Kattappana

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Kattappana
Distant view of Kattappana town.jpg
Kattappana new private bus stand.jpg
Housing Board Shopping Complex Kattappana.jpg
St. George Forane Church Kattappana.jpg
Kattappana Municipality Office.jpg
From top, left to right: Kattappana from a nearby mountain, Kattappana new private bus stand , Housing Board Shopping Complex, St. George Forane Church and Kattappana Municipality Office.
Kattappana
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Kattappana
Location in Kerala, India
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Kattappana
Kattappana (India)
Coordinates: 09°45′15″N77°06′57″E / 9.75417°N 77.11583°E / 9.75417; 77.11583 Coordinates: 09°45′15″N77°06′57″E / 9.75417°N 77.11583°E / 9.75417; 77.11583
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Government of Kerala Logo.svg Kerala
District Idukki
Named for Spices
Government
  Type Municipality
  BodyKattappana Municipality
  Municipal ChairpersonShyni Sunny Cherian
Area
  Total61.32 km2 (23.68 sq mi)
Elevation
900 m (3,000 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total42,646
  Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
685508, 685515
Telephone code04868
Vehicle registration KL-06
Literacy95.25%
Lok Sabha constituency Idukki
Sex ratio 1016 /
Website Kattappana Municipality

Kattappana is a municipal town in the Sahyadri (or Western Ghats) of Kerala state, India. It is the main urban centre in the high ranges of Idukki district, situated about 2,788.71–2,952.76 feet (850.00–900.00 m) from sea level. It is the second city to became a municipality in Idukki District. It is a major commercial town and flourished with the boost in production of agriculture and spices.

Contents

Municipal administration

Kattappana Municipality Logo.png
Logo of Kattappana Municipality
Kattappana Municipality Office.jpg
Kattappana Municipality Office
M. Venkaiah Naidu presenting the Swachhata Certificate to the Chairman, Kattappana Municipality on becoming the Open Defecation Free Municipality in Kerala, in Kochi.jpg
M. Venkaiah Naidu presenting the Swachhata Certificate to the Chairman, Kattappana Municipality on becoming the Open Defecation Free Municipality in Kerala, in Kochi

Previously, Kattappana was included in the Udumbanchola tehsil (taluk) of Idukki district and was later included in the newly formed Idukki tehsil (taluk). It was officially declared as municipality by the state government on 1 November 2015. It became the second municipality in the district, while Thodupuzha became the first. The first municipal chairman was Mr. Johny Kulampallil and the current municipal chairperson is Ms Shyni Sunny Cherian. [1]

It is one of the more important commercial centre in the high ranges and was on a fast track in terms of development and infrastructure building. However, it was the development of the Kottayam–Kattappana road and the Puliyanmala–Thodupuzha State highway that turned the town into a commercial centre. It was the agriculture sector that played a pivotal role in economically uplifting the town.

The Union Minister for Urban Development, Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation and Information & Broadcasting, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu presented the Swachhata Certificate to then Chairman of Kattappana Municipality Shri Johny Kulampally on becoming the Open Defecation Free Municipality in Kerala, in Kochi on October 18, 2016.

kttttppn raassttriiy bhuupttN.jpg

For administrative convenience, the municipality is divided into 34 wards.

Ward No.Ward NameWard No.Ward Name
1Vazhavara18Kunthalampara North
2Nirmala city19Kunthalampara South
3Society20Pallikavala
4Konginippadavu21Erupathekkar
5Vellayamkudy22Ambalakkavala
6Vettikkuzhakavala23Mettukkuzhi
7Nathukallu24Vallakkadavu
8Kallukunnu25Kadamakkuzhy
9Pezhumkavala26Nariampara
10Valiyapara27Thovarayar
11Kochuthovala North28I T I Kunnu
12Kochuthovala29Valiyakandam
13Anakuthy30Govt. College
14Parakkadavu31Suvarnagiri
15Puliyanmala32Kalyanathandu
16Ambalappara33Mulakaramedu
17Kattappana34Kounthi

Demographics

As of 2011 Census, Kattappana had a population of 42,646, with 21,159 males and 21,487 females. Kattappana has an area of 61.32 km2 (23.68 sq mi) with 10,419 families residing in it. Kattappana had an average literacy of 95.25% higher than the state average of 94%. [2]

People migrated to this place mainly during 1950s from Central Travancore. The migrations were majorly from Palai, Chenganassery and Kanjirapally taluks of Kottayam district and Pathanamthitta. Descendants of earlier inhabitants, the tribals of the forest, can still be seen. The Mannan tribe is now concentrated around Kovilmala, near Kanchiyar. [3]

Agriculture


Black Pepper - Raw.jpeg
Raw Black Pepper
Cardomom plant.JPG
Cardomom plant

Kattappana is the center for spices trade and the primary producer of cardamom [4] and black pepper. The main occupation of people of Kattappana is agriculture. A specific type Njallani high yielding variety of cardamom, was developed in Kattappana. It is also the centre of production and marketing of coffee, cocoa and ginger. There are also several reputed tea plantations (Tata Tea, A V Thomas & Co, Malayalam Plantations, Kannan Devan etc.) in adjoining areas of the district.

Spices Board (erstwhile Cardamom Board under Government of India) has an office in Kattappana. A Spices Park is established at Puttadi near Kattappana. Cardamom Research Institute is situated at Pampadumpara.[ citation needed ]

Njallani high yielding variety of cardamom was developed by Sebastian Joseph Njallani from Kattappana. [5]

Climate

The climate of Kattappana falls under the Köppen climate classification. The place normally experiences a moderate climate. The humidity rises from the month of March to April and mid May. The average annual temperature here is 23 °C. The months of June, July, August and October receives significant amount of rainfall. November and December are the coldest months in the year.


Climate data for Kattappana, Kerala
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)26.1
(79.0)
27.4
(81.3)
29.1
(84.4)
29.3
(84.7)
29.2
(84.6)
27.2
(81.0)
26.1
(79.0)
26.5
(79.7)
26.8
(80.2)
26.2
(79.2)
25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
27.1
(80.7)
Average low °C (°F)16.8
(62.2)
17.5
(63.5)
19.0
(66.2)
20.2
(68.4)
20.8
(69.4)
20.1
(68.2)
19.6
(67.3)
19.6
(67.3)
19.3
(66.7)
19.1
(66.4)
18.5
(65.3)
17.2
(63.0)
19.0
(66.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)22
(0.9)
30
(1.2)
52
(2.0)
116
(4.6)
163
(6.4)
307
(12.1)
396
(15.6)
246
(9.7)
163
(6.4)
252
(9.9)
176
(6.9)
75
(3.0)
1,998
(78.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org [6]

Notable people

Healthcare

St. John's Hospital, managed by the Hospitaller Brothers of St. John of God, is a leading health institution in Kattappana.An institution named St. John College of Nursing is attached to the hospital [7]

Transportation

Kattappana bus stand Kattappana new private bus stand.jpg
Kattappana bus stand

Kattappana has a well established road system to other districts as well as to nearby state Tamil Nadu. Recently one new National highway 185 announced to Idukki district, through Adimali-Cheruthoni-Kattappana-Kumily.

Distances to Nearby Towns

Major Roads Connecting Kattappana

Related Research Articles

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Kovilmala, locally known as Kozhimala, is a tribal settlement and a small village near Kattappana in the district of Idukki in Kerala state, India. It is the only existing tribal kingdom in South India which falls under the Kanchiyar grama panchayath of Idukki tehsil. The Kingdom consists of namely four divisions such as 'Thekkottu Kattu Rajyam', 'Nadukkuda Kattu Rajyam', 'Athal Orupuram' and 'Chenkanattu Mala'. Goddess Madhura Minakshi of famed Madura Temple in Tamil Nadu is their Kuladevatha.

References

  1. "UDF wrests power in Kattappana and Thodupuzha - The Hindu› kerala › article7894574". The Hindu. 19 November 2015. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  2. Kerala, Directorate of Census Operations. District Census Handbook, Idukki (PDF). Thiruvananthapuram: Directorateof Census Operations,Kerala. p. 58,59. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  3. Mannan tribe
  4. Cardamom Cultivation
  5. "Tale of an Indigenous Farmer", Rediff.com
  6. "CLIMATE: KATTAPANA", Climate-Data.org. Web: .
  7. "St. John's Hospital website" . Retrieved 17 August 2016.