Kentucky Derby

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Kentucky Derby
Grade I race
Kentucky Derby.svg
Derby.jpg
The Most Exciting Two Minutes in Sports;
The Run for the Roses
Location Churchill Downs
Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
Inaugurated1875
Race type Thoroughbred
Website www.kentuckyderby.com
Race information
Distance1 14 miles (10 furlongs; 2,012 m)
Record1:59 25, Secretariat (1973)
SurfaceDirt
TrackLeft-handed
Qualification3-year-old
Weight Colt/Gelding: 126 lbs (57.2 kg)
Filly: 121 lb (55 kg)
PurseUS $3 million [1]
1st: $1,860,000

The Kentucky Derby /ˈdɜːrbi/ is a horse race that is held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival. The race is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds at a distance of one and a quarter miles (2.0 km) at Churchill Downs. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kilograms) and fillies 121 pounds (55 kilograms). [2]

Horse racing Equestrian sport

Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys over a set distance for competition. It is one of the most ancient of all sports, as its basic premise – to identify which of two or more horses is the fastest over a set course or distance – has been unchanged since at least classical antiquity.

Louisville, Kentucky City in Kentucky

Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 29th most-populous city in the United States. It is one of two cities in Kentucky designated as first-class, the other being Lexington, the state's second-largest city. Louisville is the historical seat and, since 2003, the nominal seat of Jefferson County, located in the northern region of the state, on the border with Indiana.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Contents

The race is often called "The Run for the Roses" because of the blanket of roses draped over the winner. It is also known in the United States as "The Most Exciting Two Minutes In Sports" or "The Fastest Two Minutes in Sports" in reference to its approximate duration. It is the first leg of the American Triple Crown and is followed by the Preakness Stakes, then the Belmont Stakes. Unlike the Preakness and Belmont Stakes, which took hiatuses in 1891–1893 and 1911–1912, respectively, the Kentucky Derby has been run every consecutive year since 1875. The Derby, Preakness, and Belmont all were run even every year throughout the Great Depression and both World Wars (when the Olympics and nearly all professional sports seasons were canceled). [3]

Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (United States) American Thoroughbred horse racing honor for winning three specific stakes races as a three-year-old

In the United States, the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, commonly known as the Triple Crown, is a title awarded to a three-year-old Thoroughbred horse who wins the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes. The three races were inaugurated in different years, the last being the Kentucky Derby in 1875. These races are now run annually in May and early June of each year. The Triple Crown Trophy, commissioned in 1950 but awarded to all previous winners as well as those after 1950, is awarded to a Triple Crown winner.

Preakness Stakes American stakes race for Thoroughbreds, part of the Triple Crown

The Preakness Stakes is an American flat thoroughbred horse race held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a Grade I race run over a distance of 9.5 furlongs on dirt. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies 121 lb (55 kg). It is the second jewel of the Triple Crown, held two weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks before the Belmont Stakes.

Belmont Stakes American stakes race for Thoroughbreds, part of the Triple Crown

The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I stakes Thoroughbred horse race held on the first or second Saturday in June at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. Belmont Park is known as "The Championship Track" because nearly every major American champion in racing history has competed on the racetrack. Belmont Park, with its wide, sweeping turns and long homestretch, is considered one of the fairest racetracks. It is a 1.5-mile-long (2.4 km) horse race, open to three-year-old Thoroughbreds. Colts and geldings carry a weight of 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies carry 121 pounds (55 kg). The race, nicknamed The Test of the Champion, and The Run for the Carnations, is the third and final leg of the Triple Crown and is held five weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks after the Preakness Stakes. The 1973 Belmont Stakes and Triple Crown winner Secretariat holds the mile and a half stakes record of 2:24.

A horse must win all three races to win the Triple Crown. [4] In the 2015 listing of the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA), the Kentucky Derby tied with the Whitney Handicap as the top Grade 1 race in the United States outside the Breeders' Cup races. [5]

The Whitney Stakes is an American Grade 1 stakes race for Thoroughbred racehorses three years of age and older run at a distance of ​1 18 miles. The current purse is $1,200,000.

Breeders Cup Grade I Thoroughbred horse racing

The Breeders' Cup World Championships is an annual series of Grade I Thoroughbred horse races, operated by Breeders' Cup Limited, a company formed in 1982. From its inception in 1984 through 2006, it was a single-day event; starting in 2007, it expanded to two days. All sites have been in the United States, except in 1996, when the races were at the Woodbine Racetrack in Canada.

The attendance at the Kentucky Derby ranks first in North America and usually surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes, and the Breeders' Cup. [6]

History

In 1872, Col. Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition, traveled to England, visiting Epsom in Surrey where The Derby had been running annually since 1780. [7] From there, Clark went on to Paris, France, where in 1863, a group of racing enthusiasts had formed the French Jockey Club and had organized the Grand Prix de Paris at Longchamp, which at the time was the greatest race in France.

Lewis and Clark Expedition American overland expedition to the Pacific coast

The Lewis and Clark Expedition from May 1804 to September 1806, also known as the Corps of Discovery Expedition, was the first American expedition to cross the western portion of the United States. It began in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, made its way westward, and passed through the Continental Divide of the Americas to reach the Pacific coast. The Corps of Discovery was a selected group of US Army volunteers under the command of Captain Meriwether Lewis and his close friend Second Lieutenant William Clark.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Epsom Town in Surrey, England

Epsom is a market town in Surrey, England, 13.7 miles (22.0 km) south-west of London, between Ashtead and Ewell. The town straddles chalk downland and the upper Thanet Formation. Epsom Downs Racecourse holds The Derby, now a generic name for sports competitions in English-speaking countries. The town also gives its name to Epsom salts, originally extracted from mineral waters there.

A thoroughbred horse is depicted on the reverse of the Kentucky state quarter Kentucky quarter, reverse side, 2001.jpg
A thoroughbred horse is depicted on the reverse of the Kentucky state quarter

Returning home to Kentucky, Clark organized the Louisville Jockey Club for the purpose of raising money to build quality racing facilities just outside the city. The track would soon become known as Churchill Downs, named for John and Henry Churchill, who provided the land for the racetrack. [8] Officially, the racetrack was incorporated as Churchill Downs in 1937. [9]

Churchill Downs Thoroughbred racetrack in Louisville, Kentucky, United States

Churchill Downs, located on Central Avenue in south Louisville, Kentucky, United States, is a Thoroughbred racetrack most famous for annually hosting the Kentucky Derby. It officially opened in 1875 and was named for Samuel Churchill, whose family was prominent in Kentucky for many years. The first Kentucky Derby and the first Kentucky Oaks were held in the same year. Churchill Downs has also hosted the renowned Breeders' Cup on nine occasions, most recently on November 2 and 3, 2018. Churchill Downs Incorporated owns and operates the racetrack. With the infield open for the Kentucky Derby, the capacity of Churchill Downs is roughly 170,000.

The Kentucky Derby was first run at 1 1/2 miles (12 furlongs; 2.4 km) the same distance as the Epsom Derby. The distance was changed in 1896 to its current 1 1/4 miles (10 furlongs; 2 km). On May 17, 1875, in front of an estimated crowd of 10,000 people, a field of 15 three-year-old horses contested the first Derby. Under jockey Oliver Lewis, a colt named Aristides, who was trained by future Hall of Famer Ansel Williamson, won the inaugural Derby. Later that year, Lewis rode Aristides to a second-place finish in the Belmont Stakes.

Although the first race meeting proved a success, the track ran into financial difficulties and in 1894 the New Louisville Jockey Club was incorporated with new capitalization and improved facilities. Despite this, the business floundered until 1902 when Col. Matt Winn of Louisville put together a syndicate of businessmen to acquire the facility. Under Winn, Churchill Downs prospered and the Kentucky Derby then became the preeminent stakes race for three-year-old thoroughbred horses in North America.

Thoroughbred owners began sending their successful Derby horses to compete later in the Preakness Stakes at the Pimlico Race Course, in Baltimore, Maryland, followed by the Belmont Stakes in Elmont, New York. The three races offered large purses and in 1919 Sir Barton became the first horse to win all three races. However, the term Triple Crown didn't come into use for another eleven years. In 1930, when Gallant Fox became the second horse to win all three races, sportswriter Charles Hatton brought the phrase into American usage. Fueled by the media, public interest in the possibility of a "superhorse" that could win the Triple Crown began in the weeks leading up to the Derby. Two years after the term was coined, the race, which had been run in mid-May since inception, was changed to the first Saturday in May to allow for a specific schedule for the Triple Crown races. Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and then the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1931, eleven times the Preakness was run before the Derby. On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. On eleven occasions the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes.

Churchill Downs in 1901 Churchill Downs 1901.jpg
Churchill Downs in 1901

On May 16, 1925, the first live radio broadcast of the Kentucky Derby was originated by WHAS and was also carried by WGN in Chicago. [10] On May 7, 1949, the first television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, produced by WAVE-TV, the NBC affiliate in Louisville. This coverage was aired live in the Louisville market and sent to NBC as a kinescope newsreel recording for national broadcast. On May 3, 1952, the first national television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, aired from then-CBS affiliate WHAS-TV. [11] In 1954, the purse exceeded $100,000 for the first time. In 1968, Dancer's Image became the first horse to win the race and then be disqualified, after traces of phenylbutazone—an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug—were found in the horse's urinalysis; Forward Pass won after a protracted legal battle by the owners of Dancer's Image (which they lost). Forward Pass thus became the eighth winner for Calumet Farm. Unexpectedly, the regulations at Kentucky thoroughbred race tracks were changed some years later, allowing horses to run on phenylbutazone. In 1970, Diane Crump became the first female jockey to ride in the Derby, finishing 15th aboard Fathom. [12]

The fastest time ever run in the Derby was set in 1973 at 1:59.4 minutes, when Secretariat broke the record set by Northern Dancer in 1964. Not only has Secretariat's record time yet to be topped, in the race itself, he did something unique in Triple Crown races: each successive quarter, his times were faster. Though times for non-winners were not recorded, in 1973 Sham finished second, two and a half lengths behind Secretariat in the same race. Using the thoroughbred racing convention of one length equaling one-fifth of a second to calculate Sham's time, he also finished in under two minutes. Another sub-two-minute finish, only the third, was set in 2001 by Monarchos at 1:59.97. [13]

In 2005, the purse distribution for the Derby was changed, so that horses finishing fifth would henceforth receive a share of the purse; previously only the first four finishers did so. [14]

The Kentucky Derby will offer $3 million in purse money starting in 2019. Churchill Downs officials have cited the success of historical racing games at their Derby City Gaming facility in Louisville as a factor behind the purse increase. [1] The Derby first offered a $1 million purse in 1996; it was doubled to $2 million in 2005. [1]

Attendance

Millions of people from around the world bet at various live tracks and online sportsbooks. [15] In 2017, a crowd of 158,070 watched Always Dreaming win the Derby, making it the seventh biggest attendance in the history of the racetrack. The track reported a wagering total of $209.2 million from all the sources on all the races on the Kentucky Derby Day program. It was a 9 percent increase compared to the total of $192.6 million in 2016 and an increase of 8 percent over the previous record set in 2015 of $194.3 million. [16] TwinSpires, a platform for betting online and a partner of the Kentucky Derby and the Breeders' Cup, recorded $32.8 million in handle on the Churchill Down races for the Kentucky Derby Day program. This was a 22 percent increase over the preceding year. On the Kentucky Derby race alone, the handle of TwinSpires was $20.1 million, which is a 22 percent rise compared to the prior year. [17]

The race often draws celebrities. HM Queen Elizabeth II, on a visit to the United States, joined the racegoers at Churchill Downs in 2007. [18]

Sponsorship

The 2004 Derby marked the first time that jockeys—as a result of a court order—were allowed to wear corporate advertising logos on their clothing. [19] [20]

Norman Adams has been the designer of the Kentucky Derby Logo since 2002. On February 1, 2006, the Louisville-based fast-food company Yum! Brands, Inc. announced a corporate sponsorship deal to call the race "The Kentucky Derby presented by Yum! Brands." [21] In 2018, Woodford Reserve replaced Yum Brands as the presenting sponsor. [22]

Traditions

In addition to the race itself, a number of traditions play a large role in the Derby atmosphere. The mint julep—an iced drink consisting of bourbon, mint, and a sugar syrup—is the traditional beverage of the race. The historic drink can be served in an ice-frosted silver julep cup, but most Churchill Downs patrons sip theirs from souvenir glasses (first offered in 1939 and available in revised form each year since) printed with all previous Derby winners. [23] Also, burgoo, a thick stew of beef, chicken, pork, and vegetables, is a popular Kentucky dish served at the Derby. [24]

Louisville Clock (often called the Louisville Derby Clock), which was dismantled in 2015 Louisville Clock.jpg
Louisville Clock (often called the Louisville Derby Clock), which was dismantled in 2015

The infield—a spectator area inside the track—offers general admission prices but little chance of seeing much of the race, particularly prior to the jumbotron installation in 2014. [25] [26] Instead, revelers show up in the infield to party with abandon. By contrast, "Millionaire's Row" refers to the expensive box seats that attract the rich, the famous and the well-connected. Women appear in fine outfits lavishly accessorized with large, elaborate hats. Following the Call to the Post, as the horses are paraded before the grandstands, the University of Louisville Cardinal Marching Band plays Stephen Foster's "My Old Kentucky Home," a tradition which began in 1921. [27] The event attracts spectators from a large area, flying in hundreds of private aircraft to Louisville International Airport. [28]

The Derby is frequently referred to as "The Run for the Roses," because a lush blanket of 554 red roses is awarded to the Kentucky Derby winner each year. The tradition originated in 1883 when New York socialite E. Berry Wall presented roses to ladies at a post-Derby party that was attended by Churchill Downs founder and president, Col. M. Lewis Clark. This gesture is believed to have led Clark to the idea of making the rose the race's official flower. However, it was not until 1896 that any recorded account referred to roses being draped on the Derby winner. The Governor of Kentucky awards the garland and the Kentucky Derby Trophy. Pop vocalist Dan Fogelberg composed the song "Run for the Roses" which was released in time for the 1980 running of the race. [29]

Riders Up!

“Riders Up!” is the traditional command from the Paddock Judge for jockeys to mount their horses in advance of the upcoming race. Since 2012, it was recited by a dignitary or celebrity attendee.

Festival

In the weeks preceding the race, numerous activities are held for the Kentucky Derby Festival. Thunder Over Louisville—an airshow and fireworks display—generally begins the festivities in earnest two weeks prior to the Derby.

Records

Speed record:

Margin of Victory:

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

Longest shot to win the Derby:

Miscellaneous:

Winners

Kentucky Derby winners [34]
YearWinnerJockeyTrainerOwnerDistance (miles)Track ConditionTime [lower-alpha 1]
2019 Country House [lower-alpha 2] Flavien Prat Bill Mott Mrs. J.V. Shields, Jr., E. J. M. McFadden, Jr. and LNJ Foxwoods1 ¼Sloppy2:03.93
2018 Justify Dagger-14-plain.png Mike E. Smith Bob Baffert China Horse Club, Head of Plains Partners, Starlight Racing and WinStar Farm 1 ¼Sloppy2:04.20
2017 Always Dreaming John Velazquez Todd Pletcher MeB Racing, Brooklyn Boyz, Teresa Viola, St. Elias, Siena Farm and West Point1 ¼Wet Fast (sealed)2:03.59
2016 Nyquist Mario Gutierrez Doug O'Neill J. Paul Reddam 1 ¼Fast2:01.31
2015 American Pharoah Dagger-14-plain.png Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert Zayat Stables, LLC 1 ¼Fast2:03.02
2014 California Chrome Victor Espinoza Art Sherman Steve Coburn & Perry Martin 1 ¼Fast2:03.66
2013 Orb Joel Rosario Claude McGaughey III Stuart S. Janney III & Phipps Stable 1 ¼Sloppy2:02.89
2012 I'll Have Another Mario Gutierrez Doug O'Neill J. Paul Reddam 1 ¼Fast2:01.83
2011 Animal Kingdom John Velazquez H. Graham Motion Team Valor International 1 ¼Fast2:02.04
2010 Super Saver Calvin Borel Todd Pletcher WinStar Farm 1 ¼Sloppy2:04.45
2009 Mine That Bird Calvin Borel Bennie L. Woolley, Jr. Double Eagle Ranch et al.1 ¼Sloppy2:02.66
2008 Big Brown Kent Desormeaux Richard E. Dutrow, Jr. IEAH Stables / P. Pompa 1 ¼Fast2:01.82
2007 Street Sense Calvin Borel Carl Nafzger James B. Tafel 1 ¼Fast2:02.17
2006 Barbaro Edgar Prado Michael R. Matz Lael Stables 1 ¼Fast2:01.36
2005 Giacomo Mike E. Smith John Shirreffs Jerry & Ann Moss 1 ¼Fast2:02.75
2004 Smarty Jones Stewart Elliott John Servis Someday Farm 1 ¼Sloppy2:04.06
2003 Funny Cide José A. Santos Barclay Tagg Sackatoga Stable 1 ¼Fast2:01.19
2002 War Emblem Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert Thoroughbred Corp. 1 ¼Fast2:01.13
2001 Monarchos Jorge F. Chavez John T. Ward, Jr. John C. Oxley 1 ¼Fast1:59.97
2000 Fusaichi Pegasus Kent Desormeaux Neil Drysdale Fusao Sekiguchi 1 ¼Fast2:01.00
1999 Charismatic Chris Antley D. Wayne Lukas Bob & Beverly Lewis 1 ¼Fast2:03.20
1998 Real Quiet Kent Desormeaux Bob Baffert Michael E. Pegram 1 ¼Fast2:02.20
1997 Silver Charm Gary Stevens Bob Baffert Bob & Beverly Lewis 1 ¼Fast2:02.40
1996 Grindstone Jerry Bailey D. Wayne Lukas Overbrook Farm 1 ¼Fast2:01.00
1995 Thunder Gulch Gary Stevens D. Wayne Lukas Michael Tabor 1 ¼Fast2:01.20
1994 Go for Gin Chris McCarron Nick Zito William J. Condren & Joseph M. Cornacchia1 ¼Sloppy2:03.60
1993 Sea Hero Jerry Bailey MacKenzie Miller Rokeby Stables 1 ¼Fast2:02.40
1992 Lil E. Tee Pat Day Lynn S. Whiting W. Cal Partee 1 ¼Fast2:03.00
1991 Strike the Gold Chris Antley Nick Zito BCC Stable 1 ¼Fast2:03.00
1990 Unbridled Craig Perret Carl Nafzger Frances A. Genter 1 ¼Good2:02.00
1989 Sunday Silence Pat Valenzuela Charlie Whittingham H-G-W Partners 1 ¼Muddy2:05.00
1988 Winning Colors Double-dagger-14-plain.png Gary Stevens D. Wayne Lukas Eugene V. Klein 1 ¼Fast2:02.20
1987 Alysheba Chris McCarron Jack Van Berg D. & P. Scharbauer 1 ¼Fast2:03.40
1986 Ferdinand Bill Shoemaker Charlie Whittingham Elizabeth A. Keck 1 ¼Fast2:02.80
1985 Spend A Buck Angel Cordero, Jr. Cam Gambolati Dennis Diaz 1 ¼Fast2:00.20
1984 Swale Laffit Pincay, Jr. Woody Stephens Claiborne Farm 1 ¼Fast2:02.40
1983 Sunny's Halo Eddie Delahoussaye David C. Cross Jr. David J. Foster Stable 1 ¼Fast2:02.20
1982 Gato Del Sol Eddie Delahoussaye Edwin J. Gregson Hancock & Peters 1 ¼Fast2:02.40
1981 Pleasant Colony Jorge Velasquez John P. Campo Buckland Farm 1 ¼Fast2:02.00
1980 Genuine Risk Double-dagger-14-plain.png Jacinto Vasquez LeRoy Jolley Diana M. Firestone 1 ¼Fast2:02.00
1979 Spectacular Bid Ronnie Franklin Bud Delp Hawksworth Farm 1 ¼Fast2:02.40
1978 Affirmed Dagger-14-plain.png Steve Cauthen Laz Barrera Harbor View Farm 1 ¼Fast2:01.20
1977 Seattle Slew Dagger-14-plain.png Jean Cruguet William H. Turner, Jr. Karen L. Taylor 1 ¼Fast2:02.20
1976 Bold Forbes Angel Cordero, Jr. Laz Barrera E. Rodriguez Tizol 1 ¼Fast2:01.60
1975 Foolish Pleasure Jacinto Vasquez LeRoy Jolley John L. Greer 1 ¼Fast2:02.00
1974 Cannonade Angel Cordero, Jr. Woody Stephens John M. Olin 1 ¼Fast2:04.00
1973 Secretariat Dagger-14-plain.png Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stable 1 ¼Fast1:59.40
1972 Riva Ridge Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stud 1 ¼Fast2:01.80
1971 Canonero II Gustavo Avila Juan Arias Edgar Caibett 1 ¼Fast2:03.20
1970 Dust Commander Mike Manganello Don Combs Robert E. Lehmann 1 ¼Good2:03.40
1969 Majestic Prince Bill Hartack Johnny Longden Frank M. McMahon 1 ¼Fast2:01.80
1968 Forward Pass [lower-alpha 3] Ismael Valenzuela Henry Forrest Calumet Farm 1 ¼Fast2:02.20
1967 Proud Clarion Bobby Ussery Loyd Gentry, Jr. Darby Dan Farm 1 ¼Fast2:00.60
1966 Kauai King Don Brumfield Henry Forrest Ford Stable 1 ¼Fast2:02.00
1965 Lucky Debonair Bill Shoemaker Frank Catrone Ada L. Rice 1 ¼Fast2:01.20
1964 Northern Dancer Bill Hartack Horatio Luro Windfields Farm 1 ¼Fast2:00.00
1963 Chateaugay Braulio Baeza James P. Conway Darby Dan Farm 1 ¼Fast2:01.80
1962 Decidedly Bill Hartack Horatio Luro El Peco Ranch 1 ¼Fast2:00.40
1961 Carry Back Johnny Sellers Jack A. Price Katherine Price1 ¼Good2:04.00
1960 Venetian Way Bill Hartack Victor J. Sovinski Sunny Blue Farm 1 ¼Good2:02.40
1959 Tomy Lee Bill Shoemaker Frank E. Childs Fred & Juliette Turner 1 ¼Fast2:02.20
1958 Tim Tam Ismael Valenzuela Jimmy Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Muddy2:05.00
1957 Iron Liege Bill Hartack Jimmy Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Fast2:02.20
1956 Needles David Erb Hugh L. Fontaine D & H Stable 1 ¼Fast2:03.40
1955 Swaps Bill Shoemaker Mesh Tenney Rex C. Ellsworth 1 ¼Fast2:01.80
1954 Determine Raymond York William Molter Andrew J. Crevolin 1 ¼Fast2:03.00
1953 Dark Star Henry E. Moreno Eddie Hayward Cain Hoy Stable 1 ¼Fast2:02.00
1952 Hill Gail Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Fast2:01.60
1951 Count Turf Conn McCreary Sol Rutchick Jack J. Amiel 1 ¼Fast2:02.60
1950 Middleground William Boland Max Hirsch King Ranch 1 ¼Fast2:01.60
1949 Ponder Steve Brooks Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Fast2:04.20
1948 Citation Dagger-14-plain.png Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Sloppy2:05.40
1947 Jet Pilot Eric Guerin Tom Smith Maine Chance Farm 1 ¼Slow2:06.80
1946 Assault Dagger-14-plain.png Warren Mehrtens Max Hirsch King Ranch 1 ¼Slow2:06.60
1945 Hoop Jr. Eddie Arcaro Ivan H. Parke Fred W. Hooper 1 ¼Muddy2:07.00
1944 Pensive Conn McCreary Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Good2:04.20
1943 Count Fleet Dagger-14-plain.png Johnny Longden Don Cameron Fannie Hertz 1 ¼Fast2:04.00
1942 Shut Out Wayne D. Wright John M. Gaver, Sr. Greentree Stable 1 ¼Fast2:04.40
1941 Whirlaway Dagger-14-plain.png Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Fast2:01.40
1940 Gallahadion Carroll Bierman Roy Waldron Milky Way Farm 1 ¼Fast2:05.00
1939 Johnstown James Stout Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1 ¼Fast2:03.40
1938 Lawrin Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Herbert M. Woolf 1 ¼Fast2:04.80
1937 War Admiral Dagger-14-plain.png Charley Kurtsinger George Conway Glen Riddle Farm 1 ¼Fast2:03.20
1936 Bold Venture Ira Hanford Max Hirsch Morton L. Schwartz 1 ¼Fast2:03.60
1935 Omaha Dagger-14-plain.png Willie Saunders Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1 ¼Good2:05.00
1934 Cavalcade Mack Garner Bob Smith Brookmeade Stable 1 ¼Fast2:04.00
1933 Brokers Tip Don Meade Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1 ¼Good2:06.80
1932 Burgoo King Eugene James Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1 ¼Fast2:05.20
1931 Twenty Grand Charley Kurtsinger James G. Rowe, Jr. Greentree Stable 1 ¼Fast2:01.80
1930 Gallant Fox Dagger-14-plain.png Earl Sande Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1 ¼Good2:07.60
1929 Clyde Van Dusen Linus McAtee Clyde Van Dusen Herbert P. Gardner 1 ¼Muddy2:10.80
1928 Reigh Count Chick Lang Bert S. Michell Fannie Hertz 1 ¼Heavy2:10.40
1927 Whiskery Linus McAtee Fred Hopkins Harry P. Whitney 1 ¼Slow2:06.00
1926 Bubbling Over Albert Johnson Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1 ¼Fast2:03.80
1925 Flying Ebony Earl Sande William B. Duke Gifford A. Cochran 1 ¼Sloppy2:07.60
1924 Black Gold J. D. Mooney Hanley Webb Rosa M. Hoots 1 ¼Fast2:05.20
1923 Zev Earl Sande David J. Leary Rancocas Stable 1 ¼Fast2:05.40
1922 Morvich Albert Johnson Fred Burlew Benjamin Block1 ¼Fast2:04.60
1921 Behave Yourself Charles Thompson Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1 ¼Fast2:04.20
1920 Paul Jones Ted Rice William M. Garth Ral Parr 1 ¼Slow2:09.00
1919 Sir Barton Dagger-14-plain.png Johnny Loftus H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross 1 ¼Heavy2:09.80
1918 Exterminator Willie Knapp Henry McDaniel Willis Sharpe Kilmer 1 ¼Muddy2:10.80
1917 Omar Khayyam Charles Borel Charles T. Patterson Billings & Johnson 1 ¼Fast2:04.60
1916 George Smith Johnny Loftus Hollie Hughes John Sanford 1 ¼Fast2:04.00
1915 Regret Double-dagger-14-plain.png Joe Notter James G. Rowe, Sr. Harry P. Whitney 1 ¼Fast2:05.40
1914 Old Rosebud John McCabe Frank D. Weir Hamilton C. Applegate 1 ¼Fast2:03.40
1913 Donerail Roscoe Goose Thomas P. Hayes Thomas P. Hayes 1 ¼Fast2:04.80
1912 Worth Carroll H. Shilling Frank M. Taylor Henry C. Hallenbeck 1 ¼Muddy2:09.40
1911 Meridian George Archibald Albert Ewing Richard F. Carman 1 ¼Fast2:05.00
1910 Donau Frederick Herbert George Ham William Gerst 1 ¼Fast2:06.40
1909 Wintergreen Vincent Powers Charles Mack Jerome B. Respess 1 ¼Slow2:08.20
1908 Stone Street Arthur Pickens J. W. Hall C. E. & J. W. Hamilton 1 ¼Heavy2:15.20
1907 Pink Star Andy Minder William H. Fizer J. Hal Woodford 1 ¼Heavy2:12.60
1906 Sir Huon Roscoe Troxler Pete Coyne Bashford Manor Stable 1 ¼Fast2:08.80
1905 Agile Jack Martin Robert Tucker Samuel S. Brown 1 ¼Heavy2:10.75
1904 Elwood Shorty Prior Charles E. Durnell Mrs. C. E. Durnell 1 ¼Fast2:08.50
1903 Judge Himes Harold Booker John P. Mayberry Charles R. Ellison 1 ¼Fast2:09.00
1902 Alan-a-Dale Jimmy Winkfield Thomas C. McDowell Thomas C. McDowell 1 ¼Fast2:08.75
1901 His Eminence Jimmy Winkfield Frank B. Van Meter Frank B. Van Meter 1 ¼Fast2:07.75
1900 Lieut. Gibson Jimmy Boland Charles Hughes Charles H. Smith 1 ¼Fast2:06.25
1899 Manuel Fred Taral Robert J. Walden A. H. & D. H. Morris 1 ¼Fast2:12.00
1898 Plaudit Willie Simms John E. Madden John E. Madden 1 ¼Good2:09.00
1897 Typhoon II Buttons Garner Julius C. Cahn Julius C. Cahn 1 ¼Heavy2:12.50
1896 Ben Brush Willie Simms Hardy Campbell, Jr. Mike F. Dwyer 1 ¼Dusty2:07.75
1895 Halma James Perkins Byron McClelland Byron McClelland 1 ½Fast2:37.50
1894 Chant Frank Goodale H. Eugene Leigh Leigh & Rose1 ½Fast2:41.00
1893 Lookout Eddie Kunze William McDaniel Cushing & Orth 1 ½Fast2:39.25
1892 Azra Alonzo Clayton John H. Morris Bashford Manor Stable 1 ½Heavy2:41.50
1891 Kingman Isaac Murphy Dud Allen Jacobin Stable 1 ½Fast2:52.25
1890 Riley Isaac Murphy Edward Corrigan Edward Corrigan 1 ½Muddy2:45.00
1889 Spokane Thomas Kiley John Rodegap Noah Armstrong 1 ½Fast2:34.50
1888 Macbeth II George Covington John Campbell Chicago Stable 1 ½Fast2:38.00
1887 Montrose Isaac Lewis John McGinty Labold Brothers 1 ½Fast2:39.25
1886 Ben Ali Paul Duffy Jim Murphy J. B. A. Haggin 1 ½Fast2:36.50
1885 Joe Cotton Erskine Henderson Abraham Perry James T. Williams 1 ½Good2:37.25
1884 Buchanan Isaac Murphy William Bird Samuel S. Brown & William Cottrill 1 ½Good2:40.25
1883 Leonatus Billy Donohue Raleigh Colston Sr. Chinn & Morgan 1 ½Heavy2:43.00
1882 Apollo [lower-alpha 4] Babe Hurd Green B. Morris Morris & Patton 1 ½Fast2:40.00
1881 Hindoo Jim McLaughlin James G. Rowe, Sr. Dwyer Bros. Stable 1 ½Fast2:40.00
1880 Fonso George Lewis Tice Hutsell J. Snell Shawhan 1 ½Dusty2:37.50
1879 Lord Murphy Charlie Shauer George Rice Darden & Co 1 ½Fast2:37.00
1878 Day Star Jimmy Carter Lee Paul T. J. Nichols 1 ½Dusty2:37.25
1877 Baden-Baden Billy Walker Edward D. Brown Daniel Swigert 1 ½Fast2:38.00
1876 Vagrant Bobby SwimJames Williams William Astor, Jr. 1 ½Fast2:38.25
1875 Aristides Oliver Lewis Ansel Williamson H. Price McGrath 1 ½Fast2:37.75
Notes

Dagger-14-plain.png designates a Triple Crown Winner.
Double-dagger-14-plain.png designates a filly.

  1. The race was timed to 14 second from 1875 to 1905, to 15 second from 1906 to 2000, and to 0.01 second since 2001.
  2. Maximum Security crossed the finish line first, but was disqualified for interference.
  3. Dancer's Image, ridden by Bobby Ussery, trained by Lou Cavalaris, Jr., and owned by Peter D. Fuller, finished first, but was disqualified after a post-race urine sample revealed traces of a banned drug in the horse. The drug in question – phenylbutazone – is now legal for use on racehorses in many states, including Kentucky.
  4. Apollo (1882) was the only horse to have won the Derby without having raced at age two, until Justify in 2018. [35]

See also

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References

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Further reading