Kiến Phúc

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Kiến Phúc
Emperor of Đại Nam
Emperor of Đại Nam
Reign2 December 1883 - 31 July 1884
Predecessor Hiệp Hòa
Successor Hàm Nghi
Regent Tôn Thất Thuyết & Nguyễn Văn Tường
Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty
Reign2 December 1883 - 31 July 1884
Predecessor Hiệp Hòa
Successor Hàm Nghi
BornFebruary 12, 1868
Imperial City, Huế, Đại Nam
DiedJuly 31, 1884 (age 15)
Imperial City, Huế, Đại Nam
Bồi Lăng (陪陵)
Full name
Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Đăng (阮福膺登)
Nguyễn Phước Hạo (阮福昊)
Era name and dates
Kiến Phúc (建福): 18831884
Posthumous name
Thiệu Đức Chí Hiếu Uyên Duệ Nghị Hoàng đế (绍德止孝渊睿毅皇帝).
Temple name
Giản Tông (簡宗)
House Nguyễn
Father Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Cai (son of Thiệu Trị)
MotherConcubine Bùi Thị Thanh
Religion Ruism, Buddhism
Kiến Phúc
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Kiến Phúc

Kiến Phúc (Hanoi:  [kiən˧˦ fʊwk͡p̚˧˦] , 12 February 1869 – 31 July 1884) was a child emperor of Vietnam, who reigned for less than 8 months, 1883-1884, as the 7th emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty.



Born in 1869, also known as Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Đăng, he was the nephew-turned-adopted son of Emperor Tự Đức. He reigned for 7 months and 29 days (2 December 1883 – 31 July 1884).

Tự Đức Vietnamese emperor

Tự Đức was the fourth emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty of Vietnam; he ruled from 1847 to 1883.

Birth name
Vietnamese alphabet Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Đăng

Along with his cousin Dục Đức and brother Đồng Khánh, he had been taken in by Tự Đức who was unable to have children of his own. After the regicide of Emperor Hiệp Hoà, the court regents Tôn Thất Thuyết and Nguyễn Văn Tường acted quickly to install the fifteen-year-old prince as the new Emperor. Kiến Phúc was quickly enthroned on 1 December 1883 at five o'clock in the morning.

Dục Đức fifth emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty

Dục Đức (Hán tự: 育德, IPA: [zùkp ɗɨ́k]; born Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Ái, was Emperor of Vietnam for three days, from 20–23 July 1883. He was the fifth emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty and father of Emperor Thành Thái, who ruled from 1889 to 1907.

Đồng Khánh Vietnamese emperor

Đồng Khánh, born Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Kỷ (阮福膺祺) or Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Đường (阮福膺禟), also known as Chánh Mông (正蒙), was the ninth emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. He reigned three years between 1885 and 1889. His royal temple name was Cảnh Tông (景宗).

The broad definition of regicide is the deliberate killing of a monarch, or the person responsible for the killing of a person of royalty.

Emperor Kiến Phúc was often hampered by poor health and died in Kiến Thành Palace on July 31, 1884 - less than 8 months after ascending the throne. [1] His sudden death sparked rumors that the Emperor was poisoned by his adoptive mother, Tự Đức's Noble Consort Học phi and regent Nguyễn Văn Tường for he knew of their secret affair. [2]

Nguyễn Thị Hương (阮氏香), also known as Học phi was a wife of Emperor Tự Đức of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam and adoptive mother of Emperor Kiến Phúc. Following Kiến Phúc's accession to the throne, Hương was elevated to the position of one of the Tam Cung (三宮), three most powerful palace women who played a significant role in the enthronement and dethronement of Nguyễn Emperors Kiến Phúc, and Hàm Nghi.

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The Nguyễn dynasty or House of Nguyễn was the last imperial family of Vietnam. Their ancestral line can be traced back to the beginning of the Common Era. However, only by the mid-sixteenth century the most ambitious family branch, the Nguyễn Lords had risen to conquer, control and establish feudal rule over large territory.

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Hiệp Hòa, born Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Dật, was the sixth emperor of the Vietnamese Nguyễn Dynasty and reigned for four months.

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Nguyễn Văn Tường was a mandarin of the Nguyễn Dynasty in Vietnam. He is known for installing and dethroning three emperors in 1883–84: Dục Đức, Hiệp Hoà, and Kiến Phúc.

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Tomb of Tự Đức

Tomb of Tự Đức, officially Khiêm Tomb, is located in Huế, Vietnam. It is built for the Nguyễn Emperor Tự Đức and took three years to build from 1864–1867. It is divided into a Temple Area and a Tomb Area.

Từ Dụ or Từ Dũ, born Phạm Thị Hằng (范氏姮), was the wife of Thiệu Trị and mother of Tự Đức.

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Nguyễn Phúc Miên Định, born Nguyễn Phúc Yến (阮福宴), was a prince of Nguyễn dynasty, Vietnam.

Nguyễn Phúc Miên Bửu was a prince of Nguyễn dynasty, Vietnam.

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Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Y courtesy name Quân Bác (君博), was a prince of Nguyễn dynasty, Vietnam. He was father of Dục Đức.

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  1. (in Vietnamese)Quốc sử quán triều Nguyễn (1976). Đại Nam Thực lục Chánh biên đệ Ngũ kỷ. Hà Nội: Publishing House of Social Sciences.
  2. Adolphe Delvaux (1941). Bulletin des Amis du Vieux Huế (in French). Huế.
Preceded by
Emperor Hiệp Hoà
Nguyễn Dynasty Succeeded by
Emperor Hàm Nghi