Keihan Electric Railway

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Keihan Electric Railway
Keihan railway logo.svg
Keihan Electric Railway Linemap.svg
Overview
Headquarters Osaka, Japan
Locale Kansai region, Japan
Dates of operation1910
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Length91.1 km (56.6 mi)
Other
Website Keihan Electric Railway

Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (京阪電気鉄道株式会社, Keihan Denki Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka, Kyoto, and Shiga Prefectures. It is known as "Keihan" (京阪), "Keihan Dentetsu" (京阪電鉄) or "Keihan Densha" (京阪電車).

Contents

It is subsidiary of Keihan Holdings, Ltd. (TYO : 9045).

History

Keihan started its operation between Osaka and Kyoto in 1910. It was the first electric railway to connect these two cities, and the first line on the left bank of Yodo River. Keihan later purchased the lines in the Ōtsu area (Ōtsu Lines).

In the 1920s, Keihan built another Osaka-Kyoto line through its subsidiary Shinkeihan Railway (新京阪鉄道, Shin-keihan-tetsudō), which merged into Keihan in 1930. This line is now known as the Hankyu Kyoto Line.

In 1943, with the power given by the Land Transport Business Coordination Act ( 陸上交通事業調整法 , rikujō-kōtsū-jigyō-chōsei-hō) (Act No. 71 of 1938), the wartime government of Japan forced Keihan to merge with Hanshin Kyūkō Railway to form Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway (京阪神急行電鉄, Keihanshin Kyūkō Dentetsu). In 1949, the pre-war Keihan operations, except for Shinkeihan lines, restored independence under the original corporate name. Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway later changed the name to present Hankyu Railway.

Lines

The lines operated by Keihan are grouped into Keihan Lines and Ōtsu Lines. The former operates between Kyoto and Osaka with long formation of larger rolling stock. The latter runs Kyoto and Ōtsu with more tram-like cars. The entire network has 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge double track.

Current lines

Keihan Lines

Ōtsu Lines

Other lines

  • Cable Line (鋼索線), also called Iwashimizu-Hachimangū Cable (石清水八幡宮参道ケーブル)

Closed lines

Unbuilt line

Rolling stock

As of 1 April 2016, Keihan owns a fleet of 693 vehicles (including two funicular cars), as follows. [1]

Keihan Lines

Ōtsu Lines

Former rolling stock

Fares

Yawatashi Station Yawatashi Station Yawata JPN 001.jpg
Yawatashi Station
Keihan Bus Keihanbus yamashina-office introduction photo.JPG
Keihan Bus

Train fare varies based on travel distance. As of January 1, 2009, IC cards (PiTaPa and ICOCA) are accepted on the Keihan Lines and the Otsu Lines, but not on the Cable Line. The fare rate was changed on April 1, 2014 to reflect the change in the rate of consumption tax from 5% to 8%. [2]

Keihan Lines (Keihan Main Line, Oto Line, Nakanoshima Line, Katano Line, Uji Line)

Current and Historical Fare of Keihan Lines
Distance
(km)
Fare (JPY)
effective
April 1, 2014 [2]
effective
October 19, 2008
1-3150150
4-7210200
8-12270260
13-17310300
18-22330320
23-28350340
29-34370360
35-40390380
41-46400390
47-52410400
53-54420410
Oto Line: 60 yen
Nakanoshima Line (Nakanoshima - Oebashi): 60 yen

Otsu Lines (Keishin Line, Ishiyama Sakamoto Line)

Current and Historical Fare of Otsu Lines
Distance
(km)
Fare (JPY)
effective
April 1, 2014 [2]
effective
October 19, 2008
1-5170160
6-10240230
11-15320310

Cable line

200 yen

Etymology

The name Keihan, which is also used for the Kyoto-Osaka region, is derived from the words Kyoto and Osaka in Japanese, and is a clipped compound of the names, with the reading of the characters changed: Kyōto (京都) and Ōsaka (大阪) are combined to Keihan (京阪), replacing the go-on reading kyō () and kun'yomi saka () with the kan-on readings kei () and han (). This is commonly done in names for regions or train lines, with (as here) the kan-on readings (most common readings in kanji compounds) being used for the compounds, while the place names use other readings. The larger region, including Kobe (神戸, Kōbe), is similarly called Keihanshin (京阪神, Keihanshin), the go-on reading shin () replacing the kun'yomi (), and the corresponding Kyoto-Kobe line is the Keishin (京神, Keishin) line.

Other businesses

Keihan also operates (through the subsidiaries) other businesses such as bus, taxi, water bus, hotel, department store and amusement park, mainly in the area along its railway system.

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Yodoyabashi Station Railway and metro station in Osaka, Japan

Yodoyabashi Station is a railway station on the Osaka Metro Midosuji Line and the Keihan Railway Keihan Main Line. It is the nearest station to the Osaka City Hall.

Keihan Main Line

The Keihan Main Line is a railway line in Japan operated by Keihan Electric Railway. The line runs between Sanjō Station in Kyoto and Yodoyabashi Station in Osaka. There are through services to the Keihan Ōtō Line and the Keihan Nakanoshima Line. Trains from Kyoto to Osaka are treated as "down" trains, and from Osaka to Kyoto as "up" trains.

In Japanese, Keihan may refer to:

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Keihan Keishin Line

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Keihan 13000 series Japanese train type

The Keihan 13000 series is an electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type operated by the private railway operator Keihan Electric Railway on the Keihan Uji Line and other lines in Kyoto, Japan, since April 2012. The initial order consisted of five 4-car sets, intended to replace 20 life-expired 2600 series vehicles, and as of 1 April 2015, the fleet consists of six four-car sets and two seven-car sets.

Keihan 8000 series An electric multiple unit train type operated in Japan by Keihan Electric Railway since 1989

The Keihan 8000 series is an electric multiple unit (EMU) limited express train type operated by the private railway operator Keihan Electric Railway in Japan since 1989.

In linguistics, a clipped compound is a word produced from a compound word by reducing its parts while retaining the meaning of the original compound. It is a special case of word formation called clipping.

Keihan 800 series An electric multiple unit train type operated in Japan since 1997

The Keihan 800 series is a class of electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter trains operated since 1997 by the privately owned Keihan Electric Railway on its Keihan Keishin Line and the Kyoto Municipal Subway Tozai Line in Japan.

Keihan Bus

The KEIHAN BUS Co.Ltd. is a bus company within the Keihan Group which was established on 22 July 1922 as Momoyama Car Company(桃山自動車株式会社) of the Keihan Electric Railway bus department. And, service areas are which are run by Keihan Electric Railway in Osaka, South of Kyoto, Ōtsu.

Keihan 7000 series Japanese train type

The Keihan 7000 series is an electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type operated by the private railway operator Keihan Electric Railway in Kyoto, Japan, since 1989.

References

  1. 私鉄車両編成表 2016 [Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations - 2016] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 25 July 2016. pp. 134–137. ISBN   978-4-330-70116-5.
  2. 1 2 3 Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (March 4, 2014). "平成26年4月1日(火)からの消費税率引上げに伴う旅客運賃の認可および改定について" (PDF). Retrieved October 19, 2014.