Kilconquhar

Last updated
Sign to the village. Kilconquhar - geograph.org.uk - 275856.jpg
Sign to the village.

Kilconquhar ( /kɪˈnjʌxər/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) ki-NYUKH-ər or /kɪlˈkɒŋkər/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Scots : also Kinneuchar, from the Scottish Gaelic : Cill Dúnchad or Conchad, Church of (St) Duncan or Conchad) [1] [2] is a village and parish in Fife in Scotland. It includes the small hamlet of Barnyards. [3] It is bounded by the parishes of Elie, Ceres, Cameron, St Monans, Carnbee, Newburn and Largo. [4] It is approximately 9 miles from north to south. Much of the land is agricultural or wooded. The village itself is situated inland, north of Kilconquhar Loch. Also in the civil parish are Colinsburgh and Largoward, [5] the latter since 1860 being a separate ecclesiastical parish. [6]

Contents

The coastal village and royal burgh of Earlsferry was formerly in the parish, but in 1891 the burgh and that part of the parish south of the (now disused) Fife Coast Railway line and Cocklemill Burn was transferred to the parish of Elie. [7]

History

Kilconquhar Castle was formerly owned by the Adams of Kilconquhar. Adam of Kilconquhar married Marjorie, Countess of Carrick to become the Earl of Carrick. Adam went to the Crusades with Prince Edward of England and died in Acre. His widow subsequently married Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale, who thus became Earl of Carrick and Lord of Kilconquhar. Their son was Robert the Bruce. [8] [9]

There was another castle in the parish called Rires or Reres, belonging to the Forbes family. Margaret Beaton, Lady Reres, was a companion of Mary, Queen of Scots, and her husband Arthur Forbes was involved in the assassination of John Wood. [10] The ruins of the castle were demolished and cleared away in the 19th century.

In the 18th century the village was noted as a weaving centre. This industry employed 235 persons in 1856 [5] but faded in the late 19th century. The population was at a high in 1836 of 558 but dropped to 350 in 1881. By 2011 it had fallen to just over 200.

Parish Church

Kil in the name implies an early Christian origin for the church, but no early remains or carved stones of the period have been identified.[ citation needed ] The situation of the medieval parish church, on a mound near a loch, is a typical one for early sites.[ citation needed ]

Kilconquhar Parish Church is within the Church of Scotland. The historic church building is still in regular use; it is an exact, but larger scale, copy, of Cockpen and Carrington Parish Church in Midlothian [11] has an unusually tall tower for such a small parish.

Mention of Saint Conquhar, a Scottish Saint, is found only in the 15th-century Perth Psalter. His saint's day is noted as May 3. [12]

The new church was planned in 1818 and designed by R & R Dickson in 1819, based on Cockpen Church which they had overseen the construction of, following the death of its designer, their employer Richard Crichton. [13] The church opened in 1821. It contains several fine stained glass windows including "The Acts of Charity" by Ward and Hughes installed in 1867 and four biblical warriors installed in the 1920s by Mrs Andrew Grant in memory of her four nephews lost in World War I. [8]

The church bell was donated by Robert, son of the Countess Dowager of Crawford, in the mid 19th century, but is an 18th-century bell, formerly in Greenwich Hospital. [8] [11]

The remains of Old Kilconquhar Church lie in the churchyard. This was originally called Culdee Church and is first mentioned in 1177. In 1200 Duncan, Earl of Fife bestowed revenues from this church to the Cistercian nunnery in North Berwick. The church was consecrated in 1243 by Bishop de Bernham. In 1499 Patrick Dunbar, Laird of Kilconquhar, set up an altar to "Our Lady of Pitie (Pity)".

Other notable buildings

The local pub is the Kinneuchar Inn. It dates from the 18th century. [3]

Lochside Farm, Allan Cottage and Woodlands all date from the mid 18th century.

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

Royal burgh Autonomous municipal corporation granted a royal charter in the Kingdom of Scotland.

A royal burgh was a type of Scottish burgh which had been founded by, or subsequently granted, a royal charter. Although abolished by law in 1975, the term is still used by many former royal burghs.

North Berwick Town in East Lothian, Scotland

North Berwick is a seaside town and former royal burgh in East Lothian, Scotland. It is situated on the south shore of the Firth of Forth, approximately 20 miles (32 km) east-northeast of Edinburgh. North Berwick became a fashionable holiday resort in the nineteenth century because of its two sandy bays, the East Bay and the West Bay, and continues to attract holidaymakers. Golf courses at the ends of each bay are open to visitors.

Kinghorn Human settlement in Scotland

Kinghorn is a town and parish in Fife, Scotland. A seaside resort with two beaches, Kinghorn Beach and Pettycur Bay, plus a fishing port, it stands on the north shore of the Firth of Forth, opposite Edinburgh. According to the 2008 population estimate, the town has a population of 2,930.

Bonnyrigg is a town in Midlothian, Scotland, eight miles southeast of Edinburgh city centre. The town had a population of 14,663 in the 2001 census which rose to 15,677 in the 2011 census, both figures based on the 2010 definition of the locality which, as well as Bonnyrigg and the adjacent settlement of Lasswade, includes Polton village, Poltonhall housing estate and modern development at Hopefield. The estimated population for 2018 is 18,120, the highest of any town in Midlothian. Along with Lasswade, Bonnyrigg is a twin town with Saint-Cyr-l'École, France.

Maybole Human settlement in Scotland

Maybole is a town and former burgh of barony and police burgh in South Ayrshire, Scotland. It had an estimated population of 4,580 in 2020. It is situated 9 miles (14 km) south of Ayr and 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Glasgow by the Glasgow and South Western Railway. The town is bypassed by the A77.

Falkland, Fife Human settlement in Scotland

Falkland, previously in the Lands of Kilgour, is a village, parish and former royal burgh in Fife, Scotland, at the foot of the Lomond Hills. According to the 2008 population estimate, it has a population of 1,180.

Balmaghie Human settlement in Scotland

Balmaghie, from the Scottish Gaelic Baile Mhic Aoidh, is an ecclesiastical and civil parish in the historical county of Kirkcudbrightshire in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland and was the seat of the McGhee family. It is bordered by the River Dee to the north and east. Threave Castle stands on an island in the river. The River Dee is commonly known as the Black Water of Dee on the northern border, the name changes with the meeting of the Water of Ken to the north west and is then known as Loch Ken along the eastern border. Balmaghie parish borders Girthon to the west and Tongland and Twynholm to the south. The closest market town is Castle Douglas about 6 miles from Balmaghie Kirk.

Elie and Earlsferry Human settlement in Scotland

Elie and Earlsferry is a coastal town and former royal burgh in Fife, and parish, Scotland, situated within the East Neuk beside Chapel Ness on the north coast of the Firth of Forth, eight miles east of Leven. The burgh comprised the linked villages of Elie to the east and to the west Earlsferry, which were formally merged in 1930 by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929. To the north is the village of Kilconquhar and Kilconquhar Loch.

Lasswade Human settlement in Scotland

Lasswade is a village and civil parish in Midlothian, Scotland, on the River North Esk, nine miles south of Edinburgh city centre, contiguous with Bonnyrigg and between Dalkeith to the east and Loanhead to the west. Melville Castle lies to the north east. The Gaelic form is Leas Bhaid, meaning the "clump at the fort."

Carrick Castle Castle in Argyll and Bute, Scotland

Carrick Castle is a 14th-century tower house on the west shore of Loch Goil on the Cowal peninsula in Argyll and Bute, Scotland. It is located between Cuilmuich and Carrick, 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Lochgoilhead.

Cockpen and Carrington Parish Church

Cockpen and Carrington Parish Church is located to the south of the town of Bonnyrigg in Midlothian, Scotland. It is a congregation of the Church of Scotland. The parish includes the south side of the town of Bonnyrigg, plus the rural area to the south of the town.

Balcarres House Historic site

Balcarres House lies 1km north of the village of Colinsburgh, in the East Neuk of Fife, in eastern Scotland. It is centred on a mansion built in 1595 by John Lindsay (1552–1598), second son of David, 9th Earl of Crawford. The house became the family seat of the Earl of Crawford. The present house is the result of substantial extensions in the early nineteenth century, using part of a fortune made in India, but preserves much of the original mansion.

Adam of Kilconquhar was a Scottish noble from the 13th century. Of Fife origin, he is notable for becoming the husband of the Countess of Carrick and participating in the Ninth Crusade under the command of Lord Edward, Duke of Gascony.

Colinsburgh Human settlement in Scotland

Colinsburgh is a village in east Fife, Scotland, in the parish of Kilconquhar.

Cockpen Human settlement in Scotland

Cockpen is a parish in Midlothian, Scotland, containing at its north-west corner the town of Bonnyrigg, which lies two miles (3.2 km) south-west of Dalkeith. It is bounded on the west and north by the parish of Lasswade, on the east, by Newbattle and on the south by Carrington. It extends about three miles (4.8 km) from north to south and its greatest breadth is about 2+12 miles (4.0 km).

Moonzie is a small parish in Fife, Scotland, about 3 miles north-west of Cupar. It is bounded on the west by Creich, on the north by Kilmany, on the south-east by Cupar and on the south-west by Monimail.

Wemyss, Fife Scottish parish in Fife, Scotland, UK

Wemyss is a civil parish on the south coast of Fife, Scotland, lying on the Firth of Forth. It is bounded on the north-east by the parish of Scoonie and the south-west by the parish of Kirkcaldy and Dysart and its length from south-west to north-east is about 6 miles. Inland it is bounded by Markinch and its greatest breadth is 2+14 miles.

Largoward Human settlement in Scotland

Largoward is a village in East Fife, Scotland, lying on the road from Leven to St Andrews in the Riggin o Fife, 4½ miles north-east of Lower Largo and 6½ miles south-west of St Andrews. It is an agricultural and former mining village, one of the three main villages of the civil parish of Kilconquhar, along with Colinsburgh and the village of Kilconquhar. Coal must have been worked for a considerable length of time in the district, as it is recorded that coal was driven annually from Falfield, just north-west of the village, to Falkland Palace for the use of King James VI.

Margaret Beaton, Lady Reres was a Scottish courtier and companion of Mary of Guise and Mary, Queen of Scots. She was blamed by the enemies of Mary, Queen of Scots, for her involvement in alleged immorality at court.

William Duddingston

Rear Admiral William Duddingston (1740–1817) was an 18th-century Scottish commander in the Royal Navy, of fame for the Gaspee Affair, one of the precursors to the American War of Independence.

References

  1. Taylor, Simon; Gilbert Márkus (2009). The Place-Names of Fife, Vol. III. Donington, Lincolnshire: Shaun Tyas. pp. 303–6. ISBN   978-1-900289-97-9.
  2. "Fife Place-name Data :: Kilconquhar". fife-placenames.glasgow.ac.uk.
  3. 1 2 "Kilconquhar, Fife". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  4. Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, by Francis Groome, 2nd edition 1896; article on Kilconquhar
  5. 1 2 The Topographical, Statistical, and Historical Gazetteer of Scotland. Vol. II. Fullarton. 1856. p. 105.
  6. "About Us". largowardchurch.org.uk.
  7. Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, by Francis Groome, 2nd edition 1896; article on Earlsferry
  8. 1 2 3 Kilconquhar: A Hidden Gem by Jean Lindesay-Bethune 2011
  9. MacGibbon, David; Ross, Thomas (4 June 1887). "The castellated and domestic architecture of Scotland from the twelfth to the eighteenth century". Edinburgh : D. Douglas via Internet Archive.
  10. Pitcairn, Ancient Criminal Trials, vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1833), p. 40.
  11. 1 2 Mitchell, Robin I. (January 1965). "A Bell Called The Countess". The Scots Magazine: 365.
  12. admin (14 July 2009). "History of Kilconquhar Church". www.eastneuktrinity.org.uk.
  13. Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Dickson
  14. Dick, Robert (1896). Annals of Colinsburgh: With Notes on Church Life in Kilconquhar Parish. Edinburgh: Andrew Elliot. pp. 123–126. Retrieved 5 March 2019.

Coordinates: 56°12′N2°49′W / 56.200°N 2.817°W / 56.200; -2.817