Khandyga

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Khandyga

Хандыга
Other transcription(s)
  YakutХаандыга
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Flag
Location of Khandyga
Khandyga
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Khandyga
Location of Khandyga
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Khandyga
Khandyga (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 62°40′N135°33′E / 62.667°N 135.550°E / 62.667; 135.550 Coordinates: 62°40′N135°33′E / 62.667°N 135.550°E / 62.667; 135.550
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [2]
Administrative district Tomponsky District [2]
SettlementKhandyga [2]
Founded1938
Urban-type settlement status since1957 [2]
Population
  Total6,638
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
6,095 (−8.2%)
   Capital ofTomponsky District [2] , Settlement of Khandyga [2]
   Municipal district Tomponsky Municipal District [5]
  Urban settlementKhandyga Urban Settlement [5]
   Capital ofTomponsky Municipal District [6] , Khandyga Urban Settlement [5]
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [7] )
Postal code(s) [8]
678719, 678720
OKTMO ID98650151051
Website www.sakha.gov.ru/section/88/settlement/2719
Khandyga population
2010 Census 6,638 [3]
2002 Census 7,025 [9]
1989 Census 9,536 [10]
1979 Census 7,176 [11]

Khandyga (Russian : Хандыга; Yakut : Хаандыга) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Tomponsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, 380 kilometers (240 mi) northeast of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 6,638. [3]

Contents

Geography

Khandyga is located on the northeast corner of the Aldan River, by a bend where the river turns from north to west. The R504 Kolyma Highway passes through the town and the Sette-Daban mountain range rises to the east. [12]

History

It was founded in 1938 as a base for the construction of the Kolyma Highway towards Magadan.[ citation needed ] During World War II, an airfield was built here for the Alaska-Siberian air route used to ferry American Lend-Lease aircraft to the Eastern Front. [13] From 1951 until 1954, it served as a base for Yanstroy forced-labor camp of the gulag network. [14]

In 1954, Khandyga became the administrative center of Tomponsky District.[ citation needed ] It was granted urban-type settlement status in 1957. [2]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Khandyga [1] serves as the administrative center of Tomponsky District. [2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Tomponsky District as the Settlement of Khandyga. [2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Khandyga is incorporated within Tomponsky Municipal District as Khandyga Urban Settlement. [5]

Transportation

There is a summer hydrofoil service to Yakutsk (The hydrofoil service was cancelled in 1998). Khandyga is also served by the Teply Klyuch Airport ( IATA : KDY).

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Khandyga is the administrative center of the Settlement of Khandyga.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z #353-III
  6. Law #172-Z #351-III
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. ТРРС 3 / 104А. Описание местности (in Russian)
  13. Lebedev, pp. 44–49
  14. Yanstroy at Memorial Deutschland (German)

Sources