Keeseekoose First Nation

Last updated
Keeseekoose First Nation
Band No. 367
People Saulteaux
Treaty Treaty 4
Headquarters Kamsack
Province Saskatchewan
Land [1]
Main reserve Keeseekoose 66
Other reserve(s)
Keeseekoose 66A-66ST04
Land area79.554 km2
Population (2019) [1]
On reserve711
Off reserve1814
Total population2525
Government [1]
ChiefCalvin Straightnose
Tribal Council [1]
Yorkton Tribal Administration

The Keeseekoose First Nation is a Saulteaux band government located in Kamsack, Saskatchewan. [1] The band is named for Chief Kiishikouse (kîšîkôns, "little sky"), who signed an adhesion to Treaty 4 at Swan Lake, Manitoba, in 1875. Flooding on the band's Manitoba reserve forced a relocation to the band's current location, adjacent to the Cote First Nation reserve. Those who stayed in Manitoba are today known as the Pine Creek First Nation. [2]



It has 24 Reserves and share the Treaty Four Reserve Grounds 77 with many other Treaty Four First Nations. Total on-Reserve population is 679. Off-Reserve population is 1,564. Total population is 2,243. When including the Coté First Nations whom they share the same Reserve with, the total population is 5,726. The area covered by the Keeseekoose Reserves is 8,475 hectares or 20,942 acres. When including the Cote, the area increases to near 41,000 acres or 16,567 hectares.


Originally the Keeseekoose Ojibways lived on the plains of Manitoba and probably the forest to the north. Their food supply was largely buffalo which pemmican was prepared from. They also hunted the forest for deer, moose and other wild game. Their country was teaming with incredible numbers of waterways which they utilized for more food. They probably harvested the wild rice that grew on the waterways of Manitoba. In fact, wild rice was probably one of their major food sources. Chief Keeseekoose saw that his subjects were going hungry in the early 1870s and put their welfare first and signed treaty four on September 15, 1874. An event occurred after the Swan River First Nation of Manitoba was established for the Ojibways under Chief Keeseekoose's leadership, after treaty four was signed which forced the Keeseekoose Ojibways to reluctantly relocate to the Cote First Nation of Saskatchewan. Flooding hit the Reserve and caused an exodus towards the Cote Ojibways where they still live.

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "First Nation Detail". Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  2. Barry, Bill (2005). Geographic Names of Saskatchewan . Regina, Saskatchewan: People Places Publishing Ltd. ISBN   1-897010-19-2.