|Kecskemét Megyei Jogú Város|
Descending from top:
|Region||Southern Great Plain|
|Established||9th century AD|
|Market town||14th century AD|
|• Mayor||Klaudia Szemerey-Pataki (Fidesz-KDNP)|
|• Deputy Mayor||Dr Gyula Tamás Szeberényi (Fidesz-KDNP)|
Kornél Mák (Fidesz-KDNP)
József Gaál (Independent)
Dr Tamás Homoki (Independent)
|• Town Notary||Dr Mária Berenténé Meskó|
|• City with county rights||321.36 km2 (124.08 sq mi)|
|Elevation||105 m (344 ft)|
(1 January 2016)
|• City with county rights||110,813|
|• Rank||8th in Hungary|
|• Urban||187,835 (8th)|
|Population by ethnicity|
|Population by religion|
|• Roman Catholic||39.7%|
|• Greek Catholic||0.3%|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
6000 to 6008, 6044
|Area code||(+36) 76|
|Motorways||M5, M8 (planned), M44 (planned)|
|NUTS 3 code||HU331|
|Distance from Budapest||91.5 km (56.9 mi) Northeast|
|MP|| László Salacz (Fidesz) |
Gábor Zombor (Fidesz)
Kecskemét ( US: // KETCH-kem-ayt, Hungarian: [ˈkɛt͡ʃkɛmeːt] ) is a city in the central part of Hungary. It is the eighth-largest city in the country, and the county seat of Bács-Kiskun.
Kecskemét, lies halfway between the capital Budapest and the country's third-largest city, Szeged, 86 kilometres (53 miles) from both of them and almost equal distance from the two big rivers of the country, the Danube and the Tisza. It is the northern of two centres of the Hungarian Southern Great Plain (Hungarian: Del-Alföld) region (comprising the three counties Bács-Kiskun, Békés and Csongrád); the southern centre is Szeged, the seat of Csongrád county.
The name of the city stems from the Hungarian word kecske meaning "goat" and -mét meaning "pass".
Kecskemét was established at the meeting point of a large sandy region and a sandy yellow soil; its elevation is 120 m (394 ft) above sea level. The territory west of the city is covered by wind-blown sand, characterised by the almost parallel northern-southern sand dunes and the plain between them. At the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries, the pastures had become depleted. Overgrazing by cattle had destroyed the natural vegetation cover, and the movement of sand seriously endangered the town. Concentrated reforestation and planting of fruit and vines was carried out to stabilise the soil again.
Kecskemét is in the centre of Kiskunság, one of Hungary's famous regions. The Kiskunság National Park was established in 1975 to preserve the many different regional species of plants and animals. It is a "mosaic"-type national park, consisting of units that are not connected.
The characteristic weather in the Kecskemét region of Kiskunság is continental warm, dry, sometimes extreme. The amount of sunlight makes it possible for the region to produce agricultural products such as wheat, apricots, red peppers, and tomatoes. The warmest month in Kecskemét is July, with an average temperature of 20.9 °C (69.6 °F); the coldest is January, with −1.9 °C (28.6 °F).
Early spring and late autumn frosts are frequent on the Great Hungarian Plain. The possibility of frost usually ends only in the middle of April. After the third week of October, the temperature is frequently below 0 °C (32 °F).
The first archaeological trace of a human in the area is about five thousand years old. The Sarmatians invaded the area in the first century B.C.; since then the area has been continuously inhabited by a variety of cultures. János Hornyik, the first town historian, believed that the settlement known as Partiskum of the Sarmatian Jazygian was here. Contemporary consensus among historians is that it is more likely permanent settlement occurred only after the Hungarian conquest. At the beginning of the 13th century, there were seven villages in the area, each with a population of 200–300 formed near the village church, a typical rural pattern. They were all destroyed by the Mongol Invasion. Some of the villages revived at the time of the Cumanians' colonization.
As Kecskemét was situated at an important trading route, it grew as a customhouse and a market-place; in 1368 it was identified in one of King Louis I of Hungary's charters as an oppidium (town). The town's active economic life and relatively dense population attracted more traders, craftsmen and residents, including Jews who became an important part of the town.
During the Turkish invasion, settlers from neighboring villages sought shelter in Kecskemét, which was protected by defensive palisades. They also were escaping the oppression of the spahi landlords. In addition to the protection of its setting, the town of Kecskemét had arranged to pay tax directly to the pasha in Buda, thus gaining his protection and enjoying a special situation.
Kecskemét gradually absorbed the lands of those who had taken refuge in the town. Residents created a large common field for the animals they were breeding. By the beginning of the 18th century, residents held nearly 30,000 cattle, which grazed on an almost 2,000-square-kilometre (770 sq mi) field.
At the end of the 18th century, animal breeding started to decline in economic importance, as the fields had become overgrazed and denuded. It took nearly 100 years before the region developed its next major agricultural commodity. In the 19th century, Kecskemét was already part of an important wine district, but the city increased in importance after the vine-pest destroyed most vineyards in the hilly regions. Damage was less significant in the plains' areas of loose, sandy soil. In the 1870s, landowners planted large plantations of grapevines around the town. These were the basis of the 20th-century vineyards and wine industry of the 20th century in Kecskemét. Cottage-type settlements grew up at the vineyards to house workers, a pattern still characteristic of the rural areas around the town. The growth of the wine industry stimulated those of the food industry and trade. The city is still known for its barackpálinka , an apricot brandy.
With their accumulation of capital, peasants began to adopt bourgeois customs and goods, stimulating trade in the town. Such regional wealth led to construction of new buildings, especially those surrounding Kecskemét's main square. This Art Nouveau complex is architecturally significant: the Town Hall, the New College, the Ornamented Palace, the Luther-Palace, the House of Trade (today the House of Young), and the Gentlemen's Casino, now used as the Hungarian Museum of Photography.
The town's growth suffered in the 1929–33 economic world crisis and Great Depression, followed by the upheaval and destruction of World War II. During the war and especially May–June 1944, Hungarian authorities rounded up and deported most of the Jews from the city to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where most were killed. Jewish Hungarians had been an important part of Kecskemét's thriving culture and trade. After 1945, the new Communist government, strongly influenced by the Soviet Union, imposed a different social-political system. Kecskemét's development slowed. Due to reorganisation in local government, Kecskemét lost its big territory; several new independent villages were formed in the area. They were economically connected to the town.
In 1950, for the first time, Kecskemét took on a significant political administrative role, as it was made seat of the country's largest county, Bács-Kiskun. In the special system of the so-called controlled economy under the Communist regimes, such status provided political and financial advantages that greatly helped the city continue its growth. The architect József Kerényi (1900–1975) adapted and renovated several historic buildings for other uses, helping keep the varied historical character of the city alive. For instance, in the early 1970s, he renovated the early-eighteenth-century Franciscan monastery for use as the Zoltán Kodály Conservatory; it opened for classes in 1975.
The Hungarian Association of Photographers formed the Hungarian Photography Foundation in 1990. It helped raise funds for the restoration of an 18th-century building in Kecskemét last used as an Orthodox synagogue. It was adapted for the Hungarian Museum of Photography (Magyar Fotográfiai Múzeum), which opened in 1991. The museum holds work by Hungarian and other photographers of international and national reputations. It especially collects Hungarian photographers who successfully worked abroad.
On 18 June 2008, German car manufacturer Daimler announced that it would build a Mercedes-Benz manufacturing plant in Kecskemét, planning to invest €800 million (US$1.24 billion). The plant, one of the biggest if not the biggest-ever in the region, provides work for 2,500 people.
In March 2012, the German automobile manufacturer Daimler AG opened a plant nearby Kecskemét, to manufacture the new B-Class, A-Class and CLA-Class models.The Stuttgart-based company invested €800 million (US$1.24 billion) to build the new plant, which is expected to create 3,000 new jobs in the region. According to the plans, more than 100,000 vehicles will be produced annually at the factory.
As of 2018, the largest companies were:
In the city, unemployment is extremely low. Over the last few years, thousands of jobs have been created to promote a low unemployment rate. Currently (2018), unemployment is 3.10% in the county seat.
With the 1900s industrialisation of Hungary, Kecskemét developed public transportation by trams for a population of 50,000. Not until after World War II did bus travel begin in the city. In 2010, with competitive funding from the EU, the city launched a number of trolley bus lines and in 2011 completely rebuilt the town centre as a trolleybus and pedestrian tourist zone.
Currently, bus travel is the only public transportation to many destinations. Bus destinations (as of 1 January 2019 [update] ):
Kecskemét has 107,267 residents (as of 2001 [update] ). The population is homogeneous with a large Hungarian majority. A few thousand of the Romani minority live in the city; they formed their independent minority government in 1994. (95% Hungarian; 0.8% Romani; 0.4% German; 0.2% Slovak; 4.8% other.) The city had a thriving Jewish population before World War II, as represented by their grand synagogue. Most of the Jews were deported by the Nazi forces in 1944 to concentration camps, where they were killed.
The Vice President of the German minority in Kecskemet is Ms Rozalia Neuendorf. Since 19 March 2007, there is also a minority self-government for Croats in Kecskemét.
|Significant minority groups|
Kecskemét is divided into 21+1 sections.
The current mayor of Kecskemét is Klaudia Szemereyné Pataki (Fidesz-KDNP).
The local Municipal Assembly, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 21 members (1 Mayor, 14 Individual constituencies MEPs and 6 Compensation List MEPs) divided into this political parties and alliances:
|Party||Seats||Current Municipal Assembly|
|Alliance for Hírös City||9|
List of City Mayors from 1990:
|Member||Party||Term of office|
|Klaudia Szemereyné Pataki||Fidesz-KDNP||2014–|
Kecskemét is twinned with:
The MH 59th "Szentgyörgyi Dezső" Tactical Wing, the only jet fighter unit of the Magyar Honvédség, is based at Kecskemét air force base. The Kecskeméti Repülőnap, a bi-annual air show is held here.
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Baja is a city in Bács-Kiskun County, southern Hungary. It is the second largest city in the county, after the county seat at Kecskemét, and is home to some 35,000 people. Baja is the seat of the Baja municipality.
Bács-Kiskun is a county located in southern Hungary. It was created as a result of World War II, merging the pre war Bács-Bodrog and the southern parts of Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun counties. With an area of 8,445 km2, Bács-Kiskun is the largest county in the country. The terrain is mostly flat with slight emergences around Baja. The county seat and largest city of Bács-Kiskun is Kecskemét.
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Kiskőrös is a town in Bács-Kiskun, Hungary. Kiskőrös is situated between the Danube and Tisza rivers at around. Sándor Petőfi, the national poet of Hungary, was born here.
Kiskunság National Park is a national park located in Danube–Tisza Interfluve mainly in Bács-Kiskun county, Hungary. It was created in 1975 and declared a biosphere reserve by the UNESCO. The park covers an area of 570 km2 and stretches across the Little Cumania (Kiskunság) region of the Great Hungarian Plain.
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This is a list of articles that have something substantive to do with the county of Bács-Kiskun.
The City Hall of Kecskemét is a city hall building located in the Kossuth Square, of Kecskemét, in the Bács-Kiskun County, Hungary.
Bugac is a village in Bács-Kiskun county, in the Southern Great Plain region of southern Hungary.
Kunbaracs is a village in Bács-Kiskun county, in the district of Kecskemét city, in the Southern Great Plain region of southern Hungary. As of 2015, its population was 618, which makes it the smallest settlement in this area.
Kecskeméti TE is a club that is most famous for its football team. It is located in the city of Kecskemét, Bacs-Kiskun, Hungary and is currently competing in the NB III, the third tier of Hungarian football. Kecskeméti TE's highest achievement to-date is winning the Magyar Kupa in the 2010–11 season, and gaining entry into the Europa League.
József Ács is a Hungarian sculptor and medalist. Ács studied at the Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts from 1952 to 1958. His work is primarily sculpture, but he also deals with the design of portrait busts and medals. In 1965 he was commissioned to produce a bronze bust of Alexander Graham Bell in Budapest. In 1968, he made a solo exhibition at the Cultural Center of the Budapest neighborhood of Rákosligeti.
Kecskemét is a district in northern part of Bács-Kiskun County. Kecskemét is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
Bahget Iskander is a Syrian-born Hungarian cinematographer.
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