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|• Chosŏn'gŭl||김 책 시|
|• Hancha||金 策 市|
|• McCune-Reischauer||Kimch'aek si|
|• Revised Romanization||Gimchaek-si|
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Kimchaek
|Administrative divisions||22 tong, 22 ri|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)|
Kimch'aek (Korean pronunciation: [kim.tsʰɛk̚] ), formerly Sŏngjin (Chosŏn'gŭl: 성진, Hancha: 城津), is a city in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. It was an open port in 1899. It has a population of 207,699.
The city received its current name in 1951 during the Korean War, in honor of the Korean People's Army (KPA) general, Kim Chaek.It was known as "Shirotsu" during Japanese rule between 1910 and 1945.
Kimchaek has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb).
|Climate data for Kimchaek (1981–2010, extremes 1906–present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||14.0|
|Average high °C (°F)||1.1|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−3.8|
|Average low °C (°F)||−8.4|
|Record low °C (°F)||−26.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||18.9|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||5.5||3.9||4.3||5.3||6.9||8.9||11.0||8.6||6.2||4.5||5.2||5.7||76.0|
|Average snowy days||7.9||6.5||4.6||0.5||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.2||2.3||6.4||28.4|
|Average relative humidity (%)||66.5||69.8||71.3||71.8||79.0||86.2||88.8||85.8||79.1||71.9||66.7||65.7||75.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||173||197||231||225||222||141||141||173||207||218||172||161||2,261|
|Source 1: Korea Meteorological Administration|
|Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990), Meteo Climat (extremes)|
Kimch'aek-si is divided into 22 tong (neighbourhoods) and 22 ri (villages):
Kimchaek is an important port on the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea), and is home to an ironworks and the Kimch’aek Polytechnic Institute.
Kimchaek is on the Pyongra Line railway.
The city has one trolleybus line, with a length of 9.1 km, running from Kimchaek to Jangbong with the depot located in Sinpyong.
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Largest cities or towns in North Korea
|Rank||Name||Administrative division||Pop.||Rank||Name||Administrative division||Pop.|
|1||Pyongyang||Pyongyang Capital City||3,255,288||11||Sunchon||South Pyongan||297,317|| |
|2||Hamhung||South Hamgyong||768,551||12||Pyongsong||South Pyongan||284,386|
|3||Chongjin||North Hamgyong||667,929||13||Haeju||South Hwanghae||273,300|
|4||Nampo||South Pyongan Province||366,815||14||Kanggye||Chagang||251,971|
|6||Sinuiju||North Pyongan||359,341||16||Tokchon||South Pyongan||237,133|
|7||Tanchon||South Hamgyong||345,875||17||Kimchaek||North Hamgyong||207,299|
|8||Kaechon||South Pyongan||319,554||18||Rason||Rason Special Economic Zone||196,954|
|9||Kaesong||North Hwanghae||308,440||19||Kusong||North Pyongan||196,515|
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