|Established (Soviet Union)||22 September 1937|
|Nazi German occupation||1941 — 1944|
|• Governor||Serhiy Hamaliy|
|• Oblast council||84 seats|
|• Chairperson||Mykhailo Zagorodniy (Petro Poroshenko Bloc)|
|• Total||20,645 km2 (7,971 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 19th|
|• Rank||Ranked 14th|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-68|
|• Regional cities||4|
Khmelnytskyi Oblast (Ukrainian : Хмельницька область, translit. Khmel’nyts’ka oblast’; also referred to as Khmelnychchyna —Ukrainian : Хмельниччина) is an oblast (province) of western Ukraine covering portions of such historical regions like western Podolia and southern Volhynia. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Khmelnytskyi.
The current estimated population is around 1,243,787 (2021 est.)
Created in 1937 out of border okrugs of Vinnytsia Oblast, in 1941–44 it was under Nazi Germany occupation and part of the Reichskommissariat Ukraine (Wolhynien und Podolien general district). Following the Kamenets-Podolsky pocket in spring of 1944 as part of the Proskurov-Chernovtsy operation, the Soviet troops removed the Nazi German occupation in the region. Until 4 February 1954 it was called Kamianets-Podilsky Oblast centered in Kamianets-Podilsky (until 1941). The region rebranding took place after official renaming of the region's administrative center to Khmelnytskyi.
Khmelnytskyi Oblast has a total area of 20,600 km2 (7,953.70 sq mi) (3.4% of the total area of Ukraine) and is located between 48°27' and 50°37' north latitude and between 26°09' and 27°56' east longitude. It is 220 km (136.70 mi) long when measured from north to south, and is 120 km (74.56 mi) in length when measured from east to west. It is associated with a historical region of Podolia, yet in reality its territory is split almost in half, the northern in Volhynia, and the southern in Podolia. Its Volhynian region contains smaller cities like Izyaslav, Starokostiantyniv, Shepetivka, while its Podolian portion more developed cities of Khmelnytskyi and Kamianets-Podilskyi.
The oblast borders the Rivne Oblast to the northwest, the Zhytomyr Oblast to the northeast, the Vinnytsia Oblast to the east, the Chernivtsi Oblast to the south, and the Ternopil Oblast to the west.
The Podolian Upland (270–370 meters above sea-level) occupies the central area of the Khmelnytska oblast. The northwestern areas of the oblast are part of the Volyn highland (highest point — 329 m above sea-level), while to the north, the oblast claims a part of the historic region of Polissia (highest point — 200–250 m above sea-level). The southwestern territory of the Khmelnytska oblast is crossed by the Tovtry range (Ukrainian : Товтровий кряж, translit. Tovtryi kryazh), which includes Mount Velyka Buhaikha (Ukrainian : Велика Бугаїха), the highest point of the oblast at 409 m above sea-level. The extreme south of the oblast has a surface with canyon-like river valleys. The Dneister Reservoir located there is the lowest point of the oblast (121 m above sea-level) .
There are 120 rivers with a length of 10 km (6.21 mi) or more in the Khmelnytska oblast. The largest of these are the Dniester River (which flows for 160 km (99.42 mi) within the oblast), as well as its tributaries: Smotrych, Ushytsia, and the Zbruch — and the Southern Buh River (which flows for 120 km (74.56 mi) within the oblast), as well as its tributaries: Buzhok, Ikva, and Vovk. The rivers of the Dnieper River's basin — Horyn, Khmora, and Sluch Rivers also run through the oblast. The oblast's lakes are located mostly in basin of the Horyn River. The largest reservoir in the oblast is the Dniester Reservoir.
There are 1858 ponds and/or reservoirs in the oblast. The largest of these include Shchedrivske (with a surface area of 12.58 km2 (4.86 sq mi)), Novostavske (with a surface area of 11.68 km2 (4.51 sq mi)), and Kuzmynske (with a surface area of 7.65 km2 (2.95 sq mi)).
Historic administrative affiliation of the area:
Khmelnytskyi Oblast was created on September 22, 1937 as the Kamianets-Podilskyi Oblast (Ukrainian : Кам’янець-Подільськa область, translit., Kamyanets-Podil'ska oblast’) out of border okrugs (Prokuriv and Kamianets-Podilskyi) of the Vinnytsia Oblast.
In March 1941 the administrative center of the oblast was moved from Kamianets-Podilskyi to the city of Proskuriv. During the World War II the territory was part of another administrative division (General District Wolhynien und Podolien, see Reichskommissariat Ukraine), but after liberation from the Nazi Germany, Khmelnytskyi Oblast was reinstated in its original borders. In 1954, Proskuriv was renamed Khmelnytskyi, and soon afterward, the oblast was renamed to Khmelnytskyi Oblast (Ukrainian : Хмельницька область, translit., Khmel'nytska oblast’).
The oblast is subdivided into 3 raions (administrative districts). It consists of 6 municipalities, 13 cities, 24 towns, and more than 1,417 villages.
The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of Kyiv Oblast:
The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Khmelnytska oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast' is the Khmelnytska oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.
Khmelnytskyi Oblast's population is 1,401,140 as of January 1, 2004. As of 2002, the oblast ranks 13th by population in Ukraine. The population density is 69.5/km².
Pensioners make up 453,800 thousand people or 31,7% of population. The birth rate per 1,000 residents is 8.3, and the death rate — per 1000 residents – 16.1.The urban population, according to the 2001 Ukrainian Census data, accounted for 729,600 people, or 51%, and the rural population — for 701,200 people, or 49%.
According to the data, the number of men accounted for 659,900 people, or 46.1%, that of women — 770,900 people, or 53.9%.
The economy of the oblast mostly deals with the energy industry, transport and agriculture. The oblast is situated at a historical crossroad of the railway and highway routes connecting Central Europe to Black Sea coast and Russia (with the city of Shepetivka being the most important railway junction). The Khmelnyts’ka nuclear power plant in the city of Netishyn is the most important industrial company of the oblast. Notable machinery, armament and chemical industries are also present.
Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their administrative center cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian : обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Khmelnytskyi is the center of the Khmelnyts’ka oblast’ (Khmelnytska oblast).
Podolia or Podilia is a historic region in Eastern Europe, located in the west-central and south-western parts of Ukraine and in northeastern Moldova. The name derives from Old Slavic po, meaning "by/next to/along" and dol, "valley".
Cherkasy Oblast is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine located along the Dnieper River. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Cherkasy. The current population of the oblast is 1,178,266 ).
Chernihiv Oblast is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Chernihiv. Within the Oblast are 1,511 settlements of various sizes ranging from large cities to very small villages. Population: 976,701
Rivne Oblast is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Rivne. The area of the region is 20,100 km²; population: 1,148,456 . Previously part of the Second Republic of Poland's Wojewódstwo Wołyńskie and earlier the Ukrainian People's Republic's Volhynian Governorate, the Rivne Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 4, 1939 after the Soviet invasion and occupation of eastern Poland on 17 September 1939.
Ternopil Oblast and Ternopillya - is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Ternopil, through which flows the Seret, a tributary of the Dniester. Population: 1,030,562
Vinnytsia Oblast is an oblast of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Vinnytsia. Population: 1,529,123
Khmelnytskyi, until 1954 Proskuriv, is a city in western Ukraine, the administrative center for the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (region) and the Khmelnytskyi Raion (district). Khmelnytskyi is located in the historic region of Podolia on the banks of the Buh River. The city received its current local government designation in 1941. The current city's population is estimated 273,713 , making it the second largest city of the former, archaic Podolia region after Vinnytsia and the largest city of the western part of the region.
An oblast, in English referred to as a region, refers to one of Ukraine's 24 primary administrative units. Ukraine is a unitary state, thus the regions do not have much legal scope of competence other than that which is established in the Ukrainian Constitution and by law. Articles 140–146 of Chapter XI of the constitution deal directly with local authorities and their competency.
Kamianets-Podilskyi is a city on the Smotrych River in western Ukraine, to the north-east of Chernivtsi. Formerly the administrative center of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast, the city is now the administrative center of the Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion (district) within the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province). The city itself is also designated as a separate district within the region. Current population has been estimated as 98,970
Zhytomyr Oblast is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Zhytomyr. Its population is approximately 1,195,495 .
Shepetivka is a town located on the Huska River in Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of Western Ukraine. Shepetivka is a town of oblast subordinance, and the administrative center of Shepetivskyi Raion (district). Population: 41,189
Iziaslav Raion was a raion in Khmelnytskyi Oblast in Ukraine. Its administrative center was the city of Iziaslav. It was established in 1923. One city and ninety-one villages were located in Iziaslav Raion. The raion was abolished on 18 July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Khmelnytskyi Oblast to three. The last estimate of the raion population was 41,972
Bilohiria Raion was a raion in Khmelnytskyi Oblast in Ukraine. Its administrative center was Bilohiria. It was established in 1923. 2 urban-type settlements and 72 villages were located in Bilohiria Raion. The raion was abolished on 18 July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Khmelnytskyi Oblast to three. The last estimate of the raion population was 25,403
Shepetivka Raion is a raion in Khmelnytskyi Oblast in Ukraine. Its administrative center is Shepetivka. Its population is 280,403
Polonne Raion was a raion of Khmelnytskyi Oblast in Ukraine. Its administrative center is Polonne. It was established in 1923. 1 city (Polonne), 1 urban-type settlements and 45 villages were located in Polonne Raion. The raion was abolished on 18 July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Khmelnytskyi Oblast to three. The last estimate of the raion population was 42,649
Krasyliv Raion was one of the 20 administrative raions of Khmelnytskyi Oblast in western Ukraine. The raion's administrative center was located in the city of Krasyliv. Its population was 61,331 in the 2001 Ukrainian Census. The raion was abolished on 18 July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Khmelnytskyi Oblast to three. The last estimate of the raion population was 49,345
Khmelnytskyi Raion is one of the 20 administrative raions of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast in western Ukraine. Its administrative center is located in the city of Khmelnytskyi. EIts population was 53,686 in the 2001 Ukrainian Census and 679,374
Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion is one of the 20 administrative raions of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast in western Ukraine. Its administrative center is located in the city of Kamianets-Podilskyi. Its population was 75,506 in the 2001 Ukrainian Census and 284,010
Kamianets Okruha was one of the administrative units of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1923-1930 and again from 1935-1937.
The administrative divisions of Khmelnytskyi Oblast follows the general scheme of the administrative divisions in Ukraine. It is subdivided into districts (raions) which are subdivided into amalgamated territorial communities (hromadas). As Ukraine is a unitary state, any changes to the administrative divisions have to be approved by the Verkhovna Rada.
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