Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

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Khalifa Al Nahyan
Sheikh Khalifa.jpg
Khalifa Al Nahyan in 2013
2nd President of the United Arab Emirates
Assumed office
3 November 2004
Prime Minister Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Preceded by Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (acting)
Ruler of Abu Dhabi
Assumed office
2 November 2004
Preceded by Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Personal details
Born
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

(1948-09-07) 7 September 1948 (age 70)
Al Ain, Trucial States
(now United Arab Emirates)
Spouse(s) Shamsa bint Suhail Al Mazrouei (1964) [1] :48
Children
Mother Hassa bint Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan
Father Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Al Nahyan family
Emblem of Abu Dhabi - Gold.svg
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Emirati politician

Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan is the current President of the United Arab Emirates, the Emir of Abu Dhabi, the Supreme Commander of the Union Defence Force and the chairman of the Supreme Petroleum Council. Sheikh Khalifa is also chairman of Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, which manages $875 billion in assets, the largest amount managed by a nation's head of state in the world. Collectively, the Al Nahyan family is believed to hold a fortune of $150 billion.

Sheikha Shamsa bint Suhail Al Mazrouei is the first wife of the current President of the United Arab Emirates, Emir (ruler) of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

Sultan bin Khalifa Al Nahyan is a Emirati royal military officer, businessman and member of Abu Dhabi's ruling family, the Al Nahyans.


HH Sheikha Shamsa


HH Sheikha Fatima

Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi

Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, colloquially known by his initials as MBZ, is the Crown Prince of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the United Arab Emirates Armed Forces. He is seen as the driving force behind the UAE's activist foreign policy and is a leader of a campaign against Islamist movements in Arabia. Due to the ill health of the UAE president Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed, Mohammed bin Zayed was entrusted with most of the presidential public affairs of the state and most day-to-day decision making of the emirate of Abu Dhabi as the crown prince of Abu Dhabi and hence, he is sometimes considered as the UAE’s de facto ruler. In 2019, he was named as the most powerful Arab ruler by The New York Times.

Hamdan bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan United Arab Emirates government minister

Hamdan bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan is an Emirati politician and royalty. He is the current ruler (emir)'s representative in the western region of Abu Dhabi or the mayor of the region.

Sheikh Hazza bin Zayed Al Nahyan is the United Arab Emirates Head of State for National Security Advisor.


Mother/Father:

Uncles:


HH Sheikha Amna


Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (Arabic : خليفة بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان; born 7 September 1948; referred to as Sheikh Khalifa) is the current President of the United Arab Emirates, the Emir of Abu Dhabi, the Supreme Commander of the Union Defence Force [2] and the chairman of the Supreme Petroleum Council. Sheikh Khalifa is also chairman of Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, which manages $875 billion in assets, the largest amount managed by a nation's head of state in the world. [3] Collectively, the Al Nahyan family is believed to hold a fortune of $150 billion. [4]

President of the United Arab Emirates Wikimedia list article

The President of the United Arab Emirates or the Raʾīs is the head of state of the United Arab Emirates. The President and Prime Minister are elected every 5 years by the Federal Supreme Council. Usually, a Sheikh from the Emirate of Abu Dhabi holds the presidency and a Sheikh from the Emirate of Dubai the prime minister-ship. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan is the UAE's founding father and widely accredited for unifying the seven emirates into one country. He was the UAE's first president from the nation's founding until his death on 2 November 2004. On the following day the Federal Supreme Council elected his son, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, to the post. The President is also the Commander in Chief of the UAE Armed Forces.

United Arab Emirates Country in Western Asia

The United Arab Emirates, sometimes simply called the Emirates, is a country in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south and west, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north. The sovereign constitutional monarchy is a federation of seven emirates consisting of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. Their boundaries are complex, with numerous enclaves within the various emirates. Each emirate is governed by a ruler; together, they jointly form the Federal Supreme Council. One of the rulers serves as the President of the United Arab Emirates. In 2013, the UAE's population was 9.2 million, of which 1.4 million are Emirati citizens and 7.8 million are expatriates.

The Supreme Petroleum Council is the highest governing body of oil, gas and similar industry related activities in the Abu Dhabi. The Council was formed in 1988. The Council is tasked with supervising all oil and gas companies that operate in Abu Dhabi and the United Arab Emirates. The Council also acts as the board of directors for the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company.

Contents

Sheikh Khalifa succeeded his father, Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, as Emir of Abu Dhabi on 2 November 2004 and became the President of the UAE the next day. As Crown Prince, he had already de facto carried out some aspects of the presidency since the late 1990s while his father was facing health problems.[ citation needed ]

Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan Sheikh of Abu Dhabi

Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan ; 6 May 1918 – 2 November 2004) was the Ruler of Abu Dhabi for more than 30 years. He was the founding father and the principal driving force behind the formation of the United Arab Emirates, becoming the Union's first Raʾīs (President), a post which he held for a period of almost 33 years. He is popularly referred to in the UAE as the Father of the Nation.

Crown prince Heir to the throne

A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. The female form of the title is crown princess, which may refer either to an heir apparent or, especially in earlier times, to the wife of the person styled crown prince.

In law and government, de facto describes practices that exist in reality, even though they are not officially recognized by laws. It is commonly used to refer to what happens in practice, in contrast with de jure, which refers to things that happen according to law.

In January 2014, Khalifa suffered a stroke but was in a stable condition. [5] He has since assumed a lower profile in state affairs, but retained presidential powers. His half brother Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan now carries out public affairs of the state and day-to-day decision-making of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. [6]

Stroke Medical condition where poor blood flow to the brain causes cell death

A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding. Both result in parts of the brain not functioning properly. Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or speaking, dizziness, or loss of vision to one side. Signs and symptoms often appear soon after the stroke has occurred. If symptoms last less than one or two hours it is known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or mini-stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke may also be associated with a severe headache. The symptoms of a stroke can be permanent. Long-term complications may include pneumonia or loss of bladder control.

Emirate of Abu Dhabi Emirate in United Arab Emirates

The Emirate of Abu Dhabi is one of seven emirates that constitute the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is the largest emirate by area, accounting for approximately 87 percent of the total land area of the federation. Abu Dhabi also has the second largest population of the seven emirates. In June 2011, it was estimated to be 2,120,700 people, of which, 439,100 people were Emirati citizens, which has risen to 2.3 million in 2012. The city of Abu Dhabi, after which the emirate is named, is both the capital of the emirate and federation.

Biography

Early life

Khalifa was born on 7 September 1948 at Qasr Al-Muwaiji, Al Ain, in Abu Dhabi (then part of the Trucial States), the eldest son of Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the Emir of Abu Dhabi, and Hassa bint Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan. [7] [8] He is a graduate of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.[ citation needed ]

Al Ain city in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Al Ain is a city in the Eastern Region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, on the United Arab Emirates' border with Oman, adjacent to the town of Al-Buraimi. It is the largest inland city in the Emirates, the fourth-largest overall, and the second-largest in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. The freeways connecting Al-Ain, Abu Dhabi, and Dubai form a geographic triangle in the country, each city being roughly 130 kilometres (81 mi) from the other two.

Trucial States British protectorate 1820–1971, precursor to United Arab Emirates

The Trucial States was the name the British government gave to a group of tribal confederations in south-eastern Arabia which had been known as the "Pirate Coast". The name derived from the territories whose principal sheikhs had signed protective treaties with the British government from 1820 until 1892. They remained an informal British protectorate until the treaties were revoked on 1 December 1971. The following day six of the sheikhdoms formed the United Arab Emirates; the seventh – Ras Al Khaimah – joined the Federation on 10 February 1972.

Sheikha Hassa bint Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan was the first wife of the founder and the first President of the United Arab Emirates, the late Emir (ruler) of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan.

1966–1971

When his father, Zayed, became Emir of Abu Dhabi in 1966, Khalifa was appointed the Ruler's Representative (the mayor) in the Eastern Region of Abu Dhabi and Head of the Courts Department in Al Ain. Zayed was the Ruler's Representative in the Eastern Region before he became the Emir of Abu Dhabi. A few months later the position was handed to Tahnoun bin Mohammed Al Nahyan. [9]

On 1 February 1969, Khalifa was nominated the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, and on the next day he was appointed Head of the Abu Dhabi Department of Defense. In that post, he oversaw the build up of the Abu Dhabi Defense Force, which after 1971 became the core of the UAE Armed Forces.

Independence in 1971

Following the establishment of the UAE in 1971, Khalifa assumed several positions in Abu Dhabi: Prime Minister, head of the Abu Dhabi Cabinet (under his father), Minister of Defense, and Minister of Finance. After the reconstruction of the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates, the Abu Dhabi Cabinet was replaced by the Abu Dhabi Executive Council, and Khalifa became the 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (23 December 1973) and the Chairman of the Executive Council of Abu Dhabi (20 January 1974), under his father.

In May 1976, he became deputy commander of the UAE Armed Forces, under the President. He also became the head of the Supreme Petroleum Council in the late 1980s, and continues in this position today, which grants him wide powers in energy matters. He was also the chairman of the Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency.

Presidency (2004–present)

Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan with President of Russia Vladimir Putin on 10 September 2007. Vladimir Putin in the United Arab Emirates 10 September 2007-5.jpg
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan with President of Russia Vladimir Putin on 10 September 2007.

He succeeded to the posts of Emir of Abu Dhabi and President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on 3 November 2004, replacing his father Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who had died the day before. He had been acting president since his father became ill prior to his passing. [ citation needed ]

On 1 December 2005, the President announced that half of the members of the Federal National Council (FNC), an assembly that advises the president, would be indirectly elected. However, half of the council's members would still need to be appointed by the leaders of the emirates. The elections were set to take place in December 2006.

Khalifa and U.S. President George W. Bush at Abu Dhabi International Airport, 13 January 2008 George W. Bush and Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.jpg
Khalifa and U.S. President George W. Bush at Abu Dhabi International Airport, 13 January 2008

In 2010, Khalifa was described in a WikiLeaks cable signed by then U.S. ambassador Richard G. Olson as a "distant and uncharismatic personage." [10] On 4 January 2010, the world's tallest man-made structure, originally known as Burj Dubai, was renamed the Burj Khalifa in his honor. [11]

In March 2011, Khalifa sent the United Arab Emirates Air Force to support the military intervention in Libya against Muammar Gaddafi, alongside forces from NATO, Qatar, Sweden and Jordan. [12] [13]

Khalifa pledged the full support of the UAE to the Bahraini regime in the face of pro-democracy uprising in 2011. [14]

Later that year Khalifa was ranked as the world's fourth-wealthiest monarch, with a fortune estimated to be worth $15 billion. [15] In 2013, he commissioned Azzam , the longest motor yacht ever built at 590 ft (180 m) long, with costs between $400–600 million. [16] [17]

In Fall 2011, the Emirates initiated a program to promote "allegiance" to Khalifa and other Emirati leaders. [18] The program continues, and encourages not only Emirati nationals, but residents from any nationality to register their "appreciation, recognition, and loyalty" to the Emirs. [19]

In January 2014, Khalifa suffered a stroke and was reported to have been in a stable condition after undergoing an operation. [20]

Investments and foreign aid

Seychellois government records show that since 1995 Khalifa has spent $2 million buying up more than 66 acres of land on the Seychelles' main island of Mahé, where his palace is being built. [21] The Seychelles' government has received large aid packages from the UAE, most notably a $130 million injection that was used in social service and military aid, which funded patrol boats for the Seychelles' antipiracy efforts. In 2008, the UAE came to the indebted Seychelles government's aid, with a $30 million injection. [21]

Khalifa paid $500,000 for the 29.8-acre site of his palace in 2005, according to the sales document. A Seychelles planning authority initially rejected the palace's building plans, a decision overturned by President James Michel's cabinet. [21] A month after the start of construction of the palace, the national utility company warned that the site's plans posed threats to the water supply. Joel Morgan, the Seychelles' minister of the environment, said the government did not tender the land because it wanted it to go to Khalifa. Morgan said "the letter of the law" might not have been followed in the land sale. [21] In February 2010, the sewage system set up by Ascon, the company building the palace, for the site's construction workers overflowed, sending rivers of waste through the region, which are home to more than 8000 residents. [21] Local government agencies and officials from Khalifa's office responded quickly to the problem, sending in technical experts and engineers. Government officials concluded that Ascon ignored health and building codes for their workers, and fined the company $81,000. Ascon blamed the incident on "unpredicted weather conditions". [21] Khalifa's presidential office offered to pay $15 million to replace the water-piping system for the mountainside., and Seychelles' government representatives and residents say Ascon has offered to pay roughly $8,000 to each of the 360 households that were affected by the pollution. [21]

In April 2016, Khalifa was named in the Panama Papers by [22] the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists; he reportedly owns luxury properties in London worth more than $1.7 billion via shell companies that Mossack Fonseca set up and administers for him in the British Virgin Islands. [23]

Honours

Foreign honours

Ancestry

See also

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References

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  2. "Khalifa bin Zayed Al-Nahyan". Forbes . Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  3. "Asset-backed insecurity". The Economist. 17 January 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
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  5. "Sheikh Khalifa's condition stable as he recovers from stroke". The National . Abu Dhabi. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  6. "UAE president stable after suffering stroke". Financial Times. 26 January 2014.
  7. "Sheikha Hessa, mother of Sheikh Khalifa, dies". The National. United Arab Emirates. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  8. "The UAE President". Crown Prince Court. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  9. "Entrepreneur - Start, run and grow your business". Entrepreneur.
  10. Coker, Margaret (29 November 2010). "Leaked Papers Show Arab Leaders Critical of Iran, Neighbors". The Wall Street Journal.
  11. "World's tallest building opens in Dubai". BBC News. 4 January 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  12. "UAE updates support to UN Resolution 1973". WAM. 25 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016.
  13. "Libya Live Blog – March 24". Al Jazeera. 24 March 2011. Archived from the original on 24 March 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
  14. "Khalifa stresses UAE support to Bahrain". Khaleej Times. 3 March 2011.
  15. "The World's Richest Royals". Forbes . 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011.
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  17. Daniel Fisher (5 April 2012). "German Shipyard Launches World's Largest Private Yacht At 591 Feet". Forbes . Retrieved 17 March 2014.
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Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Born: 25 January 1948
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Emir of Abu Dhabi
2004–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
President of the United Arab Emirates
2004–present
Incumbent