Khabarovsk

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Khabarovsk

Хабаровск
Kollazh Khabarovska.png
Left:View of Khabarovsk Dormition Cathedral, Komsomolskaya Monument and Amur River, Khabarovsk Cliff, Khabarovsk Musical Fountain, Right:Over view of Irina Muravyov Amursky Avenue and Lenina Square, Panorama view of downtown Shevchenko street, Khabarovsk Vladimir Lenin Square (all items from above to bottom)
Khabarovsk Coat of Arms.png
Coat of arms
Anthem: Anthem of Khabarovsk [2]
Location of Khabarovsk
Khabarovsk
Russia administrative location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Khabarovsk
Location of Khabarovsk
Russia Khabarovsk Krai location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Khabarovsk
Khabarovsk (Khabarovsk Krai)
Coordinates: 48°29′N135°05′E / 48.483°N 135.083°E / 48.483; 135.083 Coordinates: 48°29′N135°05′E / 48.483°N 135.083°E / 48.483; 135.083
Country Russia
Federal subject Khabarovsk Krai [3]
FoundedMay 31, 1858 [4]
City status since1880 [5]
Government
  Body City Duma [6]
  Mayor [6] Sergei Kravchuk [7]
Area
[8]
  Total400 km2 (200 sq mi)
Elevation
72 m (236 ft)
Population
  Total577,441
  Estimate 
(2018) [10]
618,150 (+7%)
  Rank 26th in 2010
  Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
  Subordinated to city of krai significance of Khabarovsk [1]
   Capital ofKhabarovsk Krai [3] , city of krai significance of Khabarovsk [11]
  Urban okrugKhabarovsk Urban Okrug [12]
   Capital ofKhabarovsk Urban Okrug [12] , Khabarovsky Municipal District [13]
Time zone UTC+10 (MSK+7   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [14] )
Postal code(s) [15]
680000–680003, 680006, 680007, 680009, 680011–680015, 680017, 680018, 680020–680023, 680025, 680026, 680028–680033, 680035, 680038, 680040–680043, 680045, 680047, 680051, 680052, 680054, 680055, 680700, 680880, 680890, 680899, 680921, 680950, 680960–680967, 680970, 680999, 901183, 901185
Dialing code(s) +7 4212
OKTMO ID08701000001
City DayLast Sunday of May [4]
Website khabarovskadm.ru
Khabarovsk population
2010 Census 577,441 [9]
2002 Census 583,072 [16]
1989 Census 600,623 [17]
1979 Census 527,848 [18]
Native villages near the site of the future Khabarovsk according to an English map of 1773. The village closest to today's Khabarovsk is labeled "Hitcha". Maack's "Cape Kyrma" site (thought by B.P. Polyakov to be the site of Stepanov's Kosogorsky Ostrog) is "Heremo" Kitchen-21-Russia-mid-Amur-2830.jpg
Native villages near the site of the future Khabarovsk according to an English map of 1773. The village closest to today's Khabarovsk is labeled "Hitcha". Maack's "Cape Kyrma" site (thought by B.P. Polyakov to be the site of Stepanov's Kosogorsky Ostrog) is "Heremo"

Khabarovsk (Russian:Хабaровск, tr. Khabarovsk,IPA:  [xɐˈbarəfsk] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is the largest city and the administrative center of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, [3] located 30 kilometers (19 mi) from the China-Russia Border, at the confluence of the Amur and Ussuri Rivers, about 800 kilometers (500 mi) north of Vladivostok. The city was the administrative center of the Far Eastern Federal District of Russia from 2002 until December 2018, when Vladivostok took over that role. [19] It is the largest city in the Russian Far East, having overtaken Vladivostok in 2015. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 577,441. [9] It was previously known as Khabarovka (until 1893). [5] As typical of the interior of the Russian Far East, Khabarovsk has an extreme climate with very strong seasonal swings resulting in strong winter cold and relatively hot and humid summers.

Contents

History

Earliest record

Historical records indicate that Khabarovsk was founded in the eighth century. The Tungusic peoples are indigenous to the city's vicinity. The city was named "Boli" when it was part of the Chinese empire. During the Tang Dynasty, Boli was the capital of Heishui Protectorate, called Heishui Duhufu. [20] In A.D. 722, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang (唐玄宗) established Heishui Protectorate and gave self-rule to Heishui Mohe tribes. The seat of this administrative region was then established near today's Khabarovsk. [21] [22]

17th-century Russian explorers

In the mid-17th century, the Amur Valley became the scene of hostilities between the Russian Cossacks, who tried to expand into the region and collect tribute from the natives, and the rising Manchu Qing Dynasty, who were intent on securing the region for themselves.

Khabarov's Achansk

Monument to Yerofey Khabarov in Khabarovsk. Erofei Khabarov 2.jpg
Monument to Yerofey Khabarov in Khabarovsk.

The Russian explorers and raiders of the 1650s set up a number of more or less fortified camps ( ostrogs ) on the Amur. Most of them were in use for only a few months and later destroyed. It is usually thought that the first such camp in the general area of today's Khabarovsk was the fortified winter camp named Achansk (Ачанск) or Achansky gorodok (Ачанский городок), built by the Cossacks of Yerofey Khabarov in September 1651 after they had sailed to the area from the upper Amur. The fort was named after the local tribe whom Khabarov's people called "Achans". [23] [24] Already on October 8 the fort was unsuccessfully attacked by joint forces of Achans and Duchers (who had good reasons to hate the Cossacks, due to their rather heavy-handed tribute-extraction tactics [25] ), while many Russians were away fishing. [24] In late November, Khabarov's people undertook a three-day campaign against the local chief Zhakshur (Жакшур) (whose name is also known in a more Russian version, Zaksor (Заксор)), collecting a large amount of tribute and announcing that the locals were now subjects of the Russian Czar. A similar campaign was waged later in winter against the Ducher chief Nechiga (Нечига), farther away from Achansk. [24]

On March 24 (or 26), 1652, Fort Achansk was attacked by Manchu cavalry, led by Ninguta's commander Haise, reinforced by Ducher auxiliaries, but the Cossacks stood their ground in a day-long battle and even managed to seize the attackers' supply train. [24] Once the ice on the Amur broke in the spring of 1652, Khabarov's people destroyed their fort and sailed away. [24]

The exact location of Khabarov's Achansk has long been a subject for the debate among Russian historians and geographers. [25] [26] A number of locations, both upstream and downstream of today's Khabarovsk, have been proposed since Richard Maack, one of the first Russian scholars to visit the region, identified Achansk in 1859 with the ruins on Cape Kyrma, which is located on the southern (Chinese) shore of the Amur, upstream of Khabarovsk. [25] The most widely accepted point of view is probably that of Boris Polevoy, who believed that Khabarov's Achansk was located in the Nanai village later known as Odzhal-Bolon (Russian : Оджал-Болонь), located on the left bank of the Amur, closer to Amursk than to Khabarovsk. One of his arguments was that both Khabarov's Achan (sometimes also spelt by the explorer as Otshchan, Отщан), and Wuzhala (乌扎拉) of the Chinese records of the 1652 engagement are based on the name of the Nanai clan "Odzhal" (Оджал), corresponding to the 20th-century name of the village as well. (The name of the clan was also written as "Uzala", as in the name of its best-known member, Dersu Uzala). [25]

Polevoy's view appeared to gain wide support among the Russian geographer community; petitioned by the Amur Branch of the Russian Geographical Society, the Russian Government renamed the village of Odzhal to Achan in 1977, to celebrate its connection with Khabarov's raid. [25]

As to the Cape Kyrma ruins, thought by Maack to be the remains of Achansk, B.P. Polevoy identified them as the remains of another ostrog – namely, Kosogorsky Ostrog, where Onufriy Stepanov stayed a few years later. [26]

Qing Empire

After the Treaty of Nerchinsk (1689), the area became an uncontested part of the Qing Empire for the next century and a half. Modern historical maps of the Qing period published in China mark the site of future Khabarovsk as Bólì (Chinese :伯力). All of the middle and lower Amur region was nominally part of the Jilin Province, run first out of Ninguta and later out of Jilin City.

French Jesuits who sailed along the Ussuri and the Amur Rivers in 1709 prepared the first more or less precise map of the region. According to them, the indigenous Nanai people were living on the Ussuri and on the Amur down to the mouth of the Dondon River (i.e., in the region including the site of the future Khabarovsk). These people were known to the Chinese as Yupi Dazi ("Fish skin Tartars"). [27]

From Khabarovka to Khabarovsk

Khabarovsk - residence of the governor-general of Eastern Siberia 1895 Khabarovsk - residence of the governor-general of Eastern Siberia LCCN2004708062.jpg
Khabarovsk – residence of the governor-general of Eastern Siberia 1895

In 1858, the area was ceded to Russia under the Treaty of Aigun. The Russians founded the military outpost of Khabarovka (Хаба́ровка),[ citation needed ] named after Yerofey Khabarov. The post later became an important industrial center for the region. Town status was granted in 1880. In 1893, it was given its present name: Khabarovsk. [5]

In 1894, a department of Russian Geographical Society was formed in Khabarovsk and to found libraries, theatres and museums in the city. Since then, Khabarovsk's cultural life has flourished. Much of the local indigenous history has been well preserved in the Regional Lore Museum and Natural History Museum and in places like near the Nanai settlement of Sikachi-Alyan, where cliff drawings from more than 13,000 years ago can be found. The Khabarovsk Art Museum exhibits a rare collection of old Russian icons.

In 1916, the Khabarovsk Bridge across the Amur was completed, allowing Trans-Siberian trains to cross the river without using ferries (or temporary rail tracks over the frozen river in winter). Due to the Russian Civil War, Khabarovsk was occupied by Japan in September 1918. [28]

Soviet era

Khabarovsk (1950) Txu-oclc-6614368-nm53-11a.jpg
Khabarovsk (1950)

After the defeat of Japan in World War II, Khabarovsk was the site of the Khabarovsk War Crime Trials, in which twelve former members of the Japanese Kwantung Army and Unit 731 were put on trial for the manufacture and use of biological weapons during World War II.

Chinese Emperor Puyi, captured by Soviet troops in Manchuria, was relocated to Khabarovsk and lived there from 1945 up to 1950, when he was returned to China. [29]

When Japan fell in September 1945 the United States reached an agreement with Stalin to build two U.S. Naval Advance Bases (Fleet Weather Centrals) in the USSR. [30] The U.S built one 10 miles (16 km) outside Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky on the Kamchatka Peninsula with the code name TAMA. [31] The other was 20 miles (32 km) outside Khabarovsk in buildings provided by the Soviets, code-named MOKO. [31] For mail Khabarovsk was assigned U.S.Navy number 1168, FPO San Francisco. [32] The American use of these two bases was short-lived.

On 5 November 1956, the first phase of the city tram was commissioned. The Khabarovsk television studio began broadcasting in 1960. On 1 September 1967, the Khabarovsk Institute of Physical Education, now the Far Eastern State Academy of Physical Culture, opened. On 14 January 1971 Khabarovsk was awarded the Order of October Revolution. In 1975 the first stage of the urban trolley opened. In 1976 the city hosted an international ice hockey tournament with the ball for the prize of the newspaper Sovietskaya Rossia . In 1981 the Bandy World Championship was played in the city.

Russian Federation

In 1996, Khabarovsk held its first mayoral elections. Paul D. Filippov, whose candidacy was supported by Governor Viktor Ishayev, was defeated. In 1998, reconstruction of the central square of Khabarovsk was completed. In May 2000, President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, decreed that new federal districts be formed, and Khabarovsk became the center of the Far Eastern Federal District.

In 2006, the Center for Cardiovascular Surgery, a high-tech medical center, was constructed according to a Russian national health project. In 2008, the train station was completely renovated, and the adjacent square was reconstructed to include fountains and an underground passage. In 2009, Khabarovsk hosted the EU-Russia summit. In 2010, the city hosted a meeting of the Great Circle of Ussuri Cossacks. On 3 November 2012, Khabarovsk was awarded the honorary title of "City of Military Glory".

On 9 July 2020, the governor of the region, Sergei Furgal, was arrested and flown to Moscow. The 2020 Khabarovsk Krai protests began on 11 July 2020 in support of Furgal. [33]

Flag

Flag of the city of Khabarovsk. Flag of Khabarovsk (Khabarovsk kray).png
Flag of the city of Khabarovsk.

The flag of Khabarovsk displays a bear and a Siberian tiger holding a yellow shield with a blue reversed pall and a red fish. The flag is a representation of the coat of arms of Khabarovsk. [34] The flag was adopted on 30 October 2007 and is 2:3 in ratio.

Climate

Map including Khabarovsk (AMS, 1950) Txu-oclc-6614368-nm53-11.jpg
Map including Khabarovsk (AMS, 1950)
Khabarovsk
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
14
 
 
−16
−24
 
 
11
 
 
−11
−20
 
 
22
 
 
−2
−11
 
 
44
 
 
10
0
 
 
61
 
 
19
7
 
 
72
 
 
24
13
 
 
133
 
 
27
17
 
 
153
 
 
25
16
 
 
79
 
 
19
9
 
 
50
 
 
10
1
 
 
26
 
 
−3
−11
 
 
17
 
 
−14
−21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Pogoda i Klimat (Weather and Climate) [35]

Khabarovsk experiences a monsoonal dry-winter humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dwb borders on Dwa).

The average annual precipitation is 682 millimeters (26.9 in), mainly concentrated in the summer. In a few years, November to March hardly receive any precipitation. The driest year was 2001 with only 381 millimeters (15.0 in) of precipitation and the wettest was 1981 when 1,105 millimeters (43.5 in) of precipitation fell. The wettest month was August 1981 with a total precipitation of 434 millimeters (17.1 in). Snowfall is common, though light, with an average maximum snow height of 16 centimeters (6.3 in).

The city's extreme climate sees daily average high and low temperatures vary by around 50 °C (90 °F) over the course of the year. The average temperature in January is −19.8 °C (−3.6 °F) and the average for July is +21.3 °C (70.3 °F). Extremes have ranged from −40 °C (−40 °F) in January 2011 to +36.4 °C (97.5 °F) in June 2010. [35]

Climate data for Khabarovsk
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)0.6
(33.1)
6.3
(43.3)
17.0
(62.6)
28.6
(83.5)
31.5
(88.7)
36.4
(97.5)
35.7
(96.3)
35.6
(96.1)
29.8
(85.6)
25.8
(78.4)
15.5
(59.9)
6.6
(43.9)
36.4
(97.5)
Average high °C (°F)−15.7
(3.7)
−10.7
(12.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
10.4
(50.7)
18.6
(65.5)
23.9
(75.0)
26.6
(79.9)
24.8
(76.6)
19.1
(66.4)
10.0
(50.0)
−3.1
(26.4)
−13.5
(7.7)
7.4
(45.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)−19.8
(−3.6)
−15.4
(4.3)
−6.4
(20.5)
4.8
(40.6)
12.4
(54.3)
18.1
(64.6)
21.3
(70.3)
19.9
(67.8)
13.7
(56.7)
5.1
(41.2)
−7.2
(19.0)
−17.3
(0.9)
2.4
(36.3)
Average low °C (°F)−23.5
(−10.3)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−11.0
(12.2)
0.1
(32.2)
7.1
(44.8)
13.0
(55.4)
16.8
(62.2)
15.9
(60.6)
9.2
(48.6)
1.0
(33.8)
−10.6
(12.9)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
Record low °C (°F)−40.0
(−40.0)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−15.1
(4.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.2
(36.0)
6.8
(44.2)
4.9
(40.8)
−3.3
(26.1)
−15.6
(3.9)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−40.0
(−40.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)14
(0.6)
11
(0.4)
22
(0.9)
44
(1.7)
61
(2.4)
72
(2.8)
133
(5.2)
153
(6.0)
79
(3.1)
50
(2.0)
26
(1.0)
17
(0.7)
682
(26.9)
Average rainy days0011016151517151120102
Average snowy days141111610000.14121473
Average relative humidity (%)75726863657479837867697372
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1471812312132422622482172121891591452,446
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net [35]
Source 2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990) [36]

Administrative and municipal status

Khabarovsk is the administrative center of the krai [3] and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Khabarovsky District, [37] even though it is not a part of it. [1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of krai significance of Khabarovsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. [1] As a municipal division, the city of krai significance of Khabarovsk is incorporated as Khabarovsk Urban Okrug. [12]

Demographics

Ethnic composition (2010): [38]

Economy and infrastructure

Khabarovsk monument to Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky (obverse) and Khabarovsk Bridge over the Amur River (reverse) are prominently featured on the 5000 ruble banknote Banknote 5000 rubles 2010 front.jpg
Khabarovsk monument to Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky (obverse) and Khabarovsk Bridge over the Amur River (reverse) are prominently featured on the 5000 ruble banknote

Primary industries include iron processing, steel milling, Khabarovsk shipyard, Daldizel, machinery, petroleum refining, flour milling, pharmaceutical industry, meatpacking and manufacturing of various types of heavy and light machinery.

A high-speed international fiber-optic cable connects the city of Khabarovsk with the city of Fuyuan in China.

Transportation

Trolleybus near Lenina Square Khabarovskii trolleibus na ploshchadi Lenina f1.JPG
Trolleybus near Lenina Square
Amur waterfront Khabarovsk, letom na naberezhnoi Amura.JPG
Amur waterfront

The city is a principal railway center and is located along the Trans-Siberian Railway; the rail distance of Khabarovsk railway station from Moscow is 8,523 kilometers (5,296 mi).

Khabarovsk is served by the Khabarovsk Novy Airport with international flights to East Asia, Southeast Asia, European Russia, and Central Asia.

Road links include the Trans-Siberian Highway (M58 and M60 Highways), and water transport links are provided by the Amur River and Ussuri River.

Public transport includes: tram (8 routes); trolleybus (4 routes); bus and fixed-route taxi (marshrutka, approximately 100 routes).

Transborder travel to China in winter ice road in summer boat on Amur river to Fuyuan (and train to Harbin)

Education

There are the following institutions of higher education in Khabarovsk: [39] [40]

Tourism

The Cathedral of the Saviour's Transfiguration Kirovskiy rayon, Khabarovsk, Khabarovskiy kray, Russia - panoramio (24).jpg
The Cathedral of the Saviour's Transfiguration
Ice sculptures on the central square of Khabarovsk Kirovskiy rayon, Khabarovsk, Khabarovskiy kray, Russia - panoramio (115).jpg
Ice sculptures on the central square of Khabarovsk

A key street in Khabarovsk is the broad Amursky Boulevard with its many shops and a local market. The city's five districts stretch for 45 kilometers (28 mi) along the Amur River. The similar boulevard – Ussuryisky is located between the two main streets Muravyov-Amursky and Lenin street and runs to the city's artificial lakes (Gorodskie Prudi) with the sport complex Platinum Arena. The lakes are famous for their fountains with the light show. The Military History Museum of the Far Eastern Military District is located in the city, the only such museum in the Russian Far East. [41]

Recently,[ when? ] there have been renovations in the city's central part, rebuilding with historical perspective. There is a walking tour from the Lenin Square to Utyos on Amur via Muravyov-Amursky Street, where visitors find traditional Russian cuisine restaurants and shops with souvenirs.[ citation needed ] There are a number of night clubs and pubs in this area. In Wintertime ice sculptures are on display on the cities squares and parks. Artists come from as far as Harbin in China.

Unlike Vladivostok, the city has never been closed to foreigners, despite it being the headquarters of the Far East Military District, and retains its historically international flavor. Once the capital of the Soviet Far East (from 1926 to 1938), since the demise of the Soviet Union, it has experienced an increased Asian presence. It is estimated that over one million Chinese travel to and through Khabarovsk yearly, and foreign investment by Japanese and Korean corporations have grown in recent years. The city has a multi-story shopping mall and about a dozen hotels.

Aleksandr Fedosov, the Khabarovsk Krai Minister of Culture, estimates that the city became more attractive to tourists following the 2015 Bandy World Championship. [42]

Khabarovsk is the closest major city to Birobidzhan, which is the administrative center of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Russia, located on the Trans-Siberian Railway, close to the border with China. The Jewish Autonomous Oblast is a federal subject of Russia in the Russian Far East, bordering Khabarovsk Krai and Amur Oblast in Russia and Heilongjiang province in China. Its administrative center is the town of Birobidzhan, and it is the only region in the world in which Yiddish is the official language. Khabarovsk provides the closest major airport to Birobidzhan, which is Khabarovsk Novy Airport (KHV / UHHH), 198 km from the center of Birobidzhan.

Military

The Khabarovsk Honour Guard. 2017 Mezhdunarodnomu voenno-muzykal'nomu festivaliu <<Amurskie volny>> 06.jpg
The Khabarovsk Honour Guard.

The headquarters of the Russian Ground Forces's Eastern Military District is located at 15 Serysheva Street. The district was preceded by the Far Eastern Military District, which was located in the same location. The following component units of the district are stationed in the city:

All 5 of these units make up the Khabarovsk Garrison. The Russian Navy's Pacific Fleet maintains a presence in the city as well. There is also an airbase located 3 km (1.9 mi) to the east of the city. The main public relations asset for the military in the city is the Military History Museum of the Far Eastern Military District and the district military band.

Sports

Stamp depicting 1981 Bandy World Championship in Khabarovsk 1981. Chempionat mira po khokkeiu s miachom.jpg
Stamp depicting 1981 Bandy World Championship in Khabarovsk
A corner during the final of the 2015 Bandy World Championship UFKhMR IMG 0475.jpg
A corner during the final of the 2015 Bandy World Championship

International events

The city was a host to the 1981 Bandy World Championship. It also hosted the 2015 Bandy World Championship, which was visited by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. [47] 21 teams were expected, [48] which would have been 4 more than the then record-making 17 (now it's 18) from the 2014 tournament. In the end, China was the only newcomer, while Canada and Ukraine withdrew, the latter for political reasons. Khabarovsk organised the 2018 tournament as well, but not Division B that time around, which was held in Chinese Harbin. [49] The event was named by the Federal Agency for Tourism as one of the best 200 events of the year. [42]

Important visits

A delegation from the 2022 Winter Olympics organising committee will visit Khabarovsk to watch matches in the bandy league since they are considering letting bandy be a part of the programme in 2022. [50]

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Khabarovsk is twinned with: [51]

Awards

See also

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Bikinsky District District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Bikinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the krai. The area of the district is 2,483 square kilometers (959 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Bikin. Population: 7,264 (2010 Census); 8,630 (2002 Census); 10,338 (1989 Census).

Komsomolsky District, Khabarovsk Krai District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Komsomolsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the southern central part of the krai. The area of the district is 25,167 square kilometers (9,717 sq mi). Its administrative center is the city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur. Population: 29,072 (2010 Census); 31,563 (2002 Census); 33,649 (1989 Census).

Imeni Lazo District District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Imeni Lazo District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the south of the krai. The area of the district is 31,786 square kilometers (12,273 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Pereyaslavka. Population: 46,185 (2010 Census); 52,568 (2002 Census); 64,780 (1989 Census). The population of Pereyaslavka accounts for 19.3% of the district's total population.

Nanaysky District District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Nanaysky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. The area of the district is 27,644 square kilometers (10,673 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Troitskoye. Population: 17,491 (2010 Census); 19,377 (2002 Census); 21,168 (1989 Census). The population of Troitskoye accounts for 29.4% of the district's total population.

Nikolayevsky District, Khabarovsk Krai District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Nikolayevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the east of the krai. The area of the district is 17,188 square kilometers (6,636 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Nikolayevsk-on-Amur. Population: 9,942 (2010 Census); 13,850 (2002 Census); 19,683 (1989 Census).

Okhotsky District District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Okhotsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the north of the krai. The area of the district is 158,517.8 square kilometers (61,204.1 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Okhotsk. Population: 8,197 (2010 Census); 12,017 (2002 Census); 19,183 (1989 Census). The population of Okhotsk accounts for 51.4% of the district's total population.

Imeni Poliny Osipenko District District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Imeni Poliny Osipenko District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the center of the krai. The area of the district is 34,560 square kilometers (13,340 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of imeni Poliny Osipenko. Population: 5,198 (2010 Census); 6,568 (2002 Census); 7,651 (1989 Census). The population of the administrative center accounts for 43.3% of the district's total population.

Sovetsko-Gavansky District District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Sovetsko-Gavansky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the krai. The area of the district is 15,534 square kilometers (5,998 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Sovetskaya Gavan. Population: 15,794 (2010 Census); 16,602 (2002 Census); 24,302 (1989 Census).

Tuguro-Chumikansky District District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Tuguro-Chumikansky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the center of the krai. The area of the district is 96,069 square kilometers (37,092 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Chumikan. Population: 2,255 (2010 Census); 2,860 (2002 Census); 3,610 (1989 Census). The population of Chumikan accounts for 47.0% of the district's total population.

Verkhnebureinsky District District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Verkhnebureinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the west of the krai. The area of the district is 63,561 square kilometers (24,541 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Chegdomyn. Population: 27,457 (2010 Census); 33,250 (2002 Census); 59,705 (1989 Census). The population of Chegdomyn accounts for 47.5% of the district's total population.

Vyazemsky District, Khabarovsk Krai District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Vyazemsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the krai. The area of the district is 4,318 square kilometers (1,667 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Vyazemsky. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 22,974, with the population of the administrative center accounting for 63.4% of that number.

Vyazemsky, Khabarovsk Krai Town in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Vyazemsky is a town and the administrative center of Vyazemsky District in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, located 130 kilometers (81 mi) southwest of Khabarovsk, the administrative center of the krai, close to the Ussuri River and the border with China. Population: 14,555 (2010 Census); 15,760 (2002 Census); 18,426 (1989 Census).

Solnechny, Khabarovsk Krai Urban locality in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

Solnechny is an urban-type settlement and the administrative center of Solnechny District, Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. Population: 13,306 (2010 Census); 14,415 (2002 Census); 17,331 (1989 Census).

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 Resolution #143-pr
  2. Decision #856
  3. 1 2 3 4 Law #109
  4. 1 2 Charter of Khabarovsk, Article 2
  5. 1 2 3 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 503. ISBN   5-7107-7399-9.
  6. 1 2 Charter of Khabarovsk, Article 19
  7. Official website of Khabarovsk. Sergei Anatolyevich Kravchuk, Mayor of Khabarovsk (in Russian)
  8. Official website of Khabarovsk. Brief Reference (in Russian)
  9. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  10. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  11. Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 08 401», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 08 401 , as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  12. 1 2 3 Law #177
  13. Law #264
  14. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  15. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  16. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  17. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  18. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  19. "Путин перенес столицу Дальневосточного федерального округа во Владивосток". meduza.io. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  20. hellotravel, https://www.hellotravel.com/russia/khabarovsk
  21. 《新唐書·北狄傳》記載:「黑水西北又有思慕部,益北行十日得郡利部,東北行十日得窟說部,亦號屈設,稍東南行十日得莫曳皆部。」。(The "New Tang Dynasty Book of Beidi" records: "There is also a tribe called "Dream Tribe" in the northwest of Heishui, Yibei travels on the 10th days to the "County Tribe", and the northeast travels on the 10th days to the "Cave Tribe". 10th days to the "Mo Mo Tribe")
  22. 唐玄宗封黑水部酋长倪属利稽为勃利州刺史。"勃利"就是今黑龙江、乌苏里江汇合处 黑水军和黑水都督府,赐 的伯力(今苏联境内哈巴罗夫斯克). Heilongjiang Provincial Highway Traffic History Editing Office, "History of Ancient Road Traffic in Heilongjiang", Published by People's Communications Press 1988, ISBN   7-114-00315-3. (https://books.google.com/books?id=6704AAAAIAAJ&dq=editions:LCCN90172212)
  23. Археологи обнаружили на Амуре таинственный городок. Возможно, это первое русское поселение в данном регионе Archived May 25, 2006, at the Wayback Machine (Mysterious fort found by archaeologists on the Amur. Possibly, this is the first Russian settlement in this region) (in Russian)
  24. 1 2 3 4 5 Оксана Гайнутдинова (Oksana Gaynutdinova) Загадка Ачанского городка Archived August 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine (The mystery of Fort Achansk)
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 B.P. Polevoy (Б.П. Полевой), Изветная челобитная С. В. Полякова 1653 г. и ее значение для археологов Приамурья (S.V. Polyakov's denouncing letter (1653), and its significance for the archaeologists of the Amur Valley), in: Русские первопроходцы на Дальнем Востоке в XVII-XIX вв. (Историко-археологические исследования) (First Russian explorers in the Far East in the 17th–19th centuries: Historical and archaeological research – B.P.Polevoy's preface to the document), vol. 2, Vladivostok, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1995. (This article also contains references to Polevoy's earlier publications) (in Russian)
  26. 1 2 Б.П. Полевой (B.P. Polevoy) О подлинном местоположении Косогорского острога 50-х гг. XVII века (About the true location of the Kosogorsky Ostrog of the 1650s) (in Russian)
  27. Du Halde, Jean-Baptiste (1735). Description géographique, historique, chronologique, politique et physique de l'empire de la Chine et de la Tartarie chinoise. Volume IV. Paris: P.G. Lemercier. p. 7.|volume= has extra text (help) Numerous later editions are available as well, including one on Google Books
  28. "Campaign in Far East: Japanese Occupy Kharbarovsk". The Northern Star . Reuters. September 9, 1918. Retrieved February 23, 2021 via National Library of Australia.
  29. http://khv9923.narod.ru/His_last_translator.pdf
  30. The 114th CB cruise book, 1946, U.S.Navy Seabee Museum Archives, Port Hueneme, Ca, p.123-125
  31. 1 2 Yanks in Siberia: U.S. Navy Weather Stations in Soviet East Asia, 1945, G. Patrick March, Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 57, No. 3 (Aug., 1988), pp. 327–342, Published by: University of California Press.
  32. US Navy Abbreviations of World War II, the Navy Department Library, U.S. Navy web site, Published:Thu Jul 23 14:45:40 EDT 2015
  33. "Anti-Putin Protests in Russia's Far East Gather Steam". VOA News. July 25, 2020.
  34. "Флаг хабаровска".
  35. 1 2 3 "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  36. "Habarovsk/Novy (Khabarovsk) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  37. Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 08 255», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 08 255 , as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  38. "НАЦИОНАЛЬНЫЙ СОСТАВ И ВЛАДЕНИЕ ЯЗЫКАМИ, ГРАЖДАНСТВО НАСЕЛЕНИЯ" (PDF). Habstat. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  39. The Institutions of Higher Education in Khabarovsk Krai Archived December 28, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  40. The Universities in Khabarovsk
  41. Kokurin, Boris (February 25, 2014). "Военный музей в Хабаровске готовится к открытию". Komsomolskaya Pravda . Retrieved November 1, 2017.
  42. 1 2 World Championship in Khabarovsk – "The National Event of the Year"
  43. "Рота почетного караула | Лучшее в Хабаровске".
  44. "Законодательство Хабаровского края: Постановление Администрации города Хабаровска от 09.10.2015 N 3490".
  45. "Google Translate".
  46. Threefold Russian Bandy Championship winners!
  47. rusbandy.ru
  48. Itar-Tass Sport
  49. rusbandy.ru
  50. dvnovosti.ru/sport 2017-02-04
  51. "Города-побратимы". khabarovskadm.ru (in Russian). Khabarovsk. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  52. "В Москве наградили призеров Всероссийского конкурса "Самый благоустроенный город России" — Российская газета — Сегодня в Москве на ВВЦ прошла церемония награждения призеров Всероссийского конкурса на звание "Самый благоустроенный город России" за 2006 год". Rg.ru. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  53. "Хабаровск вновь признан самым благоустроенным городом России — Нина Доронина — Российская газета — Хабаровск вновь признан самым благоустроенным городом России". Rg.ru. June 21, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  54. "Хабаровск занял II место в рейтинге Forbes – Новости". Hbr.moigorod.ru. Archived from the original on August 17, 2011. Retrieved March 26, 2013.

Sources