Kiichi Miyazawa

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Kiichi Miyazawa
宮澤 喜一
Kiichi Miyazawa cropped 1 Kiichi Miyazawa 19911105.jpg
Kiichi Miyazawa
49th Prime Minister of Japan
In office
5 November 1991 9 August 1993
Monarch Akihito
Preceded by Toshiki Kaifu
Succeeded by Morihiro Hosokawa
Personal details
Born(1919-10-08)8 October 1919
Fukuyama, Hiroshima, Japan
Died28 June 2007(2007-06-28) (aged 87)
Tokyo, Japan
Political party Liberal Democratic Party
Alma mater Tokyo Imperial University
Signature MiyazawaK kao.png

Kiichi Miyazawa(宮澤 喜一,Miyazawa Kiichi, 8 October 1919 – 28 June 2007 [1] ) was a Japanese politician and the 78th Japanese Prime Minister serving from 5 November 1991 to 9 August 1993.

Prime Minister of Japan Head of government of Japan

The Prime Minister of Japan is the head of government of Japan. The Prime Minister is appointed by the Emperor of Japan after being designated by the National Diet and must enjoy the confidence of the House of Representatives to remain in office. He is the chairman of the Cabinet and appoints and dismisses the other Ministers of State. The literal translation of the Japanese name for the office is Minister for the Comprehensive Administration of the Cabinet.

Contents

Early life and education

Miyazawa was born into a wealthy, politically active family in Fukuyama, Hiroshima, on 8 October 1919. His father was a member of the Diet [2] and his grandfather a cabinet minister. [3] He graduated from Tokyo Imperial University with a degree in law. [3]

Fukuyama, Hiroshima Core city in Chūgoku, Japan

Fukuyama is a city located on the Ashida River in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.

Career

In 1942, he joined the ministry of finance, avoiding military service during World War II. [3]

In 1953, he was elected to the upper house of the Diet of Japan, where he stayed until moving to the lower house in 1967. [3] Miyazawa held a number of prominent public positions, including minister of international trade and industry (1970–1971), minister of foreign affairs (1974–1976), director general of the economic planning agency (1977–1978), and chief cabinet secretary (1984–1986). He became minister of finance under the government of Noboru Takeshita in July 1986. However, Miyazawa had to resign amid the Recruit scandal in 1988. [1]

Noboru Takeshita The 74th Prime Minister of Japan

Noboru Takeshita was a Japanese politician and the 74th Prime Minister of Japan from 6 November 1987 to 3 June 1989.

The Recruit scandal was an insider trading and corruption scandal that forced many prominent Japanese politicians to resign in 1988.

Prime minister

with Bill Clinton (at the Garden of Iikura Guest House on July 6, 1993) Clinton Miyazawa.jpg
with Bill Clinton (at the Garden of Iikura Guest House on July 6, 1993)

Miyazawa became Prime Minister on 5 November 1991 backed by his faction. [4] Miyazawa gained brief fame in the United States when President George H. W. Bush vomited in his lap and fainted during a state dinner on 8 January 1992.

George H. W. Bush vomiting incident

On January 8, 1992, about 8:20 p.m JST, while attending a banquet hosted by the Prime Minister of Japan, Kiichi Miyazawa, U.S. President George H. W. Bush fainted, after vomiting in Miyazawa's lap.

His government passed a law allowing Japan to send its forces overseas for peacekeeping missions as well as negotiating a trade agreement with the United States. It also introduced financial reforms to address the growing economic malaise in Japan in the 1990s. Miyazawa resigned in 1993 after losing a vote of no confidence marking an end to 38 years of Liberal Democratic Party government. [1] The reason for the vote was a scandal involving Fumio Abe, a member of Miyazawa's faction. [4] The Liberal Democratic Party returned to power in June 1994.

Peacekeeping Activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace

Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace. Research generally finds that peacekeeping reduces civilian and battlefield deaths and reduces the risk of renewed warfare.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Malaise is a feeling of general discomfort, uneasiness, or pain, often the first sign of an infection or other disease. The word has existed in the French language since at least the 12th century.

Subsequent career

with Robert Rubin (on April 26, 1999) Rubin Miyazawa 19990426.jpg
with Robert Rubin (on April 26, 1999)

Miyazawa later returned to frontbench politics when he was once again appointed finance minister from 1998 to 2001 in the governments of Keizō Obuchi and Yoshirō Mori. In 1998, Miyazawa replaced Hikaru Matsunaga as finance minister. [5] [6] He served a total 14 terms in both upper and lower houses before retiring from politics in 2003. [3] [7] The reason for his retirement was that then prime minister Junichiro Koizumi set an age limit of 73 for LDP political candidates. [8]

Personal life

Miyazawa married while studying in the United States. He and his wife, Yoko, had two children: Hiro, an architect, and Keiko, wife of diplomat Christopher J. Lafleur. [9] [3] He published a book, entitled Secret Talks Between Tokyo and Washington, which was translated into English by Robert D. Eldridge in 2007. The book is about Miyazawa's views concerning the relationships between the US and Japan in terms of the political, economic, and security-related negotiations during the period of 1949 and 1954. [10]

Death

Miyazawa died in Tokyo at the age of 87 on 28 June 2007. [1] [7]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Martin, Douglas (29 June 2007). "Kiichi Miyazawa, Japan Premier in the 90s, Dies at 87". New York Times . Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  2. Calder, Kent E. (January 1992). "Japan in 1991: Uncertain Quest for a Global Role". Asian Survey. 32 (1): 32–41. doi:10.1525/as.1992.32.1.00p0124h. JSTOR   2645196.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 McCurry, Justin (30 June 2007). "Obituary. Kiichi Miyazawa". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  4. 1 2 Jameson, Sam (2 February 1992). "Miyazawa's Party Faction Chief Indicted". Los Angeles Times. Tokyo. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  5. "Matsunaga expects economy to recover under Miyazawa". Kyodo News. Tokyo. 30 July 1998. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  6. "Kiichi Miyazawa: plagued by bribery". BBC. 29 July 1998. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  7. 1 2 "Former Japan PM Kiichi Miyazawa dead". UPI. Tokyo. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  8. Nakamoto, Michiyo (28 June 2007). "Former Japanese PM Miyazawa dies". Financial Times. Tokyo. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  9. https://www.nytimes.com/1991/10/28/world/man-in-the-news-kiichi-miyazawa-self-assured-leader-of-japan.html
  10. Secret Talks Between Tokyo and Washington. Google Books. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
House of Councillors
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Noboru Saitō
Chair, Committee on Rules and Administration of House of Councillors of Japan
19611962
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Toshiki Kaifu
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19911993
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19701971
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19801982
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Noboru Takeshita
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19861988
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Deputy Prime Minister of Japan
19871988
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Toshiki Kaifu
Prime Minister of Japan
19911993
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Morihiro Hosokawa
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19982001
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