Kefka Palazzo

Last updated

Kefka Palazzo
Final Fantasy character
FF6 Kefkaart.png
Concept artwork of Kefka by Yoshitaka Amano
First game Final Fantasy VI (1994)
Created by Yoshinori Kitase
Hiroyuki Ito
Designed by Yoshitaka Amano
Voiced by Dave Wittenberg (English)
Shigeru Chiba (Japanese)
Information
HomeGestahlian Empire
ClassCourt jester
Army general
SkillMagic

Kefka Palazzo(ケフカ・パラッツォ,Kefuka Parattso, romanized as Cefca Palazzo in the Japanese version) is a character in the Final Fantasy series of video games. Originally designed by Yoshitaka Amano, he appears in the 6th installment of the series - Final Fantasy VI. First introduced as the court jester and army general under Emperor Gestahl, throughout the game he reveals himself to be a nihilistic psychopath after setting in motion events leading to the Apocalypse and pronouncing himself the God of Magic. From that point he acts as the game's primary antagonist.

Final Fantasy is a Japanese science fantasy media franchise created by Hironobu Sakaguchi, and developed and owned by Square Enix. The franchise centers on a series of fantasy and science fantasy role-playing video games (RPGs/JRPGs). The first game in the series was released in 1987, with 14 other main-numbered entries being released since then. The franchise has since branched into other video game genres such as tactical role-playing, action role-playing, massively multiplayer online role-playing, racing, third-person shooter, fighting, and rhythm, as well as branching into other media, including CGI films, anime, manga, and novels.

Yoshitaka Amano artist, character designer, and illustrator

Yoshitaka Amano is a Japanese artist, character designer, illustrator and a theatre and film scenic designer and costume designer. He first came into prominence in the late 1960s working on the anime adaptation of Speed Racer. Amano later became the creator of iconic and influential characters such as Gatchaman, Tekkaman: The Space Knight, Hutch the Honeybee and Casshan. In 1982 he went independent and became a freelance artist, finding success as an illustrator for numerous authors, and worked on best-selling novel series, such as The Guin Saga and Vampire Hunter D. He is also known for his commissioned illustrations for the popular video-game franchise Final Fantasy.

<i>Final Fantasy VI</i> 1994 video game

Final Fantasy VI, also known as Final Fantasy III from its marketing for initial North American release in 1994, is a role-playing video game developed and published by Japanese company Square for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. Final Fantasy VI, being the sixth game in the series proper, was the first to be directed by someone other than producer and series creator Hironobu Sakaguchi; the role was filled instead by Yoshinori Kitase and Hiroyuki Ito. Yoshitaka Amano, long-time collaborator to the Final Fantasy series, returned as the character designer and contributed widely to visual concept design, while series-regular, composer Nobuo Uematsu, wrote the game's score, which has been released on several soundtrack albums. Set in a fantasy world with a technology level equivalent to that of the Second Industrial Revolution, the game's story follows an expanding cast that includes fourteen permanent playable characters. The drama includes and extends past depicting a rebellion against an evil military dictatorship, pursuit of a magical arms-race, use of chemical weapons in warfare, depiction of violent, apocalyptic confrontations with Divinities, several personal redemption arcs, teenage pregnancy, and the continuous renewal of hope and life itself.

Contents

He is also present in the spin-off fighting game series Dissidia Final Fantasy , wherein he is voiced by Shigeru Chiba (Dave Wittenberg in English localization). As well as these appearances, he shows up in Theatrhythm Final Fantasy , Final Fantasy Artniks , Final Fantasy 14, and Final Fantasy All the Bravest as an enemy boss character.

A fighting game is a video game genre based around interpersonal combat between a limited amount of characters in which they fight until they defeat their opponents or the timer expires. The fight matches typically consist of several rounds and take place in an arena, while each character has differing abilities but each is relatively viable to choose. Players must master techniques such as blocking, counter-attacking, and chaining attacks together into "combos". Starting in the early 1990s, most fighting games allowed the player to execute special attacks by performing specific input combinations. The fighting game genre is related to but distinct from beat 'em ups, which involve large numbers of enemies against the human player.

<i>Dissidia Final Fantasy</i> video game

Dissidia Final Fantasy is a fighting game with action RPG elements developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation Portable as part of the campaign for the Final Fantasy series' 20th anniversary. It was released in Japan on December 18, 2008, in North America on August 25, 2009, in Australia on September 3, 2009 and in Europe on September 4, 2009. It was then re-released as an international version in Japan, based on the North American port, as Dissidia Final Fantasy: Universal Tuning, on November 1, 2009.

Masaharu Maeda, known by the stage name Shigeru Chiba, is a Japanese actor and voice actor. He has also worked as a sound effects director and music director. He is affiliated with the talent management firm 81 Produce.

Kefka has been rated one of the most memorable and most evil video game villains ever created, with critics and fans noting his intense hatred and maniacal laughter as defining characteristics. He has also been compared to the Joker from the Batman universe. [1]

Joker (character) fictional character throughout the DC Universe

The Joker is a supervillain created by Bill Finger, Bob Kane, and Jerry Robinson who first appeared in the debut issue of the comic book Batman, published by DC Comics. Credit for the Joker's creation is disputed; Kane and Robinson claimed responsibility for the Joker's design, while acknowledging Finger's writing contribution. Although the Joker was planned to be killed off during his initial appearance, he was spared by editorial intervention, allowing the character to endure as the archenemy of the superhero Batman.

Batman Fictional superhero

Batman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, and first appeared in Detective Comics #27, in 1939. Originally named the "Bat-Man", the character is also referred to by such epithets as the Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight, and the World's Greatest Detective.

Attributes

Character design

Kefka's appearance was designed by Yoshitaka Amano, who was given complete creative freedom in Final Fantasy VI, with only brief character outlines as guidelines. His approach was to create "real" and "alive" characters, though with consideration for the representation as small computer sprites. [2] Kefka is well known for his clown-like apparel, which has been compared to the Joker from Batman . [3] His dress has been described as "garish", with "makeup smeared across his face" and "a shrill, girlish laughter" that is thought to "punctuate his madness". [1] [4] In Dissidia: Final Fantasy, he also bore lip makeup patterned in a way that resembled a Glasgow smile.

Glasgow smile facial wound

A Glasgow smile is a wound caused by making a cut from the corners of a victim's mouth up to the ears, leaving a scar in the shape of a smile.

Personality

Given only the artwork and outline to work with during production, writer Yoshinori Kitase felt that one early scene of Kefka's approach of a castle was too "boring to make completely normal" and decided to ad-lib a scene where he requests that his accompanying soldiers dust off his boots in the middle of a desert. [5] The scene set the tone for his personality from that point onwards, suggesting that there "may be a screw or two missing from this character's head". [5] He has been described as "powerful" and "manipulative", though he is retiring on occasion when confronted by opposition and even called a coward for delegating his authority. [3] He is also known for his sarcastic tone and one-liners. [6] As Kefka's power grows, his nihilism and madness grow in tandem and as he attains godlike powers he thirsts for the destruction of all life, expresses his loathing of everything in existence by chanting the word "hate" to his enemies. [1] He is also very sadistic, taking amusement at the very idea of people dying and screaming. This is especially evident when he poisons Doma, [7] as well as his admission prior to confronting the Returners for the final time that he enjoys destroying things precisely because precious lives are lost in the process. [8] In his Dissidia appearance, Kefka's insanity is further explored, suggesting that his actions stem from a desire to fill his heart with destruction when love failed to provide his life with meaning. [9] Final Fantasy VI features a song called "Kefka", which exemplifies the "sadistic joy" of the character. [4] His laughter has been called the greatest video game laughter of all time. [10]

Yoshinori Kitase Japanese video game designer

Yoshinori Kitase is a Japanese game director and producer working for Square Enix. He is known as the director of Final Fantasy VI, Chrono Trigger, Final Fantasy VII, Final Fantasy VIII and Final Fantasy X, and the producer of the Final Fantasy X and Final Fantasy XIII series. Kitase is an Executive Officer at Square Enix, the Head of Square Enix's Business Division 1 and part of the Final Fantasy Committee that is tasked with keeping the franchise's releases and content consistent.

Insanity abnormal mental or behavioral patterns

Insanity, madness, and craziness are terms that describe a spectrum of individual and group behaviors that are characterized by certain abnormal mental or behavioral patterns. Insanity can be manifest as violations of societal norms, including a person or persons becoming a danger to themselves or to other people. Conceptually, mental insanity also is associated with the biological phenomenon of contagion as in the case of copycat suicides. In contemporary usage, the term insanity is an informal, un-scientific term denoting "mental instability"; thus, the term insanity defense is the legal definition of mental instability. In medicine, the general term psychosis is used to include the presence either of delusions or of hallucinations or both in a patient; and psychiatric illness is "psychopathology", not mental insanity.

Appearances

Final Fantasy VI

Kefka first appears as a general under the game's primary antagonist Emperor Gestahl, serving as his court mage. [3] Prior to the start of the game, he was the first human to be experimentally infused with the magic-like craft "Magitek," which granted him the ability to wield magic, although the imperfect process warped his mind and made him into the nihilistic psychopath he is during the course of the game. [11] Through the first half of the game, Kefka leads the charge for the city-state of Vector to conquer the world, one kingdom at a time, using their magic weapons. [12] Kefka mentally enslaves Terra and uses her to lead an attack on the town of Narshe to claim the frozen esper Tritoch there. [3] [13] When she escapes Imperial control, he pursues Terra to the kingdom of Figaro, setting the castle ablaze as she, Locke and King Edgar flee.

Magician (fantasy) magicians appering in fantasy fiction

A magician also known as a mage, warlock, witch, wizard, enchanter/enchantress, or sorcerer/sorceress, is someone who uses or practices magic derived from supernatural, occult, or arcane sources. Magicians are common figures in works of fantasy, such as fantasy literature and role-playing games, and enjoy a rich history in mythology, legends, fiction, and folklore.

Nihilism is the philosophical viewpoint that suggests the denial or lack of belief towards the reputedly meaningful aspects of life. Most commonly, nihilism is presented in the form of existential nihilism, which argues that life is without objective meaning, purpose, or intrinsic value. Moral nihilists assert that there is no inherent morality, and that accepted moral values are abstractly contrived. Nihilism may also take epistemological, ontological, or metaphysical forms, meaning respectively that, in some aspect, knowledge is not possible, or reality does not actually exist.

Terra Branford

Terra Branford, known as Tina Branford in Japanese media, is a character in the Final Fantasy series of role-playing video games published by Square Enix. Designed by Yoshitaka Amano and Tetsuya Nomura for the main series installment Final Fantasy VI, she also appeared in the spin-off fighting games Dissidia Final Fantasy and Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy, and made small appearances in several other games in and outside the Final Fantasy series.

During a siege on the kingdom of Doma, Kefka grows impatient with fellow Imperial General Leo and poisons the drinking water in the castle of Doma, resulting in mass casualties and a swift victory for the Empire. [4] [14] After the alliance of Espers and revolutionaries invade and destroy Vector, Gestahl feigns sorrow for the Empire's evils, and to gain the trust of the protagonists, Gestahl has Kefka imprisoned, citing the poisoning of Doma. Kefka later goes to the village of Thamasa to kill the espers congregated there, killing Leo when he tries to intervene. [4] [15] [16] Using the power of the espers, Kefka helps Gestahl raise the espers' homeworld and create the Floating Continent, where they intend to awaken three entities known as the Warring Triad. [17] Upon being confronted by the protagonists, Gestahl freezes them except for former Imperial general Celes, whom he orders to kill her friends to show her loyalty to the Empire. She instead stabs Kefka, who becomes enraged. Kefka and the Emperor then get in an argument as to what degree they will wield the power of the triad—the Emperor taking a more conservative approach, since he only wants enough power to rule the world, while Kefka wants to unleash the Warring Triad's full potential. [18] The Emperor tries and fails to kill Kefka, who retaliates by having the Warring Triad strike Gestahl down and unceremoniously boots him off the Floating Continent to his death. [17] Kefka then moves the statues of the Warring Triad out of balance, unleashing enough raw magical energy to reshape the face of the planet and bringing about the second act of the game. [19]

Imbued with the power of the statues, Kefka becomes the god of the ruined world he created, using the statues to forge a massive tower of random debris to serve as his headquarters. [4] Kefka smites the millions who refuse to worship him with his "Light of Judgment", a beam of incinerating light capable of cutting fissures into the planet's surface, [17] although he implies before fighting the Returners that he largely used the Light of Judgment on everyone for his own amusement regardless of whether they worshipped him or not. [8] Confronted by the protagonists at the game's conclusion, Kefka reveals his nihilistic motivations: when the protagonists reject his claims, Kefka goes berserk and proclaims his desire to eradicate everything. [20] [21] Upon the defeat of his minions, Kefka reveals his godlike form and, after uttering one final nihilistic vision of life, dreams and hope, [22] attacks the protagonists before he is ultimately slain, causing the power of magic to vanish. [17]

Other games

Kefka is the villain representing Final Fantasy VI in Dissidia Final Fantasy , where the gods Cosmos and Chaos are fighting a cosmic war for control, with Kefka on the side of Chaos. [23] As revealed in its prequel Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy , Kefka controlled Terra while she was a warrior of Chaos until Kuja weakens his spell, allowing Terra to escape and become a warrior of Cosmos with the aid of Vaan. [24] During the events of Dissidia, Kefka allies himself with the Cloud of Darkness to bring Terra back to their side so he can use her Esper powers to fulfill his destructive desires. However, mastering her powers, Terra defeats Kefka to obtain her crystal. After Cosmos's death, Kefka breaks his ties to the other villains and starts his own scheme to become the ruler of the ruined world before being ultimately dispatched for good. Kefka received a considerable amount of work and changes according to producer Tetsuya Nomura and planning director Mitsunori Takahashi. [25] Translator Tom Slattery, who worked on Final Fantasy VI Advance for the Game Boy Advance, enjoyed writing new dialogue for Kefka. [26] Director Takahashi Mitsunori said he felt that developing Kefka's attacks such as "reverse magic" felt similar to development of the recurring minor character Gilgamesh's attacks, and that the staff enjoyed brainstorming the moves. [27] Kefka's Japanese voice actor, Shigeru Chiba, ad-libbed many lines, including shouting seafood words like "Pike!" "Yellowtail!" [28] Kefka returns again in the third title, Dissidia Final Fantasy NT , fighting as a champion of Spiritus.

Kefka makes cameo appearances in Itadaki Street Portable , Theatrhythm Final Fantasy , and Final Fantasy: All the Bravest as an antagonist. [17] [29] [30] He also appears as a huntable villain in a GREE social network card game called "Final Fantasy Artniks", where players must share information to find and defeat Kefka to earn rewards. [31] In Final Fantasy XIV , Kefka appears as one of Omega's creations in the final phase of Sigmascape — the second part of the Omega raid series. featured as part of the Stormblood expansion. Similarly, this new phase also draws heavily on themes and enemies from Final Fantasy VI.

Analysis

Kefka as the God of Magic has been compared to depictions of Lucifer Angelkefka.png
Kefka as the God of Magic has been compared to depictions of Lucifer

Konami video game developer Tomm Hulett described Kefka as a pure villain, stating "Unlike most Japanese stories, Kefka did not have shades of gray. He didn't have a tragic past that turned him into a sadistic clown that you felt sorry for him over. He didn't have some greater purpose that he lost sight of. Yet, at the same time, he wasn't 'evil for evil's sake.' There was something twisted and nasty inside him that MADE him that way... and you could feel it... but you also knew there wasn't any good in there." [32] That he is a central villain of the entire game also serves to intensify a players negative fixation on him. [32] In a review of Final Fantasy VI Advance, IGN stated "it's the game's maniacal nihilist Kefka that really stands out. [12] The most evil and destructive villain in the entire Final Fantasy franchise, Kefka's brutality and ruthlessness is unmatched and he has to be seen to be believed." [12] IGN also noted his ability to "tap into primal, instinctive fears", including fears of clowns. [33] CNet in their own review described him as "the unrivaled star of the show...he's the kind of villain that you will love to hate", comparing him to Jack Nicholson's portrayal of the Joker and calling his laugh one of the greatest sound effects in any video game. [34] Kotaku has called Kefka the greatest video game villain of all time, and attempted to explain players' lasting fascination by noting that he inspires such hatred that when his evil plans are finally thwarted, the sense of joy from victory is so much the greater. [14] GameSpy compared Kefka's final form as a representation of Lucifer, highlighted by his powerful "Fallen Angel" attack. [35] Another theory posited by GameSpot is that the intense reaction to Kefka stems from the fact that he is one of the few villains in Final Fantasy , or any game, that succeeds at his master plan before he is defeated. [36]

Cultural impact

Merchandise

In 2006, Kefka was made into a toy in the Final Fantasy Master Creatures line. [37] The figure is 6" tall from the bottom of the base, representing his final form from the game's conclusion. [37] A munny doll of Kefka in his human form was also created by Tomopop. [38] An album of the music from Final Fantasy VI entitled "Kefka's Domain" was released on July 1, 1994. [39] A figurine was created of Kefka for Square Enix's "Final Fantasy Creatures Kai Volume 5" in 2012. [40]

Reception

In a "Reader's Choice" edition of GameSpot's "Top Ten Video Game Villains", Kefka placed first, stating "Kefka topped many of your lists, as the villain who gave Sephiroth a run for his money in the status department. You love and hate Kefka, but you surely think he's about as vile and evil as evil gets." [41] In a similar article the boss battle against Kefka was voted by readers as one of the ten best in video games; GameSpot's staff noted "Kefka is one of the two bosses that won through the write-in ballot, meaning he wasn't on our main list of nominees. That means he's a serious favorite." [36]

Nintendo Power named Kefka the best villain to appear on Nintendo consoles in 1994, ranking higher than Donkey Kong Country 's King K. Rool and Marvel Comics' Carnage. [42] They again featured him in their January 2010 issue, ranking him as their third favorite Nintendo villain. [43] He also was ranked 3rd place in the "Our Favorite Villains," section of their "250 Reasons to Love Nintendo," article. He was described as "An insane, remorseless clown with godlike powers who wants to destroy everyone and everything (and comes frighteningly close to achieving his goal), Kefka is downright evil." [43] UGO.com named him third in their "Top 25 Japanese RPG Characters" article, stating "Insane, nihilistic, and cruel, Kefka isn't a reserved mystery like other Final Fantasy villains – rather, he's in-your-face at all times, doing dirty deeds just to say he did them." [44] Digital Spy states that he caused some of the most surprising moments in the Final Fantasy series when he destroyed the world. [45] IGN ranked him sixth on their list of the "Top 25" Final Fantasy characters of all time, noting that several factors, such as his dialogue and appearance, contributed to his memorability as a character; [33] in a "Reader's Choice" edition of the article he placed eighth, with similar comments. [6] He was also ranked 18th in IGN's "Top 100 Videogame Villains" list. [4] GamePro ranked him 33rd on the top 47 most diabolical video game villains of all time, citing both his "genocide" and his enslavement of Terra. [46] GamesRadar ranked him the most "outrageous camp bad guys", stating that when compared to Kefka, Final Fantasy VII antagonist Sephiroth seems as interesting as a dead accountant painted brown. [1] They also compared him to Batman antagonist the Joker, praising him for both his villainous ambition and his laugh. [1] GameSpy declared that Kefka is quite possibly the greatest video game villain of all time. [23]

Related Research Articles

<i>Final Fantasy IV</i> video game

Final Fantasy IV, known as Final Fantasy II for its initial North American release, is a role-playing video game developed and published by Square for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. Released in 1991, it is the fourth main installment of the Final Fantasy series. The game's story follows Cecil, a dark knight, as he tries to prevent the sorcerer Golbez from seizing powerful crystals and destroying the world. He is joined on this quest by a frequently changing group of allies. Final Fantasy IV introduced innovations that became staples of the Final Fantasy series and role-playing games in general. Its "Active Time Battle" system was used in five subsequent Final Fantasy games, and unlike prior games in the series, IV gave each character their own unchangeable character class.

<i>Final Fantasy III</i> video game

Final Fantasy III is a role-playing video game developed and published by Square in 1990 for the Family Computer as the third installment in the Final Fantasy series and the last main series game for the console. It is the first numbered Final Fantasy game to feature the job-change system. The story revolves around four orphaned youths drawn to a crystal of light. The crystal grants them some of its power, and instructs them to go forth and restore balance to the world. Not knowing what to make of the crystal's pronouncements, but nonetheless recognizing the importance of its words, the four inform their adoptive families of their mission and set out to explore and bring back balance to the world.

Cloud Strife protagonist in Final Fantasy VII

Cloud Strife is a fictional character and the main protagonist of Square's 1997 role-playing video game Final Fantasy VII and several of its sequels and spin-offs. In Final Fantasy VII, Cloud is a mercenary claiming to be formerly of SOLDIER, a group of elite supersoldiers employed by the Shinra Electric Power Company, a megacorporation responsible for draining the life from the planet. Fighting against Shinra in the resistance group AVALANCHE, and driven by a feud with the primary antagonist, Sephiroth, Cloud learns to accept his troubled past and adapts to his role as a leader. Cloud reappears as the protagonist in the 2005 computer-animated sequel film, Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children, in which he fights a new threat to the world while dealing with a sickness that infected his body. He acts in a supporting role in other Compilation of Final Fantasy VII titles, and is featured in several other games outside the Final Fantasy VII continuity. Additionally, he has been featured in Nintendo's Super Smash Bros. series, and the Kingdom Hearts series by Square Enix.

Sephiroth (<i>Final Fantasy</i>) character in Final Fantasy

Sephiroth is a fictional character and main antagonist in the role-playing video game Final Fantasy VII developed by Square. Character designer Tetsuya Nomura conceived and designed Sephiroth as an antagonist to - and direct physical opposite of - the game's main character, Cloud Strife. The character was voiced in Japanese by voice actor Toshiyuki Morikawa and in English by both Lance Bass in Kingdom Hearts and George Newbern in all his subsequent appearances.

<i>Final Fantasy XII</i> video game

Final Fantasy XII is a fantasy role-playing video game developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation 2 home video console. A part of the Final Fantasy series, the game was released in 2006. It introduced several innovations to the series: an open world, a seamless battle system, a controllable camera, a customizable "gambit" system, which lets the player control the artificial intelligence (AI) of characters in battle, a "license" system, which determines what abilities and equipment can be used by characters, and a hunting side quest, which allows the player to find and defeat increasingly difficult monsters in the game's open world. Final Fantasy XII also includes elements from previous games in the series, such as Chocobos and Moogles.

Tifa Lockhart character in Final Fantasy VII

Tifa Lockhart is a fictional character in Square's role-playing video game Final Fantasy VII. Created and designed by Tetsuya Nomura, she has since appeared in the fighting game Ehrgeiz and made cameo appearances in several other titles, as well as the CGI film sequel to Final Fantasy VII, Advent Children and related games and media in the Compilation of Final Fantasy VII series.

Takeharu Ishimoto is a Japanese video game composer and musician. Formerly employed by Square Enix, he joined them in 1999 as a synthesizer programmer on Legend of Mana, and worked for them on several games. In 2002, he was promoted to the role of composer, beginning with World Fantasista. He has since composed for several large-budget games, such as The World Ends with You, Dissidia: Final Fantasy, and Final Fantasy Type-0. In addition to his work for Square Enix, he is a composer and guitar player for the bands The Death March and SAWA. He left Square Enix at the end of 2017, becoming a freelancer.

Square's role-playing video game Final Fantasy VI features fourteen permanent player characters, the largest number of any game in the main Final Fantasy series, as well as a number of characters who are only briefly controlled by the player.

<i>Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep</i> video game

Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep is an action role-playing video game developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation Portable, serving as the sixth installment in the Kingdom Hearts series. The game was released on UMD in Japan on January 9, 2010, in North America on September 7, 2010 and in the PAL regions on September 10, 2010. An international version of the game titled Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep Final Mix was released in Japan in January 2011 featuring the changes made in the non-Japanese versions.

Tidus Final Fantasy character

Tidus is a fictional video game character in Square Enix's Final Fantasy series. He was introduced as the protagonist of the role-playing video game, Final Fantasy X, in 2001 as a 17-year-old expert in the fictional sport of blitzball from the city of Zanarkand. After a mysterious creature named Sin attacks his hometown, Tidus is apparently transported to the world of Spira. Shortly after his arrival he meets Yuna, a new summoner, and her guardians. The summoner will soon set out on a pilgrimage to destroy the creature which attacked Tidus' city; by joining them, Tidus hopes to find his way home. He has appeared in other video games, including the Final Fantasy X sequel Final Fantasy X-2, the Kingdom Hearts series, and several Square Enix crossover games.

<i>Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy</i> video game

Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy is a 2011 fighting game published by Square Enix for the PlayStation Portable as part of the Final Fantasy series. It was developed by the company's 1st Production Department and released in Japan on March 3, 2011. The game is both a prequel and remake of Dissidia Final Fantasy, revealing what occurred before the events of its predecessor, and was released on March 22, 2011 in North America.

<i>Final Fantasy</i> (video game) 1987 video game

Final Fantasy is a fantasy role-playing video game developed and published by Square in 1987. It is the first game in Square's Final Fantasy series, created by Hironobu Sakaguchi. Originally released for the NES, Final Fantasy was remade for several video game consoles and is frequently packaged with Final Fantasy II in video game collections. The story follows four youths called the Light Warriors, who each carry one of their world's four elemental orbs which have been darkened by the four Elemental Fiends. Together, they quest to defeat these evil forces, restore light to the orbs, and save their world.

<i>Final Fantasy Artniks</i>

Final Fantasy Artniks is a Japanese video game developed by Square Enix and the GREE social network. It is the second Final Fantasy social game and the second game developed with GREE.

<i>Dissidia Final Fantasy NT</i> fighting game with action role-playing elements

Dissidia Final Fantasy NT is a fighting game with action role-playing elements developed by Koei Tecmo's Team Ninja and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation 4. The game is a follow-up to Dissidia Final Fantasy and Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy, released for PlayStation Portable, and similarly allows players to battle one another using many characters from the Final Fantasy series. The game is a console port of the 2015 Japanese arcade game Dissidia Final Fantasy, and it released worldwide in January 2018.

Tetsuya Nomura is a Japanese video game artist, designer and director working for Square Enix. He designed characters for the Final Fantasy series, debuting with Final Fantasy VI and continuing with various later installments. Additionally, Nomura has helmed the development of the Kingdom Hearts series since its debut in 2002 and was also the director for the CGI film Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 David Houghton (November 17, 2008). "The Top 7... Outrageous Camp Bad Guys". GamesRadar . Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  2. "Interview". Japan: Final Fantasy (in Japanese). NTT Publishing. August 11, 1994. pp. 108–109. ISBN   4-87188-338-8.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Ramsey Isler (December 17, 2007). "Gaming to Anime: Final Fantasy VI". IGN. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "The Top 100 Video Game Villain: Kefka is number 18". IGN. Archived from the original on June 4, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  5. 1 2 Yoshinori Kitase (August 27, 2009). "The Making of Dissidia Final Fantasy - Final Words from the Producer". 1UP.com . UGO Networks. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  6. 1 2 Phil Pirrello (May 20, 2008). "Final Fantasy Reader's Choice". IGN. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  7. Square Co., Ltd.. Final Fantasy VI (in English). (Square Soft). Super NES. (October 11, 1994 (NA)) "Kefka: Hee Hee! Nothing beats the music of hundreds of voices screaming in unison! Uwaa-haa-haa!" / (Kefka dumps the poison into Doma's river)
  8. 1 2 Square Co., Ltd.. Final Fantasy VI (in English). (Square Soft). Super NES. (October 11, 1994 (NA)) "Unidentified Returner: We won't let you harm another living being! // Kefka: Hee-hee-hee! But what's the fun in destruction if there are no "precious" lives lost?
  9. Square Enix (August 25, 2009). Dissidia: Final Fantasy . Square Enix. Kefka: It's not enough... Destroy more... Have got to destroy more! / Terra: Just stop! None of this makes any sense! / Kefka: (chuckles weakly) Destruction isn't supposed to make sense! It's only fun when it's senseless! Why create, when it will only be destroyed? Why cling to life, knowing that you have to die? None of it will have meant anything once you do. / Terra: We live to protect what we hold dear. As long as you have that, you can find the meaning on your own. / Kefka: Meaning, schmeaning. The whole world's going bye-bye! You included! Life... Dreams... Hope... Where do they come from, and where do they go? None of that junk is enough to fulfill your hearts! Destruction... Destruction is what makes life worth living! Destroy! Destroy! Destroy! LET'S DESTROY EVERYTHING! (Explodes, then utters a sobbing laugh) / Terra: It was your broken heart. You were trying to fill it with destruction
  10. Chad Concelmo (June 27, 2012). "The ten best video game laughs EVER!". Destructoid. Archived from the original on July 1, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  11. Square Co., Ltd. (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy VI (in English). Square Soft. Vector citizen: Here's one for you... That guy Kefka? He was Cid's first experimental Magitek knight. But the process wasn't perfect yet. Something snapped in Kefka that day...
  12. 1 2 3 Jeremy Dunham (February 15, 2007). "Final Fantasy VI Advance Review". IGN. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  13. Square Co., Ltd. (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III. Super NES. Square Soft. Wedge: Not to worry. The Slave Crown on her head robs her of all conscious thought. She'll follow our orders.
  14. 1 2 Jason Cipriano (March 14, 2013). "Why Final Fantasy VI's Kefka is the Best Video Game Villain of All Time". Kotaku . Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  15. Square Co., Ltd. (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy VI (in English). Square Soft. Leo: Kefka! What do you think you're doing!? / Kefka: Hee-hee-hee... Emperor's orders! I'm to turn all these Espers into magicite. Behold! A magicite mother lode!
  16. Square Co., Ltd. (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III. Super NES. Square Soft. Kefka: G'ha, ha, ha! Emperor's orders! I'm to bring the Magicite remains of these Espers to his excellency! Behold! A Magicite mother lode!!
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 Yoshinori Kitase (October 30, 2009). "Big Boss of the Day: Final Fantasy's Kefka". IGN. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  18. Square Enix (January 15, 2014). Final Fantasy VI (in English). Square Enix. Kefka: Gods, you were born to fight! Now is the time! I implore you...show me your power! // (Kefka attempts to get between the statues only to be knocked back, before eventually forcing himself in) // Kefka: Let me in here! Grrr...! // (the statues then begin glowing ominously, only to end, causing Kefka to look around in irritation) // Kefka: Now listen to me! No more playing games! I command you... Show me your power! // Gestahl: Kefka, stop! If you revive them, they'll destroy the very world we want to rule! There's no value in that! // Kefka: Shut up! // Gestahl: Kefka! Are you mad!? // Kefka: Mad...? Emperor Gestahl, what are you saying? This is the perfect chance to show them the power of the Warring Triad!
  19. Square Co., Ltd. (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy VI (in English). Square Soft. Celes: Oh, that's really smart, Kefka! Disturb their delicate balance, and they'll go haywire...!
  20. Square Co., Ltd. (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy VI (in English). Super NES. Square Soft. Kefka: I will destroy everything... I will create a monument to non-existence! / Unidentified party member: Life will go on! There will always be people, and dreams! / Kefka: No! I will hunt them down. I will destroy it all! Destroy! Destroy! Destroy!!
  21. Square Co., Ltd. (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy VI (in English). Super NES. Square Soft. Kefka: I've tapped into the ultimate power. Observe...! / ... /Kefka: This is sickening... You sound like chapters from a self-help booklet! Prepare yourselves!
  22. Square Co., Ltd. (November 30, 2006). Final Fantasy VI Advanced (in English). Square Enix. Kefka: Life... Dreams... Hope... Where do they come from? And where do they go...? Such meaningless things... I'll destroy them all!! (laughs)
  23. 1 2 Ryan Scott (July 30, 2009). "The Villains of Dissidia Final Fantasy: Kefka Palazzo". GameSpy . Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  24. Anoop Gantayat (February 25, 2011). "Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy: Gilgamesh and More Another Forms". Andriasang. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  25. Anoop Gantayat (December 21, 2010). "Nomura and Takahashi on Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy". andraisang. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  26. Michael A. Cunningham (January 1, 2011). "Inside Gaming - Interview with Former Square Enix Translator Tom Slattery". RPGamer. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  27. Spencer (February 22, 2011). "A Few More Details About Gilgamesh, Dissidia 012". Siliconera. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  28. Makoeyes98 (February 12, 2009). "Chapter EX Director Section II Part 6- Interview with Tetsuya Nomura". thelifestream.net. pp. 696–699. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  29. Justin Davis (January 18, 2013). "Final Fantasy All The Bravest Review". IGN. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  30. JC Fletcher (July 2, 2012). "Theatrhythm Final Fantasy review: More fun to play than to say". joystiq. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  31. Spencer (January 11, 2013). "Final Fantasy Artniks Has 1 Million Users, I Wonder How Many Killed Sephiroth". Siliconera. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  32. 1 2 Tom Hulett (October 9, 2006). "Why FFVI is so freaking great. (updated)". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  33. 1 2 Dave Smith (May 15, 2008). "Top 25 Final Fantasy Characters - Day IV". IGN. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  34. Greg Mueller (February 13, 2007). "Final Fantasy VI Advance (Game Boy Advance)". CNet . Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  35. GameSpy Staff (October 16, 2009). "GameSpy's Favorite Videogame Bosses". GameSpy . Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  36. 1 2 Gamespot Staff (January 12, 2004). "TenSpot Reader's Choice: Top Ten Boss Fights". GameSpot . Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  37. 1 2 "Square-Enix Final Fantasy Master Creatures Cefca Palazzo Figure". Amazon.com . Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  38. K. Thor Jensen (July 10, 2008). "Today in Joystiq". joystiq. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  39. Damian Thomas (January 1, 1994). "Kefka's Domain: The complete soundtrack from the Final Fantasy III video game". RPGFan. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  40. Rio McCarthy (August 30, 2012). "Final Fantasy's Kefka shows his devious face!". TomoPop. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  41. GameSpot Staff. "TenSpot Reader's Choice: Top Ten Video Game Villains". GameSpot . Archived from the original on November 7, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  42. Staff (May 1995). "Nintendo Power Awards". Nintendo Power . 72: 52.
  43. 1 2 "250 Reasons to Love Nintendo" (PDF). Nintendo Power . South San Francisco, California: Future US (250): 42. January 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 29, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  44. K. Thor Jensen. "Top 25 Japanese RPG Characters". UGO.com . UGO Networks. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2008.
  45. Matthew Reynolds (November 4, 2012). "Final Fantasy retrospective: A look back at 25 years of the RPG series". GameSpy . Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  46. GamePro Staff (April 2, 2008). "The 47 Most Diabolical Video-Game Villains of All Time". GamePro . Retrieved March 14, 2013.