Kimchaek

Last updated
Kimchaek

김책시
Korean transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl
   Hancha
   McCune-Reischauer Kimch'aek si
   Revised Romanization Gimchaek-si
DPRK2006 Hambuk-Kimchaek.PNG
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Kimchaek
Kimchaek
North Korea adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kimchaek
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 40°40′2″N129°12′2″E / 40.66722°N 129.20056°E / 40.66722; 129.20056 Coordinates: 40°40′2″N129°12′2″E / 40.66722°N 129.20056°E / 40.66722; 129.20056
Country North Korea
Province North Hamgyong
Administrative divisions 22 tong, 22 ri
Population
 (2008)
  Total207,699
  Dialect
Hamgyŏng
Time zone UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

Kimch'aek (Korean pronunciation:  [kim.tsʰɛk̚] ), formerly Sŏngjin (Chosŏn'gŭl: 성진, Hancha: 城津), is a city in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. It was an open port in 1899. [1] It has a population of 207,699.

Contents

Etymology

The city received its current name in 1951 during the Korean War, in honor of the Korean People's Army (KPA) general, Kim Chaek. [1] It was known as "Shirotsu" during Japanese rule between 1910 and 1945.

Climate

Kimchaek has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb). [2]

Climate data for Kimchaek (1981–2010, extremes 1906–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)14.0
(57.2)
16.7
(62.1)
27.8
(82.0)
35.2
(95.4)
34.0
(93.2)
34.3
(93.7)
37.0
(98.6)
36.6
(97.9)
32.9
(91.2)
30.2
(86.4)
23.7
(74.7)
17.8
(64.0)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F)1.1
(34.0)
2.1
(35.8)
6.6
(43.9)
13.3
(55.9)
17.2
(63.0)
20.1
(68.2)
23.6
(74.5)
25.7
(78.3)
22.6
(72.7)
17.5
(63.5)
9.9
(49.8)
3.7
(38.7)
13.6
(56.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)−3.8
(25.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.2
(36.0)
7.9
(46.2)
12.3
(54.1)
16.3
(61.3)
20.4
(68.7)
22.2
(72.0)
18.3
(64.9)
12.3
(54.1)
5.0
(41.0)
−1.2
(29.8)
9.2
(48.6)
Average low °C (°F)−8.4
(16.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.6
(38.5)
8.6
(47.5)
13.7
(56.7)
18.2
(64.8)
19.4
(66.9)
14.4
(57.9)
7.4
(45.3)
0.4
(32.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
5.3
(41.5)
Record low °C (°F)−26.0
(−14.8)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
−7.1
(19.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.0
(33.8)
9.0
(48.2)
10.6
(51.1)
2.8
(37.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
−16.6
(2.1)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−26.0
(−14.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)18.9
(0.74)
16.6
(0.65)
16.9
(0.67)
42.3
(1.67)
48.8
(1.92)
75.5
(2.97)
129.6
(5.10)
114.0
(4.49)
77.8
(3.06)
38.8
(1.53)
36.2
(1.43)
25.4
(1.00)
640.8
(25.23)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)5.53.94.35.36.98.911.08.66.24.55.25.776.0
Average snowy days7.96.54.60.50.00.00.00.00.00.22.36.428.4
Average relative humidity (%)66.569.871.371.879.086.288.885.879.171.966.765.775.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1731972312252221411411732072181721612,261
Source 1: Korea Meteorological Administration [3]
Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990), [4] [5] [lower-alpha 1] Meteo Climat (extremes) [6]

Administrative divisions

Kimch'aek-si is divided into 22 tong (neighbourhoods) and 22 ri (villages):

  • Changhyŏn-dong
  • Chegang 1-dong
  • Chegang 2-dong
  • Chegang 3-dong
  • Ch'ŏnghak-tong
  • Haean-dong
  • Haksŏng-dong
  • Hanch'ŏn-dong
  • Kŭmch'ŏn-dong
  • Ŏb'ŏk-tong
  • Ryŏnho-dong
  • Sinp'yŏng-dong
  • Sŏngnam-dong
  • Songryŏng 1-dong
  • Songryŏng 2-dong
  • Song'am-dong
  • Ssangryong-dong
  • Suwŏn-dong
  • Taedong 1-dong
  • Taedong 2-dong
  • T'anso-dong
  • Yŏkchŏn-dong
  • Ch'undong-ri
  • Haktong-ri
  • Hodong-ri
  • Hŭngp'yŏng-ri
  • Manch'ul-li
  • Okch'ŏl-li
  • Panghang-ri
  • P'ungnyŏl-li
  • Rimmyŏng-ri
  • Ryongho-ri
  • Sangp'yŏng-ri
  • Sech'ŏl-li
  • Sŏkho-ri
  • Songhŭng-ri
  • Songjung-ri
  • Sŏngsang-ri
  • Sudong-ri
  • Tŏg'il-li
  • Tonghŭng-ri
  • T'apha-ri
  • Ŭnho-ri
  • Wŏnp'yŏng-ri

Economy

Kimchaek is an important port on the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea), and is home to an ironworks and the Kimch’aek Polytechnic Institute. [1]

Transport

Kimchaek is on the Pyongra Line railway.

The city has one trolleybus line, with a length of 9.1 km, running from Kimchaek to Jangbong with the depot located in Sinpyong. [7]

See also

Notes

  1. Station ID for Kimchaek is 47025 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Kimch'aek". Encyclopaeida Britannica’. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  2. "Kimchaek climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Kimchaek weather averages". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  3. "30 years report of Meteorological Observations in North Korea" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. pp. 232–281. Archived from the original on 21 December 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  4. "Klimatafel von Kimchaek / Korea (Nordkorea)" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  5. "Station 47025 Kimchaek". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  6. "Station Songjin (Kimchaek)" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  7. "Photo: Kimchaek — Maps". transphoto.org. Retrieved 2020-10-16.

Further reading