Kelvedon Hatch

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Kelvedon Hatch
St Nicholas, Kelvedon Hatch, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 334867.jpg
St Nicholas, Kelvedon Hatch
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Kelvedon Hatch
Location within Essex
Area0.647 km2 (0.250 sq mi)
Population2,434 (2019 estimate, BUA)
2,541 (2011 Census parish) [1]
  Density 3,762/km2 (9,740/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ576986
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRENTWOOD
Postcode district CM15
Dialling code 01277
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°39′48″N0°16′42″E / 51.6633°N 0.2783°E / 51.6633; 0.2783 Coordinates: 51°39′48″N0°16′42″E / 51.6633°N 0.2783°E / 51.6633; 0.2783

Kelvedon Hatch is a village in civil parish of Kelvedon Hatch, in the Borough of Brentwood in south Essex, England. It is situated just north of Pilgrims Hatch, approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) to the north of Brentwood and is surrounded by Metropolitan Green Belt. In 2019 the built up area had an estimated population of 2,434. [2] The parish had a population of 2,563 in 2001, [3] reducing to 2,541 at the 2011 Census. [1]

Contents

It is home to the Kelvedon Hatch Secret Nuclear Bunker, the largest and deepest cold war bunker open to the public in South East England. The Coppice, Kelvedon Hatch, is a biological Site of Special Scientific Interest.

History

The name is recorded variously as Kelenduna, Kalenduna and Kelvenduna in the Domesday Book with the latter meaning Speckled Hill. From its early days in the Mediaeval period until the mid-20th century the main activity in Kelvedon Hatch was agriculture. Records from 1871 show 82 households, of which showed only 3 'white collar' households and 4 landowners or of independent means, with the majority of the rest engaged in a local agricultural economy. During the Victorian years, however, many younger people gravitated towards the main towns, encouraged by railway links at Ongar and Brentwood and the decline in the local 'agriconomy' has its roots in that exodus.

Kelvedon Hall and other mansions

First mentioned in the Domesday Book, the main estate building of the village was Kelvedon Hall. The manor was sold to John Wright, a yeoman from South Weald, in 1538 and it remained in the family until the early 20th century; the manor house was rebuilt in the 18th century by the seventh John Wright. In 1937 the property was bought by Sir Henry 'Chips' and Lady Honor Channon who restored the house and built the entrance gateway and lodges. In World War II it was used as a Red Cross convalescent home. [4]

Other mansions in the area of Kelvedon Hatch are Brizes, originally built in the late 15th century with the current building on the site dating back to the 1720s; and Great Myles, named for Miles de Muntenay, dating back to the Domesday Book but was largely demolished in 1837 although a few subsidiary buildings remain today.

To the west of Kelvedon Hatch in Navestock Parish lies Dudbrook Hall, once owned by the Waldegrave family and which dates back to 1602. During World War II it was used to billet RAF officers based at Stapleford [5] and Weald aerodromes. It is now a care home for the elderly. [6] 51°39′49″N0°14′55″E / 51.663547°N 0.248603°E / 51.663547; 0.248603

The medieval parish church of St Nicholas was replaced by a Victorian one in 1895.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Borough of Brentwood Place in England

The Borough of Brentwood is a local government district and borough in Essex in the East of England.

Chipping Ongar Human settlement in England

Chipping Ongar is a small market town in the civil parish of Ongar, in the Epping Forest District of the county of Essex, England. It is located 6 miles (10 km) east of Epping, 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Harlow and 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Brentwood. For population details taken at the 2011 Census see under the civil parish of Ongar.

Epping and Ongar Rural District was a rural district in the county of Essex, England from 1955 to 1974.

Epping Ongar Railway

The Epping Ongar Railway is a heritage railway in south-west Essex, England, run by a small number of paid staff and a team of volunteers. It was the final section of the Great Eastern Railway branch line, later the London Underground's Central line from Loughton via Epping to Ongar, with intermediate stations at North Weald and Blake Hall. The line was closed by London Underground in 1994 and sold in 1998. It reopened between 2004 and 2007 as a preserved railway, offering a volunteer-run Class 117 DMU service between Ongar and Coopersale. A change of ownership in 2007 led to the line being closed for restoration to a heritage steam railway, which opened on 25 May 2012.

Brentwood and Ongar (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Brentwood and Ongar is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Alex Burghart, a Conservative. He is currently Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Prime Minister serving with fellow Conservative, Trudy Harrison.

Weald Country Park

Weald Country Park is a 700-year-old, 500 acre (2 km²) country park in South Weald in the borough of Brentwood in the English county of Essex. It is on the north-east fringe of Greater London.

Pilgrims Hatch Human settlement in England

Pilgrims Hatch is a residential suburb of Brentwood, Essex, in the east of England. There is a borough council ward bearing the name 'Pilgrims Hatch' which covers the Bishops Hall and Flower estates and a small rural area to the north up to Ashwells Road and Days Lane. Pilgrims Hatch usually elects Liberal Democrat councillors. It has a population of around 6,000 people.

Navestock Human settlement in England

Navestock is a civil parish in the Borough of Brentwood in south Essex, in the East of England region of the United Kingdom. It is located approximately 5 km (3.1 mi) northwest of the town of Brentwood and the M25 motorway cuts through the western edge of the parish. It covers an area of in excess of 1800 hectares and had a population of 510 in 2001, increasing to 585 in 2011. The name means ‘the stump on the headland’, which reflects its topography and landscape.

Stondon Massey Human settlement in England

Stondon Massey is a village and civil parish in the Brentwood district of Essex, England. The village is to the north of Brentwood, between Blackmore and Doddinghurst.

Stapleford Abbotts Human settlement in England

Stapleford Abbotts is a village and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex, approximately 9 km (5.6 mi) SW of Ongar, 7 km (4.3 mi) N of Romford and 8 km (5.0 mi) SSE of Epping. The whole parish is within the M25 motorway. The village covers 957 hectares and had a population of 959 in 2001, increasing to 1,008 at the 2011 Census.

Cocking, West Sussex Human settlement in England

Cocking is a village, parish and civil parish in the Chichester district of West Sussex, England. The village is about three miles (5 km) south of Midhurst on the main A286 road to Chichester.

North Weald Human settlement in England

North Weald is a village in the civil parish of North Weald Bassett in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England. The village is within the North Weald Ridges and Valleys landscape area.

South Weald is a mainly farmland and park settlement in the Borough of Brentwood in Essex, England. The civil parish of South Weald was absorbed by Brentwood Urban District in 1934. In 1931 the civil parish had a population of 6370.

Hundred of Ongar was an ancient hundred in the west of the county of Essex, England. Hundred of Ongar was centred on the town of Chipping Ongar.

Stanford Rivers Human settlement in England

Stanford Rivers is a village and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England. The parish, which is approximately 11 miles (18 km) west from the county town of Chelmsford, contains the village of Toot Hill and the hamlet of Little End, both settlements larger than Stanford Rivers village, and the hamlet of Clatterford End. The village is 2.0 miles (3 km) south-east of Chipping Ongar, 3 miles (5 km) south-west of North Weald Bassett and 3 miles north-west of Kelvedon Hatch. The parish covers an area of 1,749 hectares.

Scawsby Village in South Yorkshire, England

Scawsby is a village and community area on the west of Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England on the A635, close to the A1(M). It was historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire. It is about 2 miles north-west of Doncaster and about 4.5 miles north-east of Conisbrough.

Epping, Essex Town and parish in Essex, England

Epping is a market town and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of the County of Essex, England. The town is 17 miles (30 km) northeast from the centre of London, is surrounded by the northern end of Epping Forest, and on a ridge of land between the River Roding and River Lea valleys.

Colliers Hatch Human settlement in England

Colliers Hatch, is a hamlet in the civil parish of Stapleford Tawney in the Epping Forest district of the county of Essex, England. It is approximately 2 miles (3 km) east of Epping, 3.5 miles (6 km) west of Chipping Ongar and 7 miles (11 km) north of Romford. Colliers Hatch is 0.5 miles (0.8 km) north of the hamlet of Tawney Common, also in the Stapleford Tawney parish.

The Ongar Academy Free school in Ongar, Essex, England

The Ongar Academy is a mixed comprehensive secondary school, on Fyfield Road in Shelley, in the Ongar civil parish of Essex, England.

St Nicholas Church, Kelvedon Hatch

St Nicholas Church is the Church of England parish church in the Essex village of Kelvedon Hatch. It was first recorded around 1254, when the rectory of the church of (Magdalen) Lever was valued at 6 marks, rising to 10 marks in 1291 and £12 in 1535.

References

  1. 1 2 "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 September 2016.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. "Kelvedon Hatch". City Population De. Retrieved 7 February 2021.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Brentwood Retrieved 2009-11-24
  4. "Kelvedon Hatch: Manors Pages 65-68 A History of the County of Essex: Volume 4, Ongar Hundred. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1956". British History Online.
  5. "The third shall be the first". Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. "Dudbrook Hall". Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 17 May 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)