Kharkiv Oblast

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Kharkiv Oblast
Харківська область
Kharkivs’ka oblast’
Kharkivska oblast [1]
Nickname(s): 
Харківщина (Kharkivshchyna)
Kharkiv in Ukraine.svg
Coordinates: 49°35′N36°26′E / 49.59°N 36.43°E / 49.59; 36.43 Coordinates: 49°35′N36°26′E / 49.59°N 36.43°E / 49.59; 36.43
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Administrative center Kharkiv
Government
   Governor Oleksandr Skakun (acting) [2]
   Oblast council 120 seats
Area
  Total31,415 km2 (12,129 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 4th
Population
 (2021) [3]
  TotalDecrease2.svg 2,633,834
  Rank Ranked 3rd
Demographics
   Official language(s) Ukrainian
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
?
Area code +380-57
ISO 3166 code UA-63
Vehicle registration AX
Raions 7 [4]
Cities (total)17
  Regional cities 7
Urban-type settlements 61
Villages1683
FIPS 10-4 UP07
Website www.kharkivoda.gov.ua

Kharkiv Oblast (Ukrainian : Харківська область, romanized: Kharkivska oblast, also referred to as Kharkivshchyna, Харківщина; Russian : Харьковская область) is an oblast (province) in eastern Ukraine. The oblast borders Russia to the north, Luhansk Oblast to the east, Donetsk Oblast to the south-east, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the south-west, Poltava Oblast to the west and Sumy Oblast to the north-west. The area of the oblast is 31,400 km², corresponding to 5.2% of the total territory of Ukraine. Population: 2,633,834 (2021 est.) [3]

Contents

The oblast is the third most populous province of Ukraine, with a population of 2,857,751 in 2004, more than half (1.5 million) of whom live in the city of Kharkiv, the oblast's administrative center. While the Russian language is primarily spoken in the cities of Kharkiv oblast, elsewhere in the oblast most inhabitants speak Ukrainian.

Geography

The oblast borders Russia (Belgorod Oblast) to the north, Luhansk Oblast to the east, Donetsk Oblast to the south-east, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the south-west, Poltava Oblast to the west and Sumy Oblast to the north-west.

History

During the Soviet administrative reform of 1923–1929, in 1925, the Kharkov Governorate was abolished leaving its five okruhas: Okhtyrka (originally Bohodukhiv), Izyum, Kupyansk, Sumy, and Kharkiv. Introduced in the Soviet Union in 1923, a similar subdivisions existed in Ukraine back in 1918. In 1930 all okruhas were also abolished with raions becoming the first level of subdivision of Ukraine until 1932.

The modern Kharkiv Oblast was established on 27 February 1932. In summer of 1932, some parts of the oblast were included in the newly created Donetsk Oblast originally centered in Artemivsk (later in Stalino). Then in the fall, some territories of the Kharkiv Oblast were used in creation of Chernihiv Oblast. More territories became part of Poltava Oblast in fall of 1937 and Sumy Oblast in winter of 1939.

During the Holodomor the population of the Kharkiv Oblast together with Kyiv Oblast suffered the most. The region saw major fighting during World War II in several Battles of Kharkov between 1941 and 1943.

During the 1991 referendum, 86.33% of votes in Kharkiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 4.2% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 71.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond. [5]

Points of interest

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics

Its population in 2001 was 2,895,800 million (1,328,900 males (45.9%) and 1,566,900 females (54.1%)).

At the 2001 census, the ethnic groups within the Kharkiv Oblast were:

the groups by native language:

Age structure

0-14 years: 12.6% Increase2.svg (male 177,464/female 167,321)
15-64 years: 72.2% Decrease2.svg (male 945,695/female 1,024,841)
65 years and over: 15.2% Steady2.svg (male 135,737/female 277,725) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 40.5 years Increase2.svg
male: 36.9 years Steady2.svg
female: 44.1 years Increase2.svg (2013 official)

Economy

The Kharkiv oblast has a primarily industrially based economy, including engineering, metallurgy, manufacturing, production of chemicals and food processing. It also has an important agricultural sector with 19,000 square kilometres of arable land (comprising 5.9% of the total arable lands of Ukraine). Agricultural production grew substantially in 2015. [6]

Also in Kharkiv is the Airplane plant for space controlling systems. It is a major center for all branches of engineering, from large-scale manufacture to microelectronics. Also situated in Kharkiv Oblast is a gas field, which is one of the biggest in Ukraine.

Administrative divisions

The Kharkiv Oblast is administratively subdivided into 7 [4] raions (districts) (prior to 2020 decentralization reform this number was 25 [4] ), as well as 7 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Chuhuiv, Izium, Kupiansk, Liubotyn, Lozova, Pervomaiskyi, and the administrative center of the oblast, Kharkiv.

Detailed map of Kharkiv Oblast. Kharkiv oblast detail map.png
Detailed map of Kharkiv Oblast.
NameUkrainian nameArea
(km2)
Population
census 2015 [7]
Admin.centerUrban Population Only
Kharkiv Харків (місто)3501,449,674 Kharkiv (city)1,449,674
Chuhuiv Чугуїв (місто)1333,243 Chuhuiv (city)32,401
Izium Ізюм (місто)4449,822 Izium (city)49,822
Kupiansk Ку́п'янськ (місто)3356,704 Kupiansk (city)56,704
Liubotyn Люботин (місто)3124,442 Liubotyn (city)21,619
Lozova Лозова́ (місто)1865,950 Lozova (city)64,269
Pervomaiskyi Первомайський (місто)1530,616 Pervomaiskyi (city)30,616
Balakliys'kyi raion Балаклійський район1,98682,003 Balakliia 51,886
Barvinkivs'kyi raion Барвінківський район1,36421,919 Barvinkove 9,057
Blyzniukivs'kyi raion Близнюківський район1,38019,144 Blyzniuky 3,790
Bohodukhivs'kyi raion Богодухівський район1,16039,182 Bohodukhiv 18,998
Borivs'kyi raion Борівський район87516,938 Borova 5,624
Chuhuivs'kyi raion Чугуївський район1,14846,579 Chuhuiv (city)N/A *
Derhachivs'kyi raion Дергачівський район90095,122 Derhachi 67,908
Dvorichans'kyi raion Дворічанський район1,11217,775 Dvorichna 3,669
Iziums'kyi raion Ізюмський район1,55317,382 Izium (city)N/A *
Kehychivs'kyi raion Кегичівський район78221,058 Kehychivka 8,799
Kharkivs'kyi raion Харківський район1,403182,239 Kharkiv N/A *
Kolomats'kyi raion Коломацький район3307,099 Kolomak 2,919
Krasnohrads'kyi raion Красноградський район98544,742 Krasnohrad 21,008
Krasnokuts'kyi raion Краснокутський район1,04028,260 Krasnokutsk 8,895
Kupyans'kyi raion Куп'янський район1,28024,769 Kupiansk (city)N/A *
Lozivs'kyi raion Лозівський район1,40329,139 Lozova (city)N/A *
Novovodolaz'kyi raion Нововодолазький район1,18233,175 Nova Vodolaha 11,850
Pecheniz'kyi raion Печенізький район46710,113 Pechenihy 5,340
Pervomais'kyi raion Первомайський район1,22516,027 Pervomaiskyi (city)N/A *
Sakhnovshchyns'kyi raion Сахновщинський район1,17021,377 Sakhnovshchyna 7,333
Shevchenkivs'kyi raion Шевченківський район97720,480 Shevchenkove 6,957
Valkivs'kyi raion Валківський район1,01131,897 Valky 14,174
Velykoburluts'kyi raion Великобурлуцький район1,22122,541 Velykyi Burluk 6,049
Vovchans'kyi raion Вовчанський район1,88847,172 Vovchansk 28,143
Zachepylivs'kyi raion Зачепилівський район79415,329 Zachepylivka 3,642
Zmiyivs'kyi raion Зміївський район1,36571,887 Zmiiv 33,366
Zolochivs'kyi raion Золочівський район96926,543 Zolochiv 8,916

Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially called "oblast centers" (Ukrainian : обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Kharkiv is the center of the Kharkivs’ka oblast’ (Kharkiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Kharkiv Oblast, Kharkivshchyna.

Sport

Metalist Stadium. Stadion OSK Metallist (21299283693).jpg
Metalist Stadium.

It has a regional federation within Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation.

Related Research Articles

References

  1. Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division . scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN   978-966-475-839-7 . Retrieved 2020-10-06.
  2. President appoints acting chairman of Kharkiv Regional State Administration, Ukrinform (12 August 2021)
  3. 1 2 "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  4. 1 2 3 (in Ukrainian) Local elections. Kharkiv region: new block and "big change of shoes", The Ukrainian Week (7 September 2020)
  5. Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia]. Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (in Ukrainian). 3 January 2015.
  6. (in Russian) Agriculture in 2015: results SQ News (13 February 2016)
  7. "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 January 2016.