Khon Kaen

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Khon Kaen

ขอนแก่น
City of Khon Kaen
เทศบาลนครขอนแก่น
Monument of King Rama IV at Khon Kaen University.JPG
Seal of Khon Kaen.png
Seal
Thailand adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Khon Kaen
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 16°26′N102°50′E / 16.433°N 102.833°E / 16.433; 102.833 Coordinates: 16°26′N102°50′E / 16.433°N 102.833°E / 16.433; 102.833
Country Thailand
Province Khon Kaen
District Muang Khon Kaen
Town municipality20 Aug 1935
City municipality24 Sept 1995
Government
  TypeCity Municipality
  MayorThirasak Thikhayuphan
(since Sept 2012)
Area
  Total46 km2 (18 sq mi)
Area rank10th
Elevation
187 m (614 ft)
Population
 (2019) [1]
  Total114,459
  Rank11th
  Density2,488/km2 (6,440/sq mi)
 Registered residents
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Postcode
40000
Calling ode 043
Website www.kkmuni.go.th

Khon Kaen (Thai : ขอนแก่น, pronounced [kʰɔ̌(ː)n kɛ̀n] ) is one of the four major cities of Isan, Thailand, also known as the "big four of Isan", the others being Udon Thani, Nakhon Ratchasima, and Ubon Ratchathani. It is the capital of Khon Kaen Province and the Mueang Khon Kaen District. Khon Kaen lies 450 kilometres (280 mi) north-northeast of Bangkok. [2]

Contents

Geography and demography

Khon Kaen is on the Khorat Plateau, elevation 187 m, [3] and is the center of the mid-northeastern provincial group of Thailand, according to the Thai government. Its coordinates are 16°26′N102°50′E / 16.433°N 102.833°E / 16.433; 102.833 . The city has a population of 114,459. [1]

Regional importance

Khon Kaen is a city in the northern region of Thailand. The city is bisected by Mithraphap Road, also known as the "Friendship Highway", or "Highway 2", the road linking Bangkok to the Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge. Highway 230, a modern, multi-lane by-pass enables through-traffic to avoid the city centre to the west, and connects to the airport, the new main bus station (BKS3), [4] and to the highway 12 to Kalasin and Maha Sarakham in the east, and Udon Thani in the north.[ citation needed ]

The city can be easily navigated by driving along either of the two north-south main roads: Na Muang and Klang Muang, which are east and parallel to the Friendship Highway. In addition, there are two main east-west roads: Srichan Road and Prachasamosorn Road, leading east to the city of Kalasin, and west to the airport, as well as to other small villages via highway 12.[ citation needed ]

Smart City initiative

The province of Khon Kaen's 2017 population was 1.8 million with a GDP of 190 billion baht. [5] Its Smart City development plan aims to double its GDP per person to 394,000-493,000 baht by 2029 from an average of about 192,000 baht in 2016. Khon Kaen's plan has been incorporated into Thailand's 12th national social and economic plan (2017-2021). The plan has been driven largely by the Khon Kaen Think Tank (KKTT), a group of involved citizens. The Smart City's signature project is the Khon Kaen Transit System Co (KKTS), founded in 2017. Its plans for a 26 km light rail network from Samran to Tha Phra in the Mueang Khon Kaen District are complete and awaiting Thai Cabinet approval before bidding on the project can begin. The light rail system will feature 18 to 21 stations, take two years to complete, and will cost 15 billion baht. The Land Traffic Management Commission (LTMC), a national think tank for transportation policy, has already blessed the plan. [5]

Climate

Khon Kaen's climate is categorised as tropical savanna (Köppen climate classification Aw), with winters that are dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April—a very hot month, with an average daily maximum of 36.4 °C (97.5 °F). The monsoon season runs from May until October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Culture

Thailand's 2014 EU Film Festival included Khon Kaen, together with Chiang Mai and Bangkok, as host locations. A selection of six films was shown in the city, including the Spanish film The Pelayos and the Polish film Walesa, Man of Hope . [7]

Administration

Nai Mueang33,644Village no.26,148
Village no.1621,161Village no.34,707
Village no.411,245Village no.174,669
Village no.138,897Village no.73,780
Village no.68,463Village no.122,268
Village no.148,460Village no.11,017

On 20 August 1935 Khon Kaen town municipality ( thesaban mueang ) was established, with an area of 4.031 sq.km. On 24 September 1995 Khon Kaen was upgraded to city municipality ( thesaban nakhon ). [8] The administration of the city is responsible for an area that covers approximately 46 sq.km. and consists of 66,179 households. There are 95 communities (chumchon) divided as follows: zone 1 - 17, zone 2 - 28, zone 3 - 31 and zone 4 - 19 communities.

Related Research Articles

Isan Region in Nakhon Ratchasima

Northeast Thailand or Isan consists of 20 provinces in the northeastern region of Thailand. Isan is Thailand's largest region, located on the Khorat Plateau, bordered by the Mekong River to the north and east, by Cambodia to the southeast and the Sankamphaeng Range south of Nakhon Ratchasima. To the west it is separated from northern and central Thailand by the Phetchabun Mountains. Isan covers 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) making it about half the size of Germany and roughly the size of England and Wales.

Nakhon Ratchasima Province Province of Thailand

Nakhon Ratchasima is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northeastern Thailand also called Isan. It is the country's largest province by area, has a population of approximately 2.7 million, and generates about 250 billion baht in GDP, the highest in Isan. Neighbouring provinces are Chaiyaphum, Khon Kaen, Buriram, Sa Kaeo, Prachinburi, Nakhon Nayok, Saraburi, and Lopburi.

Khon Kaen Province Province of Thailand

Khon Kaen is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in central northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Nong Bua Lamphu, Udon Thani, Kalasin, Maha Sarakham, Buriram, Nakhon Ratchasima, Chaiyaphum, Phetchabun, and Loei.

Udon Thani Province Province of Thailand

Udon Thani Province is one of Thailand's seventy-seven provinces (changwat) which lies in upper northeastern Thailand also called Isan. It is bordered by the provinces of Nong Khai to the north, Sakon Nakhon to the east, Kalasin Province to the southeast, Khon Kaen to the south, and Loei and Nong Bua Lamphu to the west. It occupies an area of 11,730 km2. The provincial capital is Udon Thani, the major city in the province.

Udon Thani City Municipality in Thailand

Udon Thani is one of the four major cities of Khorat, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, and Khon Kaen known as the "big four of Isan"), Thailand's north-eastern region, an area the size of England with Wales or roughly half the size of Germany. The city is the capital of Udon Thani Province and with a population of approximately 130,531 is the 7th largest urban settlement in the country.

Kalasin Province Province of Thailand

Kalasin is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northeastern Thailand also called Isan. The province was established by the Act Establishing Changwat Kalasin, BE 2490 (1947), and it came into existence on 1 October 1947. Neighboring provinces are Sakon Nakhon, Mukdahan, Roi Et, Maha Sarakham, Khon Kaen, and Udon Thani.

Sakon Nakhon Province Province of Thailand

Sakon Nakhon is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Nong Khai, Bueng Kan, Nakhon Phanom, Mukdahan, Kalasin, and Udon Thani. The capital is Sakon Nakhon.

Ubon Ratchathani City Municipality in Thailand

Ubon Ratchathani is one of the four major cities of Isan, also known as the "big four of Isan." The city is on the Mun River in the southeast of the Isan region of Thailand, and is located 615 km (382 mi) away from Bangkok. It is known as Ubon (อุบลฯ) for short. The name means "royal lotus city". Ubon is the administrative center of Ubon Ratchathani Province.

Sakon Nakhon City Municipality in Thailand

Sakon Nakhon is a city in Thailand within the Isan region, and capital city of Sakon Nakhon Province as well as Mueang Sakon Nakhon District, with a population of approximately 76,000. Sakon Nakhon covers the whole tambon of That Choeng Chum and parts of tambons Ngio Don, Huai Yang, Dong Mafai, That Na Weng and Hang Hong. Sakon Nakhon is 651 km (405 mi) north-east of Bangkok by road.

Tak, Thailand Town in Thailand

Tak is a town in north-west Thailand, capital of the Tak Province and the Tak district. As of 2005 the town had a population of 19,900 and an area of 7.27 km². It covers the tambon Rahaeng, Nong Luang, Chiang Ngoen, and Hua Diat. It is on the Ping River, 418 km north-north-west of Bangkok.

Nong Khai Town in Nong Khai Province, Thailand

Nong Khai is a city in northeast Thailand. It is the capital of Nong Khai Province. Nong Khai city is administered as Mueang Nong Khai District.

Nakhon Phanom Town in Nakhon Phanom Province, Thailand

Nakhon Phanom is a town in northeastern Thailand, capital of Nakhon Phanom Province. The town covers tambons Nai Mueang and Nong Saeng and parts of tambons At Samat and Nong Yat, all in Mueang Nakhon Phanom District. As of 2006, it had a population of 27,591. This town is located 736 kilometres (457 mi) northeast of Bangkok.

Thai highway network

The Thai highway network follows the left-hand traffic rule of the road. The network is the twin responsibility of the Department of Highways, and the Department of Rural Roads, under the oversight of the Transportation ministry of Thailand. Public highways are also called public roads, especially when part of urban streets. The network spans over 70,000 kilometers across all regions of Thailand. Most are single carriageways. Dual carriageways have frequent u-turn lanes and intersections slowing down traffic. Coupled with the increase in the number of vehicles and the demand for a limited-access motorway, the Thai Government issued a Cabinet resolution in 1997 detailing the motorway construction master plan. Some upgraded sections of highway are being turned into a "motorway", while other motorways are not being built from highway sections.

Khon Kaen railway station

Khon Kaen railway station is a railway station located in Nai Mueang Subdistrict, Khon Kaen City, Khon Kaen. It is a class 1 railway station located 449.752 km (279.5 mi) from Bangkok railway station. The station opened in April 1934 as part of the Northeastern Line Bua Yai Junction-Khon Kaen section. In June 1941, the line extended to Udon Thani. The station was rebuilt as an elevated station in 2019, with the Thanon Jira Junction - Khon Kaen doubling project.

Ban Phai railway station is a railway station located in Nai Mueang Subdistrict, Ban Phai District, Khon Kaen. It is a class 2 railway station located 407.723 km (253.3 mi) from Bangkok railway station.

Nakhon Ratchasima City municipality in Thailand

Nakhon Ratchasima is one of the four major cities of Isan, known as the "big four of Isan". The city is commonly known as Korat, a shortened form of its name. It is the governmental seat of the Nakhon Ratchasima Province and Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District. Nakhon Ratchasima is the heart of the Nakhon Ratchasima metropolitan area.

Provincial Electricity Authority

The Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA) is a Thai state enterprise under the Ministry of Interior. Established on 28 September 1960 by the Provincial Electricity Authority Act 1960 —which are served by the Metropolitan Electricity Authority.

2020–21 Thai FA Cup football tournament season

The 2020–21 Thai FA Cup is the 25th season of a Thailand's knockout football competition, this season is the 50th anniversary since its establishment in 1970. The tournament was sponsored by Chang, and known as the Chang FA Cup for sponsorship purposes. The tournament is organized by the Football Association of Thailand. 91 clubs were accepted into the tournament, and it began with the qualification round on 30 September 2020, and concluded with the final on TBD. The winner would have qualified for the 2022 AFC Champions League preliminary round 2 and the 2022 Thailand Champions Cup.

References

  1. 1 2 "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2562" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2020, archiving is not necessary because DOPA provides data from 1993 to future years.
  2. "Distance: Bangkok to Khon Kaen". Google Maps. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  3. 1 2 "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 48. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  4. "Khon Kaen City's central bus terminal shuts down after 44 years". The Isaan Record. 2017-12-26. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  5. 1 2 Natanri, Chakkrapan; Kongrut, Anchalee (14 October 2018). "Khon Kaen takes lead in Thailand's race to smarten up". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  6. "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 10. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  7. "Showtimes EU Film Festival 2014". SFX Cinemas. SFX Cinemas. 23 May 2014. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  8. "พระราชกฤษฎีกา จัดตั้งเทศบาลนครขอนแก่น จังหวัดขอนแก่น พุทธศักราช ๒๔๗๘" [Royal Decree of Khon Kaen City Municipality, Khon Kaen Province, Buddhist Era 2538 (1995)](PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 112 (40 Kor): 24–28. 24 September 1995. Retrieved 5 April 2020.