|Vice Premier of the Cabinet|
9 September 1948 –31 January 1951
|Minister of Industry|
9 September 1948 –31 January 1951
|Preceded by||Post established|
|Succeeded by||Chong Il-yong|
|Born||14 August 1903|
Sŏngjin, Haksong County, North Hamgyong Province, Korean Empire
|Died||31 January 1951 47)(aged|
|Occupation||North Korean general and politician|
|Awards||North Korea's National Reunification Prize|
|Revised Romanization||Kim Chaek|
Kim Chaek (Korean : 김책; Hanja : 金策, 14 August 1903 – 31 January 1951) was a North Korean National resistance activist, general and politician. His real name was Kim Hong-gye (김홍계, 金洪啓).
Kim Chaek was born in Sŏngjin, North Hamgyong, Korea, in 1903. He and his family fled to Manchuria after Korea was colonized by Japan. In 1927, Kim joined the Communist Party of China and the Anti-Japanese movement to oppose the Japanese occupation. He was imprisoned for his resistance activities. After his released from prison, Kim joined the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army in 1935 and fought alongside with Kim Il-sung. He fled to the Soviet Union to escape the Japanese conquest of the partisans in 1940. He lived in Khabarovsk where he met with Kim Il-sung and formed the 88th Special Brigade. He returned to Korea along with the Soviet Army in 1945 after the Soviet invasion of Manchuria. On September 9, 1948, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was established, Kim became the industry minister and deputy prime minister under Kim Il-sung. He was appointed number 2 Committee Vice Chairman in the Korean Workers Party. In the Korean War, he was a commander of the North Korean troops on the front lines.
Kim was purged when he was found responsible for the failure at the Inchon landing. He died in January 1951 after an American military air raid bombing. Some scholars believe that his death was an assassination after a power struggle, and caused by gas poisoning rather than an air strike.
After his death, Kim Chaek's birthplace Haksong County, combined with the neighboring city of Songjin, was formally renamed to Kim Chaek City to commemorate his life and accomplishments. [ user-generated source ] are also named after him. The stadium is located at 40°41'0"N 129°11'47"E.The Kim Chaek University of Technology, Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex, and Kim Chaek People's Stadium
He was posthumously awarded North Korea's National Reunification Prize in 1998.
Kim Il-sung University, founded on 1 October 1946, is the first university built in North Korea. It is located on a 15-hectare (37-acre) campus in Pyongyang, the nation's capital. Along with the main academic buildings, the campus contains 10 separate offices, 50 laboratories, libraries, museums, a printing press, an R&D centre, dormitories and a hospital. There is a large computer lab, but it has only limited internet access. The university is named in honour of Kim Il-sung, the founder and first supreme leader of North Korea.
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The Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army was the main anti-Japanese guerrilla army in Northeast China (Manchuria) after the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931. Its predecessors were various anti-Japanese volunteer armies organized by locals and the Manchuria branches of the Communist Party of China (CPC). In February 1936, the CPC, in accordance with the instructions of the Communist International, issued The Declaration of the Unified Organization of Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army and marked the official formation of the organization.
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