Kentucky Derby

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Kentucky Derby
Grade I race
Kentucky Derby.svg
Derby.jpg
The Most Exciting Two Minutes in Sports;
The Run for the Roses
Location Churchill Downs
Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
Inaugurated1875
Race type Thoroughbred
Website www.kentuckyderby.com
Race information
Distance1 14 miles (10 furlongs; 2,012 m)
Record1:59.40, Secretariat (1973, 114 miles) 2:34.50, Spokane (1889, 112 miles)
SurfaceDirt
TrackLeft-handed
Qualification3-year-old
Weight Colt/Gelding: 126 lbs (57.2 kg)
Filly: 121 lb (55 kg)
PurseUS $3 million [1]
1st: $1,860,000

The Kentucky Derby /ˈdɜːrbi/ is a horse race held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, almost always on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival. The competition is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds at a distance of one and a quarter miles (2.0 km) at Churchill Downs. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kilograms) and fillies 121 pounds (55 kilograms). [2]

Contents

It is dubbed "The Run for the Roses," stemming from the blanket of roses draped over the winner. It is also known in the United States as "The Most Exciting Two Minutes in Sports" or "The Fastest Two Minutes in Sports" because of its approximate duration. It is the first leg of the American Triple Crown, followed by the Preakness Stakes, and then the Belmont Stakes. Of the three Triple Crown races, the Kentucky Derby had the distinction of having been run uninterrupted for 144 years previous to 2020. The race was rescheduled to September, 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Preakness and Belmont Stakes races had taken hiatuses in 1891–1893 and 1911–1912, respectively. Even with the Olympics and major professional sports leagues canceled at those points, the Derby, Preakness, and Belmont took place during the Great Depression and both World Wars. [3]

A horse must win all three races to win the Triple Crown. [4] In the 2015 listing of the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA), the Kentucky Derby tied with the Whitney Handicap as the top Grade 1 race in the United States outside the Breeders' Cup races. [5]

The attendance at the Kentucky Derby ranks first in North America and usually surpasses the attendance numbers of all other stakes races including the Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes, and the Breeders' Cup. [6]

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 146th Kentucky Derby was rescheduled from May 2, 2020, to September 5, 2020. [7]

History

In 1872, Col. Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition, traveled to England, visiting Epsom in Surrey where The Derby had been running annually since 1780. [8] From there, Clark went on to Paris, France, where a group of racing enthusiasts had formed the French Jockey Club in 1863. They had organized the Grand Prix de Paris at Longchamp, which at the time was the greatest race in France.

A thoroughbred horse is depicted on the reverse of the Kentucky state quarter Kentucky quarter, reverse side, 2001.jpg
A thoroughbred horse is depicted on the reverse of the Kentucky state quarter

Returning home to Kentucky, Clark organized the Louisville Jockey Club to raise money for building quality racing facilities just outside the city. The track would soon become known as Churchill Downs, named for John and Henry Churchill, who provided the land for the racetrack. [9] The naming went official in 1937. [10]

The Kentucky Derby was first run at 1 1/2 miles (12 furlongs; 2.4 km) the same distance as the Epsom Derby, before changing lengths in 1896 to its current 1 1/4 miles (10 furlongs; 2 km). On May 17, 1875, in front of an estimated crowd of 10,000 people, a field of 15 three-year-old horses contested the first Derby. Under jockey Oliver Lewis, a colt named Aristides, who was trained by future Hall of Famer Ansel Williamson, won the inaugural Derby. Later that year, Lewis rode Aristides to a second-place finish in the Belmont Stakes.

Although the first race meeting proved a success, the track ran into financial difficulties, and in 1894 the New Louisville Jockey Club was incorporated with the new capitalization and improved facilities. Despite this, the business floundered until 1902 when Col. Matt Winn of Louisville put together a syndicate of businessmen to acquire the facility. Under Winn, Churchill Downs prospered, and the Kentucky Derby then became the preeminent stakes race for three-year-old thoroughbred horses in North America.

Thoroughbred owners began sending their successful Derby horses to compete in two other races. These two are the Preakness Stakes at the Pimlico Race Course, in Baltimore, Maryland, and the Belmont Stakes in Elmont, New York. The three races offered large purses, and in 1919 Sir Barton became the first horse to win all three races. However, the term Triple Crown didn't come into use for another eleven years. In 1930, when Gallant Fox became the second horse to win all three races, sportswriter Charles Hatton brought the phrase into American usage. Fueled by the media, public interest in the possibility of a "superhorse" that could win the Triple Crown began in the weeks leading up to the Derby. Two years after the term went in use, the race (until that time ran in mid-May since inception) changed the date to the first Saturday in May. This change allows for a specific schedule for the Triple Crown races. Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and then the Belmont Stakes. Before 1931, eleven times the Preakness was run before the Derby. On May 12, 1917, and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby took place on the same day. On eleven occasions the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes.

Churchill Downs in 1901 Churchill Downs 1901.jpg
Churchill Downs in 1901

On May 16, 1925, the first live radio broadcast of the Kentucky Derby aired on WHAS as well as on WGN in Chicago. [11] On May 7, 1949, the first television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, produced by WAVE-TV, the NBC affiliate in Louisville. This coverage was aired live in the Louisville market and sent to NBC as a kinescope newsreel recording for national broadcast. On May 3, 1952, the first national television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, aired from then-CBS affiliate WHAS-TV. [12] In 1954, the purse exceeded $100,000 for the first time. In 1968, Dancer's Image became the first horse to win the race and then faced disqualification. A urine test revealed traces of phenylbutazone (an anti-inflammatory painkiller drug) inside Dancer's Image. Forward Pass won after a protracted legal battle by the owners of Dancer's Image (which they lost). Forward Pass thus became the eighth winner for Calumet Farm. Unexpectedly, the regulations at Kentucky thoroughbred race tracks were changed some years later, allowing horses to run on phenylbutazone. In 1970, Diane Crump became the first female jockey to ride in the Derby, finishing 15th aboard Fathom. [13]

The fastest time ever run in the Derby was in 1973 at 1:59.4 minutes, when Secretariat broke the record set by Northern Dancer in 1964 - a record time yet to be topped. Also during that race, he did something unique in Triple Crown races: for each successive quarter ran, his times were faster. Although the races do not record times for non-winners, in 1973 Sham finished second, two and a half lengths behind Secretariat in the same race. Using the thoroughbred racing convention of one length equaling one-fifth of a second to calculate Sham's time, he also finished in under two minutes. Another sub-two-minute finish, only the third, was set in 2001 by Monarchos at 1:59.97. [14]

In 2005, the purse distribution for the Derby changed, so that horses finishing fifth would henceforth receive a share of the purse; previously only the first four finishers did so. [15]

The Kentucky Derby began offering $3 million in purse money in 2019. Churchill Downs officials have cited the success of historical race wagering terminals at their Derby City Gaming facility in Louisville as a factor behind the purse increase. [1] The Derby first offered a $1 million purse in 1996; then doubled to $2 million in 2005. [1]

A new starting gate with twenty stalls is scheduled to debut for the 2020 Kentucky Derby. Designed by an Australian company, the new contiguous gate will replace the previous method of starting the Derby using the 14-stall main starting gate and a 6-stall auxiliary gate. Churchill officials cited the need for increased horse and rider safety as the reason for using the new starting gate. [16] [17]

In 2020, The Kentucky Derby was postponed from May 2 to September 5 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. [18]

Attendance

Millions of people from around the world bet at various live tracks and online sportsbooks. [19] In 2017, a crowd of 158,070 watched Always Dreaming win the Derby, making it the seventh biggest attendance in the history of the racetrack. The track reported a wagering total of $209.2 million from all the sources on all the races on the Kentucky Derby Day program. It was a 9 percent increase compared to the total of $192.6 million in 2016 and an increase of 8 percent over the previous record set in 2015 of $194.3 million. [20] TwinSpires, a platform for betting online and a partner of the Kentucky Derby and the Breeders' Cup, recorded $32.8 million in handle on the Churchill Down races for the Kentucky Derby Day program. This record was a 22 percent increase over the preceding year. On the Kentucky Derby race alone, the handle of TwinSpires was $20.1 million, which is a 22 percent rise compared to the prior year. [21]

The race often draws celebrities. HM Queen Elizabeth II, on a visit to the United States, joined the racegoers at Churchill Downs in 2007. [22]

Sponsorship

The 2004 Kentucky Derby marked the first time that jockeys—as a result of a court order—were allowed to wear corporate advertising logos on their clothing. [23] [24]

Norman Adams has been the designer of the Kentucky Derby Logo since 2002. On February 1, 2006, the Louisville-based fast-food company Yum! Brands, Inc. announced a corporate sponsorship deal to call the race "The Kentucky Derby presented by Yum! Brands." [25] In 2018, Woodford Reserve replaced Yum Brands as the presenting sponsor. [26]

Traditions

In addition to the race itself, several traditions play a significant role in the Derby atmosphere. The mint julep—an iced drink consisting of bourbon, mint, and sugar syrup—is the traditional beverage of the race. The historic beverage comes served in an ice-frosted silver julep cup. However, most Churchill Downs patrons sip theirs from souvenir glasses (first offered in 1939 and available in revised form each year since) printed with all previous Derby winners. [27] Also, burgoo, a thick stew of beef, chicken, pork, and vegetables, is a popular Kentucky dish served at the Derby. [28]

Louisville Clock (often called the Louisville Derby Clock), which was dismantled in 2015 Louisville Clock.jpg
Louisville Clock (often called the Louisville Derby Clock), which was dismantled in 2015

The infield—a spectator area inside the track—offers general admission prices but little chance of seeing much of the race, particularly before the jumbotron installation in 2014. [29] [30] Instead, revelers show up in the infield to party with abandon. By contrast, "Millionaire's Row" refers to the expensive box seats that attract the rich, the famous and the well-connected. Women appear in elegant outfits lavishly accessorized with large, elaborate hats. Following the Call to the Post, as the horses start to parade before the grandstands, the University of Louisville Cardinal Marching Band plays Stephen Foster's "My Old Kentucky Home." This song is a tradition which began in 1921. [31] The event attracts spectators from a large area, flying in hundreds of private aircraft to Louisville International Airport. [32]

The Derby is frequently referred to as "The Run for the Roses," because a lush blanket of 554 red roses is awarded to the Kentucky Derby winner each year. The tradition originated in 1883 when New York socialite E. Berry Wall presented roses to ladies at a post-Derby party. Churchill Downs founder and president, Col. M. Lewis Clark, attended that event. This gesture is believed to have led Clark to the idea of making the rose the race's official flower. However, it was not until 1896 that any recorded account referred to draping roses on the Derby winner. The Governor of Kentucky awards the garland and the Kentucky Derby Trophy. Pop vocalist Dan Fogelberg composed the song "Run for the Roses," released in time for the 1980 running of the race. [33]

Riders Up!

"Riders Up!" is the traditional command from the Paddock Judge for jockeys to mount their horses in advance of the upcoming race. Since 2012, a dignitary or celebrity attendee recites this phrase.

Festival

In the weeks preceding the race, numerous activities took place for the Kentucky Derby Festival. Thunder Over Louisville—an airshow and fireworks display—generally begins the festivities in earnest two weeks before the Derby.

Records

Speed record:

Margin of Victory:

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

Longest shot to win the Derby:

Miscellaneous:

Winners

Kentucky Derby winners [38]
YearWinnerJockeyTrainerOwnerDistance (miles)Track ConditionTime [lower-alpha 1]
2019 Country House [lower-alpha 2] Flavien Prat Bill Mott Mrs. J.V. Shields, Jr., E. J. M. McFadden, Jr. and LNJ Foxwoods1 ¼Sloppy2:03.93
2018 Justify Dagger-14-plain.png Mike E. Smith Bob Baffert China Horse Club, Head of Plains Partners, Starlight Racing, WinStar Farm 1 ¼Sloppy2:04.20
2017 Always Dreaming John Velazquez Todd Pletcher MeB Racing, Brooklyn Boyz, Teresa Viola, St. Elias, Siena Farm, West Point1 ¼Wet Fast (sealed)2:03.59
2016 Nyquist Mario Gutierrez Doug O'Neill J. Paul Reddam 1 ¼Fast2:01.31
2015 American Pharoah Dagger-14-plain.png Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert Zayat Stables, LLC 1 ¼Fast2:03.02
2014 California Chrome Victor Espinoza Art Sherman Steve Coburn & Perry Martin 1 ¼Fast2:03.66
2013 Orb Joel Rosario Claude McGaughey III Stuart S. Janney III & Phipps Stable 1 ¼Sloppy2:02.89
2012 I'll Have Another Mario Gutierrez Doug O'Neill J. Paul Reddam 1 ¼Fast2:01.83
2011 Animal Kingdom John Velazquez H. Graham Motion Team Valor International 1 ¼Fast2:02.04
2010 Super Saver Calvin Borel Todd Pletcher WinStar Farm 1 ¼Sloppy2:04.45
2009 Mine That Bird Calvin Borel Bennie L. Woolley, Jr. Double Eagle Ranch et al.1 ¼Sloppy2:02.66
2008 Big Brown Kent Desormeaux Richard E. Dutrow, Jr. IEAH Stables / P. Pompa 1 ¼Fast2:01.82
2007 Street Sense Calvin Borel Carl Nafzger James B. Tafel 1 ¼Fast2:02.17
2006 Barbaro Edgar Prado Michael R. Matz Lael Stables 1 ¼Fast2:01.36
2005 Giacomo Mike E. Smith John Shirreffs Jerry & Ann Moss 1 ¼Fast2:02.75
2004 Smarty Jones Stewart Elliott John Servis Someday Farm 1 ¼Sloppy2:04.06
2003 Funny Cide José A. Santos Barclay Tagg Sackatoga Stable 1 ¼Fast2:01.19
2002 War Emblem Victor Espinoza Bob Baffert Thoroughbred Corp. 1 ¼Fast2:01.13
2001 Monarchos Jorge F. Chavez John T. Ward, Jr. John C. Oxley 1 ¼Fast1:59.97
2000 Fusaichi Pegasus Kent Desormeaux Neil Drysdale Fusao Sekiguchi 1 ¼Fast2:01.0
1999 Charismatic Chris Antley D. Wayne Lukas Bob & Beverly Lewis 1 ¼Fast2:03.2
1998 Real Quiet Kent Desormeaux Bob Baffert Michael E. Pegram 1 ¼Fast2:02.2
1997 Silver Charm Gary Stevens Bob Baffert Bob & Beverly Lewis 1 ¼Fast2:02.4
1996 Grindstone Jerry Bailey D. Wayne Lukas Overbrook Farm 1 ¼Fast2:01.0
1995 Thunder Gulch Gary Stevens D. Wayne Lukas Michael Tabor 1 ¼Fast2:01.2
1994 Go for Gin Chris McCarron Nick Zito William J. Condren & Joseph M. Cornacchia1 ¼Sloppy2:03.6
1993 Sea Hero Jerry Bailey MacKenzie Miller Rokeby Stables 1 ¼Fast2:02.4
1992 Lil E. Tee Pat Day Lynn S. Whiting W. Cal Partee 1 ¼Fast2:03.0
1991 Strike the Gold Chris Antley Nick Zito BCC Stable 1 ¼Fast2:03.0
1990 Unbridled Craig Perret Carl Nafzger Frances A. Genter 1 ¼Good2:02.0
1989 Sunday Silence Pat Valenzuela Charlie Whittingham H-G-W Partners 1 ¼Muddy2:05.0
1988 Winning Colors Double-dagger-14-plain.png Gary Stevens D. Wayne Lukas Eugene V. Klein 1 ¼Fast2:02.2
1987 Alysheba Chris McCarron Jack Van Berg D. & P. Scharbauer 1 ¼Fast2:03.4
1986 Ferdinand Bill Shoemaker Charlie Whittingham Elizabeth A. Keck 1 ¼Fast2:02.8
1985 Spend A Buck Angel Cordero, Jr. Cam Gambolati Dennis Diaz 1 ¼Fast2:00.2
1984 Swale Laffit Pincay, Jr. Woody Stephens Claiborne Farm 1 ¼Fast2:02.4
1983 Sunny's Halo Eddie Delahoussaye David C. Cross Jr. David J. Foster Stable 1 ¼Fast2:02.2
1982 Gato Del Sol Eddie Delahoussaye Edwin J. Gregson Hancock & Peters 1 ¼Fast2:02.4
1981 Pleasant Colony Jorge Velasquez John P. Campo Buckland Farm 1 ¼Fast2:02.0
1980 Genuine Risk Double-dagger-14-plain.png Jacinto Vasquez LeRoy Jolley Diana M. Firestone 1 ¼Fast2:02.0
1979 Spectacular Bid Ronnie Franklin Bud Delp Hawksworth Farm 1 ¼Fast2:02.4
1978 Affirmed Dagger-14-plain.png Steve Cauthen Laz Barrera Harbor View Farm 1 ¼Fast2:01.2
1977 Seattle Slew Dagger-14-plain.png Jean Cruguet William H. Turner, Jr. Karen L. Taylor 1 ¼Fast2:02.2
1976 Bold Forbes Angel Cordero, Jr. Laz Barrera E. Rodriguez Tizol 1 ¼Fast2:01.6
1975 Foolish Pleasure Jacinto Vasquez LeRoy Jolley John L. Greer 1 ¼Fast2:02.0
1974 Cannonade Angel Cordero, Jr. Woody Stephens John M. Olin 1 ¼Fast2:04.0
1973 Secretariat Dagger-14-plain.png Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stable 1 ¼Fast1:59.4
1972 Riva Ridge Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stud 1 ¼Fast2:01.8
1971 Canonero II Gustavo Avila Juan Arias Edgar Caibett 1 ¼Fast2:03.2
1970 Dust Commander Mike Manganello Don Combs Robert E. Lehmann 1 ¼Good2:03.4
1969 Majestic Prince Bill Hartack Johnny Longden Frank M. McMahon 1 ¼Fast2:01.8
1968 Forward Pass [lower-alpha 3] Ismael Valenzuela Henry Forrest Calumet Farm 1 ¼Fast2:02.2
1967 Proud Clarion Bobby Ussery Loyd Gentry, Jr. Darby Dan Farm 1 ¼Fast2:00.6
1966 Kauai King Don Brumfield Henry Forrest Ford Stable 1 ¼Fast2:02.0
1965 Lucky Debonair Bill Shoemaker Frank Catrone Ada L. Rice 1 ¼Fast2:01.2
1964 Northern Dancer Bill Hartack Horatio Luro Windfields Farm 1 ¼Fast2:00.0
1963 Chateaugay Braulio Baeza James P. Conway Darby Dan Farm 1 ¼Fast2:01.8
1962 Decidedly Bill Hartack Horatio Luro El Peco Ranch 1 ¼Fast2:00.4
1961 Carry Back Johnny Sellers Jack A. Price Katherine Price1 ¼Good2:04.0
1960 Venetian Way Bill Hartack Victor J. Sovinski Sunny Blue Farm 1 ¼Good2:02.4
1959 Tomy Lee Bill Shoemaker Frank E. Childs Fred & Juliette Turner 1 ¼Fast2:02.2
1958 Tim Tam Ismael Valenzuela Jimmy Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Muddy2:05.0
1957 Iron Liege Bill Hartack Jimmy Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Fast2:02.2
1956 Needles David Erb Hugh L. Fontaine D & H Stable 1 ¼Fast2:03.4
1955 Swaps Bill Shoemaker Mesh Tenney Rex C. Ellsworth 1 ¼Fast2:01.8
1954 Determine Raymond York William Molter Andrew J. Crevolin 1 ¼Fast2:03.0
1953 Dark Star Henry E. Moreno Eddie Hayward Cain Hoy Stable 1 ¼Fast2:02.0
1952 Hill Gail Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Fast2:01.6
1951 Count Turf Conn McCreary Sol Rutchick Jack J. Amiel 1 ¼Fast2:02.6
1950 Middleground William Boland Max Hirsch King Ranch 1 ¼Fast2:01.6
1949 Ponder Steve Brooks Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Fast2:04.2
1948 Citation Dagger-14-plain.png Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Sloppy2:05.4
1947 Jet Pilot Eric Guerin Tom Smith Maine Chance Farm 1 ¼Slow2:06.8
1946 Assault Dagger-14-plain.png Warren Mehrtens Max Hirsch King Ranch 1 ¼Slow2:06.6
1945 Hoop Jr. Eddie Arcaro Ivan H. Parke Fred W. Hooper 1 ¼Muddy2:07.0
1944 Pensive Conn McCreary Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Good2:04.2
1943 Count Fleet Dagger-14-plain.png Johnny Longden Don Cameron Fannie Hertz 1 ¼Fast2:04.0
1942 Shut Out Wayne D. Wright John M. Gaver, Sr. Greentree Stable 1 ¼Fast2:04.4
1941 Whirlaway Dagger-14-plain.png Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm 1 ¼Fast2:01.4
1940 Gallahadion Carroll Bierman Roy Waldron Milky Way Farm 1 ¼Fast2:05.0
1939 Johnstown James Stout Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1 ¼Fast2:03.4
1938 Lawrin Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Herbert M. Woolf 1 ¼Fast2:04.8
1937 War Admiral Dagger-14-plain.png Charley Kurtsinger George Conway Glen Riddle Farm 1 ¼Fast2:03.2
1936 Bold Venture Ira Hanford Max Hirsch Morton L. Schwartz 1 ¼Fast2:03.6
1935 Omaha Dagger-14-plain.png Willie Saunders Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1 ¼Good2:05.0
1934 Cavalcade Mack Garner Bob Smith Brookmeade Stable 1 ¼Fast2:04.0
1933 Brokers Tip Don Meade Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1 ¼Good2:06.8
1932 Burgoo King Eugene James Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1 ¼Fast2:05.2
1931 Twenty Grand Charley Kurtsinger James G. Rowe, Jr. Greentree Stable 1 ¼Fast2:01.8
1930 Gallant Fox Dagger-14-plain.png Earl Sande Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud 1 ¼Good2:07.6
1929 Clyde Van Dusen Linus McAtee Clyde Van Dusen Herbert P. Gardner 1 ¼Muddy2:10.8
1928 Reigh Count Chick Lang Bert S. Michell Fannie Hertz 1 ¼Heavy2:10.4
1927 Whiskery Linus McAtee Fred Hopkins Harry P. Whitney 1 ¼Slow2:06.0
1926 Bubbling Over Albert Johnson Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1 ¼Fast2:03.8
1925 Flying Ebony Earl Sande William B. Duke Gifford A. Cochran 1 ¼Sloppy2:07.6
1924 Black Gold J. D. Mooney Hanley Webb Rosa M. Hoots 1 ¼Fast2:05.2
1923 Zev Earl Sande David J. Leary Rancocas Stable 1 ¼Fast2:05.4
1922 Morvich Albert Johnson Fred Burlew Benjamin Block1 ¼Fast2:04.6
1921 Behave Yourself Charles Thompson Herbert J. Thompson Edward R. Bradley 1 ¼Fast2:04.2
1920 Paul Jones Ted Rice William M. Garth Ral Parr 1 ¼Slow2:09.0
1919 Sir Barton Dagger-14-plain.png Johnny Loftus H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross 1 ¼Heavy2:09.8
1918 Exterminator Willie Knapp Henry McDaniel Willis Sharpe Kilmer 1 ¼Muddy2:10.8
1917 Omar Khayyam Charles Borel Charles T. Patterson Billings & Johnson 1 ¼Fast2:04.6
1916 George Smith Johnny Loftus Hollie Hughes John Sanford 1 ¼Fast2:04.0
1915 Regret Double-dagger-14-plain.png Joe Notter James G. Rowe, Sr. Harry P. Whitney 1 ¼Fast2:05.4
1914 Old Rosebud John McCabe Frank D. Weir Hamilton C. Applegate 1 ¼Fast2:03.40
1913 Donerail Roscoe Goose Thomas P. Hayes Thomas P. Hayes 1 ¼Fast2:04.8
1912 Worth Carroll H. Shilling Frank M. Taylor Harry C. Hallenbeck 1 ¼Muddy2:09.4
1911 Meridian George Archibald Albert Ewing Richard F. Carman 1 ¼Fast2:05.0
1910 Donau Frederick Herbert George Ham William Gerst 1 ¼Fast2:06.4
1909 Wintergreen Vincent Powers Charles Mack Jerome B. Respess 1 ¼Slow2:08.2
1908 Stone Street Arthur Pickens J. W. Hall C. E. & J. W. Hamilton 1 ¼Heavy2:15.2
1907 Pink Star Andy Minder William H. Fizer J. Hal Woodford 1 ¼Heavy2:12.6
1906 Sir Huon Roscoe Troxler Pete Coyne Bashford Manor Stable 1 ¼Fast2:08.8
1905 Agile Jack Martin Robert Tucker Samuel S. Brown 1 ¼Heavy2:10.75
1904 Elwood Shorty Prior Charles E. Durnell Lasca Durnell 1 ¼Fast2:08.5
1903 Judge Himes Harold Booker John P. Mayberry Charles R. Ellison 1 ¼Fast2:09.0
1902 Alan-a-Dale Jimmy Winkfield Thomas C. McDowell Thomas C. McDowell 1 ¼Fast2:08.75
1901 His Eminence Jimmy Winkfield Frank B. Van Meter Frank B. Van Meter 1 ¼Fast2:07.75
1900 Lieut. Gibson Jimmy Boland Charles Hughes Charles H. Smith 1 ¼Fast2:06.25
1899 Manuel Fred Taral Robert J. Walden A. H. & D. H. Morris 1 ¼Fast2:12.0
1898 Plaudit Willie Simms John E. Madden John E. Madden 1 ¼Good2:09.0
1897 Typhoon II Buttons Garner Julius C. Cahn Julius C. Cahn 1 ¼Heavy2:12.5
1896 Ben Brush Willie Simms Hardy Campbell, Jr. Mike F. Dwyer 1 ¼Dusty2:07.75
1895 Halma James Perkins Byron McClelland Byron McClelland 1 ½Fast2:37.5
1894 Chant Frank Goodale H. Eugene Leigh H. Eugene Leigh & Robert L. Rose1 ½Fast2:41.0
1893 Lookout Eddie Kunze William McDaniel Cushing & Orth 1 ½Fast2:39.25
1892 Azra Alonzo Clayton John H. Morris Bashford Manor Stable 1 ½Heavy2:41.5
1891 Kingman Isaac Murphy Dud Allen Jacobin Stable 1 ½Fast2:52.25
1890 Riley Isaac Murphy Edward Corrigan Edward Corrigan 1 ½Muddy2:45.0
1889 Spokane Thomas Kiley John Rodegap Noah Armstrong 1 ½Fast2:34.5
1888 Macbeth II George Covington John Campbell Chicago Stable 1 ½Fast2:38.25
1887 Montrose Isaac Lewis John McGinty Labold Brothers 1 ½Fast2:39.25
1886 Ben Ali Paul Duffy Jim Murphy J. B. A. Haggin 1 ½Fast2:36.5
1885 Joe Cotton Erskine Henderson Abraham Perry James T. Williams 1 ½Good2:37.25
1884 Buchanan Isaac Murphy William Bird Samuel S. Brown & William Cottrill 1 ½Good2:40.25
1883 Leonatus Billy Donohue Raleigh Colston Sr. Chinn & Morgan 1 ½Heavy2:43.0
1882 Apollo [lower-alpha 4] Babe Hurd Green B. Morris Morris & Patton 1 ½Fast2:40.25
1881 Hindoo Jim McLaughlin James G. Rowe, Sr. Dwyer Bros. Stable 1 ½Fast2:40.0
1880 Fonso George Lewis Tice Hutsell J. Snell Shawhan 1 ½Dusty2:37.50
1879 Lord Murphy Charlie Shauer George Rice Darden & Co 1 ½Fast2:37.00
1878 Day Star Jimmy Carter Lee Paul T. J. Nichols 1 ½Dusty2:37.25
1877 Baden-Baden Billy Walker Edward D. Brown Daniel Swigert 1 ½Fast2:38.0
1876 Vagrant Robert Swim James Williams William Astor, Jr. 1 ½Fast2:38.25
1875 Aristides Oliver Lewis Ansel Williamson H. Price McGrath 1 ½Fast2:37.75
Notes

Dagger-14-plain.png designates a Triple Crown Winner.
Double-dagger-14-plain.png designates a filly.

  1. The race was timed to 14 second from 1875 to 1905, to 15 second from 1906 to 2000, and to 0.01 second since 2001.
  2. Maximum Security crossed the finish line first, but was disqualified for interference.
  3. Dancer's Image, ridden by Bobby Ussery, trained by Lou Cavalaris, Jr., and owned by Peter D. Fuller, finished first, but was disqualified after a post-race urine sample revealed traces of a banned drug in the horse. The drug in question – phenylbutazone – is now legal for use on racehorses in many states, including Kentucky.
  4. Apollo (1882) was the only horse to have won the Derby without having raced at age two, until Justify in 2018. [39]

See also

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Robert A. Baffert is an American racehorse trainer who trained the 2015 Triple Crown winner American Pharoah and 2018 Triple Crown winner Justify. Baffert's horses have won five Kentucky Derbies, seven Preakness Stakes, three Belmont Stakes and three Kentucky Oaks.

Patrick Alan Day is a retired American jockey. He is a four-time winner of the Eclipse Award for Outstanding Jockey and was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1991 and the Arkansas Sports Hall of Fame in 1999. Day won nine Triple Crown races and 12 Breeders' Cup races. He was once the leader for career Breeders' Cup wins though he was later surpassed as the events were expanded after he retired.

Triple Crown Productions is an ad hoc production company that produced the series of Triple Crown races for thoroughbred horses.

Swale was an American thoroughbred racehorse. He is best known for winning the Kentucky Derby and the Belmont Stakes in 1984. He died eight days after his win in the latter race.

The Arkansas Derby is an American flat Thoroughbred horse race for three-year-olds held annually in April at Oaklawn Park in Hot Springs, Arkansas. It is currently a Grade I race run over a distance of 9 furlongs on dirt.

Thoroughbred Racing on NBC is the de facto title for a series of horse races events whose broadcasts are produced by NBC Sports, the sports division of the NBC television network in the United States. Race coverage is currently helmed by, among others, host Mike Tirico, along with analysts Randy Moss and Jerry Bailey, handicappers Eddie Olczyk and Britney Eurton, reporters Kenny Rice, Donna Barton Brothers, Laffit Pincay, III and Carolyn Manno and track announcer Larry Collmus.

The Pat Day Mile Stakes is an American Grade 3 Thoroughbred horse race held on Kentucky Derby day run at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky for three-year-olds willing to race one mile on the dirt. The current purse is $250,000 for the event.

Calvin Borel American jockey

Calvin H. Borel is an American jockey in thoroughbred horse racing and rode the victorious mount in the 2007 Kentucky Derby, the 2009 Kentucky Derby and the 2010 Kentucky Derby. His 2009 Derby win with Mine That Bird was the second biggest upset in Derby history, and Borel's winning margin of ​6 34 lengths was the greatest in Derby history since Assault won by 8 lengths in 1946. On May 1, 2009, Borel won the Kentucky Oaks aboard Rachel Alexandra, only the second time since 1993 that a jockey has won the Oaks-Derby combo, and just the seventh time overall a jockey has accomplished this feat in the same year. On May 16, 2009, Borel won the 2009 Preakness Stakes at Pimlico with thoroughbred filly Rachel Alexandra. In doing so, Borel became the first jockey to win the first two jewels of the Triple Crown on different mounts. Borel's nickname is "Bo'rail'" due to his penchant for riding close to the rail to save ground.

Victor Espinoza Mexican jockey

Victor Espinoza is a Mexican jockey in American Thoroughbred horse racing who won the Triple Crown in 2015 on American Pharoah. He began riding in his native Mexico and went on to compete at racetracks in California. He has won the Kentucky Derby three times, riding War Emblem in 2002, California Chrome in 2014, and American Pharoah in 2015. He also won the Preakness Stakes three times, in those same years and with the same horses. He was the first jockey in history to enter the Belmont Stakes with a third opportunity to win the Triple Crown; his 2015 victory made him the oldest jockey and first Hispanic jockey to win the award.

Chateaugay was an American Thoroughbred Champion racehorse who won two of the three U.S. Triple Crown races. Bred at Darby Dan Farm near Lexington, Kentucky by his prominent owner, John W. Galbreath, Chateaugay was a son of Swaps, the 1956 U.S. Horse of the Year and a Racing Hall of Fame inductee.

Burgoo King (1929–1946) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the first two legs of the U.S. Triple Crown series but who did not run in the final race, the Belmont Stakes.

Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (United States) American Thoroughbred horse racing honor for winning three specific stakes races as a three-year-old

In the United States, the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, commonly known as the Triple Crown, is a title awarded to a three-year-old Thoroughbred horse who wins the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes. The three races were inaugurated in different years, the last being the Kentucky Derby in 1875. These races are now run annually in May and early June of each year. The Triple Crown Trophy, commissioned in 1950 but awarded to all previous winners as well as those after 1950, is awarded to a Triple Crown winner.

Super Saver is a retired American Thoroughbred race horse, best known as the winner of the 2010 Kentucky Derby.

The Stepping Stone Purse was an American Thoroughbred horse race held annually in the latter part of April at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky. Open to three-year-old horses, it was, along with the Derby Trial Stakes, one of two final prep races hosted by Churchill Downs running up to the Kentucky Derby.

Shackleford (horse) American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Shackleford is a retired chestnut Thoroughbred race horse who is best known for winning the 2011 Preakness Stakes. He also finished second in the 2011 Breeders' Cup Dirt Mile and won both the Metropolitan and Clark Handicaps in 2012.

Oxbow (horse) American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse

Oxbow, an American Thoroughbred racehorse, is best known for winning the second jewel in the United States Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, the 2013 Preakness Stakes. A bay colt, sired by a winner of the Breeders' Cup Classic and out of a full sister to another Breeders' Cup Classic winner, Oxbow was sold as a yearling at Keeneland for $250,000 and is owned by Brad Kelley of Calumet Farm. He was trained by D. Wayne Lukas and was ridden in his Triple Crown races by Gary Stevens.

The 1899 Preakness Stakes was the 24th running of the $1,000 added Preakness Stakes, a horse race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds run on May 30, 1899 at the Gravesend Race Track on Coney Island, New York. The mile and a sixteenth race was won by Half Time over runner-up Filigrane. The race was run on a track rated fast in a final time of 1:47 flat that equaled the Gravesend track record for the distance.

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Further reading