Kherson Oblast

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Kherson Oblast

Херсонська область
Khersons’ka oblast'
Khersonska oblast [1]
Flag of Kherson Oblast .svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of Kherson Oblast .svg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Херсонщина (Khersonshchyna)
Kherson in Ukraine.svg
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Administrative center Kherson
Government
   Governor Serhiy Kozyr [2]
   Oblast council 64 seats
Area
  Total28,461 km2 (10,989 sq mi)
Population
 (2021) [3]
  Total1,016,707
  Rank Ranked 22nd
  Density36/km2 (93/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code +380-55
ISO 3166 code UA-65
Vehicle registration ВT
Raions 18
Cities (total)9
  Regional cities 3
Urban-type settlements 30
Villages658
FIPS 10-4 UP08
Website www.oda.kherson.ua

Kherson Oblast (Ukrainian : Херсонська область, translit. Khersons’ka oblast; also referred to as KhersonshchynaUkrainian: Херсонщина) is an oblast (province) in southern Ukraine, just north of Crimea. Its administrative center is Kherson. The area of the region is 28,461 km2. Population: 1,016,707 (2021 est.) [3] This is considered to be the 'fruit basket' of the country, as many of the oblast's agricultural production is dispersed throughout the country, with production peaking during the summer months.

Contents

Important cities in the oblast include:

Geography

The Kherson Oblast is bordered by Dnipropetrovsk Oblast on the north, the Black Sea and the disputed region of Crimea on the south, Mykolaiv Oblast on the west, and the Azov Sea and Zaporizhzhia Oblast on the east.

The Dnieper River runs through the oblast which includes the Kakhovka Reservoir.

The oblast includes (within Henichesk Raion) the northern portion of the Arabat Spit, a thin strip of land between the brackish Syvash and the Sea of Azov that is geographically part of the Crimean Peninsula. Due to Russia gaining de facto control of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in 2014 the southern areas of Kherson are the only parts of the Crimean Peninsula under direct Ukrainian control.

Administrative divisions

The Kherson Oblast is administratively subdivided into 18 raions (districts) and 3 municipalities which are directly subordinate to the oblast government - Kherson (administrative center of the oblast), Nova Kakhovka, and Kakhovka. The Kherson municipality is subdivided into 3 urban districts. All information below is current as of 2015 [4]

NameUkrainian nameArea
(km2)
Population
2015
Admin.centerUrban Population Only
Kherson Херсон (місто)423333,737 Kherson 322,260
Hola Prystan Гола Пристань (місто)914,883 Hola Prystan 14,568
Nova Kakhovka Нова Каховкa (місто)22368,205 Nova Kakhovka 62,128
Kakhovka Каховкa(місто)1636,958 Kakhovka 36,958
Beryslav Raion Бериславський (район)1,72148,025 Beryslav 16,682
Bilozerka Raion Білозерський (район)1,53466,564 Bilozerka 9,739
Chaplynka Raion Чаплинський (район)1,72235,219 Chaplynka 12,638
Henichesk Raion Генічеський (район)3,00859,991 Henichesk 33,748
Hola Prystan Raion Голопристанський (район)3,41145,827 Hola Prystan 14,666
Hornostaivka Raion Горностаївський (район)1,01819,788 Hornostaivka 6,681
Ivanivka Raion Іванівський (район)1,12013,995 Ivanivka 4,560
Kalanchak Raion Каланчацький (район)91621,568 Kalanchak 11,169
Kakhovka Raion Каховський (район)1,45035,968 Kakhovka N/A *
Novotroitske Raion Новотроїцький (район)2,29835,921 Novotroitske 14,979
Novovorontsovka Raion Нововоронцовський (район)1,00521,442 Novovorontsovka 6,379
Nyzhni Sirohozy Raion Нижньосірогозький (район)1,20915,985 Nyzhni Sirohozy 4,891
Oleshky Raion Олешківський (район)1,75971,888 Oleshky 36,317
Skadovsk Raion Скадовський (район)1,45647,930 Skadovsk 21,830
Velyka Lepetykha Raion Великолепетиський (район)1,00016,827 Velyka Lepetykha 8,326
Velyka Oleksandrivka Raion Великоолександрівський (район)1,54025,948 Velyka Oleksandrivka 9,747
Verkhniy Rohachyk Raion Верхньорогачицький (район)91512,003 Verkhniy Rohachyk 5,698
Vysokopillia Raion Високопільський (район)70115,121 Vysokopillia 6,148

.* Note: Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:

The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Kherson Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Kherson Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Kherson Oblast State Administration Ukraine Oblast Cherson Verwaltung.jpg
Kherson Oblast State Administration

Demographics

The population of the oblast is 1,083,367 (2012), which is 2.4% of the total population of Ukraine. It is also ranked 21st by its population. The population density is 38 per km2.

About 61.5% or 745,400 people live in urban areas of the Oblast and 38.5% or 467,600 people live in agricultural centers/villages. Men make up 46.7% or 565,400 people of the population, women make up 53.3% or 644,600 people, and pensioners make up 26.2% or 317,400 people of the Oblast population.

Ukrainian National Census (2001):

Age structure

0-14 years: 15.1% Increase2.svg (male 83,397/female 79,303)
15-64 years: 70.5% Decrease2.svg (male 364,907/female 393,933)
65 years and over: 14.4% Steady2.svg (male 50,404/female 104,856) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 39.5 years Increase2.svg
male: 36.2 years Increase2.svg
female: 42.7 years Increase2.svg (2013 official)

Attractions

Typical agricultural landscape of Ukraine, Kherson Oblast Flag colors.jpg
Typical agricultural landscape of Ukraine, Kherson Oblast

Public opinion

During the 1991 referendum, 90.13% of votes in Kherson Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 94.9% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond. [5]

See also

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Henichesk Raion is one of the 18 administrative raions (districts) of Kherson Oblast in southern Ukraine. Its administrative centre is located in the city of Henichesk. Population: 119,901

Kakhovka Raion Subdivision of Kherson Oblast, Ukraine

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Chonhar Rural locality in Kherson Oblast, Ukraine

The article's name is transliterated in accordance to the official and academical romanization of Ukrainian.

Strilkove Rural locality in Kherson Oblast, Ukraine

Strilkove is a Ukrainian village in Henichesk raion of Kherson oblast. It belongs to Henichesk urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. In 2001 its population was 1,372, and was predominantly ethnic Russian.

Shchaslyvtseve is a village in southern Ukraine. The community is located on the Arabat Spit and is geographically in Crimea, but administered as part of Henichesk Raion, Kherson Oblast. It belongs to Henichesk urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.

Kherson Oblast is subdivided into districts (raions) which are subdivided into amalgamated territorial communities (hromadas).

References

  1. Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division . scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN   978-966-475-839-7 . Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  2. President appoints acting head of Kherson Regional State Administration, Ukrinform (3 December 2020)
  3. 1 2 "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  4. "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  5. Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia]. Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (in Ukrainian). 3 January 2015.

Coordinates: 46°30′N34°00′E / 46.500°N 34.000°E / 46.500; 34.000