Kazimierza Wielka

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Kazimierza Wielka
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Kazimierza Wielka
Coordinates: 50°16′25″N20°29′4″E / 50.27361°N 20.48444°E / 50.27361; 20.48444 Coordinates: 50°16′25″N20°29′4″E / 50.27361°N 20.48444°E / 50.27361; 20.48444
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Voivodeship Świętokrzyskie
County Kazimierza
Gmina Kazimierza Wielka
Government
  MayorAdam Andrzej Bodzioch
Area
  Total5.34 km2 (2.06 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)
  Total5,575
  Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Postal code
28-500
Area code(s) +48 41
Car plates TKA
Website http://www.kazimierzawielka.pl/

Kazimierza Wielka ( [kaʑiˈmʲɛʐa ˈvʲɛlka] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a town in Poland, in Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, about 45 kilometres (28 miles) northeast of Kraków. It is the administrative seat of Kazimierza County (powiat kazimierski). With a population of 5,848 (2005), it is the smallest county seat in Poland. Kazimierza Wielka is located in Lesser Poland Upland and historically belongs to the province of Lesser Poland. For most of its history, it was a village, and did not receive its town charter until 1959.

Contents

The first mention of the village dates from 1320 during the reign of Wladyslaw Lokietek. At that time, its name was spelled Cazimiria and it belonged to the Kazimierski family. In the Kingdom of Poland, Kazimierza Wielka was located on the border of two Lesser Poland voivodeships - Sandomierz Voivodeship and Krakow Voivodeship. The village itself belonged to Proszowice County of Kraków Voivodeship, while neighboring Kazimierza Mala belonged to Wislica County of Sandomierz Voivodeship. In the 1560s, Kazimierza Wielka was one of centers of the Polish Brethren. At the end of the 18th century the estate was the property of the magnate Łubieński family. They established there one of the first sugar refineries in Poland in 1845. [1]

After the Partitions of Poland the village belonged to Austria and in 1815 it became part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland. In 1919, Kazimierza Wielka returned to Poland, within Kielce Voivodeship. On September 5, 1939, a skirmish between the advancing Wehrmacht and Polish 55th Infantry Division took place in the village in which 60 Polish soldiers died. In 1956 Kazimierza Wielka County was created, and three years later, the village received its town rights. Its most important historic building is a local parish church (1633).

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References

Tower from the end of the 19th century Kazimierza Wielka 20070421 1810.jpg
Tower from the end of the 19th century
An alley in the park in Kazimierza Wielka Park Kazimierza Wielka Alejka.jpg
An alley in the park in Kazimierza Wielka