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Photograph by Carl Van Vechten, 1961
February 11, 1925
Tularosa, New Mexico, U.S.
|Died||August 20, 2001 76) (aged|
Santa Fe, New Mexico, U.S.
|Alma mater|| Actors Studio |
University of New Mexico
(m. 1945;div. 1946)
(m. 1949;div. 1956)
(m. 1958;div. 1964)
(m. 1964;div. 1967)
Kim Stanley (born Patricia Reid, February 11, 1925 – August 20, 2001) was an American actress, primarily in television and theatre, but with occasional film performances.
She began her acting career in theatre, and subsequently attended the Actors Studio in New York City, New York. She received the 1952 Theatre World Award for her role in The Chase (1952), and starred in the Broadway productions of Picnic (1953) and Bus Stop (1955). Stanley was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her roles in A Touch of the Poet (1959) and A Far Country (1962).
The Actors Studio is a membership organization for professional actors, theatre directors and playwrights at 432 West 44th Street between Ninth and Tenth Avenues in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City. It was founded October 5, 1947, by Elia Kazan, Cheryl Crawford and Robert Lewis, who provided training for actors who were members. Lee Strasberg joined later and took the helm in 1951 until his death on February 17, 1982.
The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.
In the 1950s, Stanley was a prolific performer in television, and later progressed to film, with a well-received performance in The Goddess (1959). She was the narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird (1962), and starred in Séance on a Wet Afternoon (1964), for which she won the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. She was less active during the remainder of her career; two of her later film successes were as the mother of Frances Farmer in Frances (1982), for which she received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, and as Pancho Barnes in The Right Stuff (1983). She received a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress – Miniseries or a Movie for her performance as Big Mama in a television adaptation of Cat on a Hot Tin Roof in 1985. That same year, Kim Stanley was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame.
The Goddess is a 1958 American drama film directed by John Cromwell, and starring Kim Stanley and Lloyd Bridges.
To Kill a Mockingbird is a 1962 American drama film directed by Robert Mulligan. The screenplay by Horton Foote is based on Harper Lee's 1960 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name. It stars Gregory Peck as Atticus Finch and Mary Badham as Scout. To Kill a Mockingbird marked the film debuts of Robert Duvall, William Windom, and Alice Ghostley.
Séance on a Wet Afternoon is a 1964 British film directed by Bryan Forbes, based on the novel by Mark McShane, in which an unstable medium convinces her husband to kidnap a child so she can help the police solve the crime and achieve renown for her abilities. The film stars Richard Attenborough, Kim Stanley, Nanette Newman, Mark Eden and Patrick Magee.
Stanley was born in Tularosa, New Mexico, the daughter of Ann (née Miller), an interior decorator, and J. T. Reid, a professor of philosophy and education at the University of New Mexico, located in Albuquerque.Her father was of Irish or Scottish descent, born and raised in Texas, where he met her mother (who was of German and English ancestry). She had three brothers (Howard Clinton Reid, a psychiatrist; Kenneth Reid, killed in pilot training during World War II; and Justin Truman Reid, a lawyer); and a half-sister (Carol Ann Reid). She was a drama major at the University of New Mexico, and later studied at the Pasadena Playhouse and adopted her maternal grandmother's surname as her stage name.
Tularosa is a village in Otero County, New Mexico, United States. It shares its name with the Tularosa Basin, in which the town is located. To the east, Tularosa is flanked by the western edge of the Sacramento Mountains. The population was 2,842 at the 2010 census. During the 1990s and early 2000s, the town, north of the much larger Alamogordo, experienced moderate growth and construction as a bedroom community, especially in the housing industry. Tularosa is noted for its abundance of cottonwood shade trees and its efforts to preserve the adobe-style architecture of its past.
The University of New Mexico is a public research university in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Founded in 1889, UNM offers bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and professional degree programs in multiple fields. Its Albuquerque campus encompasses over 600 acres (2.4 km²), and there are branch campuses in Gallup, Los Alamos, Rio Rancho, Taos, and Los Lunas. UNM is categorized as an R1 doctoral university in the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.
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Stanley was a successful Broadway actress with only a few film roles. She was singled out by The New York Times critic Brooks Atkinson for her early work. She eventually attended the Actors Studio, studying under Elia Kazan, Lee Strasberg, and Vivian Nathan.She received the 1952 Theatre World Award for her performance as Anna Reeves in The Chase , and starred in such Broadway hits as Picnic (1953), playing Millie Owens and Bus Stop (1955), playing Cherie.
Broadway theatre, also known simply as Broadway, refers to the theatrical performances presented in the 41 professional theatres, each with 500 or more seats located in the Theater District and Lincoln Center along Broadway, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Along with London's West End theatre, Broadway theatre is widely considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre in the English-speaking world.
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won 127 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper. The Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U.S.
Justin Brooks Atkinson was an American theatre critic. He worked for The New York Times from 1925 to 1960. In his obituary, the Times called him "the theater's most influential reviewer of his time." A war correspondent during World War II, he received the Pulitzer Prize in 1947 for his work as the Moscow correspondent for the Times.
She was nominated for the 1959 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for A Touch of the Poet and the 1962 Tony for Best Actress in a Play for her portrayal of Elizabeth von Ritter in Henry Denker's A Far Country . Stanley also portrayed Maggie "The Cat" in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof in the original London production of the play.
The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Broadway Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre. The awards are presented by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League at an annual ceremony in Midtown Manhattan. The awards are given for Broadway productions and performances, and an award is given for regional theatre. Several discretionary non-competitive awards are also given, including a Special Tony Award, the Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre, and the Isabelle Stevenson Award. The awards are named after Antoinette "Tony" Perry, co-founder of the American Theatre Wing.
A Touch of the Poet is a play by Eugene O'Neill.
Henry Denker was an American novelist and playwright.
Stanley was a leading lady of live television drama, which flourished in New York City during the 1950s. Among her many starring roles was Wilma, a star-struck 15-year-old girl from the U.S. Gulf Coast of Texas in Horton Foote's A Young Lady of Property, which aired on The Philco-Goodyear Television Playhouse on April 5, 1953. She was played Masha in the London performance of an Actors Studio production of Anton Chekhov's play The Three Sisters
Albert Horton Foote Jr. was an American playwright and screenwriter, perhaps best known for his screenplays for the 1962 film To Kill a Mockingbird and the 1983 film Tender Mercies, and his notable live television dramas during the Golden Age of Television. He received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1995 for his play The Young Man From Atlanta and two Academy Awards, one for an original screenplay, Tender Mercies, and one for adapted screenplay, To Kill a Mockingbird (film)|To Kill a Mockingbird. In 1995, Foote was the inaugural recipient of the Austin Film Festival's Distinguished Screenwriter Award. In describing his three-play work, The Orphans' Home Cycle, the drama critic for the Wall Street Journal said this: "Foote, who died last March, left behind a masterpiece, one that will rank high among the signal achievements of American theater in the 20th century." In 2000, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts.
The Philco Television Playhouse is an American television anthology series that was broadcast live on NBC from 1948 to 1955. Produced by Fred Coe, the series was sponsored by Philco. It was one of the most respected dramatic shows of the Golden Age of Television, winning a 1954 Peabody Award and receiving eight Emmy nominations between 1951 and 1956.
London is the capital of and largest city in England and the United Kingdom, and the largest city in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.
Her first film was The Goddess (1958), playing a tragic movie star. She starred in Séance on a Wet Afternoon (1964), winning both the National Board of Review Award for Best Actress and the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress and the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role.
A filmed version of Strasberg-directed Three Sisters (1966) opened with Stanley reprising the role of Masha, and is the only time one can see her perform in a film alongside Geraldine Page, Sandy Dennis, Shelley Winters and other well-known names of the Actors Studio. She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture for her performance as Frances Farmer's possessive mother in Frances (1982). She also played Pancho Barnes in The Right Stuff (1983). Stanley was the uncredited narrator in the drama film To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). As the narrator, she represents the character Jean Louise Finch ("Scout") as an adult. Mary Badham portrays Scout as a child in the film.
She received an Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role for her appearance in the episode, "A Cardinal Act of Mercy" (1963), of the television series, Ben Casey (1961–1966), and an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or a Special for her appearance in the 1984 television adaptation of Tennessee Williams's Southern melodrama Cat on a Hot Tin Roof , this time as Big Mama.
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Stanley did not act during her later years, preferring the role of teacher, in New York City, Los Angeles, and later Santa Fe, New Mexico, where she died.
She was inducted into the New Mexico Entertainment Hall of Fame in 2012.
Stanley was married four times: to Bruce Hall (1945–1946), Curt Conway (1949–1956), Alfred Ryder (1958–1964), and Joseph Siegel (1964–1967). All four marriages ended in divorce.
She had three children: one by Curt Conway; one by Brooks Clift (brother of Montgomery Clift), while she was married to Conway; and one by Alfred Ryder (Laurie). During her marriage to Ryder, Stanley converted to Judaism.
Stanley died of uterine cancer at a nursing home in Santa Fe at the age of 76. [ citation needed ] A biography, Female Brando: the Legend of Kim Stanley (2006), by Jon Krampner, was published by Back Stage Books, a division of Watson-Guptill.She was survived by her brother Justin, her three children, and several nephews and nieces.
Partial listing of stage work:
|Opening date||Closing date||Title||Role||Playwright||Theatre||Notes|
|Oct 29, 1949||Dec 24, 1949||Montserrat||Replacement for Julie Harris as Felisa|| Lillian Hellman adaptation|
original Emmanuel Roblès
|Jan 7, 1951||Jan 20, 1951||The House of Bernarda Alba||Adela|| Federico García Lorca |
Translation James Graham Lujan and Richard L. O'Connell
|Apr 15, 1952||May 10, 1952||The Chase||Anna Reeves||Horton Foote||Playhouse||1952 Theatre World Award for Kim Stanley|
|Feb 19, 1953||Apr 10, 1954||Picnic||Millie Owens||William Inge||Music Box|
|Oct 27, 1954||Nov 20, 1954||The Traveling Lady||Georgette Thomas||Horton Foote||Playhouse|
|Mar 2, 1955||Apr 21, 1956||Bus Stop||Cherie||William Inge||Music Box |
|Jan 10, 1957||Feb 9, 1957||A Clearing in the Woods||Virginia||Arthur Laurents||Belasco|
|Oct 2, 1958||Jun 13, 1959||A Touch of the Poet||Sara Melody||Eugene O'Neill||Helen Hayes||Tony Award nomination, Best Actress|
|Oct 12, 1959||Nov 28, 1959||Chéri||Léa de Lonval|| Anita Loos |
|Apr 4, 1961||Nov 25, 1961||A Far Country||Elizabeth von Ritter||Henry Denker||Music Box||Tony Award nomination, Best Actress|
|Jan 31, 1963||Mar 02, 1963||Natural Affection||Sue Barker||William Inge||Booth|
|Jun 22, 1964||Oct 03, 1964||The Three Sisters||Masha|| Anton Chekhov |
Randall Jarrell English version
|1958||The Goddess||Emily Ann Faulkner|
|1962||To Kill a Mockingbird||Scout as an Adult – Narrator||Voice, Uncredited|
|1964||Séance on a Wet Afternoon||Myra Savage|| Laurel Award for Top Dramatic Performance, Female (3rd place)|
National Board of Review Award for Best Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
Nominated-Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated-BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
|1966||The Three Sisters||Masha|
|1982||Frances||Lillian Farmer||Nominated-Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress |
Nominated-Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
|1983||The Right Stuff||Pancho Barnes|
|1950||The Magnavox Theatre||Unknown||Father, Dear Father|
|1950||Cavalcade of Stars||Self||Episode #1.53|
|1950||Sure As Fate||Unknown||The Vanishing Lady|
|1950||The Trap||Unknown||Sentence of Death|
|1951||Out There||Unknown||The Bus to Nowhere|
|1953||You Are There||Cleopatra||The Death of Cleopatra (30 B.C.)|
|1953||You Are There||Joan of Arc||The Final Hours of Joan of Arc (May 30, 1431)|
|1953||The Gulf Playhouse||Unknown||The Tears of My Sister|
|1953||The Ed Sullivan Show||Self||Episode #6.36|
|1952||Goodyear Television Playhouse||Unknown||The Witness|
|1954||Goodyear Television Playhouse||Unknown||The Brownstone|
|1956||Goodyear Television Playhouse||Kay||Joey|
|1956||Goodyear Television Playhouse||Unknown||In the Days of Our Youth|
|1956||Goodyear Television Playhouse||Unknown||Conspiracy of Hearts|
|1953||The Philco Television Playhouse||Unknown||A Young Lady of Property|
|1953||The Philco Television Playhouse||Unknown||The Strong Women|
|1953||The Philco Television Playhouse||Unknown||The Sixth Sense|
|1954||The Philco Television Playhouse||Unknown||Somebody Special|
|1954||Armstrong Circle Theatre||Unknown||H Is for Hurricane|
|1954||Inner Sanctum Mystery||Maggie||The Hands|
|1954||Kraft Television Theatre||Unknown||The Scarlet Letter|
|1956||Kraft Television Theatre||Unknown||Death Is a Spanish Dancer|
|1957||Kraft Television Theatre||Unknown||The Glass Wall|
|1955||A.N.T.A. Album of 1955||Herself||Production of American National Theater and Academy|
|1955||Playwrights 56||Abby||The Waiting Place|
|1955||Playwrights 56||Martha Anderson||Flight|
|1955||The Elgin Hour||Lili||The Bridge|
|1957||Westinghouse Studio One||Georgette Thomas||The Traveling Lady|
|1957||Playhouse 90||Mae D'Amato||Clash by Night|
|1960||Playhouse 90||Sarah Eubanks||Tomorrow|
|1958||Armchair Theatre||Georgette Thomas||The Travelling Lady|
|1960||Armchair Theatre||Unknown||The Cake Baker|
|1960||DuPont Show of the Month||Sarah Anne Howe||Ethan Frome|
|1962||Westinghouse Presents: That's Where the Town Is Going||Wilma Sills||TV Movie|
|1963||Ben Casey||Faith Parsons||A Cardinal Act of Mercy:, Parts 1 and 2|
Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
|1964||The Eleventh Hour||Unknown||Does My Mother Have to Know?:, Parts 1 and 2|
|1968||Flesh and Blood||Della||TV movie|
|1969||U.M.C.||Joanna Hanson||TV Movie, Pilot for Medical Center|
|1970||NET Playhouse: Dragon Country||Unknown||TV Movie|
|1971||Night Gallery||Elizabeth Croft||A Fear of Spiders/Junior/Marmalade Wine/The Academy|
|1971||The Name of the Game||Veta Marie Goss||The Man Who Killed a Ghost|
|1982||It Takes Two||Mrs. Tandy||Death Penalty|
|1983||55th Academy Awards||Self|
|1983||Quincy, M.E.||Mrs. Edith Jordan||Beyond the Open Door|
|1984||Cat on a Hot Tin Roof||Big Mama||TV Movie|
Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or a Special
(final film role)
|2005||The Needs of Kim Stanley||Self||Documentary|
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