Last updated

Korean transcription(s)
   McCune-Reischauer Kimch'aek si
   Revised Romanization Gimchaek-si
DPRK2006 Hambuk-Kimchaek.PNG
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Kimchaek
North Korea adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 40°40′2″N129°12′2″E / 40.66722°N 129.20056°E / 40.66722; 129.20056 Coordinates: 40°40′2″N129°12′2″E / 40.66722°N 129.20056°E / 40.66722; 129.20056
Country North Korea
Province North Hamgyong
Administrative divisions 22 tong, 22 ri
Time zone UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

Kimch'aek (Korean pronunciation:  [kim.tsʰɛk̚] ), formerly Sŏngjin (Chosŏn'gŭl: 성진, Hancha: 城津), is a city in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. It was an open port in 1899. [1] It has a population of 207,699.



The city received its current name in 1951 during the Korean War, in honor of the Korean People's Army (KPA) general, Kim Chaek. [1] It was known as "Shirotsu" during Japanese rule between 1910 and 1945.


Kimchaek has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb). [2]

Climate data for Kimchaek (1981–2010, extremes 1906–present)
Record high °C (°F)14.0
Average high °C (°F)1.1
Daily mean °C (°F)−3.8
Average low °C (°F)−8.4
Record low °C (°F)−26.0
Average precipitation mm (inches)18.9
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)
Average snowy days7.
Average relative humidity (%)66.569.871.371.879.086.288.885.879.171.966.765.775.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1731972312252221411411732072181721612,261
Source 1: Korea Meteorological Administration [3]
Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990), [4] [5] [lower-alpha 1] Meteo Climat (extremes) [6]

Administrative divisions

Kimch'aek-si is divided into 22 tong (neighbourhoods) and 22 ri (villages):

  • Changhyŏn-dong
  • Chegang 1-dong
  • Chegang 2-dong
  • Chegang 3-dong
  • Ch'ŏnghak-tong
  • Haean-dong
  • Haksŏng-dong
  • Hanch'ŏn-dong
  • Kŭmch'ŏn-dong
  • Ŏb'ŏk-tong
  • Ryŏnho-dong
  • Sinp'yŏng-dong
  • Sŏngnam-dong
  • Songryŏng 1-dong
  • Songryŏng 2-dong
  • Song'am-dong
  • Ssangryong-dong
  • Suwŏn-dong
  • Taedong 1-dong
  • Taedong 2-dong
  • T'anso-dong
  • Yŏkchŏn-dong
  • Ch'undong-ri
  • Haktong-ri
  • Hodong-ri
  • Hŭngp'yŏng-ri
  • Manch'ul-li
  • Okch'ŏl-li
  • Panghang-ri
  • P'ungnyŏl-li
  • Rimmyŏng-ri
  • Ryongho-ri
  • Sangp'yŏng-ri
  • Sech'ŏl-li
  • Sŏkho-ri
  • Songhŭng-ri
  • Songjung-ri
  • Sŏngsang-ri
  • Sudong-ri
  • Tŏg'il-li
  • Tonghŭng-ri
  • T'apha-ri
  • Ŭnho-ri
  • Wŏnp'yŏng-ri


Kimchaek is an important port on the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea), and is home to an ironworks and the Kimch’aek Polytechnic Institute. [1]


Kimchaek is on the Pyongra Line railway.

The city has one trolleybus line, with a length of 9.1 km, running from Kimchaek to Jangbong with the depot located in Sinpyong. [7]

See also


  1. Station ID for Kimchaek is 47025 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

Related Research Articles

Geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in Southeastern Europe, in the western Balkans. It has a 932 km (579 mi) border with Croatia to the north and southwest, a 357 km (222 mi) border with Serbia to the east, and a 249 km (155 mi) border with Montenegro to the southeast. It borders the Adriatic Sea along its 20 km (12.42 mi) coastline.

Belize City Largest city in Belize

Belize City is the largest city in Belize and was once the capital of the former British Honduras. According to the 2010 census, Belize City has a population of 57,169 people in 16,162 households. It is at the mouth of the Haulover Creek, which is a distributary of the Belize River. The Belize River empties into the Caribbean Sea five miles from Belize City on the Philip Goldson Highway on the coast of the Caribbean. The city is the country's principal port and its financial and industrial hub. Cruise ships drop anchor outside the port and are tendered by local citizens. The city was almost entirely destroyed in October 1961 when Hurricane Hattie swept ashore. It was the capital of British Honduras until the government was moved to the new capital of Belmopan in 1970.

Comitán Town / Municipality in Chiapas, Mexico

Comitán is the fourth-largest city in the Mexican state of Chiapas. It is the seat of government of the municipality of the same name.

Sinuiju Municipal City in North Pyŏngan, North Korea

Sinŭiju ; Sinŭiju-si, known before 1925 in English as Yeng Byen City) is a city in North Korea which faces Dandong, China across the international border of the Yalu River. It is the capital of North P'yŏngan province. Part of the city is included in the Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region, which was established in 2002 to experiment with introducing a market economy. In recent years, the city, despite lagging behind the development in the capital Pyongyang, has seen a small construction boom and increasing tourism from China.

Concepción, Paraguay District & City in Concepción, Paraguay

Concepción is a city & district in northern Paraguay and capital of the Concepción Department. It lies next to the Paraguay River.

Haeju Municipal City in South Hwanghae Province, North Korea

Haeju is a city located in South Hwanghae Province near Haeju Bay in North Korea. It is the administrative centre of South Hwanghae Province. As of 2008, the population of the city is estimated to be 273,300. At the beginning of the 20th century, it became a strategic port in Sino-Korean trade. Haeju has chemical-related enterprises and a cement factory.

Fada Ngourma City in Est Region, Burkina Faso

Fada N'Gourma, also written Fada-Ngourma or Noungu, is a city and an important market town in eastern Burkina Faso, lying 219 kilometres (136 mi) east of Ouagadougou, in the Gourmantché area. It is the capital of the East region and of Gourma province. It is known for its blanket and carpet manufacturing as well as its honey.

Ouahigouya Place in Nord Region, Burkina Faso

Ouahigouya is a town in northern Burkina Faso. It is the capital of the Yatenga Province and one of its subdivisions the Ouahigouya Department. It is also the biggest town in the Nord Region. It is the fourth largest city in the country with a population of 124,580 (2019) and is situated 182 kilometres (113 mi) north-west of Ouagadougou.

Sabha, Libya Place in Fezzan, Libya

Sabha, or Sebha, is an oasis city in southwestern Libya, approximately 640 kilometres (400 mi) south of Tripoli. It was historically the capital of the Fezzan region and the Military Territory of Fezzan-Ghadames and is now capital of the Sabha District. Sabha Air Base, south of the city, is a Libyan Air Force installation that is home to multiple MiG-25 aircraft.

Base General Bernardo OHiggins Riquelme Antarctic base

Base General Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme, also Base Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme, or shortly Bernardo O'Higgins, named after Bernardo O'Higgins, is a permanently staffed Chilean research station in Antarctica and the capital of Antártica Commune. It lies at 63°19′15″S57°53′55″W, at an elevation of 13 m, about 30 km south-west of Prime Head, the northernmost point of the Antarctic Peninsula, at Cape Legoupil.

Pemba, Mozambique Place in Cabo Delgado Province, Mozambique

Pemba is a port city in Mozambique. It is the capital of the province of Cabo Delgado and lies on a peninsula in Pemba Bay.

Madang Town in Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Madang is the capital of Madang Province and is a town with a population of 27,420 on the north coast of Papua New Guinea. It was first settled by the Germans in the 19th century.

Chunggang County County in Chagang Province, North Korea

Chunggang County is a kun, or county, in northern Chagang province, North Korea. It was originally part of Huchang county in Ryanggang, and for that reason older sources still identify it as being part of Huchang. The county seat was originally known as Chunggangjin (중강진), but is now known as Chunggang ŭp. Chunggang looks across the Yalu River at China, and borders Ryanggang province to the south.

Balmaceda, Chile Place in Aysén, Chile

Balmaceda is a Chilean village located south east of Coyhaique in Aysén Region. Balmaceda has around 500 inhabitants, and has Aysén Region's largest airport and meteorological station, Balmaceda Airport.

Climate of Romania

The climate of Romania is temperate continental transitioning into an oceanic climate on the eastern coast, influenced by Scandinavian-Baltic weather, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Thus, in the south, there are some influences of a mediterranean climate, characterized by mild winters and stronger rainfalls in the cooler months. In the south-east, the Black Sea induces rare heavy strong rains. In eastern regions the continental character is less pronounced. In the north of the country, the effect of the Scandinavian-Baltic climate is felt, effecting a wetter and colder climate with cold winters. The west of the country has a more pronounced influence of low pressure systems generated over the Atlantic, causing moderate temperatures and stronger precipitation. Climate nuances are demonstrated on the steps of the altitude, the mountain ranges of the Carpathian arc have a cool mountain climate with high humidity throughout the year.

Soto la Marina, Tamaulipas

Soto la Marina is a town in Soto la Marina Municipality located in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. It was directly hit by Hurricane Alex in 2010. It is located on the banks of the Soto la Marina river, just up river from the small ocean port of La Pesca, and downriver from Ciudad Victoria, the capital of the State of Tamaulipas. 180 miles South of Brownsville, Texas, it is accessible from there via a highway in approximately 3 hours driving time.

The climate of Gibraltar is Mediterranean/Subtropical with mild winters and warm summers. Gibraltar has two main prevailing winds, an easterly one known as the Levante coming from the Sahara in Africa which brings humid weather and warmer sea currents and the other as Poniente which is westerly and brings fresher air and colder sea. Its terrain consists of the 430-metre (1,411 ft) high Rock of Gibraltar and the narrow coastal lowland surrounding it. Rain occurs mainly in winter; the summers are generally dry.

Climate of Egypt

Egypt essentially has a hot desert climate. The climate is generally extremely dry all over the country except on the northern Mediterranean coast which receives rainfall in winter. In addition to rarity of rain, extreme heat during summer months is also a general climate feature of Egypt although daytime temperatures are more moderated along the northern coast.


  1. 1 2 3 "Kimch'aek". Encyclopaeida Britannica’. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  2. "Kimchaek climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Kimchaek weather averages". Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  3. "30 years report of Meteorological Observations in North Korea" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. pp. 232–281. Archived from the original on 21 December 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  4. "Klimatafel von Kimchaek / Korea (Nordkorea)" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  5. "Station 47025 Kimchaek". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  6. "Station Songjin (Kimchaek)" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  7. "Photo: Kimchaek — Maps". Retrieved 2020-10-16.

Further reading