KiHa 85 series

Last updated
KiHa 85 series
JR central-dc85.jpg
KiHa 85 series train on the Taita Line in 2008
In service1989Present
Manufacturer Nippon Sharyo, Fuji Heavy Industries, Niigata Tekko
ReplacedKiHa 80 DMU
Constructed1988-1992, 1997
Entered serviceFebruary 18, 1989
Number built81 vehicles
Number in service80 vehicles
Number scrapped1 vehicle (KiHa85-107, accident damage)
Formation2–5 cars per trainset
Operator(s) JR Central
Depot(s)Nagoya
Line(s) served Kansai Main Line, Tōkaidō Main Line, Kisei Main Line, Takayama Main Line, Ise Line
Specifications
Car body constructionStainless steel
Car length21,600 mm (70 ft 10 in) [1]
21,300 mm (69 ft 11 in) [1]
Width2,930 mm (9 ft 7 in) [1]
Height4,005 mm (13 ft 1.7 in) [1]
DoorsOne per side
Maximum speed120 km/h (75 mph)
Prime mover(s) DMF14HZ
Power output350 hp (260 kW) per motor
Bogies C-DT57 [2]
Safety system(s)ATS-PT, ATS-ST
Coupling system Shibata
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The KiHa 85 series (キハ85系, KiHa 85-kei) is a diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) on Hida and Nanki limited express services in Japan.

Contents

Technical specifications

The trains use stainless steel car bodies, [3] consist of up to five cars per trainset and are powered by DMF14HZ engines. [4] Two types of end cars exist, of which one has a gangway. [5]

History

The trains entered service on February 18, 1989, [5] and were the first independent train development of JR Central. They were introduced to replace aging ex-JNR DMUs such as the KiHa 80 series and to make the Hida service more attractive to tourists. [3]

They are scheduled to be replaced by new HC85 series hybrid trains. [6]

Related Research Articles

Hida (train)

The Hida is a limited express train service operated by Central Japan Railway Company along the Takayama Main Line in central Japan since 1958, which connects Nagoya and Takayama in just over 2 hours, Ōsaka and Takayama in 4 hours 15 minutes and Nagoya and Toyama in 4 hours. The Hida serves various locations en route such as Gifu and Gero. Like all JR Central limited express trains, a limited express fee has to be paid, on top of the normal fare to ride this service.

Hokuto (train)

The Hokuto (北斗) is a limited express train services between Sapporo and Hakodate in Hokkaido operated by Hokkaido Railway Company. The journey time of the Hokuto is approximately 3 hours 40 minutes.

KiHa E130 series Japanese train type

The KiHa E130 series (キハE130系) is a class of diesel multiple unit (DMU) trains operated since January 2007 by the East Japan Railway Company in Japan.

KiHa E200 Japanese train type

The KiHa E200 (キハE200形) is a single-car hybrid diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by East Japan Railway Company on the Koumi Line in Japan. Three cars were delivered in April 2007, entering revenue service from 31 July 2007.

Taketoyo Line

The Taketoyo Line is a Japanese railway line which connects Ōbu Station in Ōbu, Aichi Prefecture with Taketoyo Station in Taketoyo, Aichi Prefecture. It is owned and run by Central Japan Railway Company.

KiHa 122 series Japanese train type

The KiHa 122 series and KiHa 127 series are diesel multiple unit (DMU) train types operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on the Kishin Line between Himeji and Kōzuki. A total of 19 cars have been delivered, formed as seven single-car KiHa 122 series units and six two-car KiHa 127 series units. Test-running commenced in late September 2008, with the units entering revenue-earning service from the start of the revised timetable on 14 March 2009.

KiHa 25 Japanese diesel multiple unit train type

The KiHa 25 (キハ25形) is a diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by the Central Japan Railway Company on local and rapid services in Japan, since March 2011. Following electrification of the Taketoyo Line in 2015, they replaced KiHa 40 series DMUs on the Takayama and Taita Lines.

KiHa 100 series Diesel multiple unit train type operated in Japan

The KiHa 100 and 110 series (キハ100・110系) are diesel multiple unit (DMU) trains operated since 1990 by East Japan Railway Company on non-electrified rural lines in Japan.

Tokachi (train)

The Super Tokachi (スーパーとかち) is a limited express train service between Sapporo and Obihiro via the Hakodate and Nemuro Main Lines in Hokkaido, Japan, operated by Hokkaido Railway Company. As of November 2013, there are five trains per day running in both directions, with the fastest journey taking 2 hours 25 minutes.

Joyful Train is the name given to railway rolling stock or train sets operated by the JR Group in Japan primarily for charters, special events, tourist excursions, and other similar purposes.

KiHa 189 series Japanese train type

The KiHa 189 series is a diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on Hamakaze limited express services between Osaka and Tottori since November 2010 and Biwako Express services between Osaka and Maibara since March 2014.

KiHa 40 series Japanese train type

The KiHa 40 series is a diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in 1977 and operated by all of the Japan Railways Group companies on suburban and rural services in Japan.It also served in other private railway companies in Japan since 2017 following the removal of service which have been pulled out by Japan Railways group and also served in overseas operations in Myanmar since 2011.

KiHa 11 Japanese train type

The KiHa 11 (キハ11形) is a single-car diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by Central Japan Railway Company and Tokai Transport Service Company (TKJ) on driver-only operated rural services in central Japan. A total of 43 cars were built between 1989 and 1999, with the class divided into four sub-classes: KiHa 11-0, KiHa 11-100, KiHa 11-200, and KiHa 11-300.

KiHa 75 Japanese train type

The KiHa 75 (キハ75形) is a diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by Central Japan Railway Company on local, rapid and Mie rapid services in Japan since 1993. They also formerly serviced the Kasuga express service until it was discontinued in March 2006.

KiHa 160 Japanese train type

The KiHa 160 (キハ160形) was a single-car diesel multiple unit (DMU) train operated by Hokkaido Railway Company on the Hidaka Main Line in Japan. A single car was built in 1997 by Niigata Tekko to replace the KiHa 130 DMU car withdrawn due to collision damage sustained in a level crossing accident in January 1996. From 2007, the unit was rebuilt as an experimental hybrid car, branded "Inno Tech Train", before being finally withdrawn in fiscal 2013.

KiHa 261 series Japanese train type

The KiHa 261 series (キハ261系) is a tilting diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by Hokkaido Railway Company on limited express services in Hokkaido, Japan, since 2000.

KiHa 285 series Japanese train type

The KiHa 285 series (キハ285系) was a tilting diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type developed by Hokkaido Railway Company, originally intended for use on limited express services in Hokkaido, Japan. One three-car trainset was completed in September 2014 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries in Kobe, but plans to construct any further KiHa 285 series trains were cancelled the same month, and the trainset built was scrapped without entering revenue service.

KiHa 35 Diesel multiple unit train type

The KiHa 35 series (キハ35), along with the similar KiHa 30 and KiHa 36 series, are Japanese diesel multiple unit (DMU) train types formerly operated by the Japanese National Railways (JNR) and JR Group of companies, and later operated by the private railway operators Kanto Railway and Mizushima Rinkai Railway. They were built from 1961 until 1966, and were widely used around Japan. Most units were withdrawn in 2012 with the exception of those used by private railways, which remained in service. Some were later operated by Philippine National Railways on Bicol Commuter Train since 2015, and on Metro South Commuter services since 2017.

KiHa 187 series Diesel multiple unit train type operated by JR West in Japan

The KiHa 187 series is a diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on Super Oki, Super Matsukaze and Super Inaba limited express services.

KiHa 38 Diesel multiple unit train type

The KiHa 38 (キハ38) is a Japanese diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type introduced by the Japanese National Railways (JNR) in 1986. These are converted from ageing KiHa 35's to come up for the modernization through conversion into a new rolling stock before it was privatized in 1987.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 諸河久 (1989). JRのニューフェース'89[JR's New Face '89] (in Japanese). Hoikusha. p. 126. ISBN   9784586507849.
  2. "C-DT57 / JR東海キハ85系" [C-DT57 / JR Central Kiha 85 series]. rail.hobidas.com (in Japanese). Neko Publishing. November 18, 2009. Archived from the original on September 14, 2019. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Faster through the curves on JR-Central". railwaygazette.com. DVV Media International. August 1, 1997. Archived from the original on September 14, 2019. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  4. Harris, Ken, ed. (2005). Jane's World Railways 2005-2006 (47th ed.). Jane's Information Group. p. 280. ISBN   0 7106 2710 6.
  5. 1 2 橋村, 季真 (September 6, 2019). "重低音で快走、JR東海「キハ85」が開いた新時代" [A new era in which JR Central "Kiha 85" opened with a heavy bass]. toyokeizai.net (in Japanese). Toyo Keizai Inc. Archived from the original on September 14, 2019. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  6. Fukuoka, Makoto (December 12, 2019). "JR東海のハイブリッド特急車両「HC85系」お披露目" [JR Central hybrid limited express train "HC85 series" unveiled]. Tetsudo Shimbun (in Japanese). Archived from the original on December 14, 2019. Retrieved February 3, 2020.