Ken Stabler

Last updated

Ken Stabler
Ken Stabler 2007 Alabama Broadcasters Convention.jpg
Stabler in 2007
No. 12, 16
Position: Quarterback
Personal information
Born:(1945-12-25)December 25, 1945
Foley, Alabama
Died:July 8, 2015(2015-07-08) (aged 69)
Gulfport, Mississippi
Height:6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)
Weight:215 lb (98 kg)
Career information
High school: Foley (Foley, Alabama)
College: Alabama
NFL Draft: 1968  / Round: 2 / Pick: 52
Career history
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
TDINT:194–222
Passing yards:27,938
Passer rating:75.3
Player stats at NFL.com  ·  PFR

Kenneth Michael Stabler (December 25, 1945 – July 8, 2015), nicknamed "Snake", was an American football quarterback who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 17 seasons, primarily with the Oakland Raiders. He played college football at Alabama and was selected by the Raiders in the second round of the 1968 NFL Draft. During his 10 seasons in Oakland, Stabler received four Pro Bowl selections and was named Most Valuable Player in 1974. Stabler also helped the Raider win their first Super Bowl title in Super Bowl XI. Posthumously, he was inducted to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2016. [1]

Contents

High school career

Stabler became a highly touted football player at Foley High School in Foley, Alabama. He led Foley to a win-loss record of 29–1 over his high school football career—the only loss coming against Vigor High School. He was an all-around athlete in high school, averaging 29 points a game in basketball and excelling enough as a left-handed pitcher in baseball to receive minor-league contract offers from the Houston Astros and New York Yankees. He was an all-American athlete. During his high school career, he earned his nickname "Snake" [2] from his coach following a long, winding touchdown run.

College career

Stabler was recruited by legendary head coach Bear Bryant at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. Due to NCAA regulations at the time, freshmen were ineligible to play on the varsity in the University Division. Stabler was on the freshman team in 1964, when the Crimson Tide won the National Championship with quarterbacks Joe Namath and Steve Sloan.

As a sophomore in 1965, Stabler was used sparingly as a back-up to Steve Sloan at quarterback, [3] following Namath's departure to the AFL. That year, the Crimson Tide won their second consecutive National Championship, finishing the season with a record of 9–1–1. The team defeated the Nebraska Cornhuskers in the Orange Bowl, 39–28.

As a junior in 1966, he took over the starting quarterback position. He led the team to an undefeated, 11–0 season which ended in a 34–7 rout of Nebraska in the Sugar Bowl. Despite the unblemished record, Alabama was snubbed by the polls, finishing third behind Notre Dame and Michigan State, neither of which played in a bowl.

Expectations were high in Stabler's senior season, though those expectations would not be completely fulfilled. The offense often struggled in 1967, and the defense's performance slipped. During the season, Bryant kicked Stabler off the team for cutting class and partying, though he was given a second chance. [4] The Tide finished with an 8–2–1 record, including a loss to rival Tennessee. Though the season was lackluster, Stabler would provide a memorable moment in the Iron Bowl. Trailing 3–0 in a game drenched by rain, Stabler scampered through the mud for a 47-yard, game-winning touchdown which gave the Tide a 7–3 victory over rival Auburn at Legion Field. The play is commonly referred to as the "Run in the Mud" in Alabama football lore. [5]

NCAA collegiate career statistics
Alabama Crimson Tide
SeasonPassingRushing
CompAttYardsPctTDIntRateAttYdsAvgTD
1965 3112627.30047.1613285.41
1966 7411495664.995152.6933974.33
1967 1031781,21457.9913117.21111131.05
Career1803032,19659.41818128.02658383.29

Professional career

Stabler was selected in the second round of the 1968 NFL/AFL draft by the Oakland Raiders, the reigning AFL champions. He was the fifth quarterback taken, after Greg Landry, Eldridge Dickey, Heisman Trophy winner Gary Beban, and Mike Livingston. [6] He was also drafted to play baseball by the New York Yankees in 1966, the New York Mets in 1967, and the Houston Astros in 1968. [7]

Stabler signed a two-year contract with the Raiders in March 1968. [8] In November, the Raiders sent Stabler to Spokane, Washington, to play for the Spokane Shockers of the Continental Football League. [9] [10] [11] He played in two games for the Shockers before being recalled by the Raiders in late November. [12] [13] [14] In July 1969, Stabler left the Raiders. [15] However, in November 1969, Stabler said "I'll be back in pro football come June." [16] [17] In January 1970, it was reported that Stabler and Raiders head coach John Madden agreed that Stabler would return to the Raiders for training camp in July. [18] Stabler made his first regular season appearance as a Raider in 1970. He first attracted attention in the NFL in a 1972 playoff game against the Pittsburgh Steelers. After entering the game in relief of a flu-ridden Daryle Lamonica, he scored the go-ahead touchdown late in the fourth quarter on a 30-yard scramble. The Steelers, however, came back to win on a controversial, deflected pass from Terry Bradshaw to Franco Harris, later known in football lore as the Immaculate Reception. [19]

After suffering severe knee injuries, Stabler became less a scrambling quarterback and more a classic, drop-back passer, known for accurate passes and an uncanny ability to lead late, come-from-behind drives. During the peak of his career, he had a receiving corps consisting of sprinter and four-time Pro-Bowler Cliff Branch, Hall of Fame receiver Fred Biletnikoff, and Hall of Fame tight end Dave Casper. The Raiders' philosophy was to pound teams with their running game (aided by multiple-time Pro Bowler Marv Hubbard at fullback, and Clarence Davis at tailback), then stretch them with their long passing game. Although Stabler lacked remarkable arm strength, he was a master of the long pass to Branch, and accurate on intermediate routes to Biletnikoff and Casper. As a starter in Oakland, Stabler was named AFC player of the year in 1974 and 1976, and was the NFL's passing champion in 1976. In January 1977, he guided the Raiders to their first Super Bowl victory, a decisive 32–14 win over the Minnesota Vikings at the Rose Bowl. [20] [21]

In the 1977 AFC playoffs against the Baltimore Colts on Christmas Eve, Stabler completed a legendary fourth quarter pass to Casper to set up a game-tying field goal by Errol Mann. This play, dubbed the "Ghost to the Post," sent the game to double overtime, which the visiting Raiders won 37–31, after Stabler threw a 10-yard touchdown pass to Casper. [22] [23] [24] In the second game of 1978 on September 10, the Holy Roller (Immaculate Deception) Game saw Oakland win 21–20 at San Diego after a fourth quarter forward fumble by Stabler was caught and forward-fumbled by two other players to score a touchdown and win the game. [25] [26] [27] This caused the Ken Stabler Rule to be enacted in 1979, permitting only the fumbling player to recover the ball during a fourth down play, or during any down played after the two-minute warning in a half or overtime.

After subpar 1978 and 1979 seasons in which the Raiders failed to make the playoffs and saw the departure of many team leaders from the Super Bowl run: Clarence Davis, Skip Thomas, George Atkinson, Fred Biletnikoff, Willie Brown, and head coach John Madden, Stabler was traded in March 1980 to the Oilers for Dan Pastorini . [28] He left as the Raiders' all-time leader in completions (1,486), passing yards (19,078), and touchdown passes (150). The Oilers saw Stabler as the missing ingredient that could finally get them past the rival Steelers and into the Super Bowl. Houston lacked the exceptional talent on offense that Stabler had thrived with in Oakland, as Earl Campbell and Casper—who was also acquired in a trade from the Raiders—were the few potent weapons they had. Meanwhile, Pastorini lost the starting job in Oakland to Jim Plunkett after an injury, and Plunkett then led the Raiders to a win in Super Bowl XV, which included a playoff win over the Oilers in the wild card game. Houston head coach Bum Phillips was fired shortly after the season, succeeded by defensive coordinator Ed Biles.

Without the popular head coach that rejuvenated an otherwise woeful Houston franchise, Stabler did not report to training camp in 1981 and announced his retirement through his agent on July 23. [29] [30] After five weeks and an injury to projected starter Gifford Nielsen, he returned to the Oilers in late August and signed a two-year contract. [31] [32] He had a mediocre season, as Houston went 7–9 and missed the playoffs.

Released by the Oilers after the season, Stabler re-joined Phillips in New Orleans in late August. [33] (Dave Wilson had suffered a season-ending knee injury on August 12.) [34] In mid-September, the Saints traded longtime starter Archie Manning for offensive tackle Leon Gray. [35] By this time, however, the 37-year-old Stabler was past his prime and the Saints were still a fairly dismal franchise. The first year was interrupted by a two-month players' strike; New Orleans was 4–5 and narrowly missed the expanded playoffs. The 1983 season was his best as a Saint. He started 14 games, and while the team's record in those games was only 7–7, Stabler was the starter for the final game of the season, in New Orleans, against the division rival Los Angeles Rams. Had the Saints won that game, they would have finished 9–7 and reached their first trip to the playoffs. But the Rams pulled out the victory late in the 4th quarter, 26–24. The Saints then acquired New York Jets veteran Richard Todd, who like Stabler played for Bryant at Alabama, before the 1984 season and Stabler retired in the middle of that season, in late October. [36] [37]

Stabler was the fastest to win 100 games as a starting quarterback, having done so in 150 games, which bettered Johnny Unitas' previous mark of 153 games. Since then, only Terry Bradshaw in 147 games, Joe Montana in 139 games, and Tom Brady in 131 games have reached 100 wins more quickly. [38]

In the early part of 1974, Stabler and several NFL stars agreed to join the newly-created World Football League. He signed a contract to play for the Birmingham Americans. "I'm as happy as can be. Getting with a super organization and the financial benefits were key factors, but the biggest thing to me is getting back home. Getting to play before the people in the South is where it's at for me. In two years I'll be in Birmingham if I have to hitchhike," he said. "If I can do for the WFL what Joe Namath did for the AFL, I will feel that I have really accomplished something. I was born in the South and raised in the South and played football in the South. Oakland could have offered me as much money as Birmingham but they couldn't have let me play in the South." The WFL folded midway through the 1975 season, and Stabler remained in the NFL without ever playing in the WFL.

Stabler was named the twenty-seventh greatest quarterback of the post-merger era by Football Nation. [39]

At the 2016 NFL Honors, it was announced that Stabler had been selected for the Pro Football Hall of Fame, and he was officially inducted on August 6, 2016.

NFL career statistics

Legend
AP NFL MVP & OPOTY
Won the Super Bowl
Led the league
BoldCareer high
NFL career statistics
YearTeamGamesPassingRushing
GPGSCompAttPctYardsTDIntRateAttYdsAvgTD
1970 OAK 303742.8520118.51−4−4.00
1971 OAK 141244850.02681439.24297.32
1972 OAK 141447459.55244382.36274.50
1973 OAK 141116326062.71,997141088.3211014.80
1974 OAK 141317831057.42,469261294.912−2−0.21
1975 OAK 141317129358.42,296162467.36−5−0.80
1976 OAK 121219429166.72,7372717103.47−2−0.31
1977 OAK 131316929457.52,176202075.23−3−1.00
1978 OAK 161623740658.42,944163063.4400.00
1979 OAK 161630449861.13,615262282.216−4−0.30
1980 HOU 161629345764.13,202132868.715−22−1.50
1981 HOU 131216528557.91,988141869.510−3−0.30
1982 NO 8811718961.91,34361071.83−4−1.30
1983 NO 141417631156.61,98891861.49−14−1.60
1984 NO 30337047.13392541.31−1−1.00
Career1841462,2703,79359.827,93819422275.3118930.84

After football

Broadcasting career

Following his retirement as a player, Stabler worked as a color commentator, first on CBS NFL telecasts, and then on radio with Eli Gold for Alabama football games. Stabler left before Alabama's 2008 season and was replaced by Phil Savage. [42]

Charitable work

Stabler served as chairman of the XOXO Stabler Foundation, a 501(c)3 nonprofit with a mission "to raise funds, build awareness and hope for a variety of charitable causes." Stabler's celebrity golf tournaments in Point Clear, Alabama have raised nearly $600,000 for charitable partner The Ronald McDonald House of Mobile, which serves families of seriously ill and injured children receiving medical treatment at local hospitals. [43]

In media

Personal life

Stabler was married three times: Isabel Clarke from 1968 to 1973, Debbie Fitzsimmons from 1975 to 1978 and Rose Molly Burch from 1984 to 2009.

Stabler had three daughters, Kendra Stabler Moyes, Alexa Stabler-Adams and Marissa Leigh Stabler. [47] In 2017, Alexa Stabler-Adams was certified by the NFLPA as a sports agent. [48]

Renowned for being cool and cerebral on the field, Stabler was equally legendary for his off-field exploits;[ citation needed ] he wrote in his 1986 autobiography Snake, "The monotony of [training] camp was so oppressive that without the diversions of whiskey and women, those of us who were wired for activity and no more than six hours sleep a night might have gone berserk". [49] Stabler told stories of drunk Raiders teammates pointing guns at him, and bailing out a teammate from jail who was wearing nothing but blue cowboy boots and his Super Bowl ring. "We were the only pro team who traveled with its own bail bondsman", he said. [50]

Death

Stabler died of colon cancer on July 8, 2015, at the age of 69. He had been diagnosed with the disease in February 2015. After some initial confusion when The Tuscaloosa News leaked a draft obituary for Stabler before word of his death could be confirmed, his family confirmed his death in a statement issued on July 9. [51] [52]

In February 2016, The New York Times reported that researchers at Boston University discovered high Stage 3 chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in Stabler's brain after his death. [53] He was buried at Pine Rest Cemetery in Foley, Alabama.

See also

Related Research Articles

Super Bowl XI was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Oakland Raiders and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Minnesota Vikings to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for its 1976 season. The Raiders defeated the Vikings by the score of 32–14 to win their first Super Bowl. The game was played on January 9, 1977, at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. This remains the Super Bowl scheduled earliest during the calendar year.

Daryle Pasquale Lamonica is a former American football quarterback who played in the American Football League (AFL) and the National Football League (NFL) for 12 seasons, primarily with the Oakland Raiders. He spent his first four seasons mostly as a backup for the Buffalo Bills, who selected in the 24th round of the 1963 AFL Draft. Lamonica played his next eight seasons as the primary starter of the Raiders, including after they joined the NFL through the AFL–NFL merger.

Al Davis American football coach and executive

Allen Davis was an American football coach and executive. He was the principal owner and general manager of the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League (NFL) for 39 years, from 1972 until his death in 2011. Prior to becoming the principal owner of the Raiders, he served as the team's head coach from 1963 to 1965 and part owner from 1966 to 1971, assuming both positions while the Raiders were part of the American Football League (AFL). He also served as the commissioner of the AFL in 1966.

George Blanda American football quarterback and placekicker

George Frederick Blanda was an American football quarterback and placekicker who played professionally in the American Football League (AFL) and National Football League (NFL). Blanda played 26 seasons of professional football, the most in the sport's history, and had scored more points than anyone in history at the time of his retirement.

Len Dawson American football quarterback

Leonard Ray Dawson is a former American football quarterback who played in the National Football League (NFL) and American Football League (AFL) for 19 seasons, primarily with the Kansas City Chiefs franchise. Dawson began his professional career in 1957 with the Pittsburgh Steelers of the NFL and also played for the Cleveland Browns. He left the NFL in 1962 to sign with the AFL's Chiefs, where he spent the last 14 seasons of his career, and rejoined the NFL after the AFL–NFL merger.

Continental Football League Professional American football league (1965–1969)

The Continental Football League (COFL) was a professional American football league that operated in North America from 1965 through 1969. It was established following the collapse of the original United Football League, and hoped to become the major force in professional football outside the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). It owed its name, at least in part, to the Continental League, a proposed third Major League Baseball organization that influenced MLB significantly, despite the fact they never played a game.

Mark Rypien Canadian-born American football quarterback

Mark Robert Rypien is a Canadian-born former American football quarterback who played 14 seasons in the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Washington State and was drafted by the Washington Redskins in the sixth round of the 1986 NFL Draft. He was the first Canadian-born quarterback to both start in the NFL and be named Super Bowl MVP, doing so in Super Bowl XXVI with the Redskins. He was also a member of several other NFL teams. His nephew Brett has also played in the NFL.

Jim Plunkett American football quarterback

James William Plunkett is a former American football quarterback who played in the National Football League (NFL) for sixteen seasons. He achieved his greatest professional success during his final eight seasons with the Raiders franchise, whom he helped win two Super Bowl titles.

Fred Biletnikoff American football player and coach

Frederick S. Biletnikoff is a former gridiron football player and coach. He was a wide receiver for the Oakland Raiders in the American Football League (AFL) and National Football League (NFL) for fourteen seasons and later an assistant coach with the team. He retired as an NFL player after the 1978 season, and then played one additional season in the Canadian Football League (CFL) for the Montreal Alouettes in 1980. While he lacked the breakaway speed to be a deep-play threat, Biletnikoff was one of the most sure-handed and consistent receivers of his day, with a propensity for making spectacular catches. He was also known for running smooth, precise pass routes. He is a member of both the Pro Football Hall of Fame (1988) and College Football Hall of Fame (1991).

Lee Roy Jordan is a former American football linebacker. After attending the University of Alabama, playing under head coach Paul "Bear" Bryant, he played 14 years in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys from 1963 to 1976. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1983.

Willie Wood American football safety

William Vernell Wood Sr. was an American professional football player and coach. He played as a safety with the Green Bay Packers in the National Football League (NFL). Wood was an eight-time Pro Bowler and a nine-time All-Pro. In 1989, Wood was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

Bertram Hays Jones is a former American football quarterback who played in the National Football League (NFL) for the Baltimore Colts and the Los Angeles Rams. At Ruston High School in Ruston, Louisiana, he was given the nickname, "The Ruston Rifle." Jones played college football at Louisiana State University (LSU). He is the son of former NFL running back Dub Jones of the Cleveland Browns. He was named the NFL Most Valuable Player in 1976 with the Colts. In 2016, Jones was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.

Joseph Wiley Gilliam, Jr. was a professional football player, a quarterback with the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League for four seasons. Primarily a backup, he started the first six games of the 1974 season.

Jethro Pugh Jr. was an American football defensive tackle in the National Football League (NFL) for the Dallas Cowboys for fourteen seasons. He played college football at Elizabeth City State College.

Chuck Fairbanks American football coach

Charles Leo Fairbanks was an American football coach who was a head coach at the high school, college and professional levels. He served as the head coach at the University of Oklahoma from 1967 to 1972 and at the University of Colorado from 1979 to 1981, compiling a career college record of 59–41–1 (.589). Fairbanks was also the head coach for the New England Patriots of the National Football League (NFL) from 1973 to 1978, amassing a record of 46–41 (.529), and for the New Jersey Generals of the United States Football League (USFL) in 1983, tallying a mark of 6–12.

David Henry Humm was an American professional football player who played as a quarterback in the NFL from 1975–84 for the Oakland Raiders, the Buffalo Bills, the Baltimore Colts, and the Los Angeles Raiders. He played college football at the University of Nebraska.

Eldridge Reno Dickey was an American football player. After playing for Tennessee State University from 1965 to 1968, he was selected by the Oakland Raiders in the first round of the 1968 NFL/AFL Draft. Dickey became the first African-American quarterback selected in the first round by an American Football League (AFL) or National Football League (NFL) team. Despite a strong performance during training camp, Dickey was moved to wide receiver for the start of the season. He never played at quarterback in an AFL or NFL game.

The 1968 Oakland Raiders season was the team's ninth season in both Oakland and the American Football League. It saw the team try to improve upon its 13–1 record from 1967. They ultimately finished one game short of matching that year's result; their 12–2 finish still ensured that they would lead the league in wins for a second consecutive year. They were led by third-year head coach John Rauch. They tied with Kansas City for the division title, which was settled by an unscheduled tiebreaker playoff, won 41–6 by the Raiders in Oakland.

The 1967 Sugar Bowl was the 33rd edition of the college football bowl game, played at Tulane Stadium in New Orleans, Louisiana, on Monday, January 2. Part of the 1966–67 bowl game season, it matched the undefeated and third-ranked Alabama Crimson Tide of the Southeastern Conference (SEC) and the #6 Nebraska Cornhuskers of the Big Eight Conference. Favored by nine points, Alabama won 34–7.

The 1968 Cotton Bowl Classic, part of the 1967 bowl game season, was the 32nd edition of the college football bowl game, held at the Cotton Bowl in Dallas, Texas, on Monday, January 1. It matched the eighth-ranked Alabama Crimson Tide of the Southeastern Conference (SEC) and the unranked Texas A&M Aggies, champions of the Southwest Conference (SWC). Underdog Texas A&M won the game 20–16.

References

  1. Hoffman, Benjamin (February 6, 2016). "After Revelation He Had C.T.E., Ken Stabler Is a Poignant Hall of Fame Addition" via www.nytimes.com.
  2. "Ken Stabler". Oakland Raiders. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  3. "University of Alabama official team statistics, 1965" (PDF). Retrieved May 2, 2010.
  4. "Bear Bryant 'simply the best there ever was'". ESPN. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  5. McNair, Kirk (July 9, 2015). "Stabler Remembered for Run In Mud" . Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  6. "Tantalizing names available in second day of grid draft". Lawrence Daily Journal-World. (Kansas). Associated Press. January 31, 1968. p. 21.
  7. "Ken Stabler". baseball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  8. "Ken Stabler Signs Raider Contract". The Pensacola News. Associated Press. March 21, 1968. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  9. "Shockers play Ramblers today". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). November 9, 1968. p. 12.
  10. "Shocks try again to quit basement". Spokane Daily News. (Washington). November 11, 1968. p. 15.
  11. "Stabler Joins Spokane Club". Idaho State Journal . Associated Press. November 10, 1968. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  12. "Spokane Shockers (1969)". gnfafootball.org. Archived from the original on December 4, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  13. Tinley, Scott (October 13, 2010). "The legend of Kenny Stabler". si.com. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  14. Hayes, Ed (November 30, 1968). "It's Buddy-Buddy In T-Bowl Title Tilt at 8". Orlando Evening Star . Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  15. "Stabler Quits Because of Attitude". The Anniston Star . Associated Press. July 30, 1969. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  16. Smith, George (November 19, 1969). "Remember Snake? He's On His Way Back". The Anniston Star . Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  17. Land, Charles (November 19, 1969). "Stabler eyeing return to pro football". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). p. 9.
  18. "Stabler Plans Grid Return". The Cincinnati Enquirer . Associated Press. January 17, 1970. p. 22. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  19. Mizell, Hubert (December 24, 1972). "'Miracle' gives Steelers 13-7 victory". Reading Eagle. (Pennsylvania). Associated Press. p. 33.
  20. "Super Bowl like Grant's Tomb". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). Associated Press. January 10, 1977. p. 10.
  21. Jenkins, Dan (January 17, 1977). "The Raiders were all Suped up". Sports Illustrated. p. 10.
  22. "Suddenly, the Raiders win 37-31 decision". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). wire services. December 25, 1977. p. 3C.
  23. DuPree, David (December 25, 1977). "Raiders pull it out, 37-31". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). (Washington Post). p. 1B.
  24. Reid, Ron (January 2, 1978). "The Ghost to the Post". Sports Illustrated. p. 12.
  25. "Raiders win on Stabler's 'fumble'". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). Associated Press. September 11, 1978. p. 11.
  26. "Raiders edge Chargers on fluke fumble". Lodi News-Sentinel. (California). UPI. September 11, 1978. p. 12.
  27. "Raiders go all the way, thrash Vikings". Lodi News-Sentinel. (California). UPI. January 10, 1977. p. 14.
  28. "Raiders confirm trade of Stabler". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). Associated Press. March 16, 1980. p. 4B.
  29. "Snake who? Oiler players rally round Nielson". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). Associated Press. July 24, 1981. p. 10.
  30. "'The Snake' is quitting pro football". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. July 24, 1981. p. 29.
  31. "Stabler not offering apologies". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). Associated Press. August 27, 1981. p. 19.
  32. "White gets new contract, Oilers get old quarterback". The Bulletin. (Bend, Oregon). UPI. August 27, 1981. p. D2.
  33. "Stabler will play for Saints". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). Associated Press. August 25, 1982. p. 25.
  34. "Football: Dave Wilson". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). Associated Press. August 14, 1982. p. 10.
  35. "Saints deal Manning to Oilers". Toledo Blade. (Ohio). Associated Press. September 18, 1982. p. 19.
  36. "Ken Stabler calls it quits". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). Associated Press. October 27, 1984. p. 13.
  37. "The passing of 'the Snake'". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. October 27, 1984. p. 3B.
  38. "Pats put away Chargers for fourth Super Bowl berth in seven years". ESPN. January 20, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
  39. "Top 100 Modern Quarterbacks 40–21". Football Nation. July 26, 2012. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  40. Farley, Glen (January 15, 2017). "Patriots Notebook: Pats pack a six-pack". The Enterprise (Brockton) . Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  41. Smith, Michael David (January 18, 2021). "Tom Brady to play in 14th conference championship game". NBC Sports . Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  42. Williamson, Bill (July 11, 2008). "Ex-Raiders star Stabler leaves radio gig". ESPN. Archived from the original on October 9, 2008. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  43. Inabinett, Mark (March 4, 2013). "Ken Stabler 'just trying to pay the rent' with golf tournament". al.com. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  44. "Lung Brush" . Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  45. "LegendsL Jake 'The Snake' Roberts!". Pro Wrestling Daily. March 10, 2008. Archived from the original on June 8, 2008. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  46. "NFL Street Legend: Kenny Stabler". IGN Sports. November 18, 2003. Retrieved July 14, 2012.
  47. Dickey, Glenn (June 5, 2005). "Catching up with Kenny Stabler: Avoiding Snake eyes". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  48. Alexa's NFLPA Agency certification
  49. Stabler, Ken (September 1986). Snake . Doubleday. p.  2. ISBN   0385234503.
  50. St. John, Warren (2004). "Chapter Eight: Fighting Gators, Crash Landings, and Fireman Mike". Rammer Jammer Yellow Hammer: A Journey Into the Heart of Fan Mania. Crown Publishers. p. 137. ISBN   1-4000-8297-8.
  51. "UPDATE: Oakland Raiders QB Ken Stabler, 69, Dies From Stage 4 Colon Cancer". cbslocal.com.
  52. Sinclair Broadcast Group. "CONFIRMED: Kenny Stabler Passes Away". WPMI. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015.
  53. "Ken Stabler, a Magnetic N.F.L. Star, Was Sapped of Spirit by C.T.E." The New York Times.

Further reading