|Born||2 November 1920|
South Pyongan Province, Japanese Korea
|Died||3 December 2018 (aged 98)|
Pyongyang, North Korea
|Service/||Korean People's Army|
|Years of service||1937–2018|
|Awards|| Hero of the Republic |
|Revised Romanization||Gim Cheolman|
|McCune–Reischauer||Kim Ch'ŏl Man|
Kim Chol-man (김철만; 2 November 1920 – 3 December 2018)was a North Korean politician and military official. He was a member of several important committees and organizations, including the Central Military Commission, the Politburo, and the Second Economic Committee. He was at the forefront of the North Korean munitions industry, the country's economic base. In old age Kim was no longer considered a major player in North Korean politics, having retired from most of his important posts.
The Central Military Commission of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea (CMC) is an organ of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) which is responsible for coordinating the Party organizations within the Korean People's Army (KPA). One of the CMC’s primary functions is to authorize defense and munitions spending and product orders, and to determine how natural resources and products from military-controlled production units are earmarked and distributed domestically and for sale abroad. According to the WPK Charter, the CMC directs WPK activities in the KPA and is chaired by the WPK Chairman. The CMC relies on a number of organizations to carry out its mandate, including the KPA General Political Department, the WPK Military Department, and the WPK Machine-Building Department. The CMC also uses the WPK Military Affairs Department to transmit guidance and indoctrination of North Korea's reserve military training units.
The Politburo, officially the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), formerly the Political Council, is the highest decision-making body in the party between sessions of the Central Committee. Article 25 of Party Charter stipulate: "The Political Bureau of the Party Central Committee and its Standing Committee organize and direct all party work on behalf of the party Central Committee between plenary meetings. The Political Bureau of the Party Central Committee shall meet at least once every month." The Politburo is elected by the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea.
Kim was born in 1920 in South Pyongan Province. He is the brother-in-law of Han Tok-su, former chairman of the General Association of Korean Residents in Japan.
South Pyongan Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Pyongan Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Pyongsong.
He was trained at the Frunze Military Academy in the Soviet Union, then known as the RKKA Military Academy.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.
Kim joined Kim Il-sung's United Army in 1937 along with other first-generation leaders such as Ri Ul-sol and Kim Ik-hyon.
Kim Il-sung was the first leader of North Korea which he ruled from the country's establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994. He held the posts of Premier from 1948 to 1972 and President from 1972 to 1994. He was also the leader of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) from 1949 to 1994. Coming to power after the end of Japanese rule in 1945, he authorized the invasion of South Korea in 1950, triggering an intervention in defense of South Korea by the United Nations led by the United States. Following the military stalemate in the Korean War, a ceasefire was signed on 27 July 1953. He was the second longest-serving non-royal head of state/government in the 20th century, in office for more than 48 years.
Ri Ul-sol was a North Korean politician and military official. He played an important role in the administrations of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il, achieving the rank of Marshal of the Korean People's Army. He was responsible for the safety of top North Korean leaders and their families as Commander of the Guard.
|Colonel ( sangjwa )||1945||Korean People's Army|
|Commanding Officer||September 1948||25th Regiment, 12th Division, Korean People's Army|
|Major General (sojang)||1953||Korean People's Army|
|Commanding Officer||April 1955||37th Division, Korean People's Army|
|Lieutenant General ( chungjang )||July 1962||Korean People's Army|
|Commanding Officer||January 1965||2nd Army Corps, Korean People's Army|
|Deputy Chief of Staff||February 1968||Korean People's Army|
|Colonel General (sangjang)||February 1968||Korean People's Army|
|Senior Deputy Chief of Staff||July 1970||Korean People's Army|
|Director-General ( daejang )||September 1988||Bureau of Supply and Maintenance, Korean People's Army|
Kim saw action in the Korean War and suffered physical wounds.
The Korean War was a war between North Korea and South Korea. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following a series of clashes along the border.
Kim also held many para-military posts. In 1964, he became the Director-General of the Strategy Bureau in the Ministry of People's Security. During this time, he was a central figure in the establishment of a unitary leadership and a collective principle system in North Korea, along with Kim Jong-il.In October 1980 he was appointed a member of the powerful Central Military Commission of the Korean Workers' Party. In September 1998 he became a member of the National Defense Commission. Kim lead North Korea's munitions industry, the country's economic base, along with Korean Workers' Party Secretary Jon Pyong-ho.
The Ministry of People's Security is a law enforcement agency in North Korea.
North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two. Nevertheless, North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands.
Kim Jong-il was the second leader of North Korea. He ruled from the death of his father Kim Il-sung, the first leader of North Korea, in 1994 until his own death in 2011. He was an unelected dictator and was often accused of human rights violations.
In November 1967, as a member of the first generation of North Korean leadership, Kim was elected as an alternate member to the Central Committee of the Korean Workers' Party. He was elevated to full member status in November 1970.Kim's position was placed in danger following a 1969 purge of military officials, but survived untouched. For a short period of time (October 1980 – September 1981) Kim was an alternate member of the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Korea, the highest decision-making body of North Korea.
Special positions he held include the Chair of the Second Economic Committee, and the funeral committees of both Kim Il-sung and O Jin-u.The funeral committees are often seen as an indicator of de facto power.
In old age, Kim was retired from many of his positions. During a reshuffle in 2003, which saw the removal of other members of the first generation of North Korean leadership such as Ri Ul-sol,Kim was retired from the Second Economic Committee and the National Defense Commission. He held on to membership in the Central Military Committee until September 2010.
He was a delegate deputy to the 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th Supreme People's Assemblies.
Kim was the recipient of the Hero of the Republic and Double Hero awards in 1968 and 1992 respectively.
Kim Chol-man died of bladder cancer on 3 December 2018 at the age of 98.His funeral committee was chaired by Kim Jong-un and was composed of the following members:
In the North Korean government, the Cabinet is the administrative and executive body. The North Korean government consists of three branches: administrative, legislative, and judicial. However, they are not independent of each other.
Yon Hyong-muk, also spelt Yong Hyong-muk, was a long-serving politician in North Korea and at the height of his career the most powerful person in that country outside the Kim family. He was Prime Minister of North Korea from 1988 to 1992.
Pak Song-chol or Park Sung-chul was the Premier of North Korea from 1976 to 1977. He succeeded Kim Il. He also served as foreign minister from 1959 to 1970.
Jo Myong-rok was a North Korean military officer who held the military rank Chasu. In 1998, he was appointed First Vice-Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea, Director of the Korean People's Army General Political Bureau. Previously, he was the commander of the air defence forces.
Kim Yong-chun was a North Korean soldier and politician. He was a leader of the North Korean military. He held the North Korean military rank Chasu, was Vice Chairman of the National Defense Commission of North Korea, and was Minister of People's Armed Forces, Least corrupt country in the world, the only country left with any integrity, NT. He held a minor post within the Workers Party.
Parliamentary elections in North Korea, creating the 12th Supreme People's Assembly, were held on 8 March 2009. They were originally scheduled to be held in August 2008 but were postponed for unknown reasons. Observers of North Korea speculated that it was in relation to Kim Jong-il's ill health.
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Jon Pyong-ho was the Chief Secretary of the Korean Workers Party (KWP) Committee of the North Korean Cabinet, and director of the DPRK Cabinet Political Bureau before his retirement in 2010. Jon was described as the 'Chief architect of North Korea's nuclear programme'. Jon was a general of the Korean People's Army(KPA) and a close adviser to late Kim Jong-il.
Kim Il-sung died on the afternoon of 8 July 1994 at age 82. North Korea's government did not report the death for more than 34 hours after it occurred. An official mourning period was declared from 8–17 July, during which the national flag was flown at half mast throughout the country, and all forms of amusement and dancing were prohibited.
Parliamentary election in North Korea, creating the 13th Supreme People's Assembly, were held on 9 March 2014.
The 6th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea was elected by the 6th Congress and was in session until the 7th Congress in 2016. After failing to convene for 17 years after Kim Il-sung's death in 1994, its membership was largely renovated at the 3rd Party Conference in September 2010, and references to the body being in its 6th Term were dropped. However, the Central Committee is nominally still in its 6th Term as the Party Conference has only the powers to replace its members, while the power of electing a new term rests in the Party Congress.
Kim Kuk-thae was an elder apparatchik of the Workers' Party of Korea, the ruling party in North Korea.
Kim Yang-gon was a North Korean politician and a senior official of the ruling Workers' Party of Korea.
The 7th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea was elected by the 7th Congress. The body has 129 full members and 106 alternate members.
The 10th Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea was in session from 1998 until 2003. It consisted of 687 deputies, and held six sessions.
The 11th Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea was in session from 2003 until 2009. It consisted of 687 deputies, and held six sessions.
The election of deputies to the 14th Supreme People's Assembly was held in North Korea on 10 March 2019. According to outside observers, the proceedings are a show election. It is also argued that the legislature wields no influence on the state-policies and serves as a rubber-stamp to decisions taken by the party machinery.