|Grade I race|
The Most Exciting Two Minutes in Sports;
The Run for the Roses
|Location|| Churchill Downs |
Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
|Distance||1 1⁄4 miles (10 furlongs; 2,012 m)|
|Record||1:59.40, Secretariat (1973, 11⁄4 miles) 2:34.50, Spokane (1889, 11⁄2 miles)|
|Weight|| Colt/Gelding: 126 lbs (57.2 kg)|
Filly: 121 lb (55 kg)
|Purse||US $3 million |
The Kentucky Derby // is a horse race held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, almost always on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival. The competition is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds at a distance of one and a quarter miles (2.0 km) at Churchill Downs. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kilograms) and fillies 121 pounds (55 kilograms).
It is dubbed "The Run for the Roses," stemming from the blanket of roses draped over the winner. It is also known in the United States as "The Most Exciting Two Minutes in Sports" or "The Fastest Two Minutes in Sports" because of its approximate duration. It is the first leg of the American Triple Crown, followed by the Preakness Stakes, and then the Belmont Stakes. Of the three Triple Crown races, the Kentucky Derby had the distinction of having been run uninterrupted for 144 years previous to 2020. The race was rescheduled to September, 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Preakness and Belmont Stakes races had taken hiatuses in 1891–1893 and 1911–1912, respectively. Even with the Olympics and major professional sports leagues canceled at those points, the Derby, Preakness, and Belmont took place during the Great Depression and both World Wars.
A horse must win all three races to win the Triple Crown.In the 2015 listing of the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA), the Kentucky Derby tied with the Whitney Handicap as the top Grade 1 race in the United States outside the Breeders' Cup races.
The attendance at the Kentucky Derby ranks first in North America and usually surpasses the attendance numbers of all other stakes races including the Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes, and the Breeders' Cup.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 146th Kentucky Derby was rescheduled from May 2, 2020, to September 5, 2020.
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In 1872, Col. Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition, traveled to England, visiting Epsom in Surrey where The Derby had been running annually since 1780.From there, Clark went on to Paris, France, where a group of racing enthusiasts had formed the French Jockey Club in 1863. They had organized the Grand Prix de Paris at Longchamp, which at the time was the greatest race in France.
Returning home to Kentucky, Clark organized the Louisville Jockey Club to raise money for building quality racing facilities just outside the city. The track would soon become known as Churchill Downs, named for John and Henry Churchill, who provided the land for the racetrack.The naming went official in 1937.
The Kentucky Derby was first run at 1 1/2 miles (12 furlongs; 2.4 km) the same distance as the Epsom Derby, before changing lengths in 1896 to its current 1 1/4 miles (10 furlongs; 2 km). On May 17, 1875, in front of an estimated crowd of 10,000 people, a field of 15 three-year-old horses contested the first Derby. Under jockey Oliver Lewis, a colt named Aristides, who was trained by future Hall of Famer Ansel Williamson, won the inaugural Derby. Later that year, Lewis rode Aristides to a second-place finish in the Belmont Stakes.
Although the first race meeting proved a success, the track ran into financial difficulties, and in 1894 the New Louisville Jockey Club was incorporated with the new capitalization and improved facilities. Despite this, the business floundered until 1902 when Col. Matt Winn of Louisville put together a syndicate of businessmen to acquire the facility. Under Winn, Churchill Downs prospered, and the Kentucky Derby then became the preeminent stakes race for three-year-old thoroughbred horses in North America.
Thoroughbred owners began sending their successful Derby horses to compete in two other races. These two are the Preakness Stakes at the Pimlico Race Course, in Baltimore, Maryland, and the Belmont Stakes in Elmont, New York. The three races offered large purses, and in 1919 Sir Barton became the first horse to win all three races. However, the term Triple Crown didn't come into use for another eleven years. In 1930, when Gallant Fox became the second horse to win all three races, sportswriter Charles Hatton brought the phrase into American usage. Fueled by the media, public interest in the possibility of a "superhorse" that could win the Triple Crown began in the weeks leading up to the Derby. Two years after the term went in use, the race (until that time ran in mid-May since inception) changed the date to the first Saturday in May. This change allows for a specific schedule for the Triple Crown races. Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and then the Belmont Stakes. Before 1931, eleven times the Preakness was run before the Derby. On May 12, 1917, and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby took place on the same day. On eleven occasions the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes.
On May 16, 1925, the first live radio broadcast of the Kentucky Derby aired on WHAS as well as on WGN in Chicago.On May 7, 1949, the first television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, produced by WAVE-TV, the NBC affiliate in Louisville. This coverage was aired live in the Louisville market and sent to NBC as a kinescope newsreel recording for national broadcast. On May 3, 1952, the first national television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, aired from then-CBS affiliate WHAS-TV. In 1954, the purse exceeded $100,000 for the first time. In 1968, Dancer's Image became the first horse to win the race and then faced disqualification. A urine test revealed traces of phenylbutazone (an anti-inflammatory painkiller drug) inside Dancer's Image. Forward Pass won after a protracted legal battle by the owners of Dancer's Image (which they lost). Forward Pass thus became the eighth winner for Calumet Farm. Unexpectedly, the regulations at Kentucky thoroughbred race tracks were changed some years later, allowing horses to run on phenylbutazone. In 1970, Diane Crump became the first female jockey to ride in the Derby, finishing 15th aboard Fathom.
The fastest time ever run in the Derby was in 1973 at 1:59.4 minutes, when Secretariat broke the record set by Northern Dancer in 1964 - a record time yet to be topped. Also during that race, he did something unique in Triple Crown races: for each successive quarter ran, his times were faster. Although the races do not record times for non-winners, in 1973 Sham finished second, two and a half lengths behind Secretariat in the same race. Using the thoroughbred racing convention of one length equaling one-fifth of a second to calculate Sham's time, he also finished in under two minutes. Another sub-two-minute finish, only the third, was set in 2001 by Monarchos at 1:59.97.
In 2005, the purse distribution for the Derby changed, so that horses finishing fifth would henceforth receive a share of the purse; previously only the first four finishers did so.
The Kentucky Derby began offering $3 million in purse money in 2019. Churchill Downs officials have cited the success of historical race wagering terminals at their Derby City Gaming facility in Louisville as a factor behind the purse increase.The Derby first offered a $1 million purse in 1996; then doubled to $2 million in 2005.
A new starting gate with twenty stalls is scheduled to debut for the 2020 Kentucky Derby. Designed by an Australian company, the new contiguous gate will replace the previous method of starting the Derby using the 14-stall main starting gate and a 6-stall auxiliary gate. Churchill officials cited the need for increased horse and rider safety as the reason for using the new starting gate.
In 2020, The Kentucky Derby was postponed from May 2 to September 5 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Millions of people from around the world bet at various live tracks and online sportsbooks.In 2017, a crowd of 158,070 watched Always Dreaming win the Derby, making it the seventh biggest attendance in the history of the racetrack. The track reported a wagering total of $209.2 million from all the sources on all the races on the Kentucky Derby Day program. It was a 9 percent increase compared to the total of $192.6 million in 2016 and an increase of 8 percent over the previous record set in 2015 of $194.3 million. TwinSpires, a platform for betting online and a partner of the Kentucky Derby and the Breeders' Cup, recorded $32.8 million in handle on the Churchill Down races for the Kentucky Derby Day program. This record was a 22 percent increase over the preceding year. On the Kentucky Derby race alone, the handle of TwinSpires was $20.1 million, which is a 22 percent rise compared to the prior year.
The race often draws celebrities. HM Queen Elizabeth II, on a visit to the United States, joined the racegoers at Churchill Downs in 2007.
The 2004 Kentucky Derby marked the first time that jockeys—as a result of a court order—were allowed to wear corporate advertising logos on their clothing.
Norman Adams has been the designer of the Kentucky Derby Logo since 2002. On February 1, 2006, the Louisville-based fast-food company Yum! Brands, Inc. announced a corporate sponsorship deal to call the race "The Kentucky Derby presented by Yum! Brands."In 2018, Woodford Reserve replaced Yum Brands as the presenting sponsor.
In addition to the race itself, several traditions play a significant role in the Derby atmosphere. The mint julep—an iced drink consisting of bourbon, mint, and sugar syrup—is the traditional beverage of the race. The historic beverage comes served in an ice-frosted silver julep cup. However, most Churchill Downs patrons sip theirs from souvenir glasses (first offered in 1939 and available in revised form each year since) printed with all previous Derby winners.Also, burgoo, a thick stew of beef, chicken, pork, and vegetables, is a popular Kentucky dish served at the Derby.
The infield—a spectator area inside the track—offers general admission prices but little chance of seeing much of the race, particularly before the jumbotron installation in 2014.Instead, revelers show up in the infield to party with abandon. By contrast, "Millionaire's Row" refers to the expensive box seats that attract the rich, the famous and the well-connected. Women appear in elegant outfits lavishly accessorized with large, elaborate hats. Following the Call to the Post, as the horses start to parade before the grandstands, the University of Louisville Cardinal Marching Band plays Stephen Foster's "My Old Kentucky Home." This song is a tradition which began in 1921. The event attracts spectators from a large area, flying in hundreds of private aircraft to Louisville International Airport.
The Derby is frequently referred to as "The Run for the Roses," because a lush blanket of 554 red roses is awarded to the Kentucky Derby winner each year. The tradition originated in 1883 when New York socialite E. Berry Wall presented roses to ladies at a post-Derby party. Churchill Downs founder and president, Col. M. Lewis Clark, attended that event. This gesture is believed to have led Clark to the idea of making the rose the race's official flower. However, it was not until 1896 that any recorded account referred to draping roses on the Derby winner. The Governor of Kentucky awards the garland and the Kentucky Derby Trophy. Pop vocalist Dan Fogelberg composed the song "Run for the Roses," released in time for the 1980 running of the race.
"Riders Up!" is the traditional command from the Paddock Judge for jockeys to mount their horses in advance of the upcoming race. Since 2012, a dignitary or celebrity attendee recites this phrase.
In the weeks preceding the race, numerous activities took place for the Kentucky Derby Festival. Thunder Over Louisville—an airshow and fireworks display—generally begins the festivities in earnest two weeks before the Derby.
Margin of Victory:
Most wins by a jockey:
Most wins by a trainer:
Most wins by an owner:
Longest shot to win the Derby:
|Year||Winner||Jockey||Trainer||Owner||Distance (miles)||Track Condition||Time|
|2019||Country House||Flavien Prat||Bill Mott||Mrs. J.V. Shields, Jr., E. J. M. McFadden, Jr. and LNJ Foxwoods||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:03.93|
|2018|| Justify ||Mike E. Smith||Bob Baffert||China Horse Club, Head of Plains Partners, Starlight Racing, WinStar Farm||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:04.20|
|2017||Always Dreaming||John Velazquez||Todd Pletcher||MeB Racing, Brooklyn Boyz, Teresa Viola, St. Elias, Siena Farm, West Point||1 ¼||Wet Fast (sealed)||2:03.59|
|2016||Nyquist||Mario Gutierrez||Doug O'Neill||J. Paul Reddam||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.31|
|2015|| American Pharoah ||Victor Espinoza||Bob Baffert||Zayat Stables, LLC||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.02|
|2014||California Chrome||Victor Espinoza||Art Sherman||Steve Coburn & Perry Martin||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.66|
|2013||Orb||Joel Rosario||Claude McGaughey III||Stuart S. Janney III & Phipps Stable||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:02.89|
|2012||I'll Have Another||Mario Gutierrez||Doug O'Neill||J. Paul Reddam||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.83|
|2011||Animal Kingdom||John Velazquez||H. Graham Motion||Team Valor International||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.04|
|2010||Super Saver||Calvin Borel||Todd Pletcher||WinStar Farm||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:04.45|
|2009||Mine That Bird||Calvin Borel||Bennie L. Woolley, Jr.||Double Eagle Ranch et al.||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:02.66|
|2008||Big Brown||Kent Desormeaux||Richard E. Dutrow, Jr.||IEAH Stables / P. Pompa||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.82|
|2007||Street Sense||Calvin Borel||Carl Nafzger||James B. Tafel||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.17|
|2006||Barbaro||Edgar Prado||Michael R. Matz||Lael Stables||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.36|
|2005||Giacomo||Mike E. Smith||John Shirreffs||Jerry & Ann Moss||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.75|
|2004||Smarty Jones||Stewart Elliott||John Servis||Someday Farm||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:04.06|
|2003||Funny Cide||José A. Santos||Barclay Tagg||Sackatoga Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.19|
|2002||War Emblem||Victor Espinoza||Bob Baffert||Thoroughbred Corp.||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.13|
|2001||Monarchos||Jorge F. Chavez||John T. Ward, Jr.||John C. Oxley||1 ¼||Fast||1:59.97|
|2000||Fusaichi Pegasus||Kent Desormeaux||Neil Drysdale||Fusao Sekiguchi||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.0|
|1999||Charismatic||Chris Antley||D. Wayne Lukas||Bob & Beverly Lewis||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.2|
|1998||Real Quiet||Kent Desormeaux||Bob Baffert||Michael E. Pegram||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.2|
|1997||Silver Charm||Gary Stevens||Bob Baffert||Bob & Beverly Lewis||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.4|
|1996||Grindstone||Jerry Bailey||D. Wayne Lukas||Overbrook Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.0|
|1995||Thunder Gulch||Gary Stevens||D. Wayne Lukas||Michael Tabor||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.2|
|1994||Go for Gin||Chris McCarron||Nick Zito||William J. Condren & Joseph M. Cornacchia||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:03.6|
|1993||Sea Hero||Jerry Bailey||MacKenzie Miller||Rokeby Stables||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.4|
|1992||Lil E. Tee||Pat Day||Lynn S. Whiting||W. Cal Partee||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.0|
|1991||Strike the Gold||Chris Antley||Nick Zito||BCC Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.0|
|1990||Unbridled||Craig Perret||Carl Nafzger||Frances A. Genter||1 ¼||Good||2:02.0|
|1989||Sunday Silence||Pat Valenzuela||Charlie Whittingham||H-G-W Partners||1 ¼||Muddy||2:05.0|
|1988|| Winning Colors ||Gary Stevens||D. Wayne Lukas||Eugene V. Klein||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.2|
|1987||Alysheba||Chris McCarron||Jack Van Berg||D. & P. Scharbauer||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.4|
|1986||Ferdinand||Bill Shoemaker||Charlie Whittingham||Elizabeth A. Keck||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.8|
|1985||Spend A Buck||Angel Cordero, Jr.||Cam Gambolati||Dennis Diaz||1 ¼||Fast||2:00.2|
|1984||Swale||Laffit Pincay, Jr.||Woody Stephens||Claiborne Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.4|
|1983||Sunny's Halo||Eddie Delahoussaye||David C. Cross Jr.||David J. Foster Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.2|
|1982||Gato Del Sol||Eddie Delahoussaye||Edwin J. Gregson||Hancock & Peters||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.4|
|1981||Pleasant Colony||Jorge Velasquez||John P. Campo||Buckland Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.0|
|1980|| Genuine Risk ||Jacinto Vasquez||LeRoy Jolley||Diana M. Firestone||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.0|
|1979||Spectacular Bid||Ronnie Franklin||Bud Delp||Hawksworth Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.4|
|1978|| Affirmed ||Steve Cauthen||Laz Barrera||Harbor View Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.2|
|1977|| Seattle Slew ||Jean Cruguet||William H. Turner, Jr.||Karen L. Taylor||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.2|
|1976||Bold Forbes||Angel Cordero, Jr.||Laz Barrera||E. Rodriguez Tizol||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.6|
|1975||Foolish Pleasure||Jacinto Vasquez||LeRoy Jolley||John L. Greer||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.0|
|1974||Cannonade||Angel Cordero, Jr.||Woody Stephens||John M. Olin||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.0|
|1973|| Secretariat ||Ron Turcotte||Lucien Laurin||Meadow Stable||1 ¼||Fast||1:59.4|
|1972||Riva Ridge||Ron Turcotte||Lucien Laurin||Meadow Stud||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.8|
|1971||Canonero II||Gustavo Avila||Juan Arias||Edgar Caibett||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.2|
|1970||Dust Commander||Mike Manganello||Don Combs||Robert E. Lehmann||1 ¼||Good||2:03.4|
|1969||Majestic Prince||Bill Hartack||Johnny Longden||Frank M. McMahon||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.8|
|1968||Forward Pass||Ismael Valenzuela||Henry Forrest||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.2|
|1967||Proud Clarion||Bobby Ussery||Loyd Gentry, Jr.||Darby Dan Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:00.6|
|1966||Kauai King||Don Brumfield||Henry Forrest||Ford Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.0|
|1965||Lucky Debonair||Bill Shoemaker||Frank Catrone||Ada L. Rice||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.2|
|1964||Northern Dancer||Bill Hartack||Horatio Luro||Windfields Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:00.0|
|1963||Chateaugay||Braulio Baeza||James P. Conway||Darby Dan Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.8|
|1962||Decidedly||Bill Hartack||Horatio Luro||El Peco Ranch||1 ¼||Fast||2:00.4|
|1961||Carry Back||Johnny Sellers||Jack A. Price||Katherine Price||1 ¼||Good||2:04.0|
|1960||Venetian Way||Bill Hartack||Victor J. Sovinski||Sunny Blue Farm||1 ¼||Good||2:02.4|
|1959||Tomy Lee||Bill Shoemaker||Frank E. Childs||Fred & Juliette Turner||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.2|
|1958||Tim Tam||Ismael Valenzuela||Jimmy Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Muddy||2:05.0|
|1957||Iron Liege||Bill Hartack||Jimmy Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.2|
|1956||Needles||David Erb||Hugh L. Fontaine||D & H Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.4|
|1955||Swaps||Bill Shoemaker||Mesh Tenney||Rex C. Ellsworth||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.8|
|1954||Determine||Raymond York||William Molter||Andrew J. Crevolin||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.0|
|1953||Dark Star||Henry E. Moreno||Eddie Hayward||Cain Hoy Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.0|
|1952||Hill Gail||Eddie Arcaro||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.6|
|1951||Count Turf||Conn McCreary||Sol Rutchick||Jack J. Amiel||1 ¼||Fast||2:02.6|
|1950||Middleground||William Boland||Max Hirsch||King Ranch||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.6|
|1949||Ponder||Steve Brooks||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.2|
|1948|| Citation ||Eddie Arcaro||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:05.4|
|1947||Jet Pilot||Eric Guerin||Tom Smith||Maine Chance Farm||1 ¼||Slow||2:06.8|
|1946|| Assault ||Warren Mehrtens||Max Hirsch||King Ranch||1 ¼||Slow||2:06.6|
|1945||Hoop Jr.||Eddie Arcaro||Ivan H. Parke||Fred W. Hooper||1 ¼||Muddy||2:07.0|
|1944||Pensive||Conn McCreary||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Good||2:04.2|
|1943|| Count Fleet ||Johnny Longden||Don Cameron||Fannie Hertz||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.0|
|1942||Shut Out||Wayne D. Wright||John M. Gaver, Sr.||Greentree Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.4|
|1941|| Whirlaway ||Eddie Arcaro||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.4|
|1940||Gallahadion||Carroll Bierman||Roy Waldron||Milky Way Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.0|
|1939||Johnstown||James Stout||Jim Fitzsimmons||Belair Stud||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.4|
|1938||Lawrin||Eddie Arcaro||Ben A. Jones||Herbert M. Woolf||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.8|
|1937|| War Admiral ||Charley Kurtsinger||George Conway||Glen Riddle Farm||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.2|
|1936||Bold Venture||Ira Hanford||Max Hirsch||Morton L. Schwartz||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.6|
|1935|| Omaha ||Willie Saunders||Jim Fitzsimmons||Belair Stud||1 ¼||Good||2:05.0|
|1934||Cavalcade||Mack Garner||Bob Smith||Brookmeade Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.0|
|1933||Brokers Tip||Don Meade||Herbert J. Thompson||Edward R. Bradley||1 ¼||Good||2:06.8|
|1932||Burgoo King||Eugene James||Herbert J. Thompson||Edward R. Bradley||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.2|
|1931||Twenty Grand||Charley Kurtsinger||James G. Rowe, Jr.||Greentree Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:01.8|
|1930|| Gallant Fox ||Earl Sande||Jim Fitzsimmons||Belair Stud||1 ¼||Good||2:07.6|
|1929||Clyde Van Dusen||Linus McAtee||Clyde Van Dusen||Herbert P. Gardner||1 ¼||Muddy||2:10.8|
|1928||Reigh Count||Chick Lang||Bert S. Michell||Fannie Hertz||1 ¼||Heavy||2:10.4|
|1927||Whiskery||Linus McAtee||Fred Hopkins||Harry P. Whitney||1 ¼||Slow||2:06.0|
|1926||Bubbling Over||Albert Johnson||Herbert J. Thompson||Edward R. Bradley||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.8|
|1925||Flying Ebony||Earl Sande||William B. Duke||Gifford A. Cochran||1 ¼||Sloppy||2:07.6|
|1924||Black Gold||J. D. Mooney||Hanley Webb||Rosa M. Hoots||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.2|
|1923||Zev||Earl Sande||David J. Leary||Rancocas Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.4|
|1922||Morvich||Albert Johnson||Fred Burlew||Benjamin Block||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.6|
|1921||Behave Yourself||Charles Thompson||Herbert J. Thompson||Edward R. Bradley||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.2|
|1920||Paul Jones||Ted Rice||William M. Garth||Ral Parr||1 ¼||Slow||2:09.0|
|1919|| Sir Barton ||Johnny Loftus||H. Guy Bedwell||J. K. L. Ross||1 ¼||Heavy||2:09.8|
|1918||Exterminator||Willie Knapp||Henry McDaniel||Willis Sharpe Kilmer||1 ¼||Muddy||2:10.8|
|1917||Omar Khayyam||Charles Borel||Charles T. Patterson||Billings & Johnson||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.6|
|1916||George Smith||Johnny Loftus||Hollie Hughes||John Sanford||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.0|
|1915|| Regret ||Joe Notter||James G. Rowe, Sr.||Harry P. Whitney||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.4|
|1914||Old Rosebud||John McCabe||Frank D. Weir||Hamilton C. Applegate||1 ¼||Fast||2:03.40|
|1913||Donerail||Roscoe Goose||Thomas P. Hayes||Thomas P. Hayes||1 ¼||Fast||2:04.8|
|1912||Worth||Carroll H. Shilling||Frank M. Taylor||Harry C. Hallenbeck||1 ¼||Muddy||2:09.4|
|1911||Meridian||George Archibald||Albert Ewing||Richard F. Carman||1 ¼||Fast||2:05.0|
|1910||Donau||Frederick Herbert||George Ham||William Gerst||1 ¼||Fast||2:06.4|
|1909||Wintergreen||Vincent Powers||Charles Mack||Jerome B. Respess||1 ¼||Slow||2:08.2|
|1908||Stone Street||Arthur Pickens||J. W. Hall||C. E. & J. W. Hamilton||1 ¼||Heavy||2:15.2|
|1907||Pink Star||Andy Minder||William H. Fizer||J. Hal Woodford||1 ¼||Heavy||2:12.6|
|1906||Sir Huon||Roscoe Troxler||Pete Coyne||Bashford Manor Stable||1 ¼||Fast||2:08.8|
|1905||Agile||Jack Martin||Robert Tucker||Samuel S. Brown||1 ¼||Heavy||2:10.75|
|1904||Elwood||Shorty Prior||Charles E. Durnell||Lasca Durnell||1 ¼||Fast||2:08.5|
|1903||Judge Himes||Harold Booker||John P. Mayberry||Charles R. Ellison||1 ¼||Fast||2:09.0|
|1902||Alan-a-Dale||Jimmy Winkfield||Thomas C. McDowell||Thomas C. McDowell||1 ¼||Fast||2:08.75|
|1901||His Eminence||Jimmy Winkfield||Frank B. Van Meter||Frank B. Van Meter||1 ¼||Fast||2:07.75|
|1900||Lieut. Gibson||Jimmy Boland||Charles Hughes||Charles H. Smith||1 ¼||Fast||2:06.25|
|1899||Manuel||Fred Taral||Robert J. Walden||A. H. & D. H. Morris||1 ¼||Fast||2:12.0|
|1898||Plaudit||Willie Simms||John E. Madden||John E. Madden||1 ¼||Good||2:09.0|
|1897||Typhoon II||Buttons Garner||Julius C. Cahn||Julius C. Cahn||1 ¼||Heavy||2:12.5|
|1896||Ben Brush||Willie Simms||Hardy Campbell, Jr.||Mike F. Dwyer||1 ¼||Dusty||2:07.75|
|1895||Halma||James Perkins||Byron McClelland||Byron McClelland||1 ½||Fast||2:37.5|
|1894||Chant||Frank Goodale||H. Eugene Leigh||H. Eugene Leigh & Robert L. Rose||1 ½||Fast||2:41.0|
|1893||Lookout||Eddie Kunze||William McDaniel||Cushing & Orth||1 ½||Fast||2:39.25|
|1892||Azra||Alonzo Clayton||John H. Morris||Bashford Manor Stable||1 ½||Heavy||2:41.5|
|1891||Kingman||Isaac Murphy||Dud Allen||Jacobin Stable||1 ½||Fast||2:52.25|
|1890||Riley||Isaac Murphy||Edward Corrigan||Edward Corrigan||1 ½||Muddy||2:45.0|
|1889||Spokane||Thomas Kiley||John Rodegap||Noah Armstrong||1 ½||Fast||2:34.5|
|1888||Macbeth II||George Covington||John Campbell||Chicago Stable||1 ½||Fast||2:38.25|
|1887||Montrose||Isaac Lewis||John McGinty||Labold Brothers||1 ½||Fast||2:39.25|
|1886||Ben Ali||Paul Duffy||Jim Murphy||J. B. A. Haggin||1 ½||Fast||2:36.5|
|1885||Joe Cotton||Erskine Henderson||Abraham Perry||James T. Williams||1 ½||Good||2:37.25|
|1884||Buchanan||Isaac Murphy||William Bird||Samuel S. Brown & William Cottrill||1 ½||Good||2:40.25|
|1883||Leonatus||Billy Donohue||Raleigh Colston Sr.||Chinn & Morgan||1 ½||Heavy||2:43.0|
|1882||Apollo||Babe Hurd||Green B. Morris||Morris & Patton||1 ½||Fast||2:40.25|
|1881||Hindoo||Jim McLaughlin||James G. Rowe, Sr.||Dwyer Bros. Stable||1 ½||Fast||2:40.0|
|1880||Fonso||George Lewis||Tice Hutsell||J. Snell Shawhan||1 ½||Dusty||2:37.50|
|1879||Lord Murphy||Charlie Shauer||George Rice||Darden & Co||1 ½||Fast||2:37.00|
|1878||Day Star||Jimmy Carter||Lee Paul||T. J. Nichols||1 ½||Dusty||2:37.25|
|1877||Baden-Baden||Billy Walker||Edward D. Brown||Daniel Swigert||1 ½||Fast||2:38.0|
|1876||Vagrant||Robert Swim||James Williams||William Astor, Jr.||1 ½||Fast||2:38.25|
|1875||Aristides||Oliver Lewis||Ansel Williamson||H. Price McGrath||1 ½||Fast||2:37.75|
The Preakness Stakes is an American flat thoroughbred horse race held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a Grade I race run over a distance of 9.5 furlongs on dirt. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies 121 lb (55 kg). It is the second jewel of the Triple Crown, held two weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks before the Belmont Stakes.
The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds run at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. Colts and geldings carry a weight of 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies carry 121 pounds (55 kg). The race, nicknamed The Test of the Champion and The Run for the Carnations, is the traditional third and final leg of the Triple Crown. It is usually held on the first or second Saturday in June, five weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks after the Preakness Stakes. The 1973 Belmont Stakes and Triple Crown winner Secretariat holds the mile and a half stakes record of 2:24.
The Kentucky Oaks is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbred fillies staged annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States. The race currently covers 1 1⁄8 miles (1,800 m) at Churchill Downs; the horses carry 121 pounds (55 kg). The Kentucky Oaks is held on the Friday before the Kentucky Derby each year. The winner gets $750,000 of the $1,250,000 purse and a large garland of lilies, affectionately called the "Lillies for the Fillies." A silver Kentucky Oaks Trophy is presented to the winner.
Robert A. Baffert is an American racehorse trainer who trained the 2015 Triple Crown winner American Pharoah and 2018 Triple Crown winner Justify. Baffert's horses have won five Kentucky Derbies, seven Preakness Stakes, three Belmont Stakes and three Kentucky Oaks.
Patrick Alan Day is a retired American jockey. He is a four-time winner of the Eclipse Award for Outstanding Jockey and was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1991 and the Arkansas Sports Hall of Fame in 1999. Day won nine Triple Crown races and 12 Breeders' Cup races. He was once the leader for career Breeders' Cup wins though he was later surpassed as the events were expanded after he retired.
Triple Crown Productions is an ad hoc production company that produced the series of Triple Crown races for thoroughbred horses.
Swale was an American thoroughbred racehorse. He is best known for winning the Kentucky Derby and the Belmont Stakes in 1984. He died eight days after his win in the latter race.
The Arkansas Derby is an American flat Thoroughbred horse race for three-year-olds held annually in April at Oaklawn Park in Hot Springs, Arkansas. It is currently a Grade I race run over a distance of 9 furlongs on dirt.
Thoroughbred Racing on NBC is the de facto title for a series of horse races events whose broadcasts are produced by NBC Sports, the sports division of the NBC television network in the United States. Race coverage is currently helmed by, among others, host Mike Tirico, along with analysts Randy Moss and Jerry Bailey, handicappers Eddie Olczyk and Britney Eurton, reporters Kenny Rice, Donna Barton Brothers, Laffit Pincay, III and Carolyn Manno and track announcer Larry Collmus.
The Pat Day Mile Stakes is an American Grade 3 Thoroughbred horse race held on Kentucky Derby day run at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky for three-year-olds willing to race one mile on the dirt. The current purse is $250,000 for the event.
Calvin H. Borel is an American jockey in thoroughbred horse racing and rode the victorious mount in the 2007 Kentucky Derby, the 2009 Kentucky Derby and the 2010 Kentucky Derby. His 2009 Derby win with Mine That Bird was the second biggest upset in Derby history, and Borel's winning margin of 6 3⁄4 lengths was the greatest in Derby history since Assault won by 8 lengths in 1946. On May 1, 2009, Borel won the Kentucky Oaks aboard Rachel Alexandra, only the second time since 1993 that a jockey has won the Oaks-Derby combo, and just the seventh time overall a jockey has accomplished this feat in the same year. On May 16, 2009, Borel won the 2009 Preakness Stakes at Pimlico with thoroughbred filly Rachel Alexandra. In doing so, Borel became the first jockey to win the first two jewels of the Triple Crown on different mounts. Borel's nickname is "Bo'rail'" due to his penchant for riding close to the rail to save ground.
Victor Espinoza is a Mexican jockey in American Thoroughbred horse racing who won the Triple Crown in 2015 on American Pharoah. He began riding in his native Mexico and went on to compete at racetracks in California. He has won the Kentucky Derby three times, riding War Emblem in 2002, California Chrome in 2014, and American Pharoah in 2015. He also won the Preakness Stakes three times, in those same years and with the same horses. He was the first jockey in history to enter the Belmont Stakes with a third opportunity to win the Triple Crown; his 2015 victory made him the oldest jockey and first Hispanic jockey to win the award.
Chateaugay was an American Thoroughbred Champion racehorse who won two of the three U.S. Triple Crown races. Bred at Darby Dan Farm near Lexington, Kentucky by his prominent owner, John W. Galbreath, Chateaugay was a son of Swaps, the 1956 U.S. Horse of the Year and a Racing Hall of Fame inductee.
Burgoo King (1929–1946) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the first two legs of the U.S. Triple Crown series but who did not run in the final race, the Belmont Stakes.
In the United States, the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, commonly known as the Triple Crown, is a title awarded to a three-year-old Thoroughbred horse who wins the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes. The three races were inaugurated in different years, the last being the Kentucky Derby in 1875. These races are now run annually in May and early June of each year. The Triple Crown Trophy, commissioned in 1950 but awarded to all previous winners as well as those after 1950, is awarded to a Triple Crown winner.
Super Saver is a retired American Thoroughbred race horse, best known as the winner of the 2010 Kentucky Derby.
The Stepping Stone Purse was an American Thoroughbred horse race held annually in the latter part of April at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky. Open to three-year-old horses, it was, along with the Derby Trial Stakes, one of two final prep races hosted by Churchill Downs running up to the Kentucky Derby.
Shackleford is a retired chestnut Thoroughbred race horse who is best known for winning the 2011 Preakness Stakes. He also finished second in the 2011 Breeders' Cup Dirt Mile and won both the Metropolitan and Clark Handicaps in 2012.
Oxbow, an American Thoroughbred racehorse, is best known for winning the second jewel in the United States Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, the 2013 Preakness Stakes. A bay colt, sired by a winner of the Breeders' Cup Classic and out of a full sister to another Breeders' Cup Classic winner, Oxbow was sold as a yearling at Keeneland for $250,000 and is owned by Brad Kelley of Calumet Farm. He was trained by D. Wayne Lukas and was ridden in his Triple Crown races by Gary Stevens.
The 1899 Preakness Stakes was the 24th running of the $1,000 added Preakness Stakes, a horse race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds run on May 30, 1899 at the Gravesend Race Track on Coney Island, New York. The mile and a sixteenth race was won by Half Time over runner-up Filigrane. The race was run on a track rated fast in a final time of 1:47 flat that equaled the Gravesend track record for the distance.