Kenmore, Perth and Kinross

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Kenmore
Kenmore from Black Rock.jpg
Kenmore viewed from Black Rock
Perth and Kinross UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kenmore
Location within Perth and Kinross
OS grid reference NN773454
Council area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Aberfeldy
Postcode district PH15
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°35′07″N3°59′56″W / 56.5852°N 3.9988°W / 56.5852; -3.9988 Coordinates: 56°35′07″N3°59′56″W / 56.5852°N 3.9988°W / 56.5852; -3.9988

Kenmore (Scottish Gaelic : A' Cheannmhor, IPA:[ˈaˈçaun̴̪auvɔɾ]) [1] [2] is a small village in Perthshire, in the Highlands of Scotland, located where Loch Tay drains into the River Tay. [3]

Contents

History

The village dates from the 16th century. It and the neighbouring Castle were originally known as Balloch (from Gaelic bealach, 'pass'). The original village was sited on the north side of river approximately two miles (three kilometres) from its present site and was known as Inchadney. In 1540 Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy started the construction of Balloch castle on the opposite bank of the river and the entire village was moved to a prominent headland by the shores of Loch Tay, hence the name Kenmore, which translates from Scots Gaelic to "big (or large) head". The village as it is seen today is a model village laid out by 3rd Earl of Breadalbane in 1760.

Landmarks and tourism

The Kenmore Hotel, commissioned in 1572 by the then laird Colin Campbell, has its origins in a tavern built around 70 years earlier offering accommodation and refreshments. It is reputed to be Scotland's oldest hotel. Well known travel writer Rick Steves defined the community as "little more than the fancy domain of its castle, a church set in a bouquet of tombstones, and a line of humble houses, Kenmore offers a fine dose of small-town Scottish flavour". [4]

The Kenmore Hotel Kenmore Hotel.jpg
The Kenmore Hotel

Taymouth Castle, another Campbell creation, was built by John Campbell, 2nd Marquess of Breadalbane (d. 1862) on the site of its late medieval predecessor, Balloch Castle (built 1550 by the Campbells of Glenorchy, ancestors of the Marquesses of Breadalbane, demolished 1805). This enormous mansion, in neo-Gothic style, was completed in time for the visit of Queen Victoria in 1842. No expense was spared on the interior, which was decorated with the utmost sumptuousness. Taymouth Castle is now privately owned and has a golf course in its grounds.

Kenmore Bridge dates from 1774 and the village as it is today was laid out in the 18th Century by the third Earl of Breadalbane. It retains many of its original buildings and historic appearance.

Around two miles (three kilometres) northeast of the village by the side of the A827 road is a complex multi-phase stone circle known as Croft Moraig Stone Circle. [5]

To the southwest, between Kenmore and Acharn, the waterside settlement of Croft-na-Caber has been redeveloped into a number of tourist attractions. The Scottish Crannog Centre (formerly the Crannog Reconstruction Project) is an open-air museum on the south of Loch Tay Road. It features an accurate full-size reconstruction of a crannog , an Iron Age artificial island, of which more than 20 (most now submerged) have been found in Loch Tay. The crannog mockup is based on the real Oakbank Crannog archaeological site off the north shore of the loch.[ citation needed ] The Crannog mock-up was destroyed by fire on the evening of 11 June 2021. [6] The visitor centre also displays artefacts from nearby excavations, which are funded in part by the proceeds from this attraction. The Croft-na-Caber Watersports & Activity Centre, originally planned as a £20 million sailing resort in 2009, [7] now offers additional activities, including hydraboarding and canyoning. The original Croft-na-Caber Hotel closed in the 2000s, though the successor resort is served by other area hotels, the largest of which is the Kenmore Hotel.

Kenmore viewed across Loch Tay Kenmore and Loch Tay.jpg
Kenmore viewed across Loch Tay

The biggest island in the loch, known as the Isle of Loch Tay, or in Gaelic Eilean nam Ban-naomh, 'Isle of Holy Women', is just north of Kenmore. It was the site of a nunnery in the 12th century and was the burial place of Queen Sibylla (d. 1122), wife of Alexander I of Scotland (1107–24). A castle was built on the island in the later Middle Ages. Signs of 18 crannogs, "circular houses on stilts", have been found Loch Tay. Only one was rebuilt and became the museum known as the Scottish Crannog Centre. [8]

Climate

As with the rest of the British Isles and Scotland, Kenmore experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. The nearest official Metoffice weather station for which online records are available is Ardtalnaig, about 6 miles (10 kilometres) southwest of the settlement. Despite its location in the interior of Scotland, the vast Loch Tay adjacent to the village provides some insulation from extreme frost – unlike many weather observing sites in this area of Scotland, no month averages a minimum below freezing point, and no temperatures below −16.0 °C (3.2 °F) have been reported since at least 1960.

Climate data for Ardtalnaig, 130 m (430 ft) asl, 1991-2020, extremes 1960- (Weather station 6 miles (10 km) SW of Kenmore)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)14.0
(57.2)
14.8
(58.6)
17.8
(64.0)
25.0
(77.0)
26.5
(79.7)
31.4
(88.5)
30.1
(86.2)
29.3
(84.7)
26.2
(79.2)
22.5
(72.5)
16.1
(61.0)
13.9
(57.0)
31.4
(88.5)
Average high °C (°F)6.2
(43.2)
6.8
(44.2)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
15.4
(59.7)
17.6
(63.7)
19.2
(66.6)
18.6
(65.5)
16.1
(61.0)
12.1
(53.8)
8.7
(47.7)
6.5
(43.7)
12.4
(54.2)
Average low °C (°F)1.0
(33.8)
1.1
(34.0)
2.0
(35.6)
3.6
(38.5)
5.8
(42.4)
8.7
(47.7)
10.6
(51.1)
10.4
(50.7)
8.6
(47.5)
5.8
(42.4)
3.2
(37.8)
1.0
(33.8)
5.1
(41.3)
Record low °C (°F)−15.9
(3.4)
−9.8
(14.4)
−12.2
(10.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
−2
(28)
0.6
(33.1)
3.3
(37.9)
1.7
(35.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
−4.0
(24.8)
−7.9
(17.8)
−13.4
(7.9)
−15.9
(3.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)197.0
(7.76)
136.2
(5.36)
116.2
(4.57)
83.3
(3.28)
79.4
(3.13)
77.7
(3.06)
78.3
(3.08)
88.4
(3.48)
101.0
(3.98)
146.8
(5.78)
157.9
(6.22)
177.3
(6.98)
1,439.5
(56.68)
Average rainy days17.914.914.712.112.312.713.013.313.516.717.417.2175.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 21.450.988.4131.7173.3162.9161.8141.7103.867.933.310.91,147.8
Source 1: Meteoclimat [9]
Source 2: Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute [10]

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Perthshire

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Clan Campbell Highland Scottish clan

Clan Campbell is a Highland Scottish clan. Historically one of the largest and most powerful of the Highland clans, their lands were in Argyll and the chief of the clan became the Earl and later Duke of Argyll.

Earl of Breadalbane and Holland

Earl of Breadalbane and Holland is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1681 for Sir John Campbell, 5th Baronet, of Glenorchy, who had previously been deprived of the title Earl of Caithness. He, as a principal creditor, had acquired the estates of George Sinclair, 6th Earl of Caithness who had died heavily in debt and without issue in 1670. Campbell was consequently created Earl of Caithness in 1673, but after much litigation and even bloodshed, George Sinclair of Keiss, second son of George, 5th Earl of Caithness, recovered the estates, and successfully petitioned parliament regarding the earldom, which was removed from Campbell. Sinclair's title was finally restored to him in 1681. Deprived by parliament of the Caithness earldom, Sir John Campbell was created Lord Glenorchy, Benederaloch, Ormelie and Weick, Viscount of Tay and Paintland, and Earl of Breadalbane and Holland on 13 August 1681, with the precedency of the former patent and with the power to nominate any of his sons by his first wife to succeed him. The titles were created with remainder to the heirs male of the son chosen to succeed him, failing which to the heirs male of his body, failing which to his own heirs male, failing which to his heirs whatsoever. The "of Holland" part of the title derived from the fact that Campbell was the husband of Lady Mary Rich, daughter of Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland.

Kilchurn Castle

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Loch Rannoch freshwater loch in Perth and Kinross, Scotland

Loch Rannoch is a freshwater loch in Perth and Kinross, Scotland. It is over 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) long in a west–east direction with an average width of about 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi), and is deepest at its eastern end, reaching a depth of 130 metres (440 ft). The River Tummel begins at its eastern end, where the small village of Kinloch Rannoch can be found, whilst the wild expanse of Rannoch Moor extends to the west of the loch. The area surrounding Loch Rannoch, along with Rannoch Moor itself, was formerly part of the native Caledonian Forest that stretched across much of Northern Scotland. Native forest is now largely absent from much of the area, due partly to logging, and partly to the climate becoming wetter, and Loch Rannoch is now largely surrounded by commercial forestry and open hillsides, although a small area remains at the Black Wood of Rannoch on the southern shore of the loch.

Loch Tay Freshwater loch in the central highlands of Scotland

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Aberfeldy, Perth and Kinross Human settlement in Scotland

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Ben Lawers

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Balloch, West Dunbartonshire Human settlement in Scotland

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Acharn, Perth and Kinross Human settlement in Scotland

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Killin Human settlement in Scotland

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Finlarig Castle

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Lochearnhead Human settlement in Scotland

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The Lady of Lawers was possibly a Scottish soothsayer from the late 17th century. Her existence is disputed due to a lack of corroborating information.

Fearnan Human settlement in Scotland

Fearnan is a small crofting village on the north shore of Loch Tay in Perthshire, Scotland.

Taymouth Castle

Taymouth Castle is situated to the north-east of the village of Kenmore, Perth and Kinross, in the Highlands of Scotland, in an estate which encompasses 450 acres. It lies on the south bank of the River Tay, about a mile from Loch Tay, in the heartland of the Grampian Mountains. Taymouth is bordered on two sides by mountain ranges, by Loch Tay on the third and by the confluence of the rivers Lyon and Tay on the fourth.

Breadalbane, Scotland

Breadalbane – from Scottish Gaelic Bràghad Albainn, "the upper part of Alba" – is a region of the southern/central Scottish Highlands, traditionally comprising the watershed of Loch Tay. The Breadalbane Hydro-Electric Scheme lies within the region.

Colin Campbell of Glenorchy (1499-1583) was a Scottish courtier and landowner.

Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy

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References

  1. Iain Mac an Tàilleir. "Placenames" (PDF). Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  2. "Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland database". Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba . Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  3. "Loch Tay and Glen Dochart", Ordnance Survey Landranger Map (B2 ed.), 2008, ISBN   978-0-319-22979-8
  4. Rick Steves; Highlands offers taste of traditional Scotland 14 March 2020
  5. "Croft Moraig". Canmore . Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland . Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  6. "Fire destroys recreated Iron Age house in Perthshire". BBC News. 12 June 2021. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  7. "£20m Croft-Na-Caber plans approved". www.healthclubmanagement.co.uk.
  8. Rick Steves; Highlands offers taste of traditional Scotland 14 March 2020
  9. http://climate-datas-weather.dynalias.org/listenormale-1991-2020-1-p183.php#ss [ bare URL ]
  10. "Ardtalnaig monthly extremes". KNMI . Retrieved 2 November 2011.