Keihan Keishin Line

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Keihan Keishin Line
Number prefix Otsu lines.png

Keihan 800 series street (24109817045).jpg

A Keihan 800 series train on the street-running section
Overview
Native name京阪京津線
Locale Kyoto Prefecture and Shiga Prefecture
Services 7
Operation
Operator(s) Keihan Electric Railway
Technical
Line length 7.5 km (4.7 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

The Keishin Line(京津線,Keishin-sen) is an interurban railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Keihan Electric Railway. The 7.5 km line connects Misasagi Station in Kyoto and Biwako-Hamaōtsu Station in the neighbouring city of Ōtsu.

Interurban

The interurban is a type of electric railway, with streetcar-like light electric self-propelled railcars which run within and between cities or towns. They were prevalent in North America between 1900 and 1925 and were used primarily for passenger travel between cities and their surrounding suburban and rural communities. Limited examples existed in Europe and Asia. Interurban as a term encompassed the companies, their infrastructure, and the cars that ran on the rails.

A private railroad is a railroad run by a private business entity, as opposed to a railroad run by a public sector.

Keihan Electric Railway Japanese railway company

Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka, Kyoto, and Shiga Prefectures. It is known as "Keihan" (京阪), "Keihan Dentetsu" (京阪電鉄) or "Keihan Densha" (京阪電車).

Contents

Train service

Except trains between Shinomiya Station and Hamaōtsu Station in early morning and late night, all trains go directly from Hamaōtsu Station to Kyoto Shiyakusho-mae Station or Uzumasa Tenjingawa Station on the Kyoto Subway Tōzai Line. During off peak hours, the line operates four services an hour.

Kyoto Shiyakusho-mae Station metro station in Kyoto, Kyoto prefecture, Japan

Kyoto Shiyakusho-mae Station is a stop on the Tozai Line of Kyoto Municipal Subway in Kyoto, Japan. It is in Nakagyo-ku. With the station number designation T12, its station color is kara kurenai. Because it lies beneath the Kawaramachi-Oike intersection, the station also carries signs with the name Kawaramachi Oike.

Uzumasa Tenjingawa Station metro station in Kyoto, Kyoto prefecture, Japan

Uzumasa Tenjingawa Station is a train station on the Kyoto Municipal Subway Tōzai Line, in Ukyō-ku ward, city of Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.

Stations and connecting lines

No.StationTransfersLocation
Operations continue to Uzumasa Tenjingawa Station on the Kyoto Municipal Subway Tōzai Line.
T08 Misasagi Subway KyotoTozai.png Kyoto Municipal Subway Tozai Line (through trains) Yamashina-ku,
Kyoto
OT31 Keihan Yamashina JR West (Yamashina Station)
  A   Tōkaidō Line (Biwako Line)
  B   Kosei Line
Subway KyotoTozai.png Kyoto Municipal Subway Tozai Line (T07: Yamashina Station)
OT32 Shinomiya
OT33 Oiwake Ōtsu, Shiga
OT34 Ōtani
OT35 Kamisakaemachi
OT12 Biwako-Hamaōtsu Keihan Ishiyama Sakamoto Line
Abandoned stations

Abandoned section

The station list is as of 1997 when the section was abandoned due to replacement by the Tōzai Line subway. It also lists the corresponding subway stations that replaced the Keishin Line stations.

Tōzai Line (Kyoto) Kyoto Municipal Subway line

The Tozai Line is a Kyoto Municipal Subway line which runs from the southeastern area of the city, then east to west through the Kyoto downtown area. The Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau operates the system along with the Karasuma Line and the City Bus. The present terminal stations are Rokujizo Station in Uji and Uzumasa Tenjingawa Station in Ukyō-ku, Kyoto. It handles an average of 120,000 passengers daily.

Station Connection / note Replaced by Location
Keishin-Sanjō Keihan Main Line, Keihan Ōtō Line Sanjō-Keihan Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto
Higashiyama-Sanjō Higashiyama
Heianjingū-maeAbandoned in 1944
OkazakimichiAbandoned in 1931
Keage Keage
Kujōyama Yamashina-ku, Kyoto
Hinooka Misasagi
Misasagi

Rolling stock

History

The line was built in 1912 (dual track electrified at 600 V DC) to connect the city centers of Kyoto and Ōtsu by electric streetcars, as the steam-powered Tōkaidō Main Line was an indirect route between the two cities before its realignment in 1921.[ citation needed ]

Tram vehicle used for tramway traffic

A tram is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets; some include segments of segregated right-of-way. The lines or networks operated by tramcars are called tramways. Historically the term electric street railways was also used in the United States. In the United States, the term tram has sometimes been used for rubber-tyred trackless trains, which are unrelated to other kinds of trams.

Steam locomotive railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine

A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine. These locomotives are fueled by burning combustible material – usually coal, wood, or oil – to produce steam in a boiler. The steam moves reciprocating pistons which are mechanically connected to the locomotive's main wheels (drivers). Both fuel and water supplies are carried with the locomotive, either on the locomotive itself or in wagons (tenders) pulled behind.

Tōkaidō Main Line railway line in Japan

The Tōkaidō Main Line is a major Japanese railway line of the Japan Railways Group network, connecting Tokyo and Kōbe stations. It is 515.4 km (320.3 mi) long, not counting its many freight feeder lines around the major cities. The high-speed Tōkaidō Shinkansen largely parallels the line.

The busiest section of the line, between Keishin-Sanjō Station and Misasagi Station, was replaced in 1997 by the Kyoto Subway Tōzai Line, and the voltage increased to 1,500 V DC in conjunction with this project.[ citation needed ] One of the aims of the realignment was to move the tracks underground in the Kyoto area, in order to remove the former alignment along public roads. The line retains its public road alignment in Ōtsu.[ citation needed ]

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Kyoto Line (Kintetsu) railway line owned by Kintetsu in Japans Kinki region

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Sanjō Station (Kyoto) railway station in Kyoto, Kyoto prefecture, Japan

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Rokujizō Station railway station in Uji, and Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto prefecture, Japan

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Kosei Line railway line in Japan

The Kosei Line is a commuter rail line in Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, operated by West Japan Railway Company. The line was completed in 1974 by the former Japanese National Railways (JNR) to provide faster access from the Kansai region to the Hokuriku region. It originates at Yamashina Station in Yamashina-ku, Kyoto and ends at Ōmi-Shiotsu Station in Nagahama, Shiga.

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Karasuma Oike Station metro station in Kyoto, Kyoto prefecture, Japan

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Yamashina Station railway station and metro station in Kyoto, Kyoto prefecture, Japan

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Misasagi Station railway station and metro station in Kyoto, Kyoto prefecture, Japan

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Keage Station metro station in Kyoto, Kyoto prefecture, Japan

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Zeze Station railway station in Otsu, Shiga prefecture, Japan

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Keihan Ishiyama Sakamoto Line railway line in Otsu, Shiga prefecture, Japan

The Keihan Ishiyama Sakamoto Line is a railway line in Shiga Prefecture, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Keihan Electric Railway.

Biwako-Hamaōtsu Station railway station in Ōtsu, Shiga Prefecture, Japan

Biwako-Hamaōtsu Station is a Keihan Railway railway station in Ōtsu, Shiga Prefecture, Japan.

Kamisakaemachi Station railway station in Otsu, Shiga prefecture, Japan

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References

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.