Keihan Electric Railway

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Keihan Electric Railway
Keihan railway logo.svg
Keihan Electric Railway Linemap.svg
Headquarters Osaka, Japan
Locale Kansai region, Japan
Dates of operation1910
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Length91.1 km (56.6 mi)
Website Keihan Electric Railway

Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (京阪電気鉄道株式会社, Keihan Denki Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka, Kyoto, and Shiga Prefectures. It is known as "Keihan" (京阪), "Keihan Dentetsu" (京阪電鉄) or "Keihan Densha" (京阪電車).


It is subsidiary of Keihan Holdings, Ltd. (TYO : 9045).


Keihan started its operation between Osaka and Kyoto in 1910. It was the first electric railway to connect these two cities, and the first line on the left bank of Yodo River. Keihan later purchased the lines in the Ōtsu area (Ōtsu Lines).

In the 1920s, Keihan built another Osaka-Kyoto line through its subsidiary Shinkeihan Railway (新京阪鉄道, Shin-keihan-tetsudō), which merged into Keihan in 1930. This line is now known as the Hankyu Kyoto Line.

In 1943, with the power given by the Land Transport Business Coordination Act ( 陸上交通事業調整法 , rikujō-kōtsū-jigyō-chōsei-hō) (Act No. 71 of 1938), the wartime government of Japan forced Keihan to merge with Hanshin Kyūkō Railway to form Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway (京阪神急行電鉄, Keihanshin Kyūkō Dentetsu). In 1949, the pre-war Keihan operations, except for Shinkeihan lines, restored independence under the original corporate name. Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway later changed the name to present Hankyu Railway.


The lines operated by Keihan are grouped into Keihan Lines and Ōtsu Lines. The former operates between Kyoto and Osaka with long formation of larger rolling stock. The latter runs Kyoto and Ōtsu with more tram-like cars. The entire network has 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge double track.

Current lines

Keihan Lines

Ōtsu Lines

Other lines

  • Cable Line (鋼索線), also called Iwashimizu-Hachimangū Cable (石清水八幡宮参道ケーブル)

Closed lines

Unbuilt line

Rolling stock

As of 1 April 2016, Keihan owns a fleet of 693 vehicles (including two funicular cars), as follows. [1]

Keihan Lines

Ōtsu Lines

Former rolling stock


Yawatashi Station Yawatashi Station Yawata JPN 001.jpg
Yawatashi Station
Keihan Bus Keihanbus yamashina-office introduction photo.JPG
Keihan Bus

Train fare varies based on travel distance. As of January 1, 2009, IC cards (PiTaPa and ICOCA) are accepted on the Keihan Lines and the Otsu Lines, but not on the Cable Line. The fare rate was changed on April 1, 2014 to reflect the change in the rate of consumption tax from 5% to 8%. [2]

Keihan Lines (Keihan Main Line, Oto Line, Nakanoshima Line, Katano Line, Uji Line)

Current and Historical Fare of Keihan Lines
Fare (JPY)
April 1, 2014 [2]
October 19, 2008
Oto Line: 60 yen
Nakanoshima Line (Nakanoshima - Oebashi): 60 yen

Otsu Lines (Keishin Line, Ishiyama Sakamoto Line)

Current and Historical Fare of Otsu Lines
Fare (JPY)
April 1, 2014 [2]
October 19, 2008

Cable line

200 yen


The name Keihan, which is also used for the Kyoto-Osaka region, is derived from the words Kyoto and Osaka in Japanese, and is a clipped compound of the names, with the reading of the characters changed: Kyōto (京都) and Ōsaka (大阪) are combined to Keihan (京阪), replacing the go-on reading kyō () and kun'yomi saka () with the kan-on readings kei () and han (). This is commonly done in names for regions or train lines, with (as here) the kan-on readings (most common readings in kanji compounds) being used for the compounds, while the place names use other readings. The larger region, including Kobe (神戸, Kōbe), is similarly called Keihanshin (京阪神, Keihanshin), the go-on reading shin () replacing the kun'yomi (), and the corresponding Kyoto-Kobe line is the Keishin (京神, Keishin) line.

Other businesses

Keihan also operates (through the subsidiaries) other businesses such as bus, taxi, water bus, hotel, department store and amusement park, mainly in the area along its railway system.

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  1. 私鉄車両編成表 2016 [Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations - 2016] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 25 July 2016. pp. 134–137. ISBN   978-4-330-70116-5.
  2. 1 2 3 Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (March 4, 2014). "平成26年4月1日(火)からの消費税率引上げに伴う旅客運賃の認可および改定について" (PDF). Retrieved October 19, 2014.