas is further subdivided into wards with a minimum of ten and a maximum of fifteen for each area.

Bakori LGA and town in Katsina State, Nigeria

Bakori is a local government area in Katsina State, Nigeria. It was created on 15 May 1989 by the then military governor of Katsina State Major General Lawrence Onoja

Batagarawa LGA and town in Katsina State, Nigeria

Batagarawa is a Local Government Area in Katsina State, Nigeria. Its headquarters are in the town of Batagarawa.

Batsari LGA and town in Katsina State, Nigeria

Batsari is a Local Government Area in Katsina State, Nigeria. Its headquarters are in the town of Batsari.

Education

Katsina State is a centre of both formal and informal education. Currently it has Federal College of Education, Katsina; Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic, Katsina; Federal University Dutsin-Ma; Katsina State University, which was renamed after the late President Umaru Musa Yar'adua University; AlQalam University Katsina; Yusufu Bala Usman College of Legal, and General Studies, Daura and the School of Basic and Remedial Studies, Funtua (SBRS/ABU Funtua) and Isa Kaita College of Education Dutsin-Ma, located at Dutsin-ma town.

Umaru Musa Yaradua University

Umaru Musa Yar’Adua University (UMYU), formerly Katsina State University, was established by the Katsina State Government in 2006, to "serve as a nucleus for socio-economic, technological and political development of the State by producing highly skilled human resource through conventional face-to-face and distance learning modes." Umaru Musa Yar'adua, then the executive governor of Katsina State and later the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, began the work of creating the university before his death in 2010.

Daura LGA and Town in Katsina, Nigeria

Daura is a town and Local Government Area in Katsina State, northern Nigeria. It is the spiritual home of the Hausa people. The emirate is referred to as one of the "seven true Hausa states" because it was,, ruled by the descendants of Bayajidda's sons with Daurama and Magira . The University of California's African American Studies Department refers to Daura, as well as Katsina, as having been "ancient seats of Islamic culture and learning."

Notable people from Katsina State

The Emir of Katsina, Muhammad Dikko dan Gidado, and other officials, 1911 The Emir of Katsena, Magagin on his right and district headmen, police in the background.png
The Emir of Katsina, Muhammad Dikko dan Gidado, and other officials, 1911

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Barewa College is a college in Zaria, Kaduna State, northern Nigeria. Founded in 1921 by British Governor General Hugh Clifford, it was originally known as Katsina College. It switched its name to Kaduna College in 1938 and to Government College, Zaria in 1949 before settling on Barewa College. It is one of the largest boarding schools in Northern Nigeria and was the most-celebrated post-primary schools there up to the early 1960s. The school is known for the large number of elites from the region who attended and counts among its alumni five who were Nigerian presidents including the late Umaru Musa Yar'Adua.

Ibrahim Shehu Shema is a Nigerian lawyer and politician who was elected Governor of the northern Katsina State during the 2007 general elections. He was re-elected for another four-year term on 28 April 2011, running on the People's Democratic Party (PDP) platform. His second four-year term ended on 29 May 2015 and hands over to Aminu Bello Masari, the new elected governor on the platform of All Progressives Congress.

The Nigerian National Assembly delegation from Katsina comprises three Senators representing Katsina South, Katsina Central, and Katsina North, and fifteen Representatives representing Kaita/Jibia, Malum Fashi/Kafur, Daura/Sandamu/Mai'Adua, Funtua/Dandume, Dutsin-ma/Kurfi, Mashi/Dvisi, Mani/Bindawa, Bakori/Danja, Kankia/Ingawa/Kusada, Safana/Batsari/Dan-Musa, Musawa/Matazu, Rimi/Charanchi/Batagarawa, Baure/Zango,Kankara/Sabuwa/Faskari, and Katsina Central.

Turai YarAdua First Lady of Nigeria

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Daura Emirate Place in Katsina State, Nigeria

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The Sullubawa are a Fulani clan in Northern Nigeria, found mainly in Kano and Katsina States. Both of the current ruling houses of the Kano and Katsina Emirates are Sullubawa. They are said to have originated in Futa Toro, in what is now Senegal and are associated with the Torodbe. A royal clan, the Sullubawa were said to have become "hereditary beneficiaries of all positions of authority in all but one Hausa state. By the end of the 19tHe would change this idea after the 1966 coup seeing revolution as increasingly necessary. [10] Second, while Nkrumah believed in the materialism and economic determinism of Marxism, he argued that focusing on the economic system was only appropriate after achieving independence throughout Africa and that the political struggle was the first order in colonial and neocolonial contexts. [h century, the Sullubawa controlled many of the fiefdoms of the Kano Emirate.

History of Katsina

Alhaji Dr. Muhammadu Kabir Usman was the 49th Emir of Katsina from 18 March 1981, until his death in March 2008. He was the tenth Fulani emir, as well as the third emir from the Sullubawa dynasty. He succeeded his father Usman Nagogo, and was succeeded by his son, the current emir Abdulmumini Kabir Usman.

Kwasarawa is an ancient place where some Fulani Rulers migrated to from Daura after the British and French had divided the three Daura polities, the British installed Zango’s king, Malam Musa, as the new emir of Daura. Kwasarawa once part of Daura, It became part of the newly created Sandamu Local Government in Daura Emirate, Katsina State, Nigeria.

Justice Saddik Abdullahi Mahuta is the longest-serving chief judge in Katsina State, Nigeria from 1991 to 2013, and he administered the oath of office to civilian governors of Katsina State from Alhaji Sa'idu Barda in 1991 to Barrister Ibrahim Shehu Shema in 2011.

Musa Yar'Adua was a Nigeria administrator and politician who served as the Minister of Lagos Affairs during Nigeria's First Republic. Yar'Adua was minister when Lagos Island and the capital territory was designated as the city of Lagos in 1963. He is the father of Umaru Musa Yar'adua, Nigeria's 13th president and Shehu Musa Yar'adua, Chief of Staff of Obasanjo's military government.

References

  1. "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. 1 2 "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. "National Human Development Report 2018" (PDF).
  4. Nkromah, Gamal. "Nigeria fastened with nails". Al-Ahram Weekly Online. Al-Ahram Weekly. Archived from the original on 2007-05-04. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
  5. Archived January 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. Retrieved 2011-08-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. "Two churches destroyed in Bauchi State, Nigeria" . Retrieved 22 May 2017.