Kilis Province

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Kilis Province

Kilis ili
Kilis in Turkey.svg
Location of Kilis Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Southeast Anatolia
Subregion Gaziantep
Government
   Electoral district Kilis
  Governorİsmail Çataklı
Area
  Total1,642 km2 (634 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total142,541
  Density87/km2 (220/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0348
Vehicle registration 79

Kilis Province (Turkish : Kilis ili) is a province in southern Turkey, on the border with Syria. It used to be the southern part of the province of Gaziantep and was formed in 1994. The town of Kilis is home to around 67% of the inhabitants of the province; the other towns and villages are very small.

Contents

History

There is evidence of human occupation from 4,000 years ago, in the Middle Bronze Age. The region has been ruled by the Hurrians, the Assyrian Empire, the Hittite Empire, the Persian Empire, the Macedonian Empire, the Roman Empire (including the Byzantine Empire), the Armenian Kingdom and finally by the Ottoman Empire. Places of historical interest include a number of burial mounds, castles and mosques.

The name of Kilis is thought to be originating from two possible sources. First one the Arabic word for lime which is "Kil'seh", was shortened and became Kilis. The reason is that the soil of Kilis contains high levels of lime. Second possible source is Turkish word for church, which is "Kilise" (from Greek ekklesia, εκκλησία). Around 16th century Armenian pilgrims who traveled to St. Hovhannes Monastery in Kilis, caught the attention of nearby Turkish villagers. When Turks asked Armenians where they were traveling, they replied "Kiliseye gidiyoruz, Kiliseden dönüyoruz"; translates " We are traveling back and forth to church". [ citation needed ]

Demography

The majority of Kilis are ethnic Turks. [2]

Turkmen tribes of Kilis

Geography

Kilis is located in the southern foothills of the Taurus Mountains west of the Euphrates River on the northern edge of the Syria Plain. The district contains areas of good agricultural land, watered by small rivers and 68% of the land area of Kilis is planted. Almost 4% of Turkey's grape production comes from Kilis. Other important agricultural products are olives, fruit, wheat, barley and tobacco. A Mediterranean climate dominates over the region, which is around 60 to 80 km away from the sea. Winters are cool and rainy, spring and fall months warm, and summers are hot. Average winter temperatures are 4 to 7 degrees Celsius, while in summer the temperatures do not fall under 25 degrees Celsius.

There is a border crossing into Syria, from where the road goes south to the Syrian city of Aleppo.

Kilis is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

The province is divided into 4 districts: Elbeyli, Kilis (the capital district), Musabeyli and Polateli.

Prominent citizens

Education

Kilis 7 Aralık University is located in Kilis and has around 8000 undergraduate and graduate students from all around the world.

Kilis 7 Aralik University Main Gate K7AU Main Gate.jpg
Kilis 7 Aralık University Main Gate

See also

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Since early 2016, the Turkish city of Kilis and surrounding areas came under continuous rocket bombardments by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, resulting in retaliatory strikes by the Turkish military on ISIL militants located at the ISIL-occupied areas in North Syria. Since January 2016 and until early May, more than seventy rockets fired from across the border by ISIL had hit this town, killing at least 21 people.

References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original on 27 April 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. KİLİS'TE TÜRKMEN KÜLTÜRÜ

Coordinates: 36°48′03″N37°07′26″E / 36.80083°N 37.12389°E / 36.80083; 37.12389