Kherson Oblast

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Kherson Oblast
Херсонська область
Khersonska oblast [1]
Ukraine Oblast Cherson Verwaltung.jpg
Kherson Oblast State Administration
Coat of Arms of Kherson Oblast .svg
Nickname: 
Херсонщина (Khersonshchyna)
Kherson in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Pre-July 2020 boundary shown
Country Ukraine
Established1944
Administrative center Kherson
Government
   Governor Oleksandr Prokudin [2]
   Oblast council 64 seats
Area
  Total28,461 km2 (10,989 sq mi)
Population
 (2022) [3]
  Total1,001,598
  Rank Ranked 22nd
  Density35/km2 (91/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product
[4]
  Total₴ 88 billion
(€2.283 billion)
  Per capita₴ 87,378
(€2,262)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code +380-55
ISO 3166 code UA-65
Vehicle registration ВT
Raions 5
Cities (total)9
  Regional cities 3
Urban-type settlements 30
Villages658
FIPS 10-4 UP08
Website khoda.gov.ua

Kherson Oblast (Ukrainian: Херсонська область, romanized: Khersonska oblast, IPA: [xerˈsɔnʲsʲkɐˈɔblɐsʲtʲ] ; Russian : Херсонская область), also known as Khersonshchyna (Херсонщина, IPA: [xerˈsɔnʃtʃɪnɐ] ), is an oblast (province) in southern Ukraine. It is located just north of Crimea. Its administrative center is Kherson, on the northern or right bank of the Dnieper river, which bisects the oblast. The oblast has an area of 28,461 km2 and a population of 1,001,598 (2022 estimate). [3] It is considered the 'fruit basket' of the country, as much of its agricultural production is dispersed throughout the country, with production peaking during the summer months.

Contents

Most of the area of the oblast has been under Russian military occupation since early in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. On 30 September 2022, Russia claimed to annex Kherson Oblast, along with the Donetsk (Donetsk People's Republic), Luhansk (Luhansk People's Republic) and Zaporizhzhia oblasts, but the referendums and subsequent claimed annexations are internationally unrecognized. Ukraine recaptured the whole area on the right bank of the Dnieper, including Kherson city, by mid-November 2022, in the Kherson counteroffensive.

History

In the 1991 Ukrainian independence referendum, 90.13% of votes in Kherson Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. [5]

A survey conducted by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology in December 2014 found that 90.9% of the oblast's population opposed their region joining Russia, 1% supported the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond. [5] [6]

Russian invasion

Since the Russian invasion of Ukraine began on 24 February 2022, Russian forces have occupied most of the oblast, with government by the "Kherson military–civilian administration" [7] from 28 April to 30 September 2022.

On 27 July 2022, the Ukrainian army destroyed the Antonivka Road Bridge as part of its wider campaign to isolate the Russian 49th Combined Arms Army on the right bank of the Dnieper river. [8] On 31 August, it was reported that the defenders of the occupied Kherson territory were the 49th Combined Arms Army and what was left of the 35th Combined Arms Army. [9]

On 5 September it was announced that the newly-installed Russian administration had postponed its plans to hold a referendum on the planned secession from Ukraine. The plebiscite had been scheduled to occur on 11 September, in order to coincide with the Russian electoral calendar. Due to the contestation of the oblast by the Ukrainian forces, it was found to be impractical to hold at this time. [10]

On 23–27 September 2022, the Russian Federation held referendums in the occupied territories of Kherson and Zaporizhzhia oblasts for "independence and subsequent entry into the Russian Federation", recognized by most states to be staged and against international law.[ citation needed ]

On 29 September, the Russian Federation recognized Kherson Oblast as an independent state. [11] On 30 September, Russian president Vladimir Putin announced the annexation of the Kherson Oblast and three other Ukrainian territories, and signed "accession decrees" that are widely considered to be illegal. [12] At that time, Russia was not in control of the province as a whole. [13]

The United Nations General Assembly subsequently passed a resolution calling on countries not to recognise what it described as an "attempted illegal annexation" and demanded that Russia "immediately, completely and unconditionally withdraw". [14]

On 9 November 2022, the city of Kherson and a remaining pocket of land on the right bank of the Dnieper were recaptured by Ukrainian forces. [15] The territory on the left bank is still under Russian control.

On 6 June 2023, the Kakhovka Dam was breached, causing extensive flooding and prompting mass evacuations in the oblast. [16]

Russian authorities claimed that Russian President Vladimir Putin won 88.12% of the vote in the occupied Kherson region in the 2024 Russian presidential election, [17] which has been described as rigged and fraudulent. [18]

Geography

Kherson Oblast and subdivisions since July 2020 Kherson Oblast 2020 subdivisions.jpg
Kherson Oblast and subdivisions since July 2020

Kherson Oblast is bordered by Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the north, the Black Sea and Crimea to the south, Mykolaiv Oblast to the west, and the Azov Sea and Zaporizhzhia Oblast to the east. The Dnieper River, which includes the Kakhovka Reservoir, runs through the oblast.

Before the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, two bridges spanned the Dniper: the Khakovsky Bridge near Nova Kakhovka and the Antonivka Road Bridge at Kherson. Another significant bridge, the Daryivka Bridge crosses the Inhulets river and connects Kherson via the M14 highway to Beryslav, the other abutment of the Khakovsky Bridge.

The oblast's Henichesk Raion includes the northern portion of the Arabat Spit, a thin strip of land between the brackish Syvash and the Sea of Azov that is geographically part of the Crimean Peninsula. Due to Russia gaining de facto control of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in 2014, this strip within Kherson Oblast was the only part of the Crimean Peninsula under Ukrainian control immediately prior to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[ citation needed ]

Kherson is the only city with a population over 100,000. Four other cities have over 30,000 – they are, in order from largest, Nova Kakhovka, Kakhovka, Oleshky and Henichesk.

Administrative divisions

Until the 2020 re-organisation, the Kherson Oblast was administratively subdivided into 18 raions (districts) and 3 municipalities. The municipalities – Kherson (administrative center of the oblast), Nova Kakhovka, and Kakhovka – were directly subordinate to the oblast government. The Kherson municipality was subdivided into 3 urban districts. All information below was current as of 2015. [19]

NameUkrainian nameArea
(km2)
Population
2015
Admin. centerUrban population only
Kherson Херсон (місто)423333,737 Kherson 322,260
Hola Prystan Гола Пристань (місто)914,883 Hola Prystan 14,568
Nova Kakhovka Нова Каховкa (місто)22368,205 Nova Kakhovka 62,128
Kakhovka Каховкa (місто)1636,958 Kakhovka 36,958
Beryslav Raion Бериславський (район)1,72148,025 Beryslav 16,682
Bilozerka Raion Білозерський (район)1,53466,564 Bilozerka 9,739
Chaplynka Raion Чаплинський (район)1,72235,219 Chaplynka 12,638
Henichesk Raion Генічеський (район)3,00859,991 Henichesk 33,748
Hola Prystan Raion Голопристанський (район)3,41145,827 Hola Prystan 14,666
Hornostaivka Raion Горностаївський (район)1,01819,788 Hornostaivka 6,681
Ivanivka Raion Іванівський (район)1,12013,995 Ivanivka 4,560
Kalanchak Raion Каланчацький (район)91621,568 Kalanchak 11,169
Kakhovka Raion Каховський (район)1,45035,968 Kakhovka N/A *
Novotroitske Raion Новотроїцький (район)2,29835,921 Novotroitske 14,979
Novovorontsovka Raion Нововоронцовський (район)1,00521,442 Novovorontsovka 6,379
Nyzhni Sirohozy Raion Нижньосірогозький (район)1,20915,985 Nyzhni Sirohozy 4,891
Oleshky Raion Олешківський (район)1,75971,888 Oleshky 36,317
Skadovsk Raion Скадовський (район)1,45647,930 Skadovsk 21,830
Velyka Lepetykha Raion Великолепетиський (район)1,00016,827 Velyka Lepetykha 8,326
Velyka Oleksandrivka Raion Великоолександрівський (район)1,54025,948 Velyka Oleksandrivka 9,747
Verkhniy Rohachyk Raion Верхньорогачицький (район)91512,003 Verkhniy Rohachyk 5,698
Vysokopillia Raion Високопільський (район)70115,121 Vysokopillia 6,148
Typical agricultural landscape of Kherson Oblast Typical agricultural landscape of Kherson Oblast.jpg
Typical agricultural landscape of Kherson Oblast

.* Note: Though the administrative center of the raion is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the raion authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of raion statistics.

At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Kherson Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Kherson Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Demographics

People in Nova Kakhovka in 2017 Guliannia na Maslianu u Novii Kakhovtsi.jpg
People in Nova Kakhovka in 2017
Children in the Kherson Oblast in 2019 Den' zakhistu ditei razom iz SZhKh. 01.06.2019.jpg
Children in the Kherson Oblast in 2019
People in the resort village of Shchaslyvtseve in 2016 Beach in Shchaslyvtseve.jpg
People in the resort village of Shchaslyvtseve in 2016

The population of the oblast is 1,083,367 (2012), which is 2.4% of the total population of Ukraine. It is also ranked 21st by its population. The population density is 38 per km2.

About 61.5% or 745,400 people live in urban areas of the Oblast and 38.5% or 467,600 people live in agricultural centers/villages. Men make up 46.7% or 565,400 people of the population, women make up 53.3% or 644,600 people, and pensioners make up 26.2% or 317,400 people of the Oblast population.

Ukrainian National Census (2001):

Age structure

0–14 years: 15.1% Increase2.svg (male 83,397/female 79,303)
15–64 years: 70.5% Decrease2.svg (male 364,907/female 393,933)
65 years and over: 14.4% Steady2.svg (male 50,404/female 104,856) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 39.5 years Increase2.svg
male: 36.2 years Increase2.svg
female: 42.7 years Increase2.svg (2013 official)

Attractions

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zaporizhzhia Oblast</span> Oblast (region) of Ukraine

Zaporizhzhia Oblast, commonly referred to as Zaporizhzhia (Запоріжжя), is an oblast (region) in south-east Ukraine. Its administrative centre is Zaporizhzhia. The oblast covers an area of 27,183 square kilometres (10,495 sq mi), and has a population of 1,638,462.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nova Kakhovka</span> City in Kherson Oblast, Ukraine

Nova Kakhovka is a city in Kakhovka Raion, Kherson Oblast, southern Ukraine. Nova Kakhovka has been under Russian occupation since February 2022. Its estimated population in 2022 was 44,427.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kakhovka</span> Town in Kherson Oblast, Ukraine

Kakhovka is a port city on the Dnieper River in Kakhovka Raion, Kherson Oblast, of southern Ukraine. It hosts the administration of the Kakhovka urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. It had a population of 34,749.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oleshky</span> City in Kherson Oblast, Ukraine

Oleshky, previously known as Tsiurupynsk from 1928 to 2016, is a city in Kherson Raion, Kherson Oblast, southern Ukraine, located on the left bank of the Dnieper River with the town of Solontsi to the south. It is the oldest city of the oblast and one of the oldest in southern Ukraine. It is known for its proximity to the Oleshky Sands, a large desert region. Oleshky is the site of artist Polina Rayko's home, a national cultural monument of Ukraine. It also hosts the administration of Oleshky urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. It had a population of 24,124.

Tavriisk is a small city in Kakhovka Raion, Kherson Oblast, southern Ukraine, close to the city of Nova Kakhovka. It is located on the left bank of the Dnieper River. Tavriisk hosts the administration of the Tavriisk urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. It has a population of 10,108.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Beryslav Raion</span> Subdivision of Kherson Oblast, Ukraine

Beryslav Raion is one of the five administrative raions of Kherson Oblast in southern Ukraine. Its administrative center is located in the city of Beryslav. Its population was 55,976 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census. Current population: 94,103.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Crimean Canal</span> Irrigation project in Crimea

The North Crimean Canal, formerly known as the North Crimean Canal of the Lenin's Komsomol of Ukraine in Soviet times, is a land improvement canal for irrigation and watering of Kherson Oblast in southern Ukraine and the Crimean Peninsula. The canal has multiple branches throughout Kherson Oblast and Crimea, and is normally active from March until December.

Rykove, previously known as Partyzany (Ukrainian: Партизани) until 2016, is a rural settlement in Henichesk Raion, Kherson Oblast, southern Ukraine. It belongs to Henichesk urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. It has a population of 3,487.

Kherson Oblast is subdivided into five districts (raions) which are subdivided into territorial communities (hromadas).

Velyka Lepetykha is a rural settlement in Kakhovka Raion, Kherson Oblast, southern Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Velyka Lepetykha settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. The settlement is located on the left bank of the Kakhovka Reservoir, an artificial reservoir on the Dnieper. It has a population of 7,707.

Verkhnii Rohachyk is a rural settlement in Kakhovka Raion, Kherson Oblast, southern Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Verkhnii Rohachyk settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. The settlement is located on the banks of the Rohachyk River, a left tributary of the Dnieper. It has a population of 5,117.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Antonivka, Kherson Raion, Kherson Oblast</span> Rural locality in Kherson Oblast, Ukraine

Antonivka is a rural settlement in Kherson Raion, Kherson Oblast, southern Ukraine. It is a northeastern suburb of Kherson and is located on the right bank of the Dnieper. Antonivka belongs to Kherson urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. It has a population of 12,619.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Kherson</span> Part of the Russian invasion of Ukraine

The battle of Kherson took place between Russian and Ukrainian forces that began on 24 February 2022, as part of the southern Ukraine campaign of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The battle ended on 2 March 2022 with the capture of the city of Kherson, along with surrounding land on the right bank of the Dnieper river, by Russian forces. Russia then began a military occupation of the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Antonivka Road Bridge</span> Bridge in Kherson Oblast, Ukraine

The Antonivka Road Bridge, usually referred to as the Antonivskyi Bridge, is a ruined box girder bridge on the Dnieper river in Kherson, Kherson Oblast, southern Ukraine. It became a flashpoint during the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and was largely destroyed in November 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Russian occupation of Kherson Oblast</span> Military occupation and annexation by Russia

The Russian occupation of Kherson Oblast is an ongoing military occupation of Ukraine's Kherson Oblast by Russian forces that began on 2 March 2022 during the Russian invasion of Ukraine as part of the southern Ukraine campaign. It was administrated under a Russian-controlled military-civilian regime until 30 September 2022, when it was illegally annexed to become an unrecognized federal subject of Russia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Russian occupation of Mykolaiv Oblast</span> Military occupation and annexation by Russia

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">2022 Kherson counteroffensive</span> Battle in the 2022 invasion of Ukraine

A military counteroffensive was launched by Ukraine on 29 August 2022 to expel Russian forces occupying the southern regions of Kherson and Mykolaiv oblasts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Russian annexation of Donetsk, Kherson, Luhansk and Zaporizhzhia oblasts of Ukraine</span> 2022 annexation of an undefined area in Ukraine

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References

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46°30′N34°00′E / 46.500°N 34.000°E / 46.500; 34.000