Khalil (Pashtun tribe)

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The Khalil (Pashto : خليل) is the 1st son of Ghoryakhel settled between 1530-1535 in Peshawar west Pakistan.

Contents

Origins

Ghoryakhel had four sons khalil, Daulatyar, Zeerani, Chamkani tribes. The Khalil originally lived in Ghwara Marghay Arghistan Qandahar Afghanistan, in the Qalat Zabul and Ghazni. Khalil Mattezai still living on the basin of the Tarnak River north of Ghazni. Sheikh Matte BaBa Shrine is close to Tarnak River on the Hill. Mongols invaded the region in 13th century, the Khalils, along with the Mohmands who were also Ghoryakhel son of Daulatyar, Daulatyar had two sons Mohmands and Daudzai, formerly settled in central Afghanistan, were driven out. The Khalil first migrated northeastwards to Kabul and then to Nangrahar further eastwards along the Kabul River. The Khalil came in 1530-1535 from Nangrahar to their present settlement in Western part of the Peshawar valley according to the Babur history book Baburnama and Pashto History Book Pata Khazana written by Abdulhai Habibi. [1]

Barozai Khalil

This is by far the most powerful sub tribe among the Khalils. [2] The leading Khan of the Barozai sub tribe during the British empire was Malik Afridi Khan (K.B.) of Mulazai. [3] Later his son, Malik Muhammad Zaman Khan (K.B.) and Muhammad Akbar Khan of Mulazai became the leading men of the tribe. [4]

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Mashwani is Arab origin tribe mainly settled in different South Asian countries. They are Afghans by adoption and Arabs by descent. They use Mashwani, Banuri, Ludin, Kazmi, Roghani, Jafari as their surnames. Mashwanis played a vital role in fighting against Sikh Khalsa army and are known as heroes of their time.

References

  1. Tate, George Passman. The Kingdom of Afghanistan: A Historical Sketch, 1911. Page 14.
  2. "Gazetteer of the Dera Ghazi Khan District: 1883". January 1, 1883 via Google Books.
  3. Hastings, Edward George G. (January 1, 1878). "Report of the regular settlement of the Peshawar district of the Punjab" via Google Books.
  4. https://books.google.ca/books?id=Mqi2AAAAIAAJ&pg=PR3&dq=khan+bahadur+mullazai&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwji3p-5g8rXAhVJPiYKHaptAgAQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=zaman&f=false (Page iii)