Kents Bank

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Kents Bank
Kents Bank railway station, on the Furness Line - geograph.org.uk - 478158.jpg
Kents Bank railway station
Location map United Kingdom South Lakeland.svg
Red pog.svg
Kents Bank
Location in South Lakeland
Location map United Kingdom Morecambe Bay.svg
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Kents Bank
Location on Morecambe Bay
Cumbria UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kents Bank
Location within Cumbria
Population1,623 
OS grid reference SD3975
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GRANGE-OVER-SANDS
Postcode district LA11
Dialling code 015395
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°10′22″N2°55′31″W / 54.17282°N 2.92525°W / 54.17282; -2.92525 Coordinates: 54°10′22″N2°55′31″W / 54.17282°N 2.92525°W / 54.17282; -2.92525

Kents Bank is a small village in Cumbria, England, so named for its proximity to the River Kent estuary. Part of the historic County Palatine of Lancashire, it is located 2 miles (3.2 km) south-west of Grange-over-Sands.

Contents

History

Kents Bank takes its name from the River Kent which once ran close to the village. Kents Bank railway station opened in 1857. Abbot Hall and an inn existed close to the shore where the cross-sand route over Morecambe Bay from Lancaster met the land. Abbot Hall was the poor house for the area until 1822 and a building is reputed to have existed here since the 12th century. [1] Expansion of the settlement started around 1870 and at least three private schools were established in the hamlet. Further expansion continued over the years.

The Queen's Guide to the Sands is based nearby at Guide's Farm.

Governance

Kents Bank is part of the Westmorland and Lonsdale parliamentary constituency, of which Tim Farron is the current MP representing the Liberal Democrats. [2]

Before Brexit, it was in the North West England European Parliamentary Constituency.

For Local Government purposes, it is in the Grange Ward of South Lakeland District Council and the Grange Ward of Cumbria County Council.

Kents Bank does not have its own Parish council, it's part of; Grange-over-Sands Town Council. [3]

Demographics

According to the 2001 census the population for the South Lakeland 013D (Lower Layer Super Output Area) was 1,263, the area is over 99% White British with only 16 people from an ethnic minority. The average age of people is over 60 with Kents Bank appealing to the elderly and retired.

Crime

In 2009 there were 1.6 crimes per head for the Grange area in 2010 it was 1.2 with the most common crime being antisocial behaviour. In January and February 2011 there was one reported crime in each month both were antisocial behaviour. [4] in December 2010 there were no reported crimes. [5]

The local police force serving Kents Bank is Cumbria Constabulary.

Geography

Kents Bank lies on Morecambe Bay. The River Kent used to run to the sea wall by the railway but since 1993 the Kent has moved out towards Arnside and the sands have become overgrown. From the shore at Kents Bank the village is built on a hill that forms part of Hampsfield Fell. Before Kents Bank was built there were forests covering the area, most of which has been cut down.

Boundaries

The boundaries are, to the east the Furness Line railway and Morecambe Bay, to the north is Carter Road, to the south is Kentsford Road and to the west is the B5277 (Allithwaite Road). Kents Bank and Grange-over-Sands were two separate settlements, however the two have begun to merge into one. Kents Bank is 76 hectares (187.8 acres) in area.

Location


Climate

Climate data for Cumbria (1971–2000 averages)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)5.7
(42.3)
6.2
(43.2)
8.3
(46.9)
11.1
(52.0)
14.9
(58.8)
17.2
(63.0)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66.0)
15.8
(60.4)
12.3
(54.1)
8.4
(47.1)
6.5
(43.7)
12.1
(53.8)
Average low °C (°F)0.4
(32.7)
0.7
(33.3)
2.0
(35.6)
3.0
(37.4)
5.4
(41.7)
8.4
(47.1)
10.5
(50.9)
10.1
(50.2)
8.2
(46.8)
5.7
(42.3)
2.7
(36.9)
1.1
(34.0)
4.9
(40.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches)103.1
(4.06)
72.6
(2.86)
76.9
(3.03)
50.4
(1.98)
54.9
(2.16)
56.0
(2.20)
62.1
(2.44)
69.6
(2.74)
77.0
(3.03)
97.1
(3.82)
101.0
(3.98)
108.5
(4.27)
929.2
(36.58)
Source: Met Office Newton Rigg

Economy

Abbot Hall in Kents Bank Abbot Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1492221.jpg
Abbot Hall in Kents Bank

Most people living in Kents Bank are retired, the main sector for employment is wholesale and retail followed by estate agency, renting and business activities. [6] There is a large hotel in Kents Bank called Abbot Hall which opened in 1916 and is owned by the Christian Guild. [7] The one shop which included a Post Office closed early 2016.

Governance

Kents Bank is part of the Grange-over-Sands civil parish and part of the Grange South Ward in South Lakeland District Council and is represented by the Conservative Tom Harvey.

Kents Bank was originally part of the county of Lancashire but in 1974, as part of the Local Government Act 1972 it became part of the newly formed county of Cumbria, where Kents Bank is part of the Grange Ward and is represented by the Conservative Bill Wearing. [8]

Kents Bank is part of the Westmorland and Lonsdale constituency and is represented by the Liberal Democrat Tim Farron. Prior to Brexit in 2020, Kents Bank was part of the North West England constituency in the European Parliament.

Public services

Since early 2016 Kents Bank sadly no longer has a post office. The postcode is an LA one for the Lancaster area. The postal town is Grange-over-Sands. Water and sewage services are provided by United Utilities, the distribution network operator for the area is Electricity North West, waste and recycling services are provided by South Lakeland District Council. The nearest library is in Grange-over-Sands.

Kents Bank is part of the Cumbria Constabulary area and the nearest police stations are Ulverston and Milnthorpe which are both around 13 miles (20.9 km) away. [9] Kents Bank lies in the Cumbria Fire and Rescue Service and North West Ambulance Service area both of which have stations in Grange-over-Sands.

Health

Kents Bank is part of the Cumbrian National Health Service area. The nearest surgery is in Grange-over-Sands and Westmorland General Hospital in Kendal is the area's local hospital. The nearest Accident and Emergency Department and out of hours GP services are also based at Westmorland General.

Education

The nearest primary schools are Allithwaite Church of England Primary School and Grange-over-Sands. The nearest secondary school is Cartmel Priory C of E Secondary School. The area's local college is Kendal College.

Religion

Kents Bank lies in the Church of England parish of St Mary, Allithwaite. According to the 2001 census 82% of people described themselves as Christian and 18% did not state their religion or were non-religious and there were three persons belonging to other religions.

Transport

Kents Bank has three bus stops and is served by routes 530, 531 and 532.

Kents Bank railway station is on the Furness Line from Barrow-in-Furness to Lancaster and is served by Northern services.

The nearest airport is Blackpool International Airport.

Media

The local newspaper is the Westmorland Gazette. The BBC local radio station is BBC Radio Cumbria and independent radio includes Smooth Lake District and Heart North West

Kents Bank is part of the BBC North West and Granada ITV Regions, both broadcast from the Winter Hill transmitting station.

Places of interest

Kirkhead Tower seen from Kents Bamk Kirkhead Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1447008.jpg
Kirkhead Tower seen from Kents Bamk

Kirkhead Tower

To the south of Kents Bank is Kirkhead Tower. Little is known about the tower other than it was built as a summer house in the Gothic style. It appears on a map published in 1826. It is said that the tower is on the site of an ancient church that dates from before the construction of Cartmel Priory however this is a legend but it is said that it is how Kirkhead got its name. The tower is sometimes used for open air Sunday worship. [10]

Humphrey Head

To the south of Kents Bank lies Humphrey Head which is a limestone outcrop that stretches out to Morecambe Bay.

See also

Related Research Articles

Cumbria Ceremonial county of England

Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England. The county and Cumbria County Council, its local government, came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. Cumbria's county town is Carlisle, in the north of the county. The only other major urban area is Barrow-in-Furness on the south-western tip of the county.

Cartmel Priory

Cartmel Priory church serves as the parish church of Cartmel, Cumbria, England.

Grange-over-Sands Human settlement in England

Grange-over-Sands is a town and civil parish located on the north side of Morecambe Bay in Cumbria, England, a few miles south of the Lake District National Park. In the 2001 census the parish had a population of 4,042, increasing at the 2011 census to 4,114. Historically part of Lancashire, the town was created as an urban district in 1894. Since the 1974 local government re-organisation, it has been of the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, though it remains part of the Duchy of Lancaster.

South Lakeland District in England

South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England. The population of the non-metropolitan district was 102,301 according to the 2001 census, increasing to 103,658 at the 2011 Census. Its council is based in Kendal. It includes much of the Lake District as well as northwestern parts of the Yorkshire Dales.

Arnside Human settlement in England

Arnside is a village and civil parish in Cumbria, historically part of Westmorland, near the border with Lancashire, England. The Lake District National Park is located a few miles North. Travelling by road, Arnside is 22 miles (35 km) to the south of Kendal, 25.3 miles (40.7 km) to the east of Ulverston, 35.2 miles (56.6 km) to the east of Barrow-in-Furness, 15.7 miles (25.3 km) to the west of Lancaster and 14.3 miles (23.0 km) to the east of Grange-over-Sands. In the 2001 census the parish had a population of 2,301, increasing at the 2011 census to 2,334.

Oxenholme Human settlement in England

Oxenholme is a village in England just south of the town of Kendal, with which it has begun to merge. It is best known for Oxenholme Lake District railway station on the West Coast Main Line. Because Oxenholme does not have its own church it is technically a hamlet.

Cartmel Human settlement in England

Cartmel is a village in Cumbria, England, 2.2 miles (3.5 km) north-west of Grange-over-Sands close to the River Eea. The village, once known as Kirkby in Cartmel, is the location of the 12th-century Cartmel Priory. Historically in Lancashire, since 1974 it is within the administrative county of Cumbria.

Westmorland and Lonsdale (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Westmorland and Lonsdale is a constituency in the south of Cumbria, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Tim Farron, the former leader of the Liberal Democrats (2015–2017).

Lindale, Cumbria Human settlement in England

Lindale - traditionally Lindale in Cartmel - is a village in the south of Cumbria. It lies on the north-eastern side of Morecambe Bay, England. It was part of Lancashire from 1182 to 1974. It is in the civil parish of Lindale and Newton-in-Cartmel, in South Lakeland district.

Cartmel Peninsula is a peninsula in Cumbria in England. It juts in a southerly direction into Morecambe Bay, bordered by the estuaries of the River Leven to the west and the River Winster to the east. It is, along with the Furness Peninsula, one of the two areas of that formed Lancashire North of the Sands, and the better known 'Furness' is often used to describe both peninsulae together. To its north, the peninsula's borders are usually given as the banks of Windermere and the border with the historic county of Westmorland between the Lake and the head of the Winster.

The 2004 South Lakeland District Council election took place on 10 June 2004 to elect members of South Lakeland District Council in Cumbria, England. One third of the council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control.

Flookburgh Human settlement in England

Flookburgh is an ancient village on the Cartmel peninsula in Cumbria, England, until 1974 part of Lancashire. Being close to Morecambe Bay, cockle and shrimp fishing plays a big part in village life.

Allithwaite Human settlement in England

Allithwaite is a small village in Cumbria, England, located roughly 1.2 miles (1.9 km) west of Grange-over-Sands. Most of its residents commute to local areas of Ulverston, Barrow-in-Furness, Kendal or Lancaster to work. Historically in Lancashire, Allithwaite, and the village of Cartmel situated to the north, are part of the civil parish of Lower Allithwaite. At the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 1,758, increasing to 1,831 at the 2011 Census. There is also a civil parish previously known as Upper Allithwaite which was renamed in 2018 as Lindale and Newton-in-Cartmel, and includes Lindale, Low Newton and High Newton. The population of this parish at the 2011 Census was 843.

Cartmel Fell Human settlement in England

Cartmel Fell is a hamlet and a civil parish in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, England. In the 2001 census the parish had a population of 309, increasing at the 2011 census to 329. The village of Cartmel and Cartmel Priory are not in this parish but in Lower Allithwaite, to the south: Cartmel Fell church is about 7 miles north of Cartmel Priory.

Humphrey Head

Humphrey Head is a limestone outcrop situated south of the village of Allithwaite in Cumbria, England. It is whale-back-shaped and accessible for walkers, giving views over Morecambe Bay to Lancaster, Morecambe, Heysham and over the Leven estuary to Ulverston. There is an Ordnance Survey trig point at the top.

Grange Fell Church commonly referred to by locals as the Fell Church is a Church of England church in the Grange Fell area of Grange-over-Sands, Cumbria, England. It was built in 1907. Its benefice is united with those of St Mary, Allithwaite, St Mary and St Michael, Cartmel, St Peter, Field Broughton, St John the Baptist, Flookburgh, St Paul, Grange-over-Sands, and St Paul, Lindale, to form the benefice of Cartmel Peninsula.

St Marys Church, Allithwaite Church in Cumbria, England

St Mary's Church is in the village of Allithwaite, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Windermere, the archdeacon of Westmorland and Furness, and the diocese of Carlisle. Its benefice is united with those of St Mary and St Michael, Cartmel, St Peter, Field Broughton, St John the Baptist, Flookburgh, St Paul, Grange-over-Sands, Grange Fell Church, Grange-Over-Sands, and St Paul, Lindale to form the benefice of Cartmel Peninsula. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.

St John the Baptists Church, Flookburgh Church in Cumbria, England

St John the Baptist's Church is in Station Road in the village of Flookburgh, on the Cartmel Peninsula in Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Windermere, the archdeaconry of Westmorland and Furness, and the diocese of Carlisle. Its benefice is united with those of St Mary, Allithwaite, St Mary and St Michael, Cartmel, St Peter, Field Broughton, St Paul, Grange-over-Sands, Grange Fell Church, Grange-Over-Sands, St Paul, Lindale, St Mary Staveley-in-Cartmel, St Anne Haverthwaite and St Peter Finsthwaite to form the benefice of Cartmel Peninsula. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

Ravenstown Human settlement in England

Ravenstown is also a nickname for Baltimore, Maryland.

Lindale and Newton-in-Cartmel

Lindale and Newton-in-Cartmel, formerly Upper Allithwaite is a civil parish in South Lakeland, Cumbria, England. The spelling Lindale and Newton in Cartmel, without hyphens, is used by the parish council.

References

  1. Stockdale, James (1872). Annals of Cartmel. Ulverston: Kitchin.
  2. "Tim Farron". theyworkforyou.com. Archived from the original on 1 June 2013.
  3. "Grange-over-Sands Town Council".
  4. Police Kents Bank
  5. "Crime Kents Bank December". Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  6. Industry of Employment (UV34)
  7. Abbot Hall Hotel, near Grange-over-Sands
  8. William John (Bill) Wearing
  9. Police Stations
  10. Kirkhead Tower

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