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Raduga Kh-15
(NATO reporting name: AS-16 'Kickback')
AS-16 Kickback 2008 G1.jpg
Raduga Kh-15
Type air-to-surface/antiship missile
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service1980
Used byRussia
Production history
ManufacturerDubna Machine-building Plant
Mass1,200 kg (2,650 lb)
Length478 cm (15 ft 8 in)
Diameter45.5 cm (17.9 in)
Warheadconventional or nuclear
Warhead weight150 kg (331 lb)
Blast yield300 kt

Enginesolid-fuel RDTT-160
Wingspan92 cm (36.2 in) maximum
300 km (160 nmi)
Flight ceiling40,000 m (130,000 ft)
Maximum speed Up to Mach 5 [1]
inertial guidance, active radar homing, or anti-radiation missile
Su-33, Su-34, Tu-95MS-6, Tu-22M3, and Tu-160 [1]

The Raduga Kh-15 or RKV-15 (Russian : Х-15; NATO: AS-16 "Kickback"; GRAU:) is a Russian hypersonic aero-ballistic missile carried by the Tupolev Tu-22M and other bombers. Originally a standoff nuclear weapon similar to the U.S. Air Force's AGM-69 SRAM, versions with conventional warheads have been developed.


As of early 2019, it was uncertain whether the Kh-15 was in service, with rumors that it had been retired or placed in storage. [2]


In 1967, MKB Raduga started developing the Kh-2000 as a replacement for the Kh-22 AS-4 'Kitchen' heavy anti-shipping missile. [1] Development of the Kh-15 started some time in the early 1970s. [3] The sophistication of the design made it suitable for other roles, and a nuclear-tipped version was developed in tandem with the conventionally armed variant. [1] An upgrade under development was cancelled in 1991, but reports in 1998 suggested an upgraded Kh-15 might be fitted to Su-35 (Flanker-E) tactical aircraft. [3]


The Kh-15 climbs to an altitude of about 40,000 m (130,000 ft) and then dives in on the target, accelerating to a speed of about Mach 5. [1]

Operational history

It entered service in 1980. It can be carried by the Su-33, Su-34, Tu-95MS-6 'Bear-H', Tu-22M3 'Backfire C', and Tu-160 'Blackjack'. [4]





Similar weapons


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Kh-15, RKV-15 (AS-16 'Kickback')", Jane's Air-Launched Weapons, 2008-08-01, archived from the original on 2019-10-18, retrieved 2009-02-03
  2. Kristensen, Hans M.; Korda, Matt (4 March 2019). "Russian nuclear forces, 2019". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 75 (2). doi: 10.1080/00963402.2019.1580891 .
  3. 1 2 "Kh-15 (AS-16 'Kickback'/RKV-15)", Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems, 2008-09-02, archived from the original on 2019-10-18, retrieved 2009-02-06
  4. "АО "Корпорация Тактическое Ракетное Вооружение"". Archived from the original on 2014-08-06. Retrieved 2016-08-25.

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