Kilburn tube station

Last updated

Kilburn Underground no-text.svg
Kilburn tube station entrance1.jpg
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Kilburn
Location of Kilburn in Greater London
Location Brondesbury Park
Local authority London Borough of Brent
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms2
AccessibleYes [1]
Fare zone 2
OSI Brondesbury Overground roundel (no text).svg [2]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2018Decrease2.svg 8.08 million [3]
2019Increase2.svg 8.12 million [4]
2020Decrease2.svg 3.95 million [5]
2021Decrease2.svg 3.30 million [6]
2022Increase2.svg 5.52 million [7]
Railway companies
Original company Metropolitan Railway
Key dates
24 November 1879Opened as Kilburn & Brondesbury
20 November 1939Bakerloo line service introduced
7 December 1940Metropolitan line service ceased
25 September 1950Renamed Kilburn
1 May 1979Bakerloo line service replaced by Jubilee line
Other information
External links
WGS84 51°32′50″N0°12′17″W / 51.54722°N 0.20472°W / 51.54722; -0.20472
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg  London transportportal

Kilburn is a London Underground station near Brondesbury Park in north-west London. It is on the Jubilee line, between Willesden Green and West Hampstead stations and is in Travelcard Zone 2. The station is on the A5 Kilburn High Road or Shoot-up Hill, approximately 0.1 miles (0.16 km) north of Brondesbury station. Metropolitan line trains typically bypass the station without stopping.

Contents

The station was first opened on the Metropolitan line in 1879 as part of an extension to Willesden Green. The two-track line through the station was quadrupled in the 1910s. After merging to form the London Passenger Transport Board in 1933, Metropolitan line services through the station were transferred to the Stanmore branch of the Bakerloo line, and the station was extensively rebuilt. This branch was then transferred again to the Jubilee line in 1979. The 1930s station building remains, and was refurbished in 2005. The station is now wheelchair accessible and has frequent train services to Central London.

Location

Kilburn serves the area of the name itself, which is a moderate commercial district and dense residential suburb. The place was said to be named after Cylla, then a Saxon, or from the 1121 Saxon term "Cuneburna" for "the cattle stream". [8] The earliest settlements near the station date back to 1847. [9] The station is on the A5 Kilburn High Road or Shoot-up Hill. The road connects several stations including Brondesbury and Kilburn High Road. Nearby landmarks include the Red Lion, Kiln Theatre, Kilburn Grange Park, ICMP London and Kingsgate Primary School. [10]

History

The Metropolitan Railway (MR) first opened a separate line called the Metropolitan and St. John's Wood Railway (M&SJWR) from Baker Street to Swiss Cottage. Due to low passenger numbers, the MR was considering options to extend the M&SJWR further to provide new routes into Central London. [11] [12] [note 1] Permission was granted to extend the line up to Harrow via Kilburn in 1874. [15]

The station opened as Kilburn and Brondesbury on 24 November 1879 [9] which formed part of the extension to Willesden Green. [16] As there was an increase in traffic, the tracks from Finchley Road to Harrow (now Harrow-on-the-Hill) were to be quadrupled. Four-track operation started between Finchley Road and Kilburn in 1913, extending to Wembley Park in 1915. [17] This created a bottleneck between Finchley Road and Baker Street. [18]

On 1 July 1933, the MR amalgamated with other Underground railways, tramway companies and bus operators to form the London Passenger Transport Board, and the MR became the Metropolitan line of London Transport. [19] Due to a bottleneck between Finchley Road and Baker Street, the Bakerloo line was to extend to Finchley Road and Stanmore to relieve congestion on the Metropolitan line. The extension would also take over the intermediate stations, including Kiburn. Construction began in 1936 and Kilburn became part of the Stanmore branch of the Bakerloo line on 20 November 1939, [20] at which time the station was extensively rebuilt. [8] Metropolitan line services through the station ceased on 7 December 1940, where services were fully transferred to the Bakerloo line. [21] The station was renamed to its current name on 25 September 1950. [8]

During World War II and throughout the 1950s and early 1960s consideration was given to various routes connecting north-west and south-east London via Central London. The Victoria line was given priority and it was not until after construction of that line started that detailed planning began for the new line. It was planned to run in an east–west direction along Fleet Street, and was to be named the Fleet line. [22] Lack of funding meant that only the first stage of the proposed line, from Baker Street to Charing Cross was approved in July 1969; funding was agreed in August 1971. [23] [note 2] Construction began in 1972. [25] In 1977, the name of the line was changed to the Jubilee line, to mark the Queen's Silver Jubilee that year. [26] [note 3] Trial running of trains began in August 1978 and the Jubilee line opened on 1 May the next year. [28] [29] The line had been officially opened by Prince Charles the previous day, starting with a train journey from Green Park to Charing Cross. [29] This replaced the Stanmore branch of the Bakerloo line, with the initial section operating between Stanmore and Charing Cross. [8] [21] [30] [note 4]

The station today

The viaduct at Kilburn, spelling out the words "Metropolitan Railway". Metropolitan bridge Kilburn High Road.jpg
The viaduct at Kilburn, spelling out the words "Metropolitan Railway".

One of the bridges just beyond the station which carries the four-track line over the A5 Kilburn High Road (then known as Watling Street) has the company name "METROPOLITAN RAILWAY" fixed on the sides of the viaduct. The numbers on the viaduct read "1914", around the time when the Metropolitan Railway quadrupled its tracks from Finchley Road to Harrow-on-the-Hill. [10] [17] [34]

In 2005, major refurbishing works took place, which involved the station being fully repainted, receiving a new CCTV system, better lighting, upgraded PA systems, new toilets, and new train indicator boards at the ticket hall and platform level. A lift was also installed at the station to provide step-free access from street to platform level. Heritage features were also retained throughout the refurbishment. [35] [36]

Services and connections

Services

Westbound platform looking east, with a Jubilee line train at night. Kilburn tube station in 2022.jpg
Westbound platform looking east, with a Jubilee line train at night.

Kilburn is on the London Underground Jubilee line, between Willesden Green and West Hampstead stations, in Travelcard Zone 2. [37] The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is: [38]

Night tube services began operation on the night of 7 October 2016, two months after the Central and Victoria line services began. [39] [40] 6 tph operate in both directions throughout the entire line. [41] [42]

Connections

London Buses routes 16, 32, 189, 316, 332 and 632, [43] and night route N16 serve the station. [44]

Kilburn is close to Brondesbury station on the London Overground North London line, with a walking distance of 0.1 miles (0.16 km). [10] This route is also considered as an official out-of-station interchange by Transport for London. [2]

Notes and references

Notes

  1. The original intention was to extend to Hampstead, but only the route up to Swiss Cottage was completed. The railway was instead extended in a north-western direction. [13] [14]
  2. Funding for Stage 1 of the line was to come from the Greater London Council and central government in the ratio 1:3. [24]
  3. The decision to change the name of the line was made by the Greater London Council, although the line was not expected to open until 1978. Subsequent delays in the installation of escalators and fitting-out of stations pushed the opening date into 1979. [27]
  4. Work on the Fleet line's stages 2 and 3 did not proceed and it was not until 1992 that an alternative route to Stratford was approved. [31] [32] [33]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Metropolitan line</span> London Underground line

The Metropolitan line, colloquially known as the Met, is a London Underground line between Aldgate in the City of London and Amersham and Chesham in Buckinghamshire, with branches to Watford in Hertfordshire and Uxbridge in Hillingdon. Printed in magenta on the tube map, the line is 41.4 miles (66.7 km) in length and serves 34 stations. Between Aldgate and Finchley Road, the track is mostly in shallow "cut and cover" tunnels, apart from short sections at Barbican and Farringdon stations. The rest of the line is above ground, with a loading gauge of a similar size to those on main lines. Just under 67 million passenger journeys were made on the line in 2011/12.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bakerloo line</span> London Underground line

The Bakerloo line is a London Underground line that runs from Harrow & Wealdstone in suburban north-west London to Elephant & Castle in south London, via the West End. Printed in brown on the Tube map, it serves 25 stations, 15 of which are underground, over 23.2 kilometres (14.4 mi). It runs partly on the surface and partly through deep-level tube tunnels.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jubilee line</span> London Underground line

The Jubilee line is a London Underground line that runs between Stanmore in suburban north-west London and Stratford in east London, via the Docklands, South Bank and West End. Opened in 1979, it is the newest line on the Underground network, although some sections of track date back to 1932 and some stations to 1879.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baker Street tube station</span> London Underground station

Baker Street is a London Underground station at the junction of Baker Street and the Marylebone Road in the City of Westminster. It is one of the original stations of the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the world's first underground railway, opened on 10 January 1863.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wembley Park tube station</span> London Underground station

Wembley Park is a London Underground station in Wembley Park, north west London. The station is served by the Jubilee and Metropolitan lines and is in Travelcard Zone 4. It is located on Bridge Road (A4089) and is the nearest Underground station to the Wembley Stadium and Wembley Arena complex. This is where the Jubilee line from Stanmore diverges from the Metropolitan line, which was formerly a branch of the Metropolitan Railway and was taken over by the Bakerloo line and today part of the Jubilee line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Neasden tube station</span> London Underground station

Neasden is a London Underground station in Neasden. It is on the Jubilee line, between Wembley Park and Dollis Hill stations. Metropolitan line trains pass through the station but do not stop, except on rare occasions. The Chiltern Main Line/London to Aylesbury Line runs to the west of the station.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Willesden Green tube station</span> London Underground station

Willesden Green is a London Underground station on Walm Lane in Willesden. It is served by the Jubilee line and is between Dollis Hill and Kilburn stations. Metropolitan line trains also pass through the station, but do not usually stop. The station is in both Travelcard Zone 2 and Zone 3.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Hampstead tube station</span> London Underground station

West Hampstead is a London Underground station in West Hampstead. It is located on West End Lane between Broadhurst Gardens and Blackburn Road and is situated in Travelcard Zone 2. It is on the Jubilee line between Kilburn and Finchley Road stations. It is 100 m (110 yd) from West Hampstead station on the London Overground North London line and 200 m (220 yd) from West Hampstead Thameslink station. Metropolitan line trains also pass through the station, but do not usually stop.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Finchley Road tube station</span> London Underground station

Finchley Road is a London Underground station at the corner of Finchley Road and Canfield Gardens in the London Borough of Camden, north London. It is on the Jubilee line, between West Hampstead and Swiss Cottage stations and on the Metropolitan line between Wembley Park and Baker Street stations. It is in Travelcard Zone 2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Swiss Cottage tube station</span> London Underground station

Swiss Cottage is a London Underground station at Swiss Cottage, north London. It is on the Jubilee line, between Finchley Road and St John's Wood stations. It lies in Travelcard Zone 2 and is located at the junction of Finchley Road, Avenue Road and College Crescent. The station is a local station, with the Metropolitan Line bypassing the station nearby.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St John's Wood tube station</span> London Underground station

St. John's Wood is a London Underground station located in St John's Wood in the City of Westminster, north-west London. It was opened in 1939 as a stop on the Bakerloo line. Today St. John's Wood is served by the Jubilee line, between Swiss Cottage and Baker Street stations and is in Travelcard Zone 2. Essentially, St. John's Wood station is a local station with the nearby Metropolitan Line bypassing this station. A journey between St. John's Wood and Baker Street typically takes less than three minutes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Canning Town station</span> London Underground and Docklands Light Railway station

Canning Town is an interchange station located in Canning Town, London for London Underground, Docklands Light Railway (DLR) and London Buses services.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Canons Park tube station</span> London Underground station

Canons Park is a London Underground station at Canons Park of the London Borough of Harrow, north London. It is on the Jubilee line, between Stanmore and Queensbury stations and is in Travelcard Zone 5. It is also the least used station on the Jubilee line with an average of 1.68 million passengers per year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stanmore tube station</span> London Underground station

Stanmore is a London Underground station in Stanmore. It is the northern terminus of the Jubilee line and the next station towards south is Canons Park. The station is on the south side of London Road and is in Travelcard Zone 5.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Queen's Park station (England)</span> London Underground and London Overground station

Queen's Park is an interchange station on the Watford DC line and Bakerloo line served by London Overground and London Underground respectively. It lies at the southern end of Salusbury Road, near the south-east corner of the public park from which the area now known as Queen's Park has taken its modern name. The station is in Travelcard Zone 2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Harrow & Wealdstone station</span> London Underground and railway station

Harrow & Wealdstone is a London Underground and railway station on the Watford DC line and West Coast Main Line in Harrow and Wealdstone in the London Borough of Harrow. It is 11 miles 30 chains (18.31 km) on the line from London Euston station. It is also the northern terminus of the Bakerloo line and the next station towards south is Kenton.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brondesbury railway station</span> London Overground station

Brondesbury is on the North London line, on a viaduct crossing Kilburn High Road in the Brondesbury area of Kilburn in the London Borough of Brent in north-west London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lord's tube station</span> Former railway station in England

Lord's was a London Underground station located in St John's Wood, north-west London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Preston Road tube station</span> London Underground station

Preston Road is a London Underground station in Preston Road in the London Borough of Brent. It is on the Metropolitan line between Northwick Park and Wembley Park stations and is in Travelcard Zone 4. It serves the local area of Preston in Wembley and parts of Kenton.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edgware Road Tube schemes</span>

Edgware Road Tube schemes covers a number of proposals to build an underground railway in London, UK at the end of the 19th century. Each scheme envisaged building some form of rail tunnel along the Edgware Road in north-west London towards Victoria railway station.

References

  1. "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London . April 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 May 2021.
  2. 1 2 "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLSX). Transport for London. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
  3. "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 11 October 2023.
  4. "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  5. "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2020. Transport for London. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  6. "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2021. Transport for London. 12 July 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  7. "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2022. Transport for London. 4 October 2023. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  8. 1 2 3 4 Wallinger et al. 2014, p. 222.
  9. 1 2 "Kilburn" (PDF). Places in Brent. Brent Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 December 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  10. 1 2 3 "Kilburn tube station" (Map). Google Maps. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  11. Horne 2003, pp. 6–9.
  12. Jackson 1986, p. 75.
  13. Demuth & Leboff 1999, p. 9.
  14. Jackson 1986, pp. 374.
  15. Jackson 1986, p. 77.
  16. Jackson 1986, p. 79.
  17. 1 2 Bruce 1983, p. 55.
  18. Green 1987, p. 44.
  19. Horne 2003, pp. 54–55.
  20. Horne 2003, pp. 59–61.
  21. 1 2 Rose 1999.
  22. Horne 2000, pp. 28–34.
  23. Horne 2000, pp. 34–35.
  24. Horne 2000, p. 35.
  25. Horne 2000, p. 38.
  26. Horne 2000, p. 44.
  27. Horne 2000, pp. 44–45.
  28. Rose 2016.
  29. 1 2 Horne 2000, p. 45.
  30. Feather, Clive. "Bakerloo line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  31. Horne 2000, p. 36.
  32. Horne 2000, pp. 50–52.
  33. Horne 2000, p. 57.
  34. Jones, Ian (25 March 2012). "7. The Viaduct at Kilburn". 150 Great Things about the Underground. Archived from the original on 9 December 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  35. "Kilburn Tube station refurbished and accessible" (Press release). Transport for London. 10 February 2005. Archived from the original on 9 December 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  36. "Jubilee line CLD Archive" (PDF). Transport for London. January 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 December 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  37. Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. November 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 November 2022. Retrieved 12 November 2022.
  38. Feather, Clive (18 September 2018). "Jubilee line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 8 December 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  39. "Night Tube begins in London, bringing 'huge boost' to capital". BBC News. 20 August 2016. Archived from the original on 29 November 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  40. "Sadiq Khan to launch London's night tube service". The Guardian. 19 August 2016. Archived from the original on 29 November 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  41. "Night Tube: Jubilee Line service to begin and Northern Line gets start date". BBC News. 7 October 2016. Archived from the original on 8 December 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  42. Standard Night Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Transport for London. May 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 July 2020.
  43. "632 bus route". Transport for London . Archived from the original on 8 December 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  44. "Buses from Brondesbury" (PDF). Transport for London. 18 November 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2018.

Bibliography

Preceding station Underground no-text.svg London Underground Following station
Willesden Green
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line
1879-1939
West Hampstead
towards Stratford
Former services
Willesden Green
towards Stanmore
Bakerloo line
Stanmore branch (1939–1979)
West Hampstead
Willesden Green Metropolitan line West Hampstead
towards Baker Street or Aldgate