Keszthely

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Keszthely

Mogentiana (in ancient Latin)
Castellum (in medieval Latin)
Kesthell(in German)
Blatenski Kostel(in Slovene)
Keszthely, Hungary - panoramio.jpg
Flag of Keszthely.svg
Flag
HUN Keszthely Cimer.svg
Coat of arms
Hungary location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Keszthely
Location of Keszthely
Coordinates: 46°46′11″N17°14′53″E / 46.76965°N 17.24813°E / 46.76965; 17.24813 Coordinates: 46°46′11″N17°14′53″E / 46.76965°N 17.24813°E / 46.76965; 17.24813
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Region Western Transdanubia
County Zala
District Keszthely
Government
   Mayor Bálint Nagy (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
  Total75.98 km2 (29.34 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
  Total19,652
  Density258.65/km2 (669.9/sq mi)
Demonym(s) keszthelyi
Population by ethnicity
[1]
   Hungarians 83.6%
   Germans 2.1%
   Gypsies 0.6%
   Croats 0.2%
   Poles 0.1%
   Slovaks 0.1%
   Romanians 0.1%
   Ukrainians 0.1%
  Others0.7%
Population by religion
[1]
   Roman Catholic 54.5%
   Greek Catholic 0.2%
   Calvinists 3.2%
   Lutherans 1.6%
   Jews 0.1%
  Other1.2%
   Non-religious 11.6%
  Unknown27.6%
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
8360
Area code (+36) 83
Motorways M76 Motorway (planned)
NUTS 3 code HU223
Distance from Budapest187 km (116 mi) Southwest
International airports Hévíz–Balaton Airport (SOB) previously Sármellék International Airport
MP Jenő Manninger (Fidesz)
Website www.keszthely.hu

Keszthely (Hungarian pronunciation:  [ˈkɛsthɛj] ; Slovene : Blatenski Kostel; German : Kesthell) is a Hungarian city of 20,895 inhabitants located on the western shore of Lake Balaton. It is the second largest city by the lake and one of the more important cultural, educational and economic hubs in the region. Due to its favorable location and accessibility by both road and rail, Keszthely and the surrounding area is a preferred holiday destination.

Contents

Though settled since at least Roman times (the Keszthely culture of the Pannonian Romance language), the first historical evidence of the town Keszthely dates from a 1247 document. Since 1421, Keszthely has been a market town.

The Faculty for Agriculture of University of Pannonia is located in Keszthely. George Fejer, Hungarian author and librarian at the University of Pest, was born in Keszthely in 1766.

Etymology

The name comes from Slavic *Kostel, see also the etymology of Kesztölc. [2] [3] Hungarian hely: a site, a location. The Hungarian part of the name could be potentially formed by a phonetic similarity and folk etymology KesztelyKeszthely. [2] 1247 Kesztel. [3]

Location

The city of Keszthely is located at the northwest corner of Lake Balaton, on the shore of one of the biggest lakes in Central Europe. The city is surrounded by forests and rolling hills to the north, plains to the south east and the lake. South from the city lies Kis-Balaton (Little Balaton), a swamp which is a part of the Zala river delta and which acts as a natural water purifier for Lake Balaton. The swamp is particularly known as a water fowl habitat and enjoys international recognition and protection as a natural reserve.

Peter Stehlik 2010.09.09 005 2010.09.09 020-8 A images.jpg

The city also enjoys the proximity of Hévíz, a town famous for its spa and health services. Keszthely is very close to some northern Balaton wine regions which are known to produce high quality white wines from locally cultivated varieties.

Keszthely is easily and rather quickly accessible by car from both Budapest, the capital of Hungary, and Vienna, the capital of Austria. Direct bus services between Keszthely and Budapest run several times a day.

Museum

Balaton Museum

The Balaton Museum Association was established in 1898 for among all Sandor Lovassy`s initiation. The starting of the museum building in Keszthely was in 1925 with the help of count Taszilo Festetics, on the basis of Györgyi Denes`s design in Neo-baroque style. With the building of the first museum in Zala county, the stones from pulled down stables next to Festetics Mannsion were used as well. The collection shows the archeological, ethnographical, historical and natural scientific values of the Balaton area.

Climate

Climate data for Keszthely
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−1
(31)
2
(36)
9
(49)
16
(60)
20
(68)
25
(77)
28
(83)
27
(81)
23
(73)
17
(63)
8
(46)
2
(36)
15
(59)
Average low °C (°F)−5
(23)
−6
(22)
2
(35)
7
(45)
10
(50)
15
(59)
16
(61)
16
(60)
12
(54)
9
(48)
1
(34)
−2
(29)
6
(43)
Average precipitation mm (inches)56
(2.2)
13
(0.5)
23
(0.9)
48
(1.9)
79
(3.1)
84
(3.3)
43
(1.7)
30
(1.2)
58
(2.3)
23
(0.9)
15
(0.6)
23
(0.9)
490
(19.4)
Source: Weatherbase [4]

Twin towns – sister cities

Keszthely is twinned with: [5]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 KSH - Keszthely, 2011
  2. 1 2 Stanislav, Ján (2004). Slovenský juh v stredoveku II (in Slovak). Slovenské literárne centrum. p. 231. ISBN   80-88878-89-6.
  3. 1 2 Kiss, Lajos (1978). Földrajzi nevek etimológiai szótára (in Hungarian). Budapest: Akadémiai. p. 331.
  4. "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Keszthely, Hungary". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  5. "Testvérvárosok, külkapcsolatok". keszthely.hu (in Hungarian). Keszthely. Retrieved 2021-03-23.