Kilinochchi District

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Kilinochchi District

கிளிநொச்சி மாவட்டம்
කිලිනොච්චි දිස්ත්‍රික්කය
Kilinochchi - District & Magistrate's Court.JPG
Kilinochchi District & Magistrate’s Court
Kilinochchi district.svg
Location within Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 09°25′N80°25′E / 9.417°N 80.417°E / 9.417; 80.417 Coordinates: 09°25′N80°25′E / 9.417°N 80.417°E / 9.417; 80.417
Country Sri Lanka
Province Northern
CreatedFebruary 1984
Capital Kilinochchi
DS Division
Government
   District Secretary R. Ketheeswaran
   MPs
   MPCs
Area
[1]
  Total1,279 km2 (494 sq mi)
  Land1,205 km2 (465 sq mi)
  Water74 km2 (29 sq mi)  5.79%
Area rank23rd (1.95% of total area)
Population
 (2012 census) [2]
  Total112,875
  Rank23rd (0.56% of total pop.)
  Density88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Ethnicity
(2012 census) [2]
   Sri Lankan Tamil 109,528 (97.03%)
   Indian Tamil 1,682 (1.49%)
   Sinhalese 962 (0.85%)
   Sri Lankan Moors 678 (0.60%)
  Other25 (0.02%)
Religion
(2012 census) [3]
   Hindu 93,084 (82.47%)
   Christian 18,118 (16.05%)
   Buddhist 945 (0.84%)
   Muslim 678 (0.60%)
  Other50 (0.04%)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
ISO 3166 code LK-42
Vehicle registration NP
Official Languages Tamil, Sinhala
Website Kilinochchi District Secretariat

Kilinochchi District (Tamil : கிளிநொச்சி மாவட்டம்Kiḷinocci Māvaṭṭam; Sinhala : කිලිනොච්චි දිස්ත්‍රික්කය) is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary (previously known as a Government Agent) appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Kilinochchi.

Contents

History

A LTTE parade in Killinochchi, 2002 Tamil Tiger women at war.jpg
A LTTE parade in Killinochchi, 2002

Between 5th century BC and 13th century AD present day Kilinochchi District was part of Rajarata. Much of Kilinochchi District was thereafter part of the pre-colonial Jaffna kingdom. [4] The district then came under Portuguese, Dutch and British control. In 1815 the British gained control of the entire island of Ceylon. They divided the island into three ethnic based administrative structures: Low Country Sinhalese, Kandyan Sinhalese and Tamil. The district, which was then part of Jaffna District, was part of the Tamil administration. In 1833, in accordance with the recommendations of the Colebrooke-Cameron Commission, the ethnic based administrative structures were unified into a single administration divided into five geographic provinces. [5] Jaffna District, together with Mannar District and Vanni District, formed the new Northern Province. [6]

The district was colonised in 1936 by residents from Jaffna Peninsula as part of a scheme that sought to ease overpopulation and unemployment. [7] At the time that Ceylon gained independence, Jaffna was one of the three districts located in the Northern Province. Parts of Jaffna District were transferred to newly created Mullaitivu District in September 1978. Kilinochchi District was carved out of the southern part of Jaffna District in February 1984.

Kilinochchi District was under the control of rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam for many years during the civil war. The district was recaptured by the Sri Lankan military in late 2008/early 2009.

Geography

Kilinochchi District is located in the north of Sri Lanka in the Northern Province. It has an area of 1,279 square kilometres (494 sq mi). [1]

Administrative units

Kilinochchi District is divided into 4 Divisional Secretary's Division (DS Divisions), each headed by a Divisional Secretary (previously known as an Assistant Government Agent). [8] The DS Divisions are further sub-divided into 95 Grama Niladhari Divisions (GN Divisions). [8]

DS Division Main TownDivisional Secretary GN
Divisions
[8]
Area
(km2)
[8] [9]
Population (2012 Census) [10] Population
Density
(/km2)
Sri Lankan
Tamil
Indian
Tamil
Sinhalese Sri Lankan Moors OtherTotal
Kandavalai KandavalaiT. Mugunthan1631822,92075817123,00372
Karachchi Kilinochchi G. Nageswaran4235858,9011,5015331782461,137171
Pachchilaipalli Pallai Sivapathasundram Sathiyaseelan181648,2746222808,51052
Poonakary Poonakary K. S. Vasanthakumar1943919,433168149475020,22546
Total951,279109,5281,68296267825112,87588

Demographics

Population

Kilinochchi District's population was 112,875 in 2011. [2] The population of the district is almost exclusively Sri Lankan Tamil.

The population of the district, like the rest of the north and east of Sri Lanka, has been heavily affected by the civil war. The war killed an estimated 100,000 people. [11] Several hundred thousand Sri Lankan Tamils, possibly as much as one million, emigrated to the West during the war. [12] Many Sri Lankan Tamils also moved to the relative safety of the capital Colombo. Most of the Sri Lankan Moors and Sinhalese who lived in the district fled to other parts of Sri Lanka or were forcibly expelled by the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.

Ethnicity

Population of Kilinochchi District by ethnic group 1981 to 2012 [2] [13] [14]
Year Tamil [lower-alpha 1] Sinhalese Muslim [lower-alpha 2] OtherTotal
No.
No.%No.%No.%No.%
1981 Census89,19797.33%7410.81%1,5671.71%1360.15%91,641
1999 Estimaten/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a156,428
2000 Estimate [lower-alpha 3] n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a154,015
2001 Estimaten/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a148,052
2002 Estimaten/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a153,721
2003 Estimaten/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a140,145
2004 Estimaten/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a140,920
2005 Estimate165,78199.77%20.00%3830.23%00.00%166,166
2006 Estimate196,61199.78%20.00%4240.22%00.00%197,037
2007 Estimate195,38699.78%20.00%4240.22%00.00%195,812
2008 Estimate190,59999.78%20.00%4240.22%00.00%191,025
2009 Estimate22,09993.54%10.00%1,5256.46%00.00%23,625
2011 Enumeration102,77999.10%1380.13%7740.75%260.03%103,717
2012 Census111,21098.52%9620.85%6780.60%250.02%112,875

Religion

Religion in Kilinochchi District (2011) [15]

   Hinduism (82.5%)
   Christianity (16.1%)
   Buddhism (0.8%)
   Islam (0.6%)

Politics and government

Local government

Kilinochchi District has three local authorities all of which are Divisional Councils (Pradesha Sabhai or Pradeshiya Sabha). [8]

Local AuthorityArea
(km2)
[8]
Population
(2011)
[14]
Registered
Electors
(2011)
Elected Members
(2011)
TNA [lower-alpha 4] UPFA Total
Karachchi Divisional Council 620.6676,77042,80015419
Pachchilaipalli Divisional Council 167.707,6417,116639
Poonakary Divisional Council 478.7319,30611,3016410
Total1,267.09103,71761,217271138

Notes

  1. Sri Lankan Tamil and Indian Tamil.
  2. Sri Lankan Moors and Indian Moors.
  3. 2001 Census was not carried out in Kilinochchi District.
  4. Includes TULF.

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References

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  2. 1 2 3 4 "A2 : Population by ethnic group according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  3. "A3 : Population by religion according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  4. de Silva, K. M. (1981). A History of Sri Lanka. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. pp. xvii.
  5. Mills, Lennox A. (1933). Ceylon Under British Rule (1795 - 1932). London: Oxford University Press. pp. 67–68.
  6. Medis, G. C. (1946). Ceylon Under the British (2nd (revised) ed.). Colombo: The Colombo Apothecaries Co. pp. 39–40.
  7. Manogaran, Chelvadurai (1987). Ethnic conflicts and reconciliation in Sri Lanka. University of Hawaii Press. p. 90. ISBN   0-8248-1116-X.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Statistical Information 2012". Northern Provincial Council.
  9. "Land area by province, district and divisional secretariat division" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-13.
  10. "A6 : Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  11. "Up to 100,000 killed in Sri Lanka's civil war: UN". ABC News (Australia). 20 May 2009.
  12. Harrison, Frances (23 July 2003). "Twenty years on - riots that led to war". BBC News .
  13. "Statistical Information 2010" (PDF). Northern Provincial Council.
  14. 1 2 "Enumeration of Vital Events 2011 - Northern Province" (PDF). Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  15. Department of Census and Statistics,The Census of Population and Housing of Sri Lanka-2011