King's Inns

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The Honorable Society of King's Inns
Cumann Onórach Óstaí an Rí
KING'S INNS CREST 2020.png
Type Inn of Court
Established1541;481 years ago (1541)
Founder Henry VIII
Chairperson Hugh I. Mohan SC
Dean Eimear Brown
CEO and Under TreasurerMary Griffin
Address, ,
D01 KF59
,
Ireland

53°21′10″N6°16′17″W / 53.35278°N 6.27139°W / 53.35278; -6.27139 Coordinates: 53°21′10″N6°16′17″W / 53.35278°N 6.27139°W / 53.35278; -6.27139
Website www.kingsinns.ie

The Honorable Society of King's Inns [lower-alpha 1] (Irish : Cumann Onórach Óstaí an Rí) is the "Inn of Court" for the Bar of Ireland. Established in 1541, King's Inns is Ireland's oldest school of law and one of Ireland's significant historical environments.

Contents

The Benchers of King's Inns award the degree of barrister-at-law necessary to qualify as a barrister be called to the bar in Ireland. As well as training future and qualified barristers, the school extends its reach to a diverse community of people from legal and non-legal backgrounds offering a range of accessible part-time courses in specialist areas of the law. King's Inns is also a centre of excellence in promoting the use of the Irish language in the law.

History

The society was granted a royal charter by King Henry VIII in 1541, 51 years before Trinity College Dublin was founded, making it one of Ireland's oldest professional and educational institutions. The founders named their society in honour of King Henry VIII of England and his newly established Kingdom of Ireland. It secured a lease of lands, originally called "Blackfriars", at Inns Quay on the north bank of the River Liffey in Dublin. It was reconstituted in 1607, having been inactive for some time. In 1790 the Inns Quays site was acquired for the purposes of the Four Courts; the foundation stone at the present building at the top of Henrietta Street was laid on 1 August 1800, with James Gandon being commissioned as the architect. The building was completed by his pupil Henry Aaron Baker. [2] Turn Again Lane, adjacent to the grounds, was renamed King's Inns Street.

From almost the moment that King's Inns was founded, Irishmen who wished to practise as barristers were required to attend the English Inns of Court in London, and that requirement stayed in place until the late nineteenth century. Only from the middle of the eighteenth century onwards were courses of legal education provided at King's Inns. [3]

King's Inns initially hoped the 1920–1922 partition of Ireland would not end its all-island remit, and it set up a "Committee of Fifteen" Northern Ireland benchers in 1922. [4] These sought more independence and separatism was fuelled by King's Inns' 1925 admission as barrister of Kevin O'Higgins, who had not sat the exams but was Minister for Justice in the Irish Free State. [4] In 1926 a separate inn of court in Northern Ireland catered for the Bar of Northern Ireland. [4] In 1929 Hugh Kennedy succeeded in making knowledge of Irish compulsory for admission to King's Inns. [4]

Academic life

The King's Inns The Honorable Society of King's Inns (HSKI).jpg
The King's Inns

With courses taught by expert law practitioners, King's Inns students include leaders, advocates, innovators and game–changers from industries across Ireland and abroad. The School is also a centre of excellence in promoting the use of the Irish language in the law. All courses are suitable for those in full–time employment, with classes taking place early morning, evening, or the weekend. Many lectures are delivered live online as well as recorded for viewing at a later stage through our Virtual Learning Environment, where lecture notes and supplemental reading are provided ahead of class time.

Each course is delivered by an array of visiting speakers from the legal, business and communication industries, including senior members of the judiciary. They are all willing to share their vast knowledge and experience with students at King's Inns.

Profile

King's Inns courtyard on Henrietta Street The Honourable Society of Kings Inns (455776430).jpg
King's Inns courtyard on Henrietta Street
King's Inns courtyard at the turn of the 20th century "Classical building - location unknown" is Henrietta St, Dublin (33481350971).jpg
King's Inns courtyard at the turn of the 20th century

The society had generally kept a low profile in current affairs in Ireland, though it did come to prominence in 1972, when financial difficulties led to it selling a considerable stock of non-legal books it had in its library. The library collection dates from the end of the 18th century (when it also adopted its motto 'Nolumus mutari' [7] ), and was based in part on that of Christopher Robinson, senior puisne judge of the Court of King's Bench (Ireland), who died in 1787. Books were sold at auction at Sotheby's, London, and a considerable stock of them were sold to clients outside Ireland. This was seen at the time as a major cultural outflow, as many of the books were of historical and cultural significance. [8] In addition, its library had received an annual grant since 1945 for the upkeep of the books from the Irish Exchequer.

A King's Inns team or individual has often won the Irish Times National Debating Championship, and in 2010 won the European Universities Debating Championships. In 2006 the Inns' hurling team competed in and won the Fergal Maher Cup (3rd Level Division 3) in their inaugural year and have subsequently reached the final and semi-final.

The Hungry Tree, a London Plane that is encapsulating a park bench lies in the grounds of the King's Inns, near to the south gate. [9]

Notable alumni and academics

See also Category:Alumni of King's Inns

See also

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References

Notes

  1. The society uses the spelling "Honorable", although "Honourable" is now standard in Ireland and Britain. [1]
  2. Notes on list:
    • LCJ: Lord Chief Justice
    • MR: Master of the Rolls
    • KC: King's Counsel
    • QC: Queen's Counsel
    • SC: Senior Counsel

Citations

  1. Kitt, Tom (22 June 2000). "Copyright and Related Rights Bill, 1999 [Seanad]: Report Stage (Resumed) and Final Stage". Dáil Éireann (28th Dáil) debates. Oireachtas. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  2. Kenny, Colum (1992). King's Inns and the Kingdom of Ireland: The Irish 'inn of court' 1541–1800. Irish Academic Press & Irish Legal History Society. pp. 261–265.
  3. Colum Kenny. Tristram Kennedy and the Revival of Irish Legal Training, 1835–1885, Irish Academic Press & Irish Legal History Society, 1996.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Osborough, W. N. (Spring 1972). "Law in Ireland 1916–26". Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly. 23 (1): 53–54.
  5. The Honorable Society of King's Inns: Library
  6. The Longman Handbook of Modern Irish History Since 1800 by N. C. Fleming and Alan O'Day, Pages 481–485 ISBN   0-582-08102-5
  7. Colum Kenny. 2005. Nolumus mutari: time for change at King's Inns?. Irish Jurist, 40, 1, 321–346.
  8. Colum Kenny, King's Inns and the Battle of the Books, 1972: Cultural Controversy at a Dublin Library (Four Courts Press & Irish Legal History Society, 2002), passim
  9. O Conghaile, Pol (10 November 2013). "Secret Dublin". Irish Independent. Retrieved 20 September 2018.