Kawachinagano

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Kawachinagano
河内長野市
Kawachinagano montage.jpg
Kawachinagano Station, Kōya Kaido,
Mikanodai, Kongō-ji,
Mikkaichi Station, Kanshin-ji, Takihata 48 Waterfalls,
View of Center in Kawachinagano
Flag of Kawachinagano, Osaka.svg
Symbol of Kawachinagano, Osaka.svg
Kawachinagano in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Kawachinagano in Osaka Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Kawachinagano
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°28′N135°34′E / 34.467°N 135.567°E / 34.467; 135.567 Coordinates: 34°28′N135°34′E / 34.467°N 135.567°E / 34.467; 135.567
CountryJapan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Osaka
Government
  Mayor Tomoaki Shimada
Area
  Total109.63 km2 (42.33 sq mi)
Population
 (January 1, 2022)
  Total101,649
  Density930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address1-1-1, Harachō, Kawachinagano-shi, Ōsaka-fu 586-8501
Website Official website
Symbols
Flower Chrysanthemum
Tree Camphor laurel
Kawachinagano City Hall Kawachinagano City Office1.jpg
Kawachinagano City Hall

Kawachinagano (河内長野市, Kawachinagano-shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2022, the city had an estimated population of 101,649 in 47493 households and a population density of 930 persons per km². [1] The total area of the city is 109.63 square kilometres (42.33 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Kawachinagano is located in the southeastern part of Osaka prefecture, separated from Nara and Wakayama Prefectures by the Izumi Mountains and Mount Kongō. The city is roughly triangular in area with the apex at the north. Approximately 70 percent of the city area is forested, and there are two major rivers: the Ishikawa (the larger) and the Amamigawa (a tributary of the Yamato River). In the southern foothills, the tourist name "Okukawachi" is used, and there are many historical sites and buildings. The city center it is about 30 minutes to Namba Station in central Osaka and about one hour to Kansai International Airport. Much of the city is within the borders of the Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen Quasi-National Park.

Neighboring municipalities

Osaka Prefecture

Nara Prefecture

Wakayama Prefecture

Climate

Kawachinagano has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Kawachinagano is 13.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1475 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.4 °C. [2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Kawachinagano has increased steadily over the past century, peaking at around the year 2000 and slowly declining since.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 18,034    
1930 19,690+9.2%
1940 22,523+14.4%
1950 30,681+36.2%
1960 34,399+12.1%
1970 51,994+51.1%
1980 78,572+51.1%
1990 108,767+38.4%
2000 121,008+11.3%
2010 112,518−7.0%

History

The area of the modern city of Kawachinagano was within ancient Kawachi Province. Evidence of continuous human settlement since the Japanese Paleolithic period has been found. Numerous kofun burial mounds were built in the area during the Kofun period,and the Asuka period scholar and diplomat Takamuko no Kuromaro came from this area. During the Nara and Heian period, numerous Buddhist temples were built, including Kanshin-ji and Kongō-ji. During the Nanboku-chō period, the area was the site of many conflicts between the Northern Court and the Southern Court. During the Edo Period much of the area came under the control of Sayama Domain, Zeze Domain and Kanbe Domain.

After the Meiji restoration, the area became part of Osaka Prefecture from 1881. The villages of Nagano, Nishigori, Shinno (later renamed Chiyoda), Amano, Mikkaichi, Kawakami, Amami, and Kaga-Tamura and Takamukai were created with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On April 1, 1896 the area became part of Minamikawachi District, Osaka. Nagano was elevated to town status on September 1, 1910. On April 1, 1954, Nagano merged with Mikkaichi, Kawakami, Amami, Kagata, and Takamukai villages to form the city of Kawachinagano.

Government

Kawachinagano has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 18 members. Kawachinagano contributes one member to the Osaka Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Osaka 15th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Kawachinagano was traditionally known for its toothpick and bamboo blind crafts. Forestry and wood processing remain an important component of the local economy. Industries include metal casting and the brewing of sake. An increasing percentage of the working population is commuting to larger population centers, such as Sakai, Osaka, Hashimoto or Gojo.

Education

Kawachinagano has 13 public elementary schools and seven public middle schools operated by the city government and two public high schools operated by the Osaka Prefectural Department of Education. There are also one private middle school and two private high schools. The Osaka Chiyoda Junior College is located in Kawachinagano

Transportation

Railway

Nankai group logo.svg Nankai Electric Railway - Nankai koya line symbol.svg Nankai Kōya Line

KintetsuLogo.svg Kintetsu Railway - KT number-O.svg Kintetsu Nagano Line

Highway

Local attractions

Temples and Shrines

Nature and Parks

Amusement parks

Sister city relations

Noted people from Kawachinagano


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References

  1. "Kawachinagano city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. Kawachinagano climate data
  3. Kawachinagano population statistics
  4. "City of Carmel, IN: History". City of Carmel, IN. Retrieved 21 October 2011.