Kim Chaek

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Kim Chaek
Kim Chaek 2.jpg
Kim Chaek
Vice Premier of the Cabinet
In office
9 September 1948 31 January 1951
Premier Kim Il-sung
Minister of Industry
In office
9 September 1948 31 January 1951
Premier Kim Il-sung
Preceded byPost established
Succeeded by Chong Il-yong
Personal details
Born(1903-08-14)14 August 1903
Sŏngjin, Haksong County, North Hamgyong Province, Korean Empire
Died31 January 1951(1951-01-31) (aged 47)
CitizenshipNorth Korean
Occupation North Korean general and politician
AwardsNorth Korea's National Reunification Prize
Korean name
Revised Romanization Kim Chaek
McCune–Reischauer Kim Ch'aek

Kim Chaek (Korean : 김책; Hanja : 金策, 14 August 1903 – 31 January 1951) was a North Korean National resistance activist, general and politician. His real name was Kim Hong-gye (김홍계, 金洪啓).



Kim Chaek was born in Sŏngjin, North Hamgyong, Korea, in 1903. He and his family fled to Manchuria after Korea was colonized by Japan. In 1927, Kim joined the Communist Party of China and the Anti-Japanese movement to oppose the Japanese occupation. He was imprisoned for his resistance activities. After his released from prison, Kim joined the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army in 1935 and fought alongside with Kim Il-sung. He fled to the Soviet Union to escape the Japanese conquest of the partisans in 1940. He lived in Khabarovsk where he met with Kim Il-sung and formed the 88th Special Brigade. He returned to Korea along with the Soviet Army in 1945 after the Soviet invasion of Manchuria. On September 9, 1948, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was established, Kim became the industry minister and deputy prime minister under Kim Il-sung. He was appointed number 2 Committee Vice Chairman in the Korean Workers Party. In the Korean War, he was a commander of the North Korean troops on the front lines.

Kim was purged when he was found responsible for the failure at the Inchon landing. He died in January 1951 after an American military air raid bombing. Some scholars believe that his death was an assassination after a power struggle, and caused by gas poisoning rather than an air strike. [1]

Posthumous honours

Bust at the Revolutionary Martyrs' Cemetery Revolutionary Martyrs Cemetery 28.JPG
Bust at the Revolutionary Martyrs' Cemetery
The Kim Chaek University of Technology in Otan-Kangan Street, Pyongyang Views from Yanggakdo International Hotel 05.JPG
The Kim Chaek University of Technology in Otan-Kangan Street, Pyongyang

After his death, Kim Chaek's birthplace Haksong County, combined with the neighboring city of Songjin, was formally renamed to Kim Chaek City to commemorate his life and accomplishments. [2] The Kim Chaek University of Technology, Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex, and Kim Chaek People's Stadium [3] [ user-generated source ] are also named after him. The stadium is located at 40°41'0"N 129°11'47"E.

He was posthumously awarded North Korea's National Reunification Prize in 1998. [4]


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  1. Lim Un (1982). 北朝鮮王朝成立秘史: 金日成正伝[The Founding of a Dynasty in North Korea: An Authentic Biography of Kim II-song] (in Japanese). 自由社. OCLC   674262502.
  2. Koehler, Robert (2004-09-15). "Kim Il-sung's family and North Korean place names". The Marmot's Hole. Archived from the original on 2008-10-11. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
  4. "National Reunification Prize Winners", Korean Central News Agency, 1998-05-07, archived from the original on 2013-06-02, retrieved 2012-09-13